SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

                        WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

                               FORM 10-K

             ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D)
                OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1993    COMMISSION FILE NUMBER   1-9553

                              VIACOM INC.
        (EXACT NAME OF REGISTRANT AS SPECIFIED IN ITS CHARTER)

Delaware                                              04-2949533
(STATE OR OTHER JURISDICTION OF                    (I.R.S. EMPLOYER
INCORPORATION OR ORGANIZATION)                     IDENTIFICATION NO.)

200 Elm Street, Dedham, MA                                02026
(ADDRESS OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICES)               (ZIP CODE)

  Registrant's telephone number, including area code  (617) 461-1600


      SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(B) OF THE ACT:

                                                   NAME OF EACH EXCHANGE
TITLE OF EACH CLASS                                ON WHICH REGISTERED
Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value              American Stock Exchange
Class B Common Stock, $0.01 par value              American Stock Exchange


      SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(G) OF THE ACT:
                                 None
                           (TITLE OF CLASS)

   Indicate by check mark whether registrant (1) has filed all reports
required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange
Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period
that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has
been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes X
No                                                                ---
  ---

   Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant
to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be
contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy
or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of
this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. /X/

   As of March 25, 1994, 53,449,525 shares of Viacom Inc. Class A
Common Stock, $0.01 par value ("Class A Common Stock"), and 90,078,203
shares of Viacom Inc. Class B Common Stock, $0.01 par value ("Class B
Common Stock"), were outstanding.  The aggregate market value of the
shares of Class A Common Stock (based upon the closing price of $34 of
these shares on the American Stock Exchange on that date) held by non-
affiliates was approximately $268,187,512 and the aggregate market
value of the shares of the Class B Common Stock (based upon the
closing price of $29.125 of these shares on the American Stock
Exchange on that date) held by non-affiliates was approximately
$599,511,872.


DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

   The Definitive Proxy of the Registrant for the 1994 Annual Meeting
of Shareholders (Part III to the extent described herein).



                                PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS.


BACKGROUND

    Viacom International Inc. (the "Company") is a diversified
entertainment and communications company with operations in four
principal segments:  Networks, Entertainment, Cable Television and
Broadcasting.

    Viacom Networks operates three advertiser-supported basic cable
television program services, MTV:  MUSIC TELEVISION(R), including MTV
EUROPE(TM) and MTV LATINO(TM), VH-1(R)/VIDEO HITS ONE(R), and
NICKELODEON(R)/NICK AT NITE(R), and three premium subscription
television program services, SHOWTIME(R), THE MOVIE CHANNEL(TM) and
FLIX(TM).  The Company, directly and through Viacom Networks,
participates as a joint venturer in four additional advertiser-
supported basic cable program services:  LIFETIME(R), COMEDY
CENTRAL(TM), NICKELODEON (TM) (U.K.), and ALL NEWS CHANNEL(TM).  On
March 29, 1994, the Company agreed to sell its one-third partnership
interest in LIFETIME to its partners The Hearst Corporation and
Capital Cities/ABC Inc. for approximately $317.6 million; this
transaction is expected to close in the second quarter of 1994.
Viacom Entertainment distributes television series, feature films,
made-for-television movies, mini-series and specials for television
exhibition in domestic and international markets, produces television
series and movies for prime time broadcast network television,
acquires and distributes television series for initial exhibition on a
"first run" basis, and develops, produces, distributes and markets
interactive software for the stand-alone and other multimedia
marketplaces.  Viacom Cable Television owns and operates cable
television systems in California, and the Pacific Northwest and
Midwest regions of the United States.  Viacom Broadcasting owns and
operates five network-affiliated television stations and fourteen
radio stations.

    Viacom International Inc. was originally organized in Delaware in
August 1970 as a wholly owned subsidiary of CBS Inc., and was
reincorporated in Ohio in 1975 (the "Predecessor Company").  On
June 9, 1987, the Predecessor Company became an indirect wholly owned
subsidiary of Viacom Inc. in a leveraged buyout pursuant to a merger
(the "Merger") of a subsidiary of Viacom Inc. into the Predecessor
Company, which was the surviving corporation.  On April 26, 1990,
pursuant to a plan of liquidation, the Predecessor Company merged into
a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Viacom Inc., and the surviving
Delaware corporation simultaneously changed its name to "Viacom
International Inc."

    All references herein to the term "Company" refer, unless the
context otherwise requires, to Viacom International Inc., its
consolidated subsidiaries and the Predecessor Company.  The Company's
principal offices are located at 1515 Broadway, New York, New York
10036 (telephone (212) 258-6000).

    Viacom Inc. was organized in Delaware in 1986 for the purpose of
acquiring the Company.  As of December 31, 1993, National Amusements,
Inc. ("NAI"), a closely held corporation that owns and operates
approximately 850 movie screens in the United States and the United




                                 I - 1



Kingdom, owned 45,547,214 shares or 85.2% of the Class A Common Stock
("Class A Common Stock"), and 46,565,414 shares or 69.1% of the Class
B Common Stock ("Class B Common Stock") outstanding on such date.  NAI
is not subject to the informational filing requirements of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  Sumner M. Redstone, the
controlling shareholder of NAI, is the Chairman of the Board of Viacom
Inc. and the Company.

    As of December 31, 1993, the principal asset of Viacom Inc.
(together with its subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise
requires, "Viacom Inc.") was the common stock of the Company.  Viacom
Inc.'s principal executive offices are located at 200 Elm Street,
Dedham, Massachusetts 02026.

    As of December 31, 1993, the Company and its affiliated companies
employed approximately 5,000 persons.

    On March 11, 1994, pursuant to a tender offer (the "Paramount
Offer") commenced in the fourth quarter of 1993, Viacom Inc. acquired
61,657,432 shares of Paramount Communications Inc. ("Paramount")
common stock constituting a majority of the shares outstanding.  The
Paramount Offer was made pursuant to an Amended and Restated Agreement
and Plan of Merger dated as of February 4, 1994 (the "Paramount Merger
Agreement") between Viacom Inc. and Paramount.  As a result of the
Paramount Merger Agreement, a new wholly owned subsidiary of Viacom
Inc. will merge with and into Paramount (the "Paramount Merger"), and
Paramount will become a wholly owned subsidiary of Viacom Inc. after
the effective time of the Paramount Merger, which is expected to occur
in the second quarter of 1994.

    Except where expressly noted, information is given as of December
31, 1993, and does not include information on or with respect to
Paramount or its businesses.  Information with respect to Paramount in
response to Item 1 is incorporated by reference herein from (i) Item 1
of Paramount's Transition Report on Form 10-K for the six-month period
ended April 30, 1993, as such report was amended in its entirety by
Form 10-K/A No. 1 dated September 28, 1993, as further amended by Form
10-K/A No. 2 dated September 30, 1993 and as further amended by Form
10-K/A No. 3 dated March 21, 1994 and (ii) Paramount's Quarterly
Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended July 31, 1993, October 31,
1993 and January 31, 1994 (the documents in clauses (i) and (ii) being
hereinafter collectively referred to as the "Paramount Reports").
Information in the Paramount Reports is given as of the date of each
such report and is not updated herein.  A copy of each of the
Paramount Reports is included as an exhibit hereto.  Descriptions of
all documents incorporated by reference herein or included as exhibits
hereto are qualified in their entirety by reference to the full text
of such documents so incorporated or included.

    The businesses of Paramount are entertainment and publishing.
Entertainment includes the production, financing and distribution of
motion pictures, television programming and prerecorded
videocassettes, and the operation of motion picture theaters,
independent television stations, regional theme parks and Madison
Square Garden.  Publishing includes the publication and distribution
of hard cover and paperback books for the general public, textbooks
for elementary schools, high schools and colleges, and the provision
of information services for business and professions.

    On January 7, 1994, Viacom Inc. and Blockbuster Entertainment




                                 I - 2



Corporation ("Blockbuster") entered into an agreement and plan of
merger (the "Blockbuster Merger Agreement") pursuant to which
Blockbuster will be merged with and into Viacom Inc. (the "Blockbuster
Merger").

    Blockbuster is an international entertainment company with
businesses operating in the home video, music retailing and filmed
entertainment industries.  Blockbuster also has investments in other
entertainment related businesses.

     The mergers pursuant to the Paramount Merger Agreement and
Blockbuster Merger Agreement (collectively, the "Mergers") have been
unanimously approved by the Boards of Directors of each of the
respective companies.  The obligations of Viacom Inc., Blockbuster and
Paramount to consummate the mergers are subject to various conditions,
including obtaining requisite stockholder approvals.  Viacom Inc.
holds sufficient shares of Paramount common stock to approve, on
behalf of Paramount, the Paramount Merger and intends to vote its
shares of Paramount in favor of the merger, and NAI has agreed to vote
its shares of Viacom Inc. in favor of the Mergers; therefore,
stockholder approval of the Paramount Merger is assured, and approval
by Viacom Inc. of the Blockbuster Merger is also assured.


FINANCIAL INFORMATION ABOUT INDUSTRY SEGMENTS

    The contribution to revenues and earnings from operations of each
industry segment and the identifiable assets attributable to each
industry segment for each of the last three years ending December 31,
are set forth in Note 12 ("Business Segments") to the Consolidated
Financial Statements of Viacom Inc. and the Company included elsewhere
herein.


FINANCIAL INFORMATION ABOUT FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC OPERATIONS

    Financial information relating to foreign and domestic operations
for each of the last three years ending December 31, is set forth in
Notes 11 and 12 ("Foreign Operations" and "Business Segments") to the
Consolidated Financial Statements of Viacom Inc. and the Company
included elsewhere herein.


BUSINESS


VIACOM NETWORKS

    Viacom Networks operates three advertiser-supported basic cable
television program services, MTV: MUSIC TELEVISION(R) ("MTV"),
including MTV EUROPE(TM) and MTV LATINO(TM), VH-1(R)/VIDEO HITS ONE(R)
("VH-1") and NICKELODEON(R)/NICK AT NITE(R), and three premium
subscription television program services, SHOWTIME(R), THE MOVIE
CHANNEL(TM) and FLIX(TM).  The Company, directly and through Viacom
Networks, participates as a joint venturer in four additional
advertiser-supported basic cable program services:  LIFETIME(R) with
The Hearst Corporation and Capital Cities/ABC Video Enterprises, Inc.,
COMEDY CENTRAL(TM) with Home Box Office ("HBO"), a division of Time
Warner Entertainment Company, L.P., NICKELODEON(TM)(U.K.) with a
subsidiary of British Sky Broadcasting Limited, and ALL NEWS




                                 I - 3



CHANNEL(TM) with Conus Communications.  On March 29, 1994, the Company
agreed to sell its one-third partnership interest in Lifetime to its
partners The Hearst Corporation and Capital Cities/ABC Inc. for
approximately $317.6 million; this transaction is expected to close in
the second quarter of 1994.  MTV Networks launched two new services in
1993, NICKELODEON (U.K.) in September and MTV LATINO in October.
Viacom Networks also distributes special events and feature films on a
pay-per-view basis through SET(TM) PAY PER VIEW and packages
satellite-delivered program services for distribution to home
satellite dish owners through SHOWTIME SATELLITE NETWORKS(TM).  Viacom
Networks, through its operation of the Showtime Entertainment Group,
also arranges for the development and production of original programs
and motion pictures, including feature films under the Viacom Pictures
label.  These original programs and motion pictures premiere
domestically on SHOWTIME and certain of such programming is exploited
in various media worldwide.

    Basic cable program services derive revenues primarily from two
sources:  the sale of advertising time to national advertisers and
per-subscriber license fees paid by cable operators and other
distributors.  Basic cable services are generally offered to customers
of cable television operators and other distributors as part of a
package or packages of services for a periodic subscription fee.
Premium subscription television program services derive revenues
primarily from subscriber fees paid by cable television operators and
other distributors.  Subscribers typically pay fees for each premium
service to cable television operators and other distributors.

    MTV NETWORKS.  MTV Networks ("MTVN") operates MTV: MUSIC
TELEVISION, MTV EUROPE, MTV LATINO, NICKELODEON (including the
NICKELODEON and NICK AT NITE program segments, and the U.K.
NICKELODEON network) and VH-1 which are transmitted via satellite for
distribution by cable television operators and other distributors.
The MTV, VH-1, NICKELODEON and NICK AT NITE trademarks are strongly
identified with the product lines they represent and are significant
assets of their respective businesses.

    MTV: MUSIC TELEVISION is a 24-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week
program service offering a format which consists primarily of rock
music videos, augmented by music and general lifestyle information,
promotions, news, interviews, comedy, concert tour information,
specials, documentaries and other youth-oriented programming.  MTV
targets young adult viewers from the ages of 12 to 34.  In addition to
rock music videos, MTV offers regularly scheduled youth-oriented
programming such as the animated BEAVIS & BUTT-HEAD(TM), specials such
as the Annual MTV Video Music Awards and the MTV Movie Awards, public
affairs campaigns, and series such as UNPLUGGED(TM).  MTV successfully
merchandised BEAVIS & BUTT-HEAD in 1993, featuring a BEAVIS & BUTT-
HEAD album, "THE BEAVIS & BUTT-HEAD EXPERIENCE", released in December
1993 by Geffen Records, and "MTV'S BEAVIS & BUTT-HEAD: THIS BOOK
SUCKS", which was the first book of the MTV Books imprint published by
Callaway Editions/Pocket Books, a division of Simon & Schuster, in
November 1993.

    Following the conclusion of MTV's 1992 CHOOSE OR LOSE political
awareness campaign and continuing its emphasis on public affairs, MTV
launched the FREE YOUR MIND campaign in 1993, focusing on issues of
diversity and discrimination, which included on-air promotional spots,
news reports and specials and contests.





                                 I - 4



    UNPLUGGED features live acoustical performances by major recording
artists such as Eric Clapton, Rod Stewart and 10,000 Maniacs.  MTV
licenses the distribution of UNPLUGGED home video versions of these
performances, and MTV and the applicable record labels release the
soundtracks to MTV's UNPLUGGED series.

    MTV Productions made its first venture into theatrical film-making
by agreeing with Geffen Pictures in 1993 to jointly develop JOE'S
APARTMENT into a feature-length film for distribution by Warner Bros.
JOE'S APARTMENT is the award-winning short film about a young man's
efforts to cope with a big dirty city and a tiny apartment full of
talking cockroaches.

    At December 31, 1993, MTV was licensed to approximately 52.2
million domestic cable subscribers (based on subscriber counts
provided by each cable system).  According to the December 1993 sample
reports issued by the A. C. Nielsen Company (the "Nielsen Report"),
MTV reached approximately 59 million subscriber households.

    MTV EUROPE is a 24-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week video music
network distributed via cable systems and direct-to-home satellite
transmission throughout Europe, reaching over 58.3 million subscribers
as of December 31, 1993 (based on subscriber counts provided by each
distributor of the service).  During 1993, MTV EUROPE expanded its
reach by entering into distribution arrangements in certain countries
in Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union and the Middle East.  MTV
EUROPE is designed to communicate with Europe's youth in their
language by providing approximately 85% European-sourced youth
programming, including music videos, fashion, movie shows, MTV NEWS,
trends and social issues.

    In October 1993, MTVN launched MTV LATINO, a 24-hours-a-day,
seven-days-a-week music-based program service customized for Spanish-
speaking viewers, ages 12 to 34, in Latin America and the United
States.   MTV LATINO reaches subscribers to cable, multichannel,
multidistribution systems ("MMDS"), satellite master antenna
television ("SMATV") and direct-to-home viewers in approximately 20
territories in Latin America.  MTV LATINO was distributed to
approximately 2.4 million subscribers as of December 31, 1993 (based
on subscriber counts provided by authorized distributors).

    MTVN has licensing arrangements covering the distribution of
regionally-specific program services called MTV:  MUSIC TELEVISION in
Asia, Japan and Brazil.  MTVN provides creative input and programming,
production, marketing and research expertise and support in connection
with licenses to each such licensee of the right to package and
exhibit a customized MTV program service containing MTV trademarks and
logos and a mix of MTV-owned and controlled programming and
interstitial material with locally produced programming and
interstitial material.  Such arrangements include agreements with a
subsidiary of HutchVision Limited for a 24-hours-a-day MTV Asia
service, which is distributed to 42 million subscriber households via
the AsiaSat 1 satellite on the Hong Kong-based Satellite Television
Asian Region (STAR) system to 30 countries in Asia and parts of the
Middle East; the Abril Group for MTV Brazil, which airs 16-hours-a-day
in Brazil, reaching 9.5 million households; and Music Channel Co.
Ltd., a joint venture of Pioneer Electronic Corp., TDK Corp. and Tokyu
Agency, Inc. for MTV Japan, which launched in December 1992 and is
distributed to approximately 810,000 subscriber households in Japan
via the Superbird B satellite.




                                 I - 5



    MTVN licenses, in international markets, the format rights and/or
broadcast television exhibition rights to MTVN-owned or controlled
programming.  MTVN also licenses the exhibition of "MTV
Internacional", a Spanish-language MTV-produced one-hour program, to
Spanish-language television stations in the U.S. and abroad.  MTVN
anticipates further worldwide licensing of MTVN networks, programs,
merchandise and format rights.

    NICKELODEON, the first network for kids, is a 24-hours-a-day,
seven-days-a-week entertainment program service which combines
acquired and originally produced programs in a pro-social, non-violent
format, comprising two distinct program segments:  NICKELODEON,
targeted to audiences ranging from the ages of 2 to 15, and NICK AT
NITE, targeted to family audiences including NICKELODEON'S 2 to 15
year old audience and ranging up to age 54.  Cable television
operators and other distributors typically carry both of the
NICKELODEON programming segments.

    In 1993, NICKELODEON expanded its successful original animated
programming block, NICKTOONS(R), with the introduction of ROCKO'S
MODERN LIFE(TM).  NICKELODEON continues to develop original animation
projects such as REAL MONSTERS(TM), in addition to THE REN & STIMPY
SHOW(TM), DOUG(TM) and RUGRATS(R).  NICKELODEON also exhibits on
Saturday nights SNICK(TM), its first prime-time block of original
NICKELODEON programming.  MTVN, in cooperation with MCA Inc. ("MCA"),
operates NICKELODEON STUDIOS FLORIDA at Universal Studios in Orlando,
Florida, which combines state-of-the-art television production
facilities with interactive features that demonstrate the operation of
NICKELODEON's studios from a kid's perspective.

    NICKELODEON and Sony Music entered into an agreement in April 1993
for Sony to manufacture and distribute NICKELODEON home video and
audio products in the U.S. and Canada through its Sony Wonder
Children's label.  In June 1993, NICKELODEON launched NICKELODEON
MAGAZINE, a bi-monthly humor-based children's publication.  At
December 31, 1993 circulation was approximately 225,000 (based on
subscription and newsstand sales); distribution is handled, under
agreement with NICKELODEON, by the New York Times' The Family Circle,
Inc. (U.S.), and Worldwide Media Service, Inc. (U.K.).

    At December 31, 1993, NICKELODEON was licensed to approximately
53.4 million cable subscribers (based on subscriber counts provided by
each cable system).  At December 31, 1993, NICK AT NITE was licensed
to approximately 53.1 million cable subscribers (based on subscriber
counts provided by each cable system).  According to the Nielsen
Report, NICKELODEON and NICK AT NITE each reached approximately 60.9
million subscriber households.

    In December 1992, Nickelodeon Huggings U.K. Limited, a subsidiary
of the Company, entered into a joint venture with a subsidiary of
British Sky Broadcasting Limited for the launch and operation of
NICKELODEON program service in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
NICKELODEON in the U.K. is a 12-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week,
satellite-delivered children's programming service which launched in
September 1993, and it carries a mix of programming, including
original productions from NICKELODEON in the U.S. and programming
originally produced by the joint venture for the U.K. market.
Pursuant to the joint venture agreement and related parent agreements,
the Company guarantees the obligation of its subsidiary and has both
the right of first negotiation/last refusal with respect to any sale




                                 I - 6



of, and the right to approve any purchaser of, the British Sky
Broadcasting subsidiary's interest in NICKELODEON U.K.  The  Company's
subsidiary is obligated to fund loans in an amount equal to 50% of
NICKELODEON U.K.'s working capital deficit.  The Company funded loans
of approximately B.P.3,500,000 in 1993 and expects to fund loans of
approximately B.P.7,000,000 in 1994.

    VH-1/VIDEO HITS ONE is a 24-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week music
program service.  VH-1 targets an audience of baby boomers, 25 to 49
years old, rather than the 12 to 34 year-olds targeted by MTV.  The
format consists primarily of music video clips from the adult
contemporary, soft rock, classic oldies, contemporary jazz and country
genres, augmented by original animation, music and general lifestyle
information and programming, comedy, fashion, nostalgia, interviews
and promotions.  VH-1 offers programs such as original and acquired
comedy programming including STAND-UP SPOTLIGHT and Gallagher
specials; FT: FASHION TELEVISION; and the ONE-TO-ONE series which
profiles pop artists.  At December 31, 1993, VH-1 was licensed to
approximately 45.5 million cable subscribers (based on subscriber
counts provided by each cable system).  According to the Nielsen
Report, VH-1 reached approximately 49.5 million subscriber households.
Substantially all such subscribers also receive MTV.

    MTVN has agreements with some U.S. record companies which, in
exchange for cash and advertising time, license the availability of
such companies' music videos for exhibition on MTV and on MTVN's other
basic cable networks; a number of other record companies provide MTVN
with music videos in exchange for promotional consideration only.  The
agreements generally provide that the videos are available for debut
by MTVN and, in some cases, that videos are subject to exclusive
periods on MTV.  These record companies provide a substantial portion
of the music videos exhibited on MTV and VH-1.  MTVN is currently in
negotiations for the renewal and extension of certain of its record
company agreements.  Although MTVN believes that these agreements will
be renewed, there can be no assurance that the terms of such renewals
will be as favorable as existing arrangements.

    MTVN derives revenues principally from two sources:  the sale of
time on its own networks to advertisers and the license of the
services to cable television and other system operators.  The sale of
MTVN advertising time is affected by viewer demographics, viewer
ratings and market conditions for advertising time.  Adverse changes
in market conditions for advertising may affect MTVN's revenues.  MTVN
derives revenues from license fees paid by cable operators and other
distribution systems which deliver programming by satellite and
microwave transmissions.  In 1993, MTVN derived approximately 58% of
its revenues from music programming and approximately 42% of its
revenues from children's and other programming.

    MTVN also derives revenues from the sale of advertising time
within internally produced or co-produced programming distributed to
television stations and from the sale of advertising time within such
programs produced by third parties.  MTVN, through its operation of
One World Entertainment, sells barter advertising time in series
licensed for distribution to television stations by the Company and
third parties, in exchange for a commission.

    COMEDY CENTRAL.  The Company and HBO, through a 50-50 joint
venture, operate COMEDY CENTRAL, a 24-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week
program service targeted to audiences ranging from the ages of 18 to




                                 I - 7



34.  The format consists primarily of comedy programming, including
movies, series, situation comedies, stand-up and sketch comedy,
commentary, promotions, specials, and other original and acquired
comedy programming.  Pursuant to the joint venture agreement, the
Company is obligated to make capital contributions in an amount equal
to 50% of the partnership's working capital deficit (and Viacom Inc.
has guaranteed such obligation).  The Company's capital contributions
for 1993 totaled $13.6 million.  For 1994, the Company estimates its
contribution obligation to be approximately $9 million.  COMEDY
CENTRAL reached approximately 30.3 million subscriber households
according to the Nielsen Report.

    LIFETIME.  The Company owns a one-third partnership interest in
LIFETIME, an advertiser-supported basic cable television network that
provides programming directed primarily toward women in the 18 to 54
age group.  On March 29, 1994, the Company agreed to sell its one-
third partnership interest in LIFETIME to its partners The Hearst
Corporation and Capital Cities/ABC Inc. for approximately $317.6
million; this transaction is expected to close in the second quarter
of 1994.

    SHOWTIME NETWORKS INC.  Showtime Networks Inc. ("SNI") operates
three 24-hours-a-day, commercial-free, premium subscription services
offered to cable television operators and other distributors:
SHOWTIME, offering theatrically released feature films, dramatic
series, comedy specials, boxing events, family programs and original
movies; THE MOVIE CHANNEL, offering feature films and related
programming including film festivals; and FLIX, an added value premium
subscription service featuring movies primarily from the 1960s, 70s
and 80s which was launched on August 1, 1992.  SHOWTIME, THE MOVIE
CHANNEL and FLIX are offered to cable television operators and other
distributors (including the Company) under affiliation agreements
which for SHOWTIME and THE MOVIE CHANNEL are generally for a term of
three to five years and in each case are distributed to the systems
they serve by means of domestic communications satellites.  As of
December 31, 1993, SHOWTIME, THE MOVIE CHANNEL and FLIX, in the
aggregate, had approximately 11,900,000 cable and other subscribers in
approximately 8,700 cable systems and other distribution systems in 50
states and certain U.S. territories.

    SNI also provides special events, such as sports events, and
feature films to licensees on a pay-per-view basis through its
operation of SET PAY PER VIEW, a division of the Company.

    Showtime Satellite Networks Inc. ("SSN"), a subsidiary of SNI,
packages for distribution to home satellite dish owners (on a direct
retail basis) SHOWTIME, THE MOVIE CHANNEL, FLIX, Viacom Networks'
basic cable program services, ALL NEWS CHANNEL (a 24-hour satellite-
delivered news service which is a joint venture between Viacom
Satellite News Inc., a subsidiary of the Company, and Conus
Communications Company Limited Partnership, a limited partnership
whose managing general partner is Hubbard Broadcasting, Inc.) and
certain third-party program services.  SHOWTIME, THE MOVIE CHANNEL and
FLIX are also offered to third-party licensees for subdistribution to
home satellite dish owners.

    In order to exhibit theatrical motion pictures on premium
subscription television, SNI enters into commitments to acquire
rights, with an emphasis on acquiring exclusive rights for SHOWTIME
and THE MOVIE CHANNEL, from major or independent motion picture




                                 I - 8



producers and other distributors (including the Company).  SNI's
exhibition rights always cover the United States and may on a
contract-by-contract basis cover additional territories.  Theatrical
motion pictures are generally exhibited first on SHOWTIME and THE
MOVIE CHANNEL after an initial period for theatrical, home video and
pay-per-view exhibition and before the period has commenced for
standard broadcast television and basic cable television exhibition.
FLIX primarily offers motion pictures from the 1960s, 70s and 80s,
most of which have been previously made available for standard
broadcast and other exhibitions.

    The cost of acquiring premium television rights to programming,
including exclusive rights, is the principal expense of SNI.  At
December 31, 1993, in addition to such commitments reflected in Viacom
Inc.'s and the Company's financial statements, SNI had commitments to
acquire such rights at a cost of approximately $1.8 billion.  Most of
the $1.8 billion is payable within the next seven years as part of
normal programming expenditures of SNI.  These commitments are
contingent upon delivery of motion pictures which are not yet
available for premium television exhibition and, in many cases, have
not yet been produced.

    In November 1993, SNI entered into a seven-year agreement with
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc. ("MGM") under which SNI agreed to acquire the
exclusive premium television rights in the licensed territory to MGM
and United Artists feature films.  The agreement includes all
qualifying films theatrically released from September 1, 1994 through
August 31, 2001, up to a maximum of 150 pictures.  This agreement
follows a previous agreement between SNI and Pathe Entertainment,
Inc., a predecessor-in-interest to MGM.  The recent agreement also
calls for SNI and MGM to co-finance the production of certain
exclusive original movies to be produced for SNI's program services.

    Also in 1993, SNI and Sony Pictures Entertainment Inc. entered
into a five-year agreement under which SNI agreed to acquire the
exclusive premium television rights in the licensed territory to
TriStar Pictures feature films.  A continuation of SNI's previous
three-year arrangement with TriStar, this new agreement includes all
qualifying TriStar films theatrically released from 1994 through 1998,
up to a maximum of 75 pictures.  Feature films theatrically released
by TriStar include SLEEPLESS IN SEATTLE, CLIFFHANGER and PHILADELPHIA.

    In February 1994, SNI reached an agreement in principle with
Castle Rock Entertainment ("Castle Rock") to acquire the exclusive
premium television rights in the licensed territory to additional
Castle Rock feature films.  This agreement follows SNI's previous
output arrangement with Castle Rock, which included such previously
theatrically released feature films as A FEW GOOD MEN, CITY SLICKERS,
WHEN HARRY MET SALLY, MISERY, MALICE and IN THE LINE OF FIRE.  The new
agreement includes all qualifying Castle Rock motion pictures
theatrically released from 1994 through 1999, up to a maximum of 55
pictures.

    In March 1994, SNI entered into an agreement with Orion Pictures
Corporation ("Orion") under which SNI agreed to acquire the exclusive
premium television rights in the licensed territory to up to 30, in
the aggregate, motion pictures, including qualifying motion pictures
theatrically released from 1994 through 1996 and qualifying original
motion pictures.  This agreement follows a previous output agreement
between SNI and Orion.




                                 I - 9



    In 1989, SNI agreed with Walt Disney Pictures ("Disney") to
acquire exclusive premium television rights in the licensed territory
to qualifying feature films (up to a maximum of 125 films) produced
and distributed by Disney's major distribution labels (other than the
Disney label) and theatrically released during the five-year period
commencing January 1, 1991.  These films include SISTER ACT 2,
TOMBSTONE, THE JOY LUCK CLUB and WHAT'S LOVE GOT TO DO WITH IT.  In
addition, SNI has agreements with (among other suppliers) New Line
Distribution, Inc., Imagine Films Entertainment, Inc., Cannon
Pictures, Inc., and Polygram Filmed Entertainment Distribution, Inc.

    SNI also arranges for the development and production of original
programs and motion pictures that premiere on SHOWTIME through its
operation of the Showtime Entertainment Group, which was formed in
1992.  The Showtime Entertainment Group reflects SNI's increased
commitment to the development and production of original programming
and includes the operation of Viacom Pictures, a division of the
Company.

    Viacom Pictures arranges for the development and production of
motion pictures that are exhibited theatrically in foreign markets and
premiere domestically on SHOWTIME.  These films are then made
available for distribution to various media worldwide, with the
exception of the U.S. theatrical market.  These feature films are
generally budgeted at an average cost of approximately $5 million.
During 1993, Viacom Pictures completed principal photography on two
films:  PAST TENSE, starring Scott Glenn, Anthony LaPaglia and Lara
Flynn Boyle, and ROSWELL, starring Kyle MacLachlan, Martin Sheen and
Dwight Yoakam.

    The Showtime Entertainment Group also has entered into commitments
to produce, distribute and/or exhibit other original programming,
including series, films, documentary programs, comedy specials and
boxing events.  In 1993, for example, SNI televised comedy specials
featuring Tim Allen, Brett Butler and Shelley Long, boxing matches
featuring such fighters as Julio Cesar Chavez, and the critically
acclaimed dramatic anthology series entitled FALLEN ANGELS, episodes
of which were directed by Michael Mann, Steve Soderbergh, Jonathan
Kaplan and Tom Cruise and starred Gary Oldman, Laura Dern, Meg Tilly,
Gabrielle Anwar, James Woods, Joe Mantegna, Gary Busey and Alan
Rickman.  In addition to exhibiting these original programs and motion
pictures on its premium subscription services, SNI distributes certain
of such programming for exploitation in various media worldwide.

    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT VIACOM NETWORKS.  The domestic
program services of MTVN and SNI are currently transmitted over
transponders principally on GE Americom's C-3 and C-4 and the Hughes
Galaxy I and V domestic satellites.  In 1994, Viacom Networks program
services on Galaxy I will move to AT&T's Telstar 302.  NICKELODEON
(U.K.) program service is transmitted over the Astra 1-C satellite.
MTV LATINO is transmitted over PanAmSat-1.  MTV EUROPE is transmitted
over the Astra 1-A, Astra 1-B and Eutelsat II-F1 satellites.

    The Company has entered into pre-launch agreements for
international satellite coverage on Apstar-1 and Apstar-2, covering a
broad Asian area, on PanAmSat-2 (Pacific Rim area), PanAmSat-3 (Latin
America) and PanAmSat-4 (India/Middle East and South Africa) and
Eutelsat II-F6 (greater Europe), all for service beginning in 1994 and
1995.





                                I - 10



    The Company entered into agreements, as of August 27, 1992, with
United States Satellite Broadcasting Inc. ("USSB"), a subsidiary of
Hubbard Broadcasting, Inc., for the direct broadcast satellite
distribution using high-powered Ku-band technology ("DBS") of each of
the Company's wholly owned basic cable and premium networks.  These
networks are expected to be offered by USSB to DBS customers beginning
in 1994, and will be delivered directly to dishes located at DBS
customers' homes from the first high-powered Ku-band satellite serving
the U.S., which was launched in December 1993.  DBS delivery utilizes
consumer dishes significantly smaller than the C-band consumer dishes
currently in use by home satellite dish owners in the U.S.


VIACOM ENTERTAINMENT

     Viacom Entertainment is comprised of (i) Viacom Enterprises,
which distributes television series, feature films, made-for-
television movies, mini-series and specials for television exhibition
in various markets throughout the world and also distributes
television series for initial United States television exhibition on a
non-network ("first run") basis and for international television
exhibition; (ii) Viacom Productions, which produces television series
and other television properties independently and in association with
others primarily for initial exhibition on U.S. prime time network
television; (iii) Viacom New Media, which was established in 1992
to develop, produce, distribute and market interactive software
for the stand alone and other multimedia marketplaces; (iv) Viacom
World Wide, which explores and develops business opportunities in
international markets primarily in cable and premium television; and
(v) Viacom MGS Services, which duplicates and distributes television
and radio commercials.  Viacom Enterprises and Viacom Productions are
expected to be consolidated with Paramount's television operations
during 1994.

     VIACOM ENTERPRISES.  Viacom Enterprises distributes or syndicates
television series, feature films, made-for-television movies, mini-
series and specials, and first run series for television exhibition in
domestic and/or international broadcast, cable and other markets.
Feature film and television properties are acquired from third parties
or result from the Company's own production activities, including
television properties produced by Viacom Productions and certain
television properties produced by or for MTV Networks.  Third-party
agreements for the acquisition of distribution rights are generally
long-term and exclusive in nature; such agreements frequently
guarantee a minimum recoupable advance payment to such third parties
and generally provide for periodic payment to such third parties based
on the amount of revenues derived from distribution activities after
deduction of Viacom Enterprises' percentage distribution fee,
recoupment of distribution expenses and recoupment of any advance
payments.

     At December 31, 1993, Viacom Enterprises held domestic and/or
international television distribution rights to approximately 5,000
half-hour series episodes, 2,000 one-hour series episodes, 1,500
feature films and television movies, and 30 mini-series.

     At December 31, 1993, Viacom Enterprises distributed television
product to, among other outlets, approximately 750 domestic broadcast
television stations, including stations in every principal city
in the U.S., and to outlets in approximately 120 other countries




                                I - 11



around the world.  Viacom Enterprises generally licenses product to
exhibitors for periods of one to six years, with license fee payments
due over a somewhat shorter period.

     Episodes of a network television series from the first four
seasons on a broadcast network generally become available for
exhibition in domestic syndication to broadcast television stations
commencing upon the start of the fifth broadcast season on the
network; episodes from each subsequent broadcast season generally
become available for such domestic syndication at the conclusion of
each such subsequent broadcast season.  Episodes of network television
series are available for exhibition by foreign stations prior to or
concurrent with their initial network runs.  Generally, a network
television series must air for at least three full broadcast seasons
before it has value for such domestic syndication.  Television
programs can be made available to stations and other outlets, such as
cable television services, on a first run basis without having been
exhibited on any of the networks.  The Company has greater control
over the availability for exhibition in such domestic syndication of
programming developed by and for Viacom's cable networks than of
programming developed for network television.  The Company has adopted
a strategy of internal development of first run programs utilizing in-
house creative resources from within Viacom Enterprises and from
elsewhere within the Company, such as MTV Networks.  Feature films
which have been released theatrically generally become available for
exhibition in such domestic syndication after their theatrical, home
video, pay-per-view, and premium television exhibition periods have
expired (which is generally three to four years after domestic
theatrical release) and for network or ad hoc network exhibition
between the first and second premium television windows.  Such feature
films generally become available for free television exhibition by
foreign stations after the foreign theatrical, home video, pay-per-
view (if any) and premium television (if any) exhibition periods have
expired (which is generally two to three years after theatrical
release in the applicable foreign market).

     The Company controls the exclusive worldwide broadcast, basic
cable, premium, and home video television distribution rights to
ROSEANNE, now in its sixth network broadcast season on ABC, and THE
COSBY SHOW, which completed its eight-year network run at the end of
the 1991/92 network broadcast season.  The start of the sixth network
season of ROSEANNE automatically triggered the first of three 26-week
extensions of individual station licenses for ROSEANNE's initial
licensing in domestic syndication, which was made on a cash plus
barter basis.  The second licensing period in domestic syndication for
THE COSBY SHOW commenced in September 1993 (upon expiration of the
term for the initial licensing in domestic syndication of THE COSBY
SHOW) on an all-cash basis.

     The Company also controls certain worldwide exclusive
distribution rights to classic network series such as I LOVE LUCY, THE
ANDY GRIFFITH SHOW, THE BEVERLY HILLBILLIES, HAWAII FIVE-O and THE
TWILIGHT ZONE.  The Company is also offering VIACOM SEASONAL SPECIALS
FEATURING NICKTOONS which brings six one hour seasonally themed
specials, drawn from MTV Networks' critically acclaimed NICKTOONS
animation block, to broadcast television.

     In addition, the Company controls the exclusive worldwide
distribution rights in all media to various network television movies
and series produced by Viacom Productions such as the PERRY MASON




                                I - 12



television movies starring Raymond Burr, the DIAGNOSIS MURDER
television movies and series starring Dick Van Dyke and the MATLOCK
series starring Andy Griffith.  Most episodes of  MATLOCK and most of
the PERRY MASON television movies are currently available for
exhibition in domestic syndication.  (See "BUSINESS -- Viacom
Entertainment -- Viacom Productions")

     The Company had accumulated a backlog of unbilled license
agreements of approximately $399 million at December 31, 1993.  As the
entire license fee amount is billed during the term of various
licensing contracts, the Company will recognize as revenues that
portion of such amount representing its distribution fees.  Down
payments and other accelerated payments of license fees are included
in the backlog and are recognized as revenues in accordance with the
billing terms of the license agreements.  (See Note 1 to the
Consolidated Financial Statements of Viacom Inc. and the Company for
an explanation as to how license fees are billed.)  Approximately 58%
of the Company's backlog is attributable to license fees for ROSEANNE
and THE COSBY SHOW.  As THE COSBY SHOW becomes a smaller portion of
the total backlog, the percentage of the total license fee recognized
as revenue by the Company will be reduced.

     Since the late 1970s, the Company has produced and/or acquired
television series for distribution on a first run basis.  There is a
financial exposure to the Company when it acquires or produces such
series to the extent that advertising revenues derived by the Company
and/or license fees paid by television stations to the Company are not
sufficient to cover production costs.  The Company typically offers to
license new episodes of a first run series on a broadcast season
basis.  Generally, a first run series may be canceled by the Company
for any reason at any time; in such event, television station licenses
for such first run series are subject to termination by the Company,
and the Company may have certain financial obligations to the producer
notwithstanding cancellation.  The Company is currently offering the
third season (since its national launch) of THE MONTEL WILLIAMS SHOW,
a first run one-hour strip (five times per week) talk show which
premiered in Spring 1991 and was nationally launched in September
1992, on a cash plus barter basis, and NICK NEWS, a first run half
hour weekly (one time per week) news and information show targeted for
audiences 12 years old and under, which was nationally launched in
September 1993 on an all-barter basis.

    The Company licenses certain ancillary rights to third parties,
including home video, video disc and merchandising rights.  These
rights can be acquired concurrently with a program acquisition,
derived from programs or characters created in-house, or directly
licensed from the holders of such rights.  These activities have not
been a source of significant revenues to date.

    For the year ended December 31, 1993, approximately 37% of Viacom
Enterprises' revenues were attributable to foreign operations and
export business.  A substantial portion of such revenues is derived in
countries that have import quotas and other restrictions which limit
the number of foreign programs and films exhibited in such countries.
(See "BUSINESS -- Regulation -- Viacom Entertainment -- European
Community Directive")

    VIACOM PRODUCTIONS.  Viacom Productions Inc. ("Viacom
Productions") produces programs independently and in association with
others primarily for U.S. network prime time television.




                                I - 13



These programs, which include television movies, series and mini-
series, are also a source of product for the Company's distribution
activities.  There is a financial exposure to the Company with respect
to such programs to the extent that revenues from distribution or
syndication in foreign or domestic broadcast, cable and/or other
markets are not sufficient to cover production deficits (i.e., the
                                                         ----
difference between production costs and network license fees).  For
the 1993/94 broadcast season, Viacom Productions is producing the
eighth network broadcast season of Andy Griffith's MATLOCK series
(ABC); three additional PERRY MASON mystery television movies (NBC);
the first network broadcast season of Dick Van Dyke's DIAGNOSIS MURDER
series (CBS); two television movies starring Louis Gossett, Jr. (NBC);
and several two-hour television movies, including THE ANISSA AYALA
STORY (NBC); DESPERATE JOURNEY, starring Mel Harris (ABC); and SIN AND
REDEMPTION, starring Richard Grieco (CBS).  Viacom Productions also
produces movies for cable television networks, including THEY,
starring Vanessa Redgrave (SHOWTIME) and A FRIENDLY SUIT, starring
Melissa Gilbert and Marlee Matlin (LIFETIME).

    VIACOM NEW MEDIA.  Viacom New Media, the Company's interactive
publishing division, was formed in 1992 to develop, produce,
distribute and market interactive software for the stand-alone and
other multimedia marketplaces.  ICOM Simulations, Inc., an interactive
software development company, was acquired by the Company in May 1993
and has been integrated into Viacom New Media; among other things,
ICOM Simulations, Inc. is known for its SHERLOCK HOLMES CONSULTING
DETECTIVE series of CD-ROM products.  Viacom New Media released an
interactive horror movie on CD-ROM entitled DRACULA UNLEASHED in the
fourth quarter of 1993.  In 1994, Viacom New Media expects to release
original video games and CD-ROM products based on certain MTV Networks
programs, including ROCKO'S MODERN LIFE (currently scheduled for
second quarter 1994 release) and BEAVIS & BUTT-HEAD.  Viacom New Media
also expects to participate in the development of interactive
programming for the Viacom/AT&T Castro Valley cable system project.
(See "BUSINESS -- Viacom Cable Television")

    VIACOM WORLD WIDE LTD.  Viacom World Wide Ltd. ("Viacom World
Wide") explores and develops international business opportunities in
all media, focusing primarily on countries with recently deregulated
television industries.  Viacom World Wide works closely with the
Company's other operating units in identifying international business
opportunities.  Viacom World Wide also provides consulting services to
companies overseas.  Over the past year, Viacom World Wide has
provided strategic and business planning services to corporations in
the Middle East and engineering services in Japan.  None of these
services has been a source of significant revenues to date nor
required significant capital contributions by the Company.

    VIACOM MGS SERVICES.  Viacom MGS Services Inc. ("MGS")
distributes, duplicates and stores taped and filmed television
commercials, radio commercials, and other programs for advertisers and
agencies, production houses and industrial and educational customers.


VIACOM CABLE TELEVISION

    CABLE OPERATIONS.  At December 31, 1993, Viacom Cable Television
("Viacom Cable") was approximately the 13th largest multiple cable
television system operator in the United States with approximately
1,094,000 subscribers.  In January 1993, the Company completed the




                                I - 14



sale of its suburban Milwaukee cable system, serving approximately
47,000 customers, to Warner Communications Inc., a unit of Time Warner
Entertainment Co., L.P. as part of the settlement of the Company's
antitrust lawsuit against Time Warner Inc.  Viacom Cable's systems are
operated pursuant to non-exclusive franchises granted by local
governing authorities.

    Viacom Cable offers two tiers of primary (i.e., non-premium)
service:  "Limited Service", which consists generally of local and
distant broadcast stations and all public, educational and
governmental channels ("PEG") required by local franchise authorities;
and, the "Satellite Value Package", which provides additional channels
of satellite-delivered cable networks.  Monthly service fees for these
two levels of primary service constitute the major source of the
systems' revenue.

    The monthly service fees for Limited Service and the Satellite
Value Package are regulated under the Cable Television Consumer
Protection and Competition Act of 1992 (the "1992 Cable Act") (See
"BUSINESS -- Regulation -- Viacom Cable -- Federal Regulation").  At
December 31, 1993, the fixed monthly fees charged to customers for
primary services varied by geographic area and ranged from $9.00 to
$14.84 per month for Limited Service and from $21.25 to $25.78 for the
combination of Limited Service plus the Satellite Value Package, in
each case for all of an individual customer's television connections.
The Company offers customers the Company's own basic programming
services, as well as third-party services such as CNN and ESPN.  An
installation charge is levied in many cases but does not constitute an
important source of revenue.  Customers are free to discontinue
service at will.  None of Viacom Cable's systems is exempt from rate
regulation under the 1992 Cable Act.

    Viacom Cable offers premium cable television programming,
including the Company's premium subscription television services, to
its customers for an additional monthly fee of up to $12.25 per
premium service.  As of December 31, 1993, the Company's cable
television systems had approximately 718,000 subscriptions to premium
cable television program services.

    Viacom Cable customers who elect to subscribe to Limited Service
alone are also able to purchase premium and pay-per-view services
offered by the Company without first having to "buy through" the
Satellite Value Package.  The 1992 Cable Act requires cable operators
to implement this practice where no technological limitations exist.
(See "BUSINESS  -- Regulation -- Viacom Cable -- Federal Regulation")

    Viacom Cable also derives revenue from sales of available
advertising spots on advertiser-supported programming and sharing of
revenues from sales of products on home shopping services offered by
Viacom Cable to its customers.

    Cable operators require substantial capital expenditures to
construct systems and significant annual expenditures to maintain,
rebuild and expand systems.  The equipment of each cable system
consists principally of receiving apparatus, trunk lines, feeder cable
and drop lines connecting the distribution network to the premises of
the customers, electronic amplification and distribution equipment,
converters located in customers' homes and other components.  System
construction and operation and quality of equipment used must conform
with federal, state and local electrical and safety codes and certain




                                I - 15



regulations of the FCC.  Viacom Cable, like many other cable
operators, is analyzing potential business applications for its
broadband network, including interactive video, video on demand, data
services and telephony.  These applications, either individually or in
combination, may require technological changes such as fiber optics
and digital compression.  If these applications justify capital
spending in excess of current projections, Viacom Cable will revise
its capital needs accordingly.  Although management believes the
equipment used in the cable operations is in good operating condition,
except for ordinary wear and tear, Viacom Cable invests significant
amounts each year to upgrade, rebuild and expand its cable systems.
During the last five years, Viacom Cable's capital expenditures were
as follows:  1989: $40 million; 1990: $46 million; 1991: $45 million;
1992: $55 million; and 1993: $79 million.  The Company expects that
Viacom Cable's capital expenditures in 1994 will be approximately $100
million.

    Viacom Cable has constructed a fiber optic cable system in Castro
Valley, California to provide more channels with significantly better
picture quality, and to accommodate testing of new services including
an interactive on-screen programming guide known as StarSight (in
which a consolidated affiliate of the Company currently has a 21.4%
equity interest which it has the right to increase to 35%), other
interactive programs with Viacom New Media, video-on-demand premium
services, multiplexed premium services, and advanced interactive video
and data services.  Viacom has entered into an agreement with AT&T to
test and further develop such services.

    As part of Viacom's strategic relationship with NYNEX Corporation
("NYNEX"), Viacom has granted NYNEX a right of first refusal with
respect to providing telephony service upgrade expertise to Viacom
Cable.

































                                I - 16




                                AS OF DECEMBER 31, 1993
                                ---------------------

APPLOXIMATE APPROXIMATE NUMBER OF HOMES IN HOMES PASSED PRIMARY PRIMARY PREMIUM PREMIUM MILES OF FRANCHISE BY CABLE CUSTOMERS PENETRATION UNITS PENETRATION CABLE AREA DISTRIBUTION (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Bay Area Region Marin (7) 81,000 79,600 61,800 78% 30,200 49% 638 Sonoma (7) 45,000 44,700 34,500 77% 17,000 49% 514 Napa (7) 33,000 32,600 22,900 70% 11,800 52% 302 East Bay/Castro 85,000 85,400 70,800 83% 53,700 76% 668 Valley(7) Pittsburg/Pinole(7) 72,000 71,400 53,600 75% 37,900 71% 511 San Francisco 354,500 334,000 161,800 48% 117,700 73% 709 ------- ------- ------- --- ------- --- --- Total Bay Area 670,500 647,700 405,400 63% 268,300 66% 3,342 Region Ore-Cal Region Redding (7) 55,800 53,400 35,400 66% 17,400 49% 629 Oroville(7) 42,600 38,700 25,100 65% 8,800 35% 482 Salem 74,400 72,300 42,500 59% 21,700 51% 600 ------ ------ ------ --- ------ --- --- Total Ore-Cal 172,800 164,400 103,000 63% 47,900 47% 1,711 Region Puget Sound Region 614,300 595,900 408,600 69% 253,200 62% 6,123 (7) Mid-West Region Nashville (17) 265,000 227,100 125,400 55% 99,000 79% 2,222 Dayton 98,000 94,800 51,700 55% 49,700 96% 633 ------ ------ ------ --- ------ --- --- Total Mid-West 363,000 321,900 177,100 55% 148,700 84% 2,855 Region Total Viacom Cable 1,820,600 1,729,900 1,094,100 63% 718,100 66% 14,031 ========= ========= ========= === ======= === ====== - ---------------------- (1) Homes in franchise area represents Viacom Cable's estimate based upon local sources such as city directories, chambers of commerce, public utilities, public officials and house counts. (2) Homes are deemed "passed by cable" if such homes can be connected without any further extension of the transmission lines. (3) Represents the number of homes connected, rather than the number of television outlets connected within such homes. (4) Represents primary customers as a percentage of homes passed by cable. (5) The premium unit count is based on the total number of premium services subscribed to by primary customers. (6) Represents premium units as a percentage of primary customers. (7) Other cable television companies have franchises and serve parts of these areas in which the Company has franchises.
I - 17 VIACOM BROADCASTING Viacom Broadcasting is engaged in the operation of five television and 14 radio stations. The Company's television and radio stations operate pursuant to the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (the "Communications Act"), and licenses granted by the FCC, which are renewable every five years in the case of television stations and every seven years in the case of radio stations. VIACOM TELEVISION. The Company owns and operates the following five television properties: NETWORK STATION AND AFFILIATION METROPOLITAN AND EXPIRATION YEAR AREA SERVED TYPE DATE OF AGREEMENT ACQUIRED - -------------------------------------------------------------------- KMOV-TV St. Louis, MO VHF CBS/December 31, 1994 1986 WVIT-TV Hartford-New Haven- New Britain-Waterbury, CT UHF NBC/July 2, 1995 1978 WNYT-TV Albany-Troy-Schenectady, NY VHF NBC/September 28, 1980 1995 KSLA-TV Shreveport, LA VHF CBS/June 30, 1995 1983 WHEC-TV Rochester, NY VHF NBC/August 13, 1994 1983 As reflected in the table above, each of the Company's television stations is affiliated with a national television network. Such affiliations can be an advantage, because network programming is often competitively stronger and results in lower programming costs than would otherwise be necessary to obtain programming from other sources. The Company expects that the affiliation agreements which expire in 1994 will be renewed. I - 18 In addition to fees paid by networks to their affiliates, the principal source of revenue for the Company's television stations is the sale of broadcast time that has not been sold by the networks to national, local and regional advertisers. Such sales may involve all or part of a program or spot announcements within or between programs. Broadcast time is sold to national advertisers through national sales representatives who are compensated on a commission basis at normal industry rates. Advertising is sold to local and regional advertisers through a station's own sales force. Local and national spot advertising is generally sold pursuant to contracts which are for short periods and are generally cancelable upon prior notice but which are frequently renewed for additional terms. VIACOM RADIO. The Company owns and operates the 14 radio stations listed below. On June 16, 1993, the Company acquired the assets of KQLZ-FM (now KXEZ-FM), serving Los Angeles, California and on November 1, 1993, the Company acquired the assets of WCXR-FM and WCPT-AM serving Washington, D.C., in exchange for the assets of KIKK-AM/FM serving Houston, Texas and cash. The Company now operates multiple FM and/or multiple AM stations in Seattle, Washington (2 FMs, 1 AM), Los Angeles, California (2 FMs) and Washington, D.C. (2 FMs, 2 AMs) as permitted by the FCC's recently liberalized ownership rules which permit common ownership of two or more AM or two or more FM stations in the same market. Pursuant to the FCC's order on March 4, 1994 consenting to the transfer of control of Paramount's broadcast licenses to Viacom Inc., which licenses include a television station serving Washington, D.C., the Company has undertaken to dispose of one AM and one FM radio station serving Washington, D.C. no later than September 11, 1995. (See "BUSINESS -- Regulation -- Viacom Broadcasting -- Ownership Limitations") I - 19 STATION AND METROPOLITAN POWER RADIO YEAR AREA SERVED FREQUENCY WATTS STATION FORMAT ACQUIRED - ----------------------------------------------------------------------- WLTW-FM New York, NY 106.7 MHz 50,000 Adult 1980 Contemporary WLIT-FM Chicago, IL 93.9 MHz 50,000 Adult 1982 Contemporary WLTI-FM Detroit, MI 93.1 MHz 50,000 Adult 1988 Contemporary WMZQ-AM-FM Washington, (AM) 1390 KHz 5,000 Country 1984 D.C. (FM) 98.7 MHz 50,000 1980 WCXR-FM 105.4 MHz 50,000 Classic Rock 1993 WCPT-AM 730 KHz 5,000 D* CNN Headline 1993 Washington, 20 N* News D.C. KBSG-AM-FM Tacoma/Seattle, (FM) 97.3 MHz 100,000 Oldies 1987 WA (AM) 1210 KHz 10,000 D* 1989 1,000 N* KNDD-FM Seattle, WA 107.7 MHz 100,000 New Rock (AOR) 1992 I - 20 STATION AND METROPOLITAN POWER RADIO YEAR AREA SERVED FREQUENCY WATTS STATION FORMAT ACQUIRED - ----------------------------------------------------------------------- KYSR-FM Los Angeles, 98.7 MHz 75,000 Adult 1990 CA Contemporary KXEZ-FM Los Angeles, 100.3 MHz 50,000 Adult 1993 CA Contemporary KSRY-FM San Francisco, 98.9 MHz 50,000 Adult 1990 CA Contemporary KSRI-FM Santa Cruz/San 99.1 MHz 50,000 Adult 1990 Jose, CA Contemporary _________________________ * D/N = Day/Night As indicated in the table above, the radio stations generally have specialized program formats targeted to specific audiences. In addition, the stations' programming includes entertainment, news, religion, sports, education and other topics of general interest. The stations also provide time for public affairs, educational and cultural programs and for discussion of local and national issues. Radio station revenues are derived almost entirely from the sale of advertising time. Only a small amount of such revenues is derived from sponsored programs or non-broadcast sources. As is customary in the industry, national representatives are engaged to obtain advertising from and to sell broadcast time to national advertisers, and are compensated on a commission basis. The stations' own sales forces sell advertising time to local and regional advertisers. Local, regional and national advertising is generally sold pursuant to contracts which are for short periods and generally are cancelable upon prior notice, but frequently are renewed for additional terms. REGULATION The Company's entertainment, cable television and broadcasting businesses are subject to extensive regulation by federal, state and local governmental authorities and its programming businesses are affected thereby. The rules, regulations, policies and procedures affecting these businesses are constantly subject to change. The descriptions which follow are summaries and should be read in conjunction with the texts of the statutes, rules and regulations I - 21 described herein. The descriptions do not purport to describe all present and proposed federal, state and local statutes, rules and regulations affecting the Company's businesses. VIACOM ENTERTAINMENT The Company's first run, network and other production operations and its distribution of off-network, first run and other programs in domestic and foreign syndication are not directly regulated by legislation. However, existing and proposed rules and regulations of the FCC applicable to broadcast networks, individual broadcast stations and cable could affect Viacom Entertainment. FINANCIAL INTEREST AND SYNDICATION RULES. The financial interest and syndication rules ("finsyn rules") were adopted by the FCC in 1970. These rules significantly limited the role of broadcast television networks in broadcast television program syndication. The financial interest rule prohibited a network from acquiring a financial or proprietary right or interest in the exhibition (other than its own broadcast network exhibition), distribution or other commercial use in connection with the broadcasting of any television program of which it is not the sole producer. The syndication rule prohibited a network from syndicating programming domestically to television stations for non-network exhibition and precluded a network from reserving any rights to participate in income derived from domestic broadcast syndication, or from foreign broadcast syndication where the network was not the sole producer. For the purposes of these rules, a broadcast network was defined as any entity which offers an interconnected program service on a regular basis for 15 or more hours per week to at least 25 affiliated television stations in 10 or more states. In 1991 the FCC adopted modified finsyn rules. In 1992, these rules were vacated by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (the "Seventh Circuit Appeals Court"), acting on appeals filed by ABC, CBS, NBC and others. In 1993 the FCC adopted a decision (the "Decision") further modifying the finsyn rules effective as of June 5, 1993, although ABC, CBS, and NBC could not commence operating under the modified finsyn rules until November 10, 1993 when the antitrust consent decrees to which they are subject were modified to eliminate certain restrictions by an order (the "Order") of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California (the "District Court"). The modified rules will expire in November 1995, absent an affirmative FCC action retaining or further modifying them. The FCC is to initiate a final review of the modified rules six months prior to their November 1995 expiration date and proponents of their continuance have the burden of proving that the public interest requires their continued retention. The Decision has been appealed by the networks and others, and all appeals have been consolidated before the Seventh Circuit Appeals Court. The Company is unable to predict what action the court will take when it reviews the Decision or what effect, if any, the Decision will have on the Company's distribution and production activities. I - 22 The Decision eliminates certain restrictions on network acquisition of financial interests and syndication rights in network programming. With respect to first run programs, networks may not acquire any financial interests or syndication rights except in programs produced solely by the network and in programs distributed only outside the U.S. The networks are also prohibited by the modified rules from directly engaging in syndication in the U.S. of both network prime time entertainment programs and first run programs, but they may syndicate non- prime time network programs and network non-entertainment programs in the U.S. and any programs in foreign markets. Networks must also release prime time entertainment programs in which they hold syndication rights into the syndication market no later than four years after the program's network debut or within six months after the end of the network run, whichever is earlier. In addition, networks are also subject to certain certification and reporting requirements. A network is defined in the modified rules as any entity that provides more than 15 hours of prime time programming per week to affiliates reaching 75% of television households nationwide. Emerging networks not currently meeting the network definition are exempt from the modified rules except for certain reporting requirements which become applicable when they commence providing 16 hours per week of prime time programs to their affiliates. The networks must use an independent syndicator to distribute off- network prime time entertainment programs in which they hold syndication rights, and there must be no contractual or other understandings between the network and the syndicator regarding the subsequent sale or scheduling of the syndicated program that would have the direct or indirect effect of affiliate station favoritism. The FCC will consider complaints if a party can make a showing undermining the credibility of the independence of the syndicator, and it is unclear whether such complaints may be directed only to the network involved or whether independent syndicators may also be subject to such complaints. PRIME TIME ACCESS RULE. The Prime Time Access Rule ("PTAR") prohibits network affiliates in the top 50 markets (designated by the FCC based on survey data) from exhibiting network or off-network programming during more than three out of the four prime time hours, with certain limited exceptions. The Decision provided that first run programming produced by a network will be considered network programming for this purpose. A number of interested parties have raised the issue of whether PTAR should be modified or repealed. Certain programmers are seeking modification of PTAR to permit the exhibition of off-network programming. The licensee of WCPX-TV, Orlando, Florida, has sought elimination of PTAR on First Amendment grounds and certain West Coast network affiliates have obtained PTAR waivers from the FCC that facilitated the commencement of network prime time one hour earlier. If PTAR itself is so modified or is eliminated, the Company is unable to predict the effect, if any, on its first run and other I - 23 distribution activities. The Company is also unable to predict whether earlier commencement of network prime time programming would affect the availability of prime time for the presentation of syndicated programs on network-affiliated stations. EUROPEAN COMMUNITY DIRECTIVE. In October 1989, the European Commission directed each European Community member country to adopt broadcast quota regulations based on its guidelines by October 3, 1991. All member countries other than Spain and the Flemish region of Belgium have enacted legislation aimed at adopting such regulations. Such broadcast quota regulations may limit the amount of U.S. produced programming to be purchased by foreign customers which could have an adverse impact on the Company's foreign syndication operations. Similar rules are contained in a Council of Europe Convention which went into force on May 1, 1993. This has currently been ratified by Cyprus, Italy, Poland, San Marino, Switzerland, the Vatican and the United Kingdom. VIACOM CABLE Federal Regulation 1992 CABLE ACT. On October 5, 1992, Congress enacted the Cable Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act of 1992 (the "1992 Cable Act") substantially amending the regulatory framework under which cable television systems have operated since the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (the "Communications Act"), was amended by the Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984 (the "1984 Act"). The FCC through its rules and regulations began implementing the requirements of the 1992 Cable Act in 1993 and is currently engaged in several proceedings in order to adopt additional rules and regulations or to reconsider and/or amend certain of the rules and regulations previously adopted. The extent and materiality of the effects of the 1992 Cable Act on Viacom Cable and Viacom Networks depend to a large degree on the final form of the FCC's implementing regulations and the outcome of judicial challenges to various provisions of the 1992 Cable Act as more fully discussed below. The following is a summary of certain significant issues: Rate Regulation. Rate regulations adopted in April 1993 by the FCC --------------- (the "April 1993 Regulations") govern rates charged to subscribers for regulated tiers of cable service and became effective on September 1, 1993. On February 22, 1994, the FCC adopted additional rules (the "February 22nd Regulations") which have not yet been published in their final form. The "benchmark" formula adopted as part of the April 1993 Regulations establishes an "initial permitted rate" which may be charged by cable operators for specified tiers of cable service. The regulations also establish the prices which may be charged for equipment used to receive these services. Because the text of the February 22nd Regulations has not been released, it is not possible to know the extent or nature of the revisions to the April 1993 Regulations. However, from public statements made during the FCC's February 22 meeting and news releases issued thereafter, it appears that the February 22nd Regulations will contain a new formula for determining permitted rates. The new formula may require up to a I - 24 17% reduction of rates from those charged on September 30, 1992, rather than the 10% reduction required by the April 1993 Regulations. The February 22nd Regulations also adopted interim standards governing "cost-of-service" proceedings pursuant to which a cable operator would be permitted to charge rates in excess of rates which it would otherwise be permitted to charge under such regulations, provided that the operator substantiates that its costs in providing services justify such rates. Based on its implementation of the April 1993 Regulations, the Company estimates that it will recognize a reduction to revenues ranging from $27 million to $32 million on an annualized basis, substantially all of which will be reflected as a reduction in earnings from operations of its cable television division. The Company's estimated reduction does not reflect further reductions to revenue which would result from the lowering of the initial permitted rates pursuant to the February 22nd Regulations. These new and reduced initial permitted rates will apply prospectively from a date to be announced by the FCC when it publishes precise regulations which implement the February 22nd Regulations. Until the February 22nd Regulations are released, it is not possible to predict the effects of the interim standards governing cost-of- service proceedings; however, based on the FCC's public statements, the Company believes it is unlikely that it will be able to utilize such proceedings so as to charge rates in excess of rates which it would otherwise be permitted to charge under the regulations. The Company's ability to mitigate the effects of these new rate regulations by employing techniques such as the pricing and repricing of new or currently offered unregulated program services and ancillary services may also be restricted by the new regulations adopted as part of the February 22nd Regulations. No such mitigating factors are reflected in the estimated reductions to revenues. The stated reduction to revenues may be mitigated by the higher customer growth due to lower primary service rates. The Company also cannot predict the effect, if any, of cable system rate regulation on license fee rates payable by cable systems to program services such as those owned by the Company. Vertical Integration. Certain pricing and other restrictions are -------------------- imposed on vertically integrated cable programmers (such as the Company) with respect to their dealings with multichannel distributors of programming, such as cable systems, SMATV systems, MMDS operators and TVRO and DBS distributors (as defined in "BUSINESS--Competition-- Viacom Cable Television"). The FCC's implementing regulations governing access by multichannel distributors to the programming of vertically integrated cable programmers limit the extent to which a vertically integrated cable programmer can differentiate in pricing or other terms and conditions of carriage between and among multichannel distributors. Because the application of these new regulations is subject to numerous uncertainties, the Company is currently unable to determine their impact, if any, on the Company. The FCC's implementing regulations also limit the number of channels on a cable system which may be used to carry the programming of such system's affiliated (vertically integrated) cable programmers. These regulations provide generally that no more than 40% of such a system's channels can be used to carry the programming of the system's I - 25 affiliated cable programmers. These channel occupancy limits apply only up to 75 channels of a given system. The FCC also considered whether limits should be placed on a multichannel distributor's right to participate in the production or creation of programming, and concluded that no such limits are appropriate at this time. The FCC's implementing regulations governing access by multichannel distributors to the programming of vertically integrated cable programmers and regarding channel occupancy limits are subject to pending petitions for reconsideration at the FCC. Must Carry/Retransmission Consent. Commercial television stations --------------------------------- which are "local" to communities served by a cable system can elect to require either (a) carriage (and with certain restrictions, channel position) on the cable system ("Must Carry"), or (b) payment (monetary or in-kind) in consideration for their consent to the retransmission of their signal by the cable system ("Retransmission Consent"). In addition, a cable system may not carry any commercial non-satellite- delivered television station which is "distant" to communities served by such system or any radio station without obtaining the consent of such station for such retransmission; however, such television and radio stations do not have Must Carry rights. Such stations may require payment in consideration for Retransmission Consent. Viacom Cable has negotiated retransmission rights for a number of commercial stations which it carries. Some of these agreements are on an interim basis and may be canceled by the stations. Viacom Cable carries other stations pursuant to their exercise of their Must Carry rights. Local non-commercial television stations have Must Carry rights, but may not elect Retransmission Consent. The Must Carry rules were challenged by cable program services and cable system operators. In April 1993, a District of Columbia three judge court upheld the rules against a facial First Amendment attack. The U.S. Supreme Court accepted review; oral argument was heard in January 1994 and a decision is expected by July 1994. (See "BUSINESS -- Regulation -- Viacom Broadcasting -- Must Carry/Retransmission Consent") Limits on Number of Subscribers. The FCC's implementing ------------------------------- regulations generally impose a 30% horizontal ownership limit on the number of homes passed by cable that any one cable operator can serve nationwide through systems in which it has an attributable interest (the Company serves approximately 2% of "homes passed" nationwide). In view of a recent federal district court decision holding that this imposition of horizontal ownership limits is unconstitutional, the FCC has stayed the effectiveness of this 30% limit until final judicial resolution of the constitutional issue. Buy Through to Premium Services. Pursuant to the 1992 Cable ------------------------------- Act, a cable system may not require subscribers to purchase any tier of service other than the basic service tier in order to obtain services offered by the cable operator on a per channel (e.g., premium services) or pay-per-view basis. A cable system ---- which is not now fully addressable and which cannot utilize other means to facilitate access to all of its programming will have up to 10 years to fully comply with this provision through the implementation of fully addressable technology. The Company's cable systems have already begun to implement compliance. I - 26 Among other things, the 1992 Cable Act and the FCC's implementing regulations also: (i) with certain exceptions, require a three-year holding period before the resale of cable systems; (ii) provide that franchising authorities cannot unreasonably refuse to grant competing franchises (all of the Company's current franchises are non-exclusive); (iii) require that the FCC study the cost and benefits of issuing regulations with respect to compatibility between cable system equipment and consumer electronics such as VCRs and issue such regulations as may be appropriate; and (iv) facilitate the manner in which third parties can lease channel capacity from cable systems and provide that the maximum rates which a cable system can charge for leased channel capacity may be set by the FCC. Pursuant to the 1992 Cable Act, the FCC adopted minimum customer service standards and also determined the circumstances under which local franchising authorities may impose higher standards. Lawsuits have been filed challenging the constitutionality of various provisions of the 1992 Cable Act including the provisions relating to rate regulation, Must Carry, Retransmission Consent, the pricing and other restrictions imposed on vertically integrated cable programmers with respect to their dealings with multichannel programming distributors, and the mandated availability of cable channels for leased access and PEG programming. COMPETITION WITH TELEPHONE COMPANIES. In a recent decision by the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, the Court declared the restrictions contained in the Communications Act on the provision of video programming by a telephone company in its local service area to be unconstitutional and has enjoined enforcement of those restrictions. The Court has held that this decision does not apply to geographic areas outside of its jurisdiction. An appeal of the Court's holding of the unconstitutionality of such restrictions has been filed. Several similar suits have recently been filed in different jurisdictions by regional Bell Operating Companies (including NYNEX) ("BOCs") challenging the very same restrictions. In an interpretation of the current restrictions contained in the Communications Act, the FCC in 1992 established its "Video Dial Tone" policy. The Video Dial Tone policy is being challenged in court by cable interests as violating the Communications Act. It is also being challenged by telephone interests as not being liberal enough. The policy permits in-service-area delivery of video programming by a telephone company (a "telco", as further defined below) and exempts telcos from the Communications Act's franchising requirements so long as their facilities are capable of two-way video and are used for transmission of video programming on a common carrier basis, i.e. use of the facilities must be available to all programmers - ---- and program packagers on a non-discriminatory, first-come first- served basis. Telcos are also permitted to provide to facilities users additional "enhanced" services such as video gateways, video processing services, customer premises equipment and billing and collection. These can be provided on a non-common carrier basis. There are currently pending in Congress four principal bills (in the Senate, S. 1086, the Telecommunications Infrastructure Act of 1993, and S. 1822, the Communications Act of 1994 (which is expected to supersede S. 1086) and in the House, H.R. 3626, the Antitrust Reform Act 1993, and H.R. 3636, the National Communications Competition and Information Infrastructure Act of 1993) which would, among other things, permit a I - 27 BOC or a Regional Holding Company ("RHC"; a BOC or RHC, a "telco") to offer cable service under certain stated conditions including providing safeguards and transition rules designed to protect against anti- competitive activity by the telcos and cross-subsidization of a telco's cable business by the telco's charges to its telephone customers. These bills also generally eliminate state and local entry barriers which currently either prohibit or restrict an entity's (including a cable operator's) capacity to offer telecommunications services (including telephone exchange service) in competition with telcos and to interconnect on a non-discriminatory basis with telcos and utilize certain telco facilities in order to provide service in competition with a telco. The Clinton Administration has indicated its intention to propose reform of federal telecommunications legislation, although such proposal has not been finalized. At present, state and/or local laws do not prohibit cable television companies from engaging in certain kinds of telephony business in most states. Viacom Cable is a general partner in three partnerships providing commercial competitive access services which link business customers to long distance carriers via private networks owned by the cable television company partners and leased to the partnerships. If the pending legislation does not become law, and the various appeals courts uphold the unconstitutionality of the Communications Act's restrictions on telco video programming, the telcos have stated their intent to immediately enter the video programming business. COMPULSORY COPYRIGHT. Cable television systems are subject to the Copyright Act of 1976 which provides a compulsory license for carriage of distant broadcast signals at prescribed rates. No license fee is charged by the copyright holder for retransmission of broadcast signals which are "local" to the communities served by the cable system. The FCC has recommended to Congress that it eliminate the compulsory license for retransmission of both distant and local signals, requiring instead that approval be received from the copyright holders for retransmission. If the compulsory license is repealed, Viacom Cable could incur additional costs for its carriage of programming of certain broadcast stations and if some broadcast stations are not carried, customer satisfaction with cable service may be adversely affected until satisfactory replacement programming is obtained. Pending legislation in the 103rd Congress includes a bill (H.R.759) to affirm the application of the compulsory license to MMDS and other alternative video transmission technologies; a bill (H.R.1103) to eliminate the sunset provision of the Satellite Home Viewer Act and continue the application of the compulsory license to satellite carriers that transmit to home dish owners; and a bill (H.R.12) to provide for payment by television broadcasters to program producers where a broadcaster exercises its Retransmission Consent rights enacted in the 1992 Cable Act and thereby obtains payment from a cable operator for retransmission of the broadcaster's signal. State and Local Regulation. State and local regulation of cable is exercised primarily through the franchising process under which a company enters into a franchise agreement with the appropriate franchising authority and agrees to abide by applicable ordinances. The 1992 Cable Act permits the FCC to I - 28 broaden the regulatory powers of the franchising authorities, particularly in the areas of rate regulation and customer service standards. (See "BUSINESS --- Regulation -- Viacom Cable -- Federal Regulation") Under the 1984 Act, franchising authorities may control only cable- related equipment and facilities requirements and may not require the carriage of specific program services. However, if the Must Carry provisions of the 1992 Cable Act are upheld by the Supreme Court, federal law (as implemented by FCC regulations) will mandate the carriage of both commercial and non-commercial television broadcast stations "local" to the area in which a cable system is located. (See "BUSINESS -- Regulation -- Viacom Cable -- Federal Regulation") The 1984 Act, as amended, guarantees cable operators due process rights in franchise renewal proceedings and provides that franchises will be renewed unless the cable operator fails to meet one or more enumerated statutory criteria. The Company's current franchises expire on various dates through 2017. During the five-year period 1994 through 1998, franchises having an aggregate of approximately 230,081 customers (as of October 31, 1993) will expire unless renewed. The Company expects its franchises to be renewed. VIACOM NETWORKS 1992 CABLE ACT. See "BUSINESS -- Regulation -- Viacom Cable -- Federal Regulation -- 1992 Cable Act". MODIFICATION OF FINAL JUDGMENT. The Modification of Final Judgment (the "MFJ") is the consent decree pursuant to which AT&T was reorganized and was required to divest its local telephone service monopolies. As a result, seven RHCs were formed (including NYNEX) comprised of operating companies within their regions (the BOCs). In addition, that portion of the continental United States served by the BOCs was divided into geographical areas termed Local Access and Transport Areas ("LATAs"). The MFJ restricts the RHCs, the BOCs and their affiliates from engaging in inter-LATA telecommunications services and from manufacturing telecommunications products. As a result of NYNEX's investment in Viacom Inc., the Company could arguably be considered an affiliate of an RHC for MFJ purposes. As a result, the Company transferred certain of Viacom Networks' and other operations and properties to an affiliated entity which will be consolidated into the Company for financial reporting purposes. Neither the transfer nor the operations of the affiliate as an entity separate from the Company will have a material effect on the financial condition or the results of operations of the Company. However, should the MFJ restrictions be modified or waived, the Company intends to retransfer the assets and operations and any future appreciation in the value of such assets after such retransfer will be for the benefit of the holders of Viacom Common Stock. VIACOM BROADCASTING Television and radio broadcasting are subject to the jurisdiction of the FCC pursuant to the Communications Act. I - 29 THE COMMUNICATIONS ACT. The Communications Act authorizes the FCC: to issue, renew, revoke or modify broadcast licenses; to regulate the radio frequency, operating power and location of stations; to approve the transmitting equipment used by stations; to adopt rules and regulations necessary to carry out the provisions of the Communications Act; and to impose certain penalties for violations of the Communications Act and the FCC's regulations governing the day-to-day operations of television and radio stations. BROADCAST LICENSES. Broadcast station licenses (both television and radio) are ordinarily granted for the maximum allowable period of five years in the case of television and seven years in the case of radio, and are renewable for additional five-year or seven-year periods upon application and approval. Such licenses may be revoked by the FCC for serious violations of its regulations. Petitions to deny renewal of a license or competing applications may be filed for the frequency used by a renewal applicant. If a petition to deny is filed, the FCC will determine whether renewal is in the public interest based upon presentations made by the licensee and the petitioner. If a competing application is filed, a comparative hearing is held to determine which applicant should be granted the license. In the absence of egregious and willful violations of FCC rules, license holders, as a practical matter, can generally expect renewal by the FCC. The licenses for the Company's television stations expire as follows: WVIT-TV on April 1, 1994; each of WNYT-TV and WHEC-TV on June 1, 1994; KSLA-TV on June 1, 1997; and KMOV-TV on February 1, 1998. The Company's licenses for its radio stations expire as follows: WMZQ- AM-FM, WCPT-AM and WCXR-FM on October 1, 1995; WLTI-FM on October 1, 1996; WLIT-FM on December 1, 1996; KSRI-FM and KSRY-FM on August 1, 1997; KYSR-FM and KXEZ-FM on December 1, 1997; each of KBSG-AM-FM and KNDD-FM on February 1, 1998; and WLTW-FM on June 1, 1998. The Company has applied for renewal of and expects that the licenses which expire in 1994 will be renewed. The Communications Act prohibits the assignment of a license or the transfer of control of a license without prior approval of the FCC. The Communications Act also provides that no license may be held by a corporation if (1) any officer or director is an alien, or (2) more than 20% of the voting stock is owned of record or voted by aliens or is subject to control by aliens. In addition, no corporation may hold the voting stock of another corporation owning broadcast licenses if any of the officers or directors of such parent corporation are aliens or more than 25% of the voting stock of such parent corporation is owned of record or voted by aliens or is subject to control by aliens, unless specific FCC authorization is obtained. MUST CARRY/RETRANSMISSION CONSENT. The 1992 Cable Act contains provisions which grant certain Must Carry rights to commercial broadcast television stations that are "local" to communities served by a cable system, including the right to elect either to require a cable operator to carry the station pursuant to the Must Carry provisions of the Act or to require that the cable operator secure the station's Retransmission Consent on a negotiated basis before the station can be carried (i.e., retransmitted) on the cable system. Each of the ---- Company's television stations elected in 1993 to negotiate with their I - 30 local cable systems for the systems' right to retransmit the station's signal. All such negotiations were successfully completed assuring continued carriage of each station on all of their local cable systems at least through December 1996. The Must Carry Rules were challenged by cable program services and cable system operators. In April 1993, a District of Columbia three judge court upheld the rules against a facial First Amendment attack. The U.S. Supreme Court accepted review; oral argument was heard in January 1994 and a decision is expected by July 1994. If the Must Carry Rules are determined to be unconstitutional, the Company's television stations do not expect to be materially affected since they expect to continue to obtain carriage pursuant to Retransmission Consent negotiations. If a station is not carried by a cable system in its area, that station could experience a decline in revenues. The Company's television stations have traditionally been carried prior to the institution of Retransmission Consent and in the absence of Must Carry. (See "BUSINESS -- Regulation - -- Viacom Cable Television -- Must Carry/Retransmission Consent and Compulsory Copyright") RESTRICTIONS ON BROADCAST ADVERTISING. In past Congressional sessions, committees of Congress examined proposals for legislation that would eliminate or severely restrict advertising of beer and wine either through direct restrictions on content or through elimination or reduction of the deductibility of expenses for such advertising under federal tax laws. Such proposals generated substantial opposition, but it is possible that similar proposals will be reintroduced in Congress. The elimination of all beer and wine advertising would have an adverse effect on the revenues of the Company's television and radio stations. Congress may again take up Campaign Finance Reform legislation similar to that which was passed by the 102nd Congress but vetoed by President Bush. Such legislation could reduce revenues of the Company's television and radio stations derived from political advertising by candidates for certain public offices. On April 9, 1991, the FCC adopted regulations to implement the Children's Television Act of 1990 (the "Children's Television Act") which limit the amount of advertising in children's programming, including a prohibition on children's programming which contains characters that are based on products advertised on such programs. The FCC will take into account the efforts made by broadcasters to meet the educational and informational needs of children as part of assessing the broadcaster's record of performance in the public interest before granting renewal of broadcast licenses. The impact, if any, of these regulations on the Company's television stations is not material. The FCC has instituted an inquiry into the manner in which TV stations have been complying with the Children's Television Act. Additionally, the FCC is considering whether to impose limits on the amount of advertising time which a television station can sell during any broadcast hour or part thereof. OWNERSHIP LIMITATIONS. The FCC has placed limits on the number of radio and television stations in which one entity can own an "attributable interest". The Company currently owns radio stations below those ownership limits and, with the transfer of control of licenses held by Paramount, owns the maximum permitted number of I - 31 television stations. The FCC has adopted a number of rules designed to prevent monopoly or undue concentration of control of the media of mass communications. In 1992 the FCC amended its regulations to permit a single entity to have an "attributable" ownership or management interest in up to 18 AM and 18 FM stations nationwide (20 AM and 20 FM beginning in 1994), including multiple AM and/or FM stations licensed to serve the same market. Minority-controlled broadcasters can own an additional three AM and three FM stations. The limit on the number of such multiple stations in a particular market which a single entity may own or control depends upon the total number of AM and/or FM stations in that market, provided that, at the time of purchase, the combined audience share of such multiple stations does not exceed 25%. With respect to television, the FCC's rules limit the maximum number of stations nationwide in which one entity can have an "attributable" ownership or management interest, to that number which serves up to 25% of U.S. television households, provided, however, that (except in limited circumstances) the total number of stations will not exceed 12. Unlike certain of the new radio rules, there is now no allowance for ownership of multiple television stations licensed to serve the same market, although the FCC is examining the issue. The FCC also permits radio stations to broker the programming and sales inventories of their stations to other radio stations within the same area, subject to various restrictions, so long as ultimate operational control and ownership is retained and exercised by the licensee. Such brokerage agreements function, as a practical matter, to effect a consolidation of competitive radio broadcast stations within a market in much the same manner as multiple ownership of radio facilities by one entity. Similar brokerage agreements among television stations are being implemented in a smaller number of markets than in radio and are not now subject to any explicit FCC regulations. The FCC's ownership limitations also prohibit a single entity from owning multiple "same service" (e.g., TV, AM or FM) stations licensed ---- to serve different markets if the broadcast signals of such stations overlap, to a specified measurable degree. The maximum number of commonly owned stations serving neighboring markets whose signals can overlap is the same as that maximum number of commonly owned stations which an entity can own or control in a single market. Additional ownership prohibitions preclude common ownership in the same market of (i) television stations and cable systems; (ii) television or radio stations and newspapers of general circulation; and (iii) radio and television stations. Radio-television cross-ownership prohibitions are subject to waiver by the FCC on a case-by-case basis. The Company operates two AM and two FM stations as well as a television station serving Washington, D.C. Ownership of the television station (WDCA) was obtained when Viacom Inc. acquired majority ownership of Paramount on March 11, 1994. Pursuant to the FCC's order consenting to the transfer of control of the broadcast licenses of Paramount to the Company, the Company has undertaken to dispose of one AM and one FM radio station serving Washington, D.C. no later than September 11, 1995. The FCC's previous prohibition on a national television network's (ABC, CBS, and NBC) owning or operating cable systems has been repealed but with certain limits as to the number of homes which network-owned cable systems can pass on a national and local basis. TERRITORIAL EXCLUSIVITY. The FCC is considering changes to its I - 32 non-network program territorial exclusivity rules which provide that a broadcaster, with certain limited exceptions, cannot obtain exclusivity to syndicated programming as against other broadcast stations beyond a 35-mile radius from its city of license. The proposed rule would permit expansion of the 35-mile exclusivity area thereby increasing the protection given the programming contracted for by a broadcaster. The Company cannot predict the effect, if any, that any change of this rule may have on its broadcast operations. HDTV. The FCC is considering technical standards to be adopted for the transmission of high definition television ("HDTV"), an advanced television system which enhances picture and sound quality, as well as the methods and timetable for implementation of an HDTV transmission standard by broadcasters. A standard has been recommended to the FCC by an advisory committee. The standard which is ultimately adopted for HDTV transmissions and the manner in which that transmission standard will be implemented and the development of technologies such as "digital compression" will have an economic and competitive impact on broadcasting and cable operations. The Company cannot predict the effect of implementation of these technologies on its operations. The FCC has stated its intention not to disadvantage broadcasters and it is expected that any HDTV standard which is ultimately adopted will be fashioned so as to accommodate the needs of broadcasters vis-a-vis competitive video delivery technologies. The FCC has already determined that TV stations will be given up to six years to implement HDTV once a standard has been selected and that stations which do not convert to the HDTV standard will lose their licenses to broadcast at the end of a proposed 15-year period from adoption of the standard. The cost of converting to HDTV will not have a material effect on the Company. COMPETITION VIACOM NETWORKS MTVN COMPETITION. MTVN services are in competition for available channel space on existing cable systems and for fees from cable operators and alternative media distributors, with other cable program services, and nationally distributed and local independent television stations. MTVN also competes for advertising revenue with other cable and broadcast television programmers, and radio and print media. For basic cable television programmers, such as MTVN, advertising revenues derived by each programming service depend on the number of households subscribing to the service through local cable operators and other distributors. A number of record companies have announced plans to launch music-based program services in the U.S. and internationally. For example, Tele-Communications, Inc. and Bertelsmann AG announced plans for a music video/home shopping channel and Sony Corp.'s Sony Music and Time Warner Inc.'s Time Warner Music Group are discussing the formation of a worldwide music video program service with such other major record companies as EMI Music, a unit of Thorn EMI PLC, and PolyGram. As of December 31, 1993, there were 32 principal cable program I - 33 services and superstations under contract with A.C. Nielsen Company, including MTV, VH-1, NICKELODEON (including NICKELODEON and NICK AT NITE program segments), each with over 10,000,000 subscribers. The Nielsen Report ranked NICKELODEON/NICK AT NITE seventh, MTV eleventh, and VH-1 sixteenth, in terms of subscriber households. MTV EUROPE is engaged in a number of related litigations in Europe contesting the legality of certain joint licensing activities by the major worldwide record companies. In 1992, MTV EUROPE initiated a proceeding before the European Commission, seeking the dissolution, under Articles 85 and 86 of the Treaty of Rome, of the record companies' joint licensing organizations -- Video Performance Limited (VPL) and International Federation of Phonogram and Videogram Producers (IFPI) -- through which the record companies exclusively license rights to exhibit music video clips on television in Europe and elsewhere. The EC issued a preliminary letter in 1993 stating its non-binding opinion that the arrangements constituted an unlawful restriction of trade under Article 85, and reserved its right to address abuse of monopoly power under Article 86. MTVN has been informed that the EC has issued a Statement of Objections, which commences formal legal proceedings against VPL and IFPI, and their major record company members. MTV EUROPE has been licensed to continue to exhibit music video clips during the EC proceeding under an EC-assisted interim agreement with VPL and IFPI, which expires in July 1994. In December 1993, MTV EUROPE commenced a separate proceeding before the European Commission, challenging the operation of VIVA, a German language music service owned by four of the five major record companies, as another example of illegal cartel activity. In a separate U.K. high court action, MTV EUROPE is seeking reimbursement of license fees paid to VPL and IFPI, on the grounds that these fees were unlawfully extracted by the record companies' cartel organizations. SNI COMPETITION. The principal means of competition in the provision of premium subscription television program services are: (1) the acquisition and packaging of an adequate number of quality recently released motion pictures; and (2) the offering of prices, marketing and advertising support and other incentives to cable operators and other distributors so as to favorably position and package SNI's premium subscription television program services to subscribers. HBO is the dominant company in the premium subscription television category, offering two premium subscription television program services, the HBO service and Cinemax. SNI is second to HBO with a significantly smaller share of the premium subscription television category. In addition, in February 1994, Encore Media Corp. (an affiliate of Liberty Media Corporation and Tele-Communications, Inc.) launched Starz!, a premium subscription television program service that will exhibit recently released motion pictures. The Company believes that Starz! will directly compete with SNI's premium program services. On November 9, 1993, the Company filed an amended complaint in its antitrust suit against Tele-Communications, Inc., Liberty Media Corporation, Satellite Services, Inc., Encore Media Corp., Netlink USA, Comcast Corporation and QVC Network, Inc., which action is pending in I - 34 the Southern District of New York. (See "Item 3 - Legal Proceedings") VIACOM ENTERTAINMENT Distribution and production of programming for television is a highly competitive business. The Company competes directly with other distributors and producers including major motion picture studios and other companies which produce and/or distribute programs and films. The main competitive factors in the television program distribution business are the availability and quality of product, promotion and marketing, and access to licensees of product. Major studios and distributors with a history of successful programming are better positioned to acquire and/or produce and distribute quality product. These studios and distributors also have greater available resources for promotion and marketing. Brand name identification is an advantage to a distributor in promoting and marketing programs for domestic and first run exhibition. The decline in the demand by licensees for recent off-network series and series produced for first run exhibition (due to renewal of existing series by stations during the past year) and feature films (due primarily to the recent expansion of the Fox network to supply programming to its affiliated stations seven nights a week) has been partly offset by a resurgence in demand by stations for first run hours and an increasing number of programming outlets, particularly cable networks. Distributors are advantageously positioned to obtain clearances from stations they also own. This advantage increases with an increase in the number of stations so owned, the size of the markets served by those stations and the viewership of those stations. Since the successful launch of a program for first run exhibition generally requires securing licenses in New York, Los Angeles and Chicago, distributors owning stations serving these markets are at the greatest advantage among distributors owning stations. Distribution of programming for television in international markets is also a highly competitive business. The Company competes in such markets with both U.S. and non-U.S. producers and distributors. Deregulation by certain foreign countries has given rise to new broadcast stations and cable services which, along with technological advances such as DBS, are continuing to increase the number of potential international customers. However, as a result of a political directive adopted by the European Community in 1989, which became effective in October 1991, most European Community countries have adopted broadcast quota regulations based on the guidelines of the directive. Such broadcast quota regulations may adversely affect the amount of U.S. produced programming to be purchased by foreign customers. (See "BUSINESS -- Regulation -- Viacom Entertainment -- European Community Directive") Program production for network television, which is a source of product for the Company's distribution operations, and program production for first run exhibition on cable and other media are highly competitive businesses. The Company competes with the major studios and other production companies. A company with a program airing on a network, which program the network deems commercially successful, is at an advantage in getting that network and, to a lesser extent, other I - 35 networks, to license additional programs. (See "BUSINESS -- Viacom Entertainment -- Viacom Productions") Subsequent to December 31, 1993, Viacom Inc. acquired Paramount, which is a significantly larger distributor and producer of television programming. It is anticipated that this acquisition and the combination of the Company's television distribution and production businesses with those of Paramount will significantly enhance the Company's competitive position in these businesses. VIACOM NEW MEDIA The emerging market for interactive multimedia software is highly competitive and rapidly evolving. Major competitors include hardware manufacturers who also manufacture and publish cartridge video games, software publishers, and interactive software publishing divisions that have been established by diversified entertainment companies similar to the Company. VIACOM CABLE TELEVISION The Company's cable systems operate pursuant to non-exclusive franchises granted by local governing authorities (either municipal or county) and primarily compete with over-the-air broadcast television. Cable systems also compete with other distribution systems which deliver programming by microwave transmission ("MDS" and "MMDS") and satellite transmission to master antennas ("SMATV") or directly to subscribers via either "TVRO" or "DBS" technology. A new type of distribution system called Multichannel Local Distribution Service ("MLDS"), which is similar to but more advanced than MMDS due to greater channel capacity, could also become competitive with cable. In 1991, the FCC concluded a proceeding aimed at eliminating a number of technological and regulatory limitations applicable to, and thereby supporting the potential growth of, MMDS and SMATV as competitive video delivery technologies. Certain DBS distribution systems are expected to commence their services in the near future, including United States Satellite Broadcasting, Inc., with which the Company has distribution agreements for each of the Company's wholly owned basic cable and premium networks, and Hughes DirecTV The development of these other distribution systems could in the future result in substantial competition for the Company's cable systems, depending upon the marketing plans and programming provided. However, a developing technology called "digital compression" may allow cable systems to significantly increase the number of channels of programming they deliver and thereby help cable systems meet competition from these other distribution systems. The acquisition of new franchises has slowed as an increasingly limited number of franchises and systems are left to be developed. The resulting reduced rate of construction may affect the cable industry's ability to sustain its historical subscriber growth rate. However, cable operators have increasingly sought to expand their subscriber bases through the acquisition of contiguous systems, which provide increased operating efficiencies. The Company's plan to expand in the cable business includes supplying additional services to its customers, I - 36 increasing primary and premium subscriber penetrations, developing existing franchise areas and, to a lesser degree, reviewing possible acquisitions of existing systems, principally contiguous systems, directly or through participation with others in partnerships or joint ventures. Since the Company's cable television systems are franchised on a non-exclusive basis, other cable operators have been franchised and may continue to apply for franchises in certain areas served by the Company's cable systems. In addition, the 1992 Cable Act prohibits a franchiser from granting exclusive franchises and from unreasonably refusing to reward additional competitive franchises. In 1986, the U.S. Supreme Court held that cable system operations implicate First Amendment rights and that local franchising authorities may violate those rights by establishing franchise requirements, unless there is a legitimate government purpose. Since this decision, various federal district and appellate courts have issued contradictory opinions with respect to the enforceability of specific franchise requirements. Depending on the resolution of these cases, competitive entry by other operators into Viacom Cable's franchise areas and Viacom Cable's entry into other franchise areas could be more easily achieved. The entry of telephone companies into the cable television business may adversely affect Viacom Cable. The FCC's Video Dial Tone regulations (See "BUSINESS -- Regulation -- Viacom Cable Television -- Competition with Telephone Companies") are an indication of the FCC's willingness to narrow the cross-ownership prohibitions contained in the Communications Act to the extent that it can do so consistent with its interpretation of the Act. VIACOM BROADCASTING The principal methods of competition in the television and radio broadcasting field are the development of audience interest through programming and promotions. Television and radio stations also compete for advertising revenues with other stations in their respective coverage areas and with all other advertising media. They also compete with various other forms of leisure time activities, such as cable television systems and audio players and video recorders. These competing services, which may provide improved signal reception and offer an increased home entertainment selection, have been in a period of rapid development and expansion. Technological advances and regulatory policies will have an impact, upon the future competitive broadcasting environment. In particular, recent FCC liberalization of its radio station ownership limits will allow for increased group ownership of stations. However, the Company is unable to predict what impact these rule changes will have on its businesses in their markets. (See "BUSINESS -- Regulation -- Viacom Broadcasting -- Ownership Limitations") DBS satellite distribution of programs is expected to commence in 1994. Additionally, the FCC has issued rules which may significantly increase the number of multipoint distribution service stations (i.e., ---- video services distributed on microwave frequencies which can only be received by special microwave antennas). The FCC has also authorized I - 37 video uses of certain frequencies which have not traditionally been used or permitted for commercial video services and has issued rules which will increase the number of FM and AM stations. The FCC is also considering authorizing digital audio broadcasts ("DAB"), which could ultimately permit increased radio competition by satellite delivery of audio stations directly to the home (or to cars) and result in an increased spectrum being used for digital delivery of radio signals, and it has authorized and is in the process of licensing low power television stations ("LPTV stations") that may serve various communities with coverage areas smaller than those served by full conventional television stations. Because of their coverage limitations, LPTV stations may be allocated to communities which cannot accommodate a full power television station because of technical requirements. ITEM 2. PROPERTIES. The Company maintains its worldwide headquarters at 1515 Broadway, New York, New York, where it rents approximately 720,000 square feet for executive offices, including MTVN. The Company also rents approximately 24,000 square feet at the same location for WLTW-FM and Viacom Broadcasting headquarters. The lease runs to 2010, with four renewal options for five years each. The lease also grants the Company options for additional space at the then fair market value, including sufficient space for SNI and Paramount headquarters staff, and a right of first negotiation for other available space in the building. The Company also leases approximately 106,000 square feet at 1775 Broadway, New York, New York. The lease expires in 1998. In 1992, the Company sublet approximately 53,000 square feet of such space to COMEDY CENTRAL. The Company also operates a data processing facility in Rutherford, New Jersey and owns a 30,000 square foot building at 140 West 43rd Street, New York, New York, which supports office and conferencing requirements. Viacom MGS Services leases approximately 25,000 square feet at 619 West 54th Street, New York, New York. During 1993, the Company leased premises in California, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee and Washington, the locations of Viacom Cable's operations. Viacom Cable's operations require a large investment in physical assets consisting primarily of receiving apparatus, trunk lines, feeder cable and drop lines connecting the distribution network to the premises of the customers, electronic amplification and distribution equipment, converters located in customers' homes and other components. Significant expenditures are also required for replacement of and additions to such system assets as a result of technological advances, ordinary wear and tear and regulatory standards. Approximately 47% of the Company's cable television systems' fixed assets have been installed within the past five years and, except for ordinary wear and tear, the Company believes that this equipment is in good condition. I - 38 In addition to its leased space at 1515 Broadway, Viacom Broadcasting owns office and studio space in Hartford, Connecticut, occupied by television station WVIT-TV; in Menands, New York, occupied by television station WNYT-TV; in Shreveport, Louisiana, occupied by television station KSLA-TV; and in Rochester, New York, occupied by television station WHEC-TV. Television station KMOV-TV, St. Louis, Missouri, leases office and studio space for a term expiring December 31, 2002. WLIT-FM, Chicago, Illinois, leases office and studio space for a term expiring in April 2002. WLTI-FM, Detroit, Michigan, leases office and studio space for a term expiring in August 2002. WMZQ-FM, Washington, D.C., leases office and studio space for a term expiring in December 1998. WMZQ-AM, Arlington, Virginia, leases office and studio space for a term expiring in August 2014. WCPT-AM and WCXR-FM lease office and studio space in Alexandria, Virginia for a term expiring in November 2001. KBSG-AM/FM, Tacoma/Seattle, Washington, lease office and studio space for a term expiring in August 1999. KYSR-FM, and KXEZ-FM, Los Angeles, California, lease office and studio space for a term expiring in October 1999. KSRY-FM, San Francisco, California, leases office and studio space for a term expiring in March 1997. KSRI-FM, Santa Cruz, California, leases office and studio space for a term expiring in July 1995. KNDD-FM, Seattle, Washington, leases office and studio space for a term expiring in February 2001. Viacom Broadcasting owns the broadcasting antenna equipment of its radio and television stations and the main transmission and antenna sites used by its five television stations and radio stations WMZQ-FM, WCPT-AM, KYSR-FM and KNDD-FM. The other radio stations, WLTW-FM, WLIT- FM, WLTI-FM, WCXR-FM, WMZQ-AM, KBSG-AM, KBSG-FM, KSRY-FM, KSRI-FM and KXEZ-FM lease their transmission and antenna sites. The leases expire in August 2005, September 2002, December 1995, February 2000, August 2014, February 2000, December 1997, February 2000, May 1999, and November 2000, respectively. MTVN, by agreement with MCA, leases approximately 75,000 square feet of studio and office space for NICKELODEON STUDIOS FLORIDA, which agreement expires (with extensions at MCA's option) in 2003. MTVN leases approximately 58,600 square feet of other office facilities and studios (i.e., excluding 1515 Broadway, 1775 Broadway, NICKELODEON ---- STUDIOS, Orlando and Universal City, Los Angeles). MTVN also owns the Network Operations Center in Smithtown, New York at which it assembles and uplinks its programming signals. The center consists of a 15,000 square foot building housing television and satellite transmission equipment. In March 1993, a subsidiary of the Company entered into an agreement to purchase approximately 50,000 square feet of office and studio space in London, England. The Company leases the space to MTV EUROPE. SNI's executive offices are located at 1633 Broadway, New York, New York, where it rents approximately 106,000 square feet. SNI leases approximately 58,000 square feet of other office facilities (i.e., ---- excluding 1633 Broadway, 1775 Broadway and Universal City, Los I - 39 Angeles). For a description of the transponders employed by MTVN and SNI, see "BUSINESS -- Viacom Networks -- Additional Information about MTVN and SNI." Other than Brazil, where the office facility is owned, most of the domestic and international television program and feature film sales offices are held under leases aggregating approximately 9,000 square feet. Also, the Company maintains approximately 83,000 square feet of consolidated offices in Universal City, Los Angeles for Viacom Entertainment, MTVN and SNI. The Company also maintains a tape storage and operations service center of approximately 22,500 square feet for Viacom Networks and Viacom Enterprises in New York, New York. The Company believes that all of its facilities are adequate for the activities conducted at such facilities. However, the Company anticipates that it will lease or purchase additional office space both in the New York area as well as in other areas where the Company and its subsidiaries are presently located. Information with respect to Paramount in response to Item 2 is incorporated by reference herein from the Paramount Reports. Information in the Paramount Reports is given as of the date of each such report and is not updated herein. ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS. Stockholder Litigation. Seven putative class action complaints were filed by alleged Blockbuster stockholders in the Delaware Court of Chancery against Blockbuster, the members of its Board of Directors, Viacom Inc. and Sumner M. Redstone. By Order dated January 31, 1994, the seven actions were consolidated under the caption In re Blockbuster Entertainment Corp. Shareholders' Litigation, Consolidated Civil Action No. 13319. On February 18, 1994, plaintiffs filed the Consolidated and Amended Class Action Complaint (the "Complaint"). The Complaint generally alleges that Blockbuster's directors have violated their fiduciary duties of loyalty and fair dealing by allegedly failing to ensure the maximization of stockholder value in the sale of control of Blockbuster, including the alleged failure to authorize and direct that a process designed to secure the best value available for Blockbuster stockholders be undertaken, and by implementing measures such as the Subscription Agreement which allegedly were designed solely to thwart or impede other competing transactions. Among other things, the plaintiffs seek to (i) preliminarily and permanently enjoin the purchase by Blockbuster of shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock pursuant to the Subscription Agreement (see next paragraph); (ii) preliminarily and permanently enjoin the Blockbuster Merger or any anti-takeover devices designed to facilitate the Blockbuster Merger; (iii) require the Blockbuster directors to maximize stockholder value by exploring third party interest; and/or (iv) recover damages from the I - 40 Blockbuster directors for their alleged breaches of fiduciary duty. The defendants believe that plaintiffs' allegations are without merit and intend to defend themselves vigorously. On February 28, 1994, plaintiffs filed motions in the Delaware Chancery Court seeking expedited discovery, a temporary restraining order enjoining consummation of the Subscription Agreement and the scheduling of a preliminary injunction hearing. On March 1, 1994, Vice Chancellor Carolyn Berger issued an order denying plaintiffs' motions. Following issuance of the above-described order, plaintiffs filed a Motion for Clarification or, in the alternative, for Certification on Interlocutory Appeal, requesting that the Chancery Court clarify whether its order also refers to a hearing for a preliminary injunction. Plaintiffs requested that, if the order is limited to a hearing for a temporary restraining order, the Chancery Court schedule a hearing on plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction. On March 2, 1994, plaintiffs informed the Chancery Court that they had decided not to seek an interlocutory appeal and indicated their understanding that the order precluded preliminary injunctive relief as to the Subscription Agreement. On March 7, 1994, the plaintiffs filed a motion for a preliminary injunction, seeking an order preliminarily enjoining the defendants from (i) taking any steps to effectuate or enforce the Blockbuster Merger Agreement, the Subscription Agreement and the Stockholders Stock Option Agreement; (ii) making any payment to Viacom of its fees and expenses pursuant to Section 8.05(b) of the Blockbuster Merger Agreement; and (iii) entering into any competing transaction with a party other than Viacom, which transaction includes a stock component unless adequate price protection for the stockholders of Blockbuster is provided. Plaintiffs have also moved for an injunction requiring the Blockbuster defendants to investigate all bona fide offers to acquire Blockbuster and to provide such bona fide offerors access to information concerning Blockbuster in order to facilitate such offers. No schedule has been set for a hearing on the motion. On March 10, 1994, Defendant Sumner Redstone filed a motion to dismiss the Complaint as to him, on the grounds of lack of personal jurisdiction, insufficiency of process, and insufficiency of service of process. Also, on March 10, 1994, defendant Viacom filed a motion to dismiss the Complaint as to itself, for failure to state a claim against Viacom upon which relief can be granted. No schedule has been set for a hearing on these motions. Antitrust Matters On September 23, 1993, the Company filed an action in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York styled Viacom International Inc. v. Tele-Communications, Inc., et al., Case No. 93 Civ. 6658, against Tele-Communications, Inc. ("TCI"), Liberty Media Corporation, Satellite Services, Inc. ("SSI"), Encore Media Corp., Netlink USA, and QVC Network, Inc. The complaint alleges violations of Sections 1 and 2 of the Sherman Act, Section 7 of the Clayton Act, Section 12 of the Cable Act, and New York's Donnelly Act, and tortious interference, against all defendants, and a breach of contract claim against defendants TCI and SSI only. In addition to I - 41 other relief, the Company seeks injunctive relief against defendants' anticompetitive conduct and damages in an amount to be determined at trial, including trebled damages and attorneys' fees under the Sherman and Clayton Acts and damages resulting from QVC Network, Inc.'s proposed acquisition of Paramount Communications Inc. The 19 claims for relief in the complaint are based on allegations that defendants exert monopoly power in the U.S. cable industry through their control over approximately one in four of all cable households in the United States. Among other things, the complaint alleges that defendants conspired and attempted to force SNI to enter into a merger with a TCI-controlled pay television service; defendants have attempted to eliminate The Movie Channel from at least 28 of TCI's systems and have plans to eliminate The Movie Channel from another 27 such systems; defendants have conspired with General Instrument Corporation ("GI") to entrench GI's monopoly power in the markets for digital compression and encryption systems and to use such monopoly power to weaken and eliminate the defendants' competitors; and TCI's construction of a central authorization center to illegally control the distribution of programming services through refusals to deal and denial of direct access. On November 9, 1993, the Company amended its complaint in Viacom International Inc. v. Tele-Communications, Inc., et al., Case No. 93 Civ. 6658, to add Comcast Corporation as an additional defendant and to incorporate into the allegations additional anticompetitive activities by the defendants. Each of the defendants has answered and has generally denied the material allegations of the Company's amended complaint. Following the filing of its amended complaint, the Company has agreed to voluntarily dismiss certain of its breach of contract claims against TCI and SSI. Viacom Cable, through a subsidiary of the Company, was one of the original partners ("Original Partners") of Primestar Partners L.P. ("Primestar"). Primestar was launched in 1990 to deliver programming directly to dishes located at subscribers' homes from a mid-powered Ku- band satellite. The Company has withdrawn from Primestar by, among other things, exercising in November 1991 the Company's contractual right not to continue funding its share of Primestar's capital requirements. The Department of Justice ("DOJ") has conducted an inquiry into the structure and business of Primestar to ensure that the Original Partners did not engage in any concerted action prohibited by law. In addition, several state Attorneys General ("AGs") have reviewed the structure and business plan of Primestar as well as certain business practices of the Original Partners which reflect business practices in the cable industry, generally. The AGs' inquiry resulted in a final judgment entered into with the consent of the Original Partners in September of 1993. The DOJ has concluded its inquiry by submitting a similar consent judgment for judicial approval. Both judgments address (i) access by multichannel distributors competitive with cable to programming controlled by any of the Original Partners and (ii) the extent of programming which may be licensed exclusively by the cable operations of the Original Partners. The provisions of the AGs' decree expire in 1997 and 1999. If approved, as expected, the provisions of the DOJ decree will expire in 1999. The terms of the judgments do not materially affect the Company. Information with respect to Paramount in response to Item 3 is I - 42 incorporated by reference herein from the Paramount Reports. Information in the Paramount Reports is given as of the date of each such report and is not updated herein. ITEM 4. SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS. Not Applicable EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF VIACOM INC. AND THE COMPANY Set forth below is certain information concerning the current executive officers of Viacom Inc. and the Company, which information is hereby included in Part I of this report. POSITIONS WITH VIACOM INC. NAME AGE AND THE COMPANY - ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Sumner M. Redstone 70 Chairman of the Board of Viacom Inc. and the Company Frank J. Biondi, Jr 49 President, Chief Executive Officer and Director of Viacom Inc. and the Company Raymond A. Boyce 58 Senior Vice President, Corporate Relations of Viacom Inc. and the Company Neil S. Braun 41 Senior Vice President of Viacom Inc. and the Company Vaughn A. Clarke 40 Vice President, Treasurer of Viacom Inc. and the Company Philippe P. Dauman 40 Executive Vice President, General Counsel, Chief Administrative Officer and Secretary and Director of Viacom Inc. and the Company Earl H. Doppelt 40 Senior Vice President, Deputy General Counsel of Viacom Inc. and the Company Thomas E. Dooley 37 Executive Vice President, Finance, Corporate Development and Communications of Viacom Inc. and the Company Michael D. Fricklas 34 Senior Vice President, Deputy General Counsel of Viacom Inc. and the Company I - 43 John W. Goddard 52 Senior Vice President of Viacom Inc. and the Company; President, Chief Executive Officer of Viacom Cable Edward D. Horowitz 46 Senior Vice President, Technology of Viacom Inc. and the Company; Chairman, Chief Executive Officer of New Media and Interactive Television Kevin C. Lavan 41 Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer of Viacom Inc. and the Company Henry J. Leingang 44 Senior Vice President, Chief Information Officer of Viacom Inc. and the Company William A. Roskin 51 Senior Vice President, Human Resources and Administration of Viacom Inc. and the Company George S. Smith, Jr. 45 Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer of Viacom Inc. and the Company Mark M. Weinstein 51 Senior Vice President, Government Affairs of Viacom Inc. and the Company None of the executive officers of Viacom Inc. or the Company is related to any other executive officer or director by blood, marriage or adoption except that Brent D. Redstone, a Director of Viacom Inc. and the Company, is the son of Sumner M. Redstone. Mr. Redstone has been Chairman of the Board and a Director of the Company since the Merger. Mr. Redstone is also Chairman of the Board and a Director of Viacom Inc. Mr. Redstone has served as President, Chief Executive Officer of NAI since July 1967, and continues to serve in such capacity; he has also served as the Chairman of the Board of NAI since 1986. Mr. Redstone became a director of Paramount in March 1994. He served as the first Chairman of the Board of the National Association of Theater Owners, and is currently a member of the Executive Committee of that organization. During the Carter Administration, Mr. Redstone was appointed a member of the Presidential Advisory Committee on the Arts for the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts and, in 1984, he was appointed a Director of the Kennedy Presidential Library Foundation. Since 1982, Mr. Redstone has been a member of the faculty of Boston University Law School, where he has lectured in entertainment law. In 1944, Mr. Redstone graduated I - 44 from Harvard University and, in 1947, received an L.L.B. from Harvard University School of Law. Upon graduation, he served as Law Secretary with the United States Court of Appeals, and then as a Special Assistant to the United States Attorney General. Mr. Biondi has been President, Chief Executive Officer and a Director of Viacom Inc. and the Company since July 1987. He became a director of Paramount in March 1994. From November 1986 to July 1987, Mr. Biondi was Chairman, Chief Executive Officer of Coca-Cola Television and, from 1985, Executive Vice President of the Entertainment Business Sector of The Coca-Cola Company. Mr. Biondi joined HBO in 1978 and held various positions there until his appointment as President, Chief Executive Officer in 1983. In 1984, he was elected to the additional position of Chairman and continued to serve in such capacities until October 1984. Mr. Boyce has been an executive officer of Viacom Inc. and the Company since January 1988 when he was elected Senior Vice President, Corporate Relations of the Company. In April 1988, he was elected Senior Vice President, Corporate Relations of Viacom Inc. Mr. Boyce served as Vice President, Public Relations of the Entertainment Business Sector of The Coca-Cola Company from 1982 to 1987. In 1979, Mr. Boyce joined Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. and served first as Director, Corporate Communications and later as Vice President, Corporate Communications until The Coca-Cola Company's acquisition of Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. in 1982. Mr. Braun has been an executive officer of Viacom Inc. and the Company since November 1987 when he was elected Senior Vice President of each. He served as Chairman, Chief Executive Officer of Viacom Entertainment from July 1992 to March 1994. Prior to that, Mr. Braun served as Senior Vice President, Corporate Development and Administration of Viacom Inc. and the Company from November 1987 to July 1992 and from October 1989 to July 1992, he also served as Chairman of Viacom Pictures. Mr. Braun served as President, Chief Operating Officer of Imagine Films Entertainment from May 1986 until he joined the Company. From 1982 until 1986, Mr. Braun held various positions at HBO including Senior Vice President, Film Programming of HBO and Executive Vice President of HBO Video, Inc. Mr. Clarke was elected Vice President, Treasurer of Viacom and the Company in April 1993. Prior to that, he spent 12 years at Gannett Co., Inc., where he held various management positions, most recently as Assistant Treasurer. Mr. Dauman has been a Director of Viacom Inc. and the Company since the Merger. In March 1994, he was elected Executive Vice President, General Counsel, Chief Administrative Officer and Secretary of Viacom Inc. and the Company. From February 1993 to March 1994, he served as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of Viacom Inc. and the Company. Prior to that, Mr. Dauman was a partner in the law firm of Shearman & Sterling in New York, which he joined in 1978. Mr. Dauman became a Director of National Amusements, Inc. in 1992 and Paramount in March 1994. Mr. Dooley has been an executive officer of the Company since I - 45 January 1987. In March 1994, he was elected Executive Vice President, Finance, Corporate Development and Communications of Viacom Inc. and the Company. From July 1992 to March 1994, Mr. Dooley served as Senior Vice President, Corporate Development of Viacom Inc. and the Company. From August 1993 to March 1994, he also served as President, Interactive Television. Prior to that, he served as Vice President, Treasurer of the Company and Viacom Inc. since 1987. In December 1990, he was named Vice President, Finance of Viacom Inc. and the Company. Mr. Dooley joined the Company in 1980 in the corporate finance area and has held various positions in the corporate and divisional finance areas, the most recent of which was Director of Business Analysis from 1985 to 1986. Mr. Doppelt was elected Senior Vice President, Deputy General Counsel of Viacom Inc. and the Company in March 1994. Prior to that, he served as Senior Vice President of Paramount since 1992 and as Deputy General Counsel of Paramount since 1985. He joined Paramount in 1983 as Associate Litigation Counsel, and in 1985 was appointed Assistant Vice President and Deputy General Counsel. In 1986, he became a Vice President of Paramount. From 1977 to 1983, Mr. Doppelt was an attorney in private practice at the law firm of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison. Mr. Fricklas was elected Senior Vice President, Deputy General Counsel of Viacom Inc. and the Company in March 1994. From June 1993 to March 1994, he served as Vice President, Deputy General Counsel of Viacom Inc. and the Company. He served as Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of Minorco (U.S.A.) Inc. from 1990 to 1993. Prior to that, Mr. Fricklas was an attorney in private practice at the law firm of Shearman & Sterling. Mr. Goddard has been an executive officer of the Company since August 1980. In November 1987, Mr. Goddard was elected Senior Vice President of Viacom Inc. and in September 1983, Mr. Goddard was elected Senior Vice President of the Company and President, Chief Executive Officer of Viacom Cable and continues to serve in those capacities. In August 1980, Mr. Goddard was appointed President of Viacom Cable and, in September 1980, he was elected Vice President of the Company. From September 1978 through July 1980, Mr. Goddard was Executive Vice President, Viacom Communications. From June 1971 until September 1978, Mr. Goddard was President and General Manager of Tele-Vue Systems, a subsidiary of the Company. Mr. Horowitz has been an executive officer of Viacom Inc. and the Company since April 1989. In March 1994, he was elected Senior Vice President, Technology of Viacom Inc. and the Company and Chairman, Chief Executive Officer of New Media and Interactive Television. Prior to that, he served as Senior Vice President of Viacom Inc. and the Company from April 1989 and as Chairman, Chief Executive Officer of Viacom Broadcasting from July 1992 to March 1994. From 1974 to April 1989, Mr. Horowitz held various positions with HBO, most recently as Senior Vice President, Technology and Operations. Mr. Horowitz held several other management positions with HBO, including Senior Vice President, Network Operations and New Business Development and Vice President, Affiliate Sales. I - 46 Mr. Lavan has been an executive officer of the Company since December 1987. In May 1989, he was elected Vice President of Viacom Inc. and the Company. In December 1990, he assumed the added responsibilities of oversight of Company tax matters. From 1991 to 1992, he also served as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Viacom Pictures. Mr. Lavan joined Viacom in 1984 as Assistant Controller and, in December 1987, was elected Controller, Chief Accounting Officer of Viacom Inc. and the Company and he continues to serve in such capacities. Mr. Leingang was elected Senior Vice President, Chief Information Officer in May 1993. Prior to that, he served as Vice President, Chief Information Officer upon joining Viacom in 1990. Mr. Leingang was Vice President, Information Services of the Train Group (formerly Triangle Industries) from 1984 to 1990. From 1982 to 1984, he served as Corporate Director, MIS, and Manager, MIS Planning and Control for Interpace Corporation. Prior to that he held positions with Touche Ross & Company, McGraw-Hill Book Company and General Electric Credit Corp. Mr. Roskin has been an executive officer of Viacom Inc. and the Company since April 1988 when he became Vice President, Human Resources and Administration of each. In July 1992, Mr. Roskin was elected Senior Vice President, Human Resources and Administration of Viacom Inc. and the Company. From May 1986 to April 1988, he was Senior Vice President, Human Resources at Coleco Industries, Inc. From 1976 to 1986, he held various executive positions at Warner Communications, Inc., serving most recently as Vice President, Industrial and Labor Relations. Mr. Smith has been an executive officer of the Company since May 1985. In November 1987, he was elected Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer of Viacom Inc. and the Company and he continues to serve in such capacities. In May 1985, Mr. Smith was elected Vice President, Controller of the Company and, in October 1987, he was elected Vice President, Chief Financial Officer of the Company. From 1983 until May 1985, he served as Vice President, Finance and Administration of the Viacom Broadcasting Division and from 1981 until 1983, he served as Controller of Viacom Radio. Mr. Smith joined the Company in 1977 in the Corporate Treasurer's office and until 1981 served in various financial planning capacities. Mr. Weinstein has been an executive officer of the Company since January 1986. In February 1993, he was elected Senior Vice President, Government Affairs of Viacom Inc. and the Company. Prior to that, Mr. Weinstein served as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of the Company and of Viacom Inc. since the fall of 1987. In January 1986, Mr. Weinstein was appointed Vice President, General Counsel of the Company. From 1976 through 1985, he was Deputy General Counsel of Warner Communications Inc. and in 1980 became Vice President. Previously, Mr. Weinstein was an attorney in private practice at the law firm of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison. I - 47 PART II Item 5. Market for Viacom Inc.'s Common Equity and Related Security Holder Matters. Viacom Inc. voting Class A Common Stock and Viacom Inc. non-voting Class B Common Stock are listed and traded on the American Stock Exchange ("ASE") under the symbols "VIA" and "VIAB," respectively. The following table sets forth, for the calendar period indicated, the per share range of high and low sales prices for Viacom Inc.'s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock, as reported on the ASE Composite Tape by the National Quotation Bureau Incorporated. As of March 30, 1994 there were approximately 6,912 holders of Viacom Inc. Class A Common Stock, and 6,861 holders of Viacom Inc. Class B Common Stock. Viacom Class A Viacom Class B Common Stock Common Stock --------------- ---------------- High Low High Low ---- --- ---- --- 1992 1st quarter $37 1/4 $32 1/8 $36 1/2 $31 1/4 2nd quarter 38 1/2 32 3/8 36 7/8 30 1/2 3rd quarter 34 7/8 30 7/8 32 7/8 29 4th quarter 44 28 1/8 41 7/8 27 1993 1st quarter $46 1/2 $37 1/2 $44 1/8 $35 1/4 2nd quarter 52 5/8 37 1/8 49 1/2 36 3rd quarter 67 1/2 50 1/2 61 1/4 45 3/4 4th quarter 66 1/2 47 60 1/2 40 3/8 The parent, Viacom Inc., has substantially no source of funds other than dividends paid by the Company on its stock. Under the restrictions contained in the Credit Agreement, the Company is prohibited from (i) paying any dividends on its stock to Viacom Inc. for the purpose of enabling Viacom Inc. to pay any dividend on its common stock, or (ii) making any other dividend payments to Viacom Inc. (other than for certain limited specified purposes), unless its total leverage ratio is less than a specified amount. II-1 Item 6. Selected Financial Data. VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES (Thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)
Year Ended December 31, -------------------------------------------------------- 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- Revenues $2,004,949 $1,864,683 $1,711,562 $1,599,625 $1,436,220 Earnings from operations $ 384,995 $ 347,927 $ 312,234 $ 223,831 $ 144,716 Earnings (loss) before extraordinary items and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle $ 169,481 $ 66,085 $ (46,556) $ (89,781) $ 131,080 Net earnings (loss) $ 170,952 $ 48,965 $ (49,657) $ (89,781) $ 131,080 Net earnings (loss) attributable to common stock $ 158,202 $ 48,965 $ (49,657) $ (89,781) $ 113,589 Net earnings (loss) per common share: Earnings (loss) before extraordinary items and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle $ 1.30 $ .55 $ (.41) $ (.84) $ 1.06 Net earnings (loss) $ 1.31 $ .41 $ (.44) $ (.84) $ 1.06 At year end: Total assets $6,416,868 $4,317,094 $4,188,378 $4,027,927 $3,752,962 Long-term debt $2,378,286 $2,397,014 $2,320,919 $2,537,263 $2,283,118 Shareholders' equity $2,718,114 $ 756,511 $ 699,493 $ 366,163 $ 455,944
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for information on transactions and accounting classifications which have affected the comparability of the periods presented above. Viacom Inc. has not declared cash dividends for any of the periods presented above. II-2 Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition. General ------- Management's discussion and analysis of the combined results of operations and financial condition of Viacom Inc. and the Company should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes. Information presented below does not include information with respect to Paramount, which became a subsidiary of Viacom Inc. on March 11, 1994. Information with respect to Paramount's results of operations and financial condition and Paramount's audited and unaudited financial statements, in each case including the notes thereto, are incorporated by reference herein from the Paramount Reports (as defined in Item 1). Information in the Paramount Reports is given as of the date of each such report and is not updated herein. A copy of each of the Paramount Reports is included as an exhibit hereto. Descriptions of all documents incorporated by reference herein or included as exhibits hereto are qualified in their entirety by reference to the full text of such documents so incorporated or included. Viacom Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise requires, "Viacom Inc.") is a holding company whose principal asset is the common stock of Viacom International Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise requires, the "Company"). The Company is a diversified entertainment and communications company with operations in four principal segments: Networks, Entertainment, Cable Television and Broadcasting. Viacom Inc. is an approximately 76.3% owned subsidiary of National Amusements, Inc. ("NAI"), a closely held corporation that owns and operates approximately 850 movie screens in the United States and the United Kingdom. In early March 1994, Viacom Inc. acquired a majority interest in Paramount Communications Inc. ("Paramount") pursuant to the terms of its tender offer. Paramount will become a wholly owned subsidiary of Viacom Inc. upon the closing of the merger pursuant to the Paramount merger agreement. Viacom Inc. has also entered into a merger agreement with Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation ("Blockbuster") pursuant to which Blockbuster will merge into Viacom Inc. (See "Paramount Merger, Blockbuster Merger and Related Transactions" for additional information regarding the mergers). The primary differences between Viacom Inc.'s and the Company's financial statements are as follows: a) the capitalization of the two companies -- the Company's shareholders' equity reflects the contribution to capital of Viacom Inc.'s exchangeable preferred stock, which was exchanged for 15.5% Junior Subordinated Exchange Debentures due 2006 (the "Exchange Debentures") on March 31, 1989 which in turn were fully redeemed during 1991; b) during 1993, Viacom Inc. issued $1.8 billion of 5% cumulative convertible preferred stock and declared related preferred stock dividends of $12.8 million, c) certain general and administrative expenses recorded by Viacom Inc. of $5.0 million (1993), $9.0 million (1992) and $12.9 million (1991), which include transactions associated with the long-term deferred incentive compensation plans; and d) Viacom Inc. recorded net interest income of $3.1 million (1993) and net interest expense of $45.2 million (1991). II-3 Business Segment Information ---------------------------- The following tables set forth revenues, earnings from operations, depreciation and amortization by business segment and a reconciliation of total earnings from operations to net earnings (loss) attributable to common stock for the periods indicated: Year Ended December 31, Percentage Change ----------------------------- ----------------- From From 1993 1992 1991 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- To To 1993 1992 ---- ---- (Thousands of Dollars) Revenues: Networks $1,221,200 $1,058,831 $ 922,157 15% 15% Entertainment 209,110 248,335 273,488 (16) (9) Cable Television 415,953 411,087 378,026 1 9 Broadcasting 181,778 168,847 159,182 8 6 Intercompany elimination (23,092) (22,417) (21,291) (3) (5) ---------- --------- ---------- Total revenues $2,004,949 $1,864,683 $1,711,562 8 9 ========== ========== ========== Earnings from operations: Networks $ 272,087 $ 205,576 $ 172,296 32 19 Entertainment 32,480 59,662 73,214 (46) (19) Cable Television 110,176 122,037 103,954 (10) 17 Broadcasting 42,293 31,956 27,734 32 15 Corporate (72,041) (71,304) (64,964) (1) (10) ---------- --------- ---------- Total earnings from operations $ 384,995 $ 347,927 $ 312,234 11 11 ========== ========== ========== Depreciation and amortization: Networks $ 44,747 $ 41,754 $ 30,123 Entertainment 9,549 6,792 7,160 Cable Television 71,520 68,505 66,604 Broadcasting 23,475 24,509 27,062 Corporate 3,766 3,242 1,915 ---------- --------- ---------- Total depreciation and amortization $ 153,057 $ 144,802 $ 132,864 ========== ========== ========== II-4 Reconciliation to net earnings (loss) attributable to common stock: Total earnings from operations $ 384,995 $ 347,927 $ 312,234 Interest expense, net (144,953) (194,104) (297,451) Other items, net 61,774 1,756 (6,536) ---------- --------- ---------- Earnings before income taxes 301,816 155,579 8,247 Provision for income taxes 129,815 84,848 42,060 Equity in loss of affiliated companies, net of tax (2,520) (4,646) (12,743) ---------- --------- ---------- Earnings (loss) before extraordinary losses and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle 169,481 66,085 (46,556) Extraordinary losses, net of tax (8,867) (17,120) (3,101) Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle 10,338 -- -- ---------- --------- ---------- Net earnings (loss) 170,952 48,965 (49,657) Cumulative convertible preferred stock dividend requirement of Viacom Inc. 12,750 -- -- ---------- --------- ---------- Net earnings (loss) attributable to common stock $ 158,202 $ 48,965 $ (49,657) ========== ========== ========== II-5 Results of Operations --------------------- 1993 vs. 1992 ------------- Revenues increased 8% to $2.0 billion in 1993 from $1.9 billion in 1992. Earnings from operations increased 11% to $385.0 million in 1993 from $347.9 million in 1992. Explanations of variances in revenues and earnings from operations for each operating segment follow. Net earnings attributable to common stock of $158.2 million, or $1.31 per share, for the year ended December 31, 1993, reflect net interest expense of $145.0 million, a pre-tax gain aggregating $72.4 million from the sale of the Wisconsin cable television system and sales of a portion of an investment held at cost, and a provision for income taxes of $129.8 million. Net earnings of $49.0 million, or $.41 per share, for the year ended December 31, 1992, reflect net interest expense of $194.1 million and a provision for income taxes of $84.8 million. The comparability of results of operations for 1993 and 1992 has been affected by (1) the sale of the Wisconsin cable television system, effective January 1, 1993 and (2) the change in estimate of copyright royalty revenues during 1992 in the Entertainment segment. (See "Cable Television" and "Entertainment" for additional information concerning the changes noted above.) Networks (Basic cable and premium television networks) The constituents of Networks are MTV Networks ("MTVN") and Showtime Networks Inc. ("SNI"). Networks revenues increased 15% to $1.221 billion in 1993 from $1.059 billion in 1992. Networks earnings from operations increased 32% to $272.1 million in 1993 from $205.6 million in 1992. MTVN revenues increased 27% to $677.9 million in 1993 from $533.4 million in 1992: 70% of the increase was attributable to increased advertising sales; 21% was due to increased affiliate fees; and 9% was due to other sources. The increases in advertising sales and affiliate fees were principally due to rate increases. The increase in other sources was principally due to revenues from new business ventures including licensing and merchandising. Earnings from operations of MTVN increased 39% to $239.7 million in 1993 from $172.9 million in 1992, reflecting the increased revenues, partially offset by increased programming and marketing expenses at each of the networks and other costs of operating the networks, including start up losses of MTV Latino and Nickelodeon Magazine aggregating $6.5 million. The increased programming and marketing expenses at each of the networks (including animated programming on Nickelodeon and MTV) was to a large extent responsible for the Company's ability to increase advertising rates. II-6 SNI revenues increased 3% to $543.3 million in 1993 from $525.7 million in 1992, including Viacom Pictures in each period presented, due to (i) an increase of $13.6 million in revenues of Showtime Satellite Networks ("SSN"), primarily due to a 40% increase in SSN's subscriber base, principally attributable to the use of upgraded scrambling technology, partially offset by a decrease of 8% in average rates, (ii) an increase of $4.4 million in revenues of Showtime and The Movie Channel (excluding revenues generated by SSN), reflecting a 3% increase in the combined subscriber base with a decrease in average rates of 2% and (iii) a $.4 million decrease in other revenue sources. SNI's premium movie services, Showtime, The Movie Channel and FLIX, served approximately 11.9 million subscribers as of December 31, 1993 and 10.7 million subscribers as of December 31, 1992. SNI's overall earnings from operations decreased 1% to $32.3 million in 1993 from $32.7 million in 1992, reflecting increased programming and marketing expenses, partially offset by the increased revenues. Entertainment (Television programming, syndication, production and new media) The Entertainment segment distributes television series, feature films, made-for-television movies and mini-series for television exhibition around the world, produces television series and made-for- television movies, and also distributes television and radio commercials. The Entertainment segment also includes Viacom New Media, which develops, produces, distributes and markets interactive software. Entertainment revenues decreased 16% to $209.1 million in 1993 from $248.3 million in 1992. The revenue variance was principally due to lower syndication revenues, lower copyright revenues resulting from a change in estimate which increased revenue by approximately $10 million in 1992, and decreased network production revenues. Lower sales to the broadcast, cable and other markets reflect lower syndication revenues for The Cosby Show and softness in the syndication marketplace due to a decrease in the number of independent broadcast television stations because of new network affiliations. Revenues from the domestic broadcast syndication of The Cosby Show were approximately 12% and 18% of Entertainment revenues during 1993 and 1992, respectively. The decrease was due to the ending of the first domestic syndication cycle of The Cosby Show during the third quarter of 1993. The second domestic broadcast syndication cycle of The Cosby Show, which began in the third quarter of 1993, will generate significantly lower revenues. Network license fees were lower because fewer shows were produced for network television; however the decrease does not have a significant impact on Entertainment earnings from operations. Earnings from operations decreased 46% to $32.5 million in 1993 from $59.7 million in 1992, reflecting the decreased revenues and $6.1 million of start-up losses associated with Viacom New Media, which anticipates releasing approximately nine interactive video games based II-7 on MTV Networks' programming by the end of 1994. The Company had accumulated a backlog of unbilled syndication license agreements of approximately $399.0 million at December 31, 1993. As the license fees are billed over the term of the various licensing contracts, the Company will recognize as revenues that portion of such license fees representing its distribution fees. Approximately 58% of the Company's backlog was attributable to license fees for Roseanne and The Cosby Show. As The Cosby Show becomes a smaller portion of the total backlog, the percentage of the total license fee recognized as revenue by the Company will be reduced. Cable Television (Cable television systems) Cable Television revenues increased 1% to $416.0 million in 1993 from $411.1 million in 1992. Earnings from operations decreased 10% to $110.2 million in 1993 from $122.0 million in 1992. On a comparable basis with the 1992 results (excluding the Wisconsin cable system, which was sold effective January 1, 1993), Cable Television revenues increased 6% to $416.0 million in 1993 from $393.6 million in 1992: 52% of this increase resulted from increases in rates for basic services; 32% from increased basic customers; 8% from increased pay-per-view revenues; and 8% from increases in other revenue sources. Total revenue per basic customer per month increased 3% to $32.03 in 1993 from $31.04 in 1992. Earnings from operations decreased 6% to $110.2 million in 1993 from $117.6 million in 1992, reflecting increased operating expenses (which included non-recurring costs associated with the implementation of Federal Communication Commission ("FCC") rate regulations discussed below), partially offset by increased revenues. The 1992 Cable Act amended the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (the "Communications Act"). Rate regulations adopted in April 1993 by the FCC govern rates charged to subscribers for regulated tiers of cable service and became effective on September 1, 1993. On February 22, 1994, the FCC adopted additional rules (the "February 22nd Regulations") which have not yet been published in their final form. The "benchmark" formula adopted as part of the regulations in April 1993 establishes an "initial permitted rate" which may be charged by cable operators for tiers of cable service. The regulations also establish the prices which may be charged for equipment used to receive these services. Because the text of the February 22nd Regulations has not been released, it is not possible to know the extent or nature of revisions to the April 1993 regulations. However, from public statements made during the FCC meeting and news releases issued thereafter, it appears that the February 22nd Regulations will contain a new formula for determining permitted rates. The new formula will require up to a 17% reduction of rates from those charged on September 30, 1992, rather than the 10% reduction required by the April 1993 regulations. The February 22nd Regulations also adopted interim standards governing "cost-of-service" proceedings pursuant to which a II-8 cable operator would be permitted to charge rates in excess of rates which it would otherwise be permitted to charge under the regulations, provided that the operator substantiates that its costs in providing services justify such rates. Based on its implementation of the April 1993 rate regulations, the Company estimates that it will recognize a reduction to revenues ranging from $27 million to $32 million on an annualized basis substantially all of which will be reflected as a reduction in earnings from operations of its cable division. The Company's estimated reduction does not reflect further reductions to revenue which would result from the lowering of the initial permitted rates pursuant to the February 22nd Regulations. These new and reduced initial permitted rates will apply prospectively from a date to be announced by the FCC when it publishes precise regulations which implement the February 22nd Regulations. Until the February 22nd Regulations are released, it is not possible to predict the effects of the interim standards governing cost-of-service proceedings; however, based on the public statements, Viacom believes it is unlikely that it will be able to utilize such proceedings so as to charge rates in excess of rates which it would otherwise be permitted to charge under the regulations. The Company's ability to mitigate the effects of these new rate regulations by employing techniques such as the pricing and repricing of new or currently offered unregulated program services and ancillary services may be restricted by the new regulations adopted as part of the February 22nd Regulations. No such mitigating factors are reflected in the estimated reductions to revenues. The stated reduction to revenues may be mitigated by higher customer growth due to lower basic rates. The "must carry" provisions of the 1992 Cable Act are not material to the Company's results of operations. As of December 31, 1993, the Company operated systems in California, Oregon, Washington, Ohio and Tennessee, serving approximately 1,094,000 basic customers subscribing to approximately 718,000 premium units. Basic customers and premium units decreased 2% and 9%, respectively, since December 31, 1992; and, excluding the Wisconsin cable system customers in 1992, basic customers and premium units increased 2% and decreased 5%, respectively. As part of the settlement of the Time Warner antitrust lawsuit, the Company entered into an agreement to sell all the stock of Viacom Cablevision of Wisconsin, Inc. to Warner Communications Inc. ("Warner"), effective January 1, 1993. As consideration for the stock, Warner paid the sum of $46 million, $20 million of which was received during 1992, plus repayment of debt in the amount of $49 million, resulting in a pre-tax gain of approximately $55 million reflected in "Other items, net." As of December 31, 1992, the Wisconsin cable system served approximately 47,000 basic customers subscribing to approximately 34,000 premium units. II-9 Broadcasting (Television and radio stations) As of December 31, 1993, the Broadcasting segment operated five network-affiliated television stations and 14 radio stations. Broadcasting revenues increased 8% to $181.8 million in 1993 from $168.8 million in 1992. Earnings from operations increased 32% to $42.3 million in 1993 from $32.0 million in 1992. Television revenues increased 4% to $90.3 million in 1993 from $87.1 million in 1992, reflecting an increase in national and local advertising revenues. Earnings from operations increased 20% to $20.3 million in 1993 from $16.9 million in 1992, primarily reflecting the increased revenues. Television Stations: STATION LOCATION AFFILIATION MARKET RANK (a) ------- -------- ----------- ------ -------- KMOV-TV St. Louis, MO CBS 18 2 WVIT-TV Hartford/New NBC 25 3 Haven, CT WNYT-TV Albany/Schenectad NBC 52 2 y, NY WHEC-TV Rochester, NY NBC 71 2 KSLA-TV Shreveport, LA CBS 74 1 (a) Source: Nielsen, November 1993. Radio revenues increased 12% to $91.4 million in 1993 from $81.8 million in 1992, reflecting increased national and local advertising revenues. Earnings from operations increased 45% to $26.6 million in 1993 from $18.3 million in 1992, primarily reflecting the increased revenues, partially offset by increased selling costs. Radio Stations: STATION LOCATION FORMAT MARKET RANK (a) ------- -------- ------ ------ ----- WLTW-FM New York, NY Adult 1 1 Contemp KYSR-FM Los Angeles, CA Adult 2 2 Contemp KXEZ-FM (b) Los Angeles, CA Adult 2 2 Contemp WLIT-FM Chicago, IL Adult 3 7 Contemp KSRY-FM San Francisco, Adult 4 24 CA Contemp (Tie) II-10 KSRI-FM Santa Cruz/San Adult 4 24 Jose, CA Contemp (Tie) WLTI-FM Detroit, MI Adult 6 8 Contemp WMZQ-AM/FM Washington, DC Country 8 4 (Tie) WCXR-FM (c) Washington, DC Classic Rock 8 9 (Tie) WCPT-AM (c) Washington, DC Headline 8 NA(d) News KBSG-AM/FM Seattle/Tacoma, Oldies 13 2 WA KNDD-FM (e) Seattle, WA Modern Rock 13 5 (AOR) (a) Source: Arbitron, Fall 1993, based on target demographics. (b) Acquired in June 1993. (c) Acquired in November 1993. (d) Rank not applicable. (e) Acquired in December 1992. See "Acquisition and Ventures" for disclosure of acquisitions and exchanges of radio stations that occurred in 1993 and 1992. Other Income and Expense Information Corporate expenses increased 1% to $72.0 million in 1993 from $71.3 million in 1992, reflecting increased overall expenses offset by decreased compensation expense associated with the Long-Term Incentive Plans (the "Plans"), which consist of the Long-Term Incentive Plan ("LTIP") and the Long-Term Management Incentive Plan ("LTMIP"). The Plans provide for grants of phantom shares and stock options. The value of phantom shares issued under the Plans is determined by reference to the fair market value of Viacom Class A Common Stock and Viacom Class B Common Stock (collectively, "Common Stock"). The Plans also provide for subsequent cash payments with respect to such phantom shares based on appreciated value, subject to certain limits, and vesting requirements. As a result of the fluctuation in the market value of its Common Stock, Viacom Inc. recorded compensation expense associated with the Plans of $3.9 million in 1993 and $8.2 million in 1992. During December 1992, a significant portion of the liability associated with the LTIP was satisfied by the cash payment of $68.6 million and the issuance of 177,897 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock valued at $6.9 million. The Plans' phantom shares currently have a maximum potential liability of $19.5 million, all of which was accrued as of December 31, 1993. II-11 Net interest expense decreased 25% to $145.0 million in 1993 from $194.1 million in 1992, reflecting improvements made to the capital structure (as described below) and reduced interest rates, including rates associated with the Credit Agreement (as defined in "Capital Structure"). The Company and Viacom Inc. had approximately $2.4 billion principal amount of debt outstanding as of December 31, 1993 and December 31, 1992 at weighted average interest rates of 5.3% and 6.5%, respectively. On July 15, 1993, the Company redeemed all $298 million principal amount outstanding of 11.80% Senior Subordinated Notes. During 1992, the following changes to the capital structure were made: a) on March 4, 1992, the Company issued $150 million principal amount of 9.125% Senior Subordinated Notes ("9.125% Notes") due 1999; b) on March 10, 1992, the Company redeemed all $193 million of the outstanding 11.5% Senior Subordinated Extendible Reset Notes ("11.5% Reset Notes") due 1998; c) on May 28, 1992, the Company issued $100 million principal amount of 8.75% Senior Subordinated Reset Notes ("8.75% Reset Notes") due 2001; and d) on June 18, 1992, the Company redeemed all $356.5 million of the outstanding 14.75% Senior Subordinated Discount Debentures ("Discount Debentures") due 2002 (see "Capital Structure"). (See "Liquidity and Capital Resources" for additional information concerning changes in Viacom Inc.'s and the Company's capital structure.) For 1993, "Other items, net" reflects the pre-tax gain of approximately $55 million on the sale of the stock of the Wisconsin cable system (see "Cable Television"), a pre-tax gain of $17.4 million in the aggregate from sales of a portion of an investment held at cost, and an increase of $9.1 million to previously established non-operating litigation reserves and other items. The settlement of the Time Warner antitrust lawsuit resulted in various business arrangements, which have a positive effect on Viacom Inc. currently and are expected to continue to have a favorable effect on a prospective basis. "Other items, net" reflects a gain of $35 million recorded in the third quarter of 1992; this gain represents payments received in the third quarter of 1992 relating to certain aspects of the settlement of the lawsuit, net of Viacom Inc.'s 1992 legal expenses related to this lawsuit. "Other items, net" also reflects a reserve for litigation of $33 million during the second quarter of 1992 related to a summary judgment against Viacom Inc. in a dispute with CBS Inc. arising under the 1970 agreement associated with the spin-off of Viacom International Inc. by CBS Inc. On July 30, 1993, the Company settled all disputes arising under that litigation. "Equity in loss of affiliated companies, net of tax," consists primarily of the Company's share of Lifetime's net earnings, Comedy Central's net losses and Nickelodeon (UK)'s net losses in II-12 1993. "Equity in loss of affiliated companies, net of tax" decreased 46% to $2.5 million in 1993 from $4.6 million in 1992, primarily reflecting improved operating results at Lifetime and Comedy Central, partially offset by net losses on equity investments made in 1993. (See "Acquisitions and Ventures.") The provision for income taxes represents federal, state and foreign income taxes on earnings before income taxes. The annual effective tax rate of 43% for 1993 and 54.5% for 1992 (which continues to be adversely affected by amortization of acquisition costs which are not deductible for tax purposes) is decreased as a result of reductions of certain prior year tax reserves of $22.0 million and $20.0 million in 1993 and 1992, respectively. The reductions relate to management's current opinion on several tax issues based upon the progress of federal, state and local audits. During the first quarter of 1993, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes" on a prospective basis and recognized a cumulative benefit from a change in accounting principle of $10.3 million. In August 1993, the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (the "Reconciliation Act") was signed into law. It is not expected that the Reconciliation Act will have a significant effect on the Company's financial position or results of operations. In 1993, the Company recognized an after-tax extraordinary loss from the early extinguishment of the 11.80% Notes of $8.9 million (net of a tax benefit of $6.1 million). In 1993, Viacom Inc. declared dividends on its Preferred Stock (as defined in "Capital Structure") of $12.8 million. In 1992, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 112, "Employers' Accounting For Postemployment Benefits" ("SFAS 112"), which the Company will adopt in 1994. SFAS 112 requires that postemployment benefits be accounted for under the accrual method versus the currently used pay-as-you-go method. SFAS 112 is not expected to have a significant effect on the Company's financial position or results of operations. 1992 vs. 1991 ------------- Revenues increased 9% to $1.9 billion in 1992 from $1.7 billion in 1991. Operating expenses increased 8% to $854.0 million in 1992 from $790.8 million in 1991. Earnings from operations increased 11% to $347.9 million in 1992 from $312.2 million in 1991. Explanations of variances in revenues and earnings from II-13 operations for each operating segment follow. Net earnings of $49.0 million, or $.41 per share, for the year ended December 31, 1992, reflect net interest expense of $194.1 million and a provision for income taxes of $84.8 million. The net loss of $49.7 million, or $.44 per share, for the year ended December 31, 1991, reflects net interest expense of $297.5 million and a provision for income taxes of $42.1 million. Networks (Basic cable and premium television networks) Networks revenues increased 15% to $1.058 billion in 1992 from $922.2 million in 1991. Earnings from operations increased 19% to $205.6 million in 1992 from $172.3 million in 1991. MTVN revenues increased 30% to $533.4 million in 1992 from $411.4 million in 1991: 77% of the increase was attributable to increased advertising sales; 19% was due to increased affiliate fees; and 4% was due to other sources. The increases in advertising sales and affiliate fees were principally due to rate increases. The increase in other sources was principally due to revenues from new business ventures including licensing and merchandising. Earnings from operations of MTVN increased 23% to $172.9 million in 1992 from $141.0 million in 1991, reflecting the increased revenues, partially offset by increased programming expenses and other costs of operating the networks. The Company increased programming expenses, particularly for new animated programming on Nickelodeon. This new programming was to a large extent responsible for the Company's ability to increase advertising rates. On August 30, 1991, Viacom Inc. increased its interest in MTV EUROPE to 100% through the purchase of the 50.01% interest held by an affiliate of Mirror Group Newspapers. Subsequent to August 30, 1991, the results of operations of MTV EUROPE have been included in MTVN's results of operations. Prior to such date, the investment in MTV EUROPE was accounted for under the equity method; therefore, operating results were included in "Equity in loss of affiliated companies, net of tax." The financial results of MTV EUROPE were not material to the financial results of the Company or the Networks segment; however, as the pan-European marketplace develops for both advertising revenues and affiliate fees, the financial results of MTV EUROPE may become material. In the aggregate, MTV (excluding MTV EUROPE), VH-1 and Nickelodeon/Nick at Nite revenues increased 21%, subscribers increased 3% and earnings from operations increased 18% during 1992 versus 1991. SNI revenues increased 3% to $515.3 million in 1992 from $501.3 million in 1991: 30% of the revenue increase was due to rate increases for SSN; 23% was due to a higher average subscriber II-14 base during the year for SSN principally attributable to the use of upgraded scrambling technology in 1992; 23% was due to a higher average cable subscriber base during the year for Showtime and The Movie Channel; and 24% of this increase was due to other revenue sources. SNI's premium movie services served approximately 10.7 million subscribers as of December 31, 1992 and 10.2 million subscribers as of December 31, 1991. SNI's overall earnings from operations increased 7% to $35.2 million in 1992 from $33.0 million in 1991, reflecting the increase in revenues, partially offset by an increase in programming expenses. Entertainment (Television programming, syndication, production and new media) Entertainment revenues decreased 9% to $248.3 million in 1992 from $273.5 million in 1991. The revenue variance was principally due to lower sales to broadcast, cable and other markets, lower network license fees and lower copyright royalty revenues. Lower sales to the broadcast, cable and other markets reflect softness in the syndication marketplace due to a generally weak economy and due to a decrease in the number of independent broadcast television stations because of new network affiliations. Network license fees were lower because there were fewer shows produced for network television. Copyright royalties were lower due to changes made by cable operators in the tiering of their services, which generated lower copyright royalty liabilities and therefore less income for program producers and syndicators. During the first quarter of 1992, certain legal developments indicated that the percentage of income recognized under certain copyright royalty arrangements should be increased. This change in estimate resulted in an increase in revenues of approximately $10 million. During the first quarter of 1991, the Company began to recognize copyright royalty revenue on an accrual basis rather than a cash basis, as a sufficient pattern had been established to make these revenues estimable; this change resulted in an increase in revenues of approximately $13.0 million. Earnings from operations decreased 19% to $59.7 million in 1992 from $73.2 million in 1991, reflecting the decreased revenues and changes in estimate noted above, and expenses associated with staff changes and the implementation of new systems of approximately $4.0 million. Cable Television (Cable television systems) Cable television revenues increased 9% to $411.1 million in 1992 from $378.0 million in 1991: 68% of this increase resulted from increases in rates for basic services; 26% from increased basic customers; 10% from increased premium customers; partially offset by a negative 4% from decreases in other revenue sources. Total II-15 revenue per basic customer per month increased 5% to $31.06 in 1992 from $29.41 in 1991. Earnings from operations increased 17% to $122.0 million in 1992 from $104.0 million in 1991, reflecting the increased revenues, partially offset by increased operating expenses. As of December 31, 1992, the Company operated systems in California, Oregon, Washington, Wisconsin, Ohio and Tennessee, serving approximately 1,116,000 basic customers subscribing to approximately 786,000 premium units. Basic customers and premium units increased 3% and 1%, respectively, since December 31, 1991. Broadcasting (Television and radio stations) Broadcasting revenues increased 6% to $168.8 million in 1992 from $159.2 million in 1991. Earnings from operations increased 15% to $32.0 million in 1992 from $27.7 million in 1991. Television revenues increased 9% to $87.1 million in 1992 from $80.1 million in 1991, reflecting an increase in national and local advertising revenues at each of the stations, primarily due to higher rates driven by the Olympics and the political campaign. Earnings from operations increased 38% to $16.9 million in 1992 from $12.2 million in 1991, reflecting the increased revenues, partially offset by increased programming and selling expenses. Radio revenues increased 3% to $81.8 million in 1992 from $79.0 million in 1991, reflecting an increase in local advertising revenues, partially offset by a decrease in national advertising revenues. Earnings from operations decreased 7% to $18.3 million in 1992 from $19.6 million in 1991, driven by increased operating, selling and promotion costs, partially offset by the increased revenues. Other Income and Expense Information Corporate expenses increased 10% to $71.3 million in 1992 from $65.0 million in 1991, primarily due to severance costs, partially offset by decreased legal costs and decreased compensation expense associated with the Long-Term Incentive Plans. As a result of the fluctuation in the market value of its Common Stock, Viacom Inc. recorded compensation expense associated with the Plans of $8.2 million and $12.3 million in 1992 and 1991, respectively. Net interest expense decreased 35% to $194.1 million in 1992 from $297.5 million in 1991, reflecting improvements made to the capital structure and reduced interest rates, including rates associated with the Credit Agreement (as defined in "Capital Structure"). The II-16 Company and Viacom Inc. had approximately $2.4 billion and $2.3 billion principal amount of debt outstanding as of December 31, 1992 and December 31, 1991 at weighted average interest rates of 6.5% and 9.2%, respectively. During 1991, Viacom Inc. realized net proceeds of approximately $317.7 million from the issuance of non- voting Class B Common Stock ("Viacom Class B Common Stock"); redeemed all $402 million of its outstanding Exchange Debentures; the Company repurchased $43 million principal amount of the Discount Debentures; and the Company issued $200 million principal amount of 10.25% Senior Subordinated Notes ("10.25% Notes") due 2001. (See "Liquidity and Capital Resources" for additional information concerning changes in Viacom Inc.'s and the Company's capital structure.) Viacom Inc. and the Company file a separate consolidated federal income tax return and have done so since the period commencing June 11, l991, the date on which NAI's percentage ownership of Viacom was reduced to less than 80% (see "Capital Structure"). Prior to such date, Viacom Inc. and the Company filed a consolidated federal income tax return with NAI, and participated in a tax-sharing agreement with NAI with respect to federal income taxes. The tax-sharing agreement obligated Viacom Inc. and the Company to make payment to NAI to the extent that they would have paid federal income taxes on a separate company basis, and entitled them to receive a payment from NAI to the extent their losses and credits reduced NAI's federal income taxes. "Equity in loss of affiliated companies, net of tax," decreased 64% to a loss of $4.6 million in 1992 from a loss of $12.7 million in 1991, driven by improvements at Lifetime and Comedy Central. In 1992, the Company recognized after-tax extraordinary losses from the early extinguishment of the Discount Debentures of $13.7 million (net of a tax benefit of $8.9 million) and the 11.50% Reset Notes of $3.4 million (net of a tax benefit of $2.4 million). Liquidity and Capital Resources ------------------------------- Paramount Merger, Blockbuster Merger and Related Transactions ------------------------------------------------------------- On March 11, 1994, Viacom Inc. acquired, pursuant to a tender offer (the "Paramount Offer"), 61,657,432 shares of Paramount common stock, constituting a majority of the shares outstanding, at a price of $107 per share in cash. The Paramount Offer was financed by (i) the sale of Preferred Stock (see "Capital Structure"), proceeds of which are reflected as cash and cash equivalents on the balance sheet as of December 31, 1993, (ii) the sale of Viacom Class B Common Stock to Blockbuster and (iii) borrowings under a credit agreement (as described below). The II-17 Paramount Offer was made pursuant to the Amended and Restated Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of February 4, 1994 (the "Paramount Merger Agreement") between Viacom Inc. and Paramount. Paramount will become a wholly owned subsidiary of Viacom Inc. (the "Paramount Merger") at the effective time of a merger between Paramount and a subsidiary of Viacom Inc. (the "Paramount Effective Time") which is expected to occur in the second quarter of 1994. Pursuant to the Paramount Merger Agreement, each share of Paramount common stock outstanding at the time of such merger (other than shares held in the treasury of Paramount or owned by Viacom Inc. and other than shares held by any stockholders who shall have demanded and perfected appraisal rights) will be converted into the right to receive (i) 0.93065 of a share of Viacom Class B Common Stock, (ii) $17.50 principal amount of 8% exchangeable subordinated debentures of Viacom Inc., (iii) 0.93065 of a contingent value right ("CVR"), (iv) 0.5 of a warrant to purchase one share of Viacom Class B Common Stock at any time prior to the third anniversary of the Paramount Merger at a price of $60 per share, and (v) 0.3 of a warrant to purchase one share of Viacom Class B Common Stock at any time prior to the fifth anniversary of the Paramount Merger at a price of $70 per share. If the debentures are issued prior to the completion of the proposed merger of Viacom Inc. and Blockbuster, the debentures will be exchangeable, at the option of Viacom Inc., into 5% exchangeable preferred stock of Viacom Inc. on or after January 1, 1995 if the proposed merger with Blockbuster has not previously been consummated. Each CVR will represent the right to receive the amount, if any, by which the Target Price exceeds the greater of the Current Market Value or the Minimum Price (see defined terms in following paragraph). The CVRs will mature on the first anniversary of the Paramount Effective Time (the "Maturity Date"); provided, however, that Viacom Inc. may, at its option, (i) extend the Maturity Date to the second anniversary of the Paramount Effective Time (the "First Extended Maturity Date") or (ii) extend the First Extended Maturity Date to the third anniversary or the Paramount Effective Time (the "Second Extended Maturity Date"). Viacom Inc., at its option, may pay any amount due under the terms of the CVRs in cash or in the equivalent value of registered securities of Viacom Inc., including without limitation, common stock, preferred stock, notes, or other securities. The "Minimum Price" means (a) at the Maturity Date, $36, (b) at the First Extended Maturity Date, $37 and (c) at the Second Extended Maturity Date, $38. Target Price means (a) at the Maturity Date, $48, (b) at the First Extended Maturity Date, $51, and (c) at the Second Extended Maturity Date, $55. The "Current Market Value" means the average market price of Viacom Class B Common Stock for a specified period. II-18 On January 7, 1994, Viacom Inc. and Blockbuster entered into an agreement and plan of merger (the "Blockbuster Merger Agreement") pursuant to which Blockbuster will be merged with and into Viacom Inc. (the "Blockbuster Merger") subject to shareholder approval. At the effective time of the Blockbuster Merger, each share of Blockbuster common stock outstanding at the time of the Blockbuster Merger (other than shares held in the treasury of Blockbuster or owned by Viacom Inc. and other than shares held by any stockholders who shall have demanded and perfected appraisal rights, if available) will be converted into the right to receive (i) 0.08 of a share of Viacom Class A Common Stock, (ii) 0.60615 of a share of Viacom Class B Common Stock, and (iii) up to an additional 0.13829 of a share of Viacom Class B Common Stock, with the exact fraction of a share being dependent on the market prices of Viacom Class B Common Stock during the year following the effective time of the Blockbuster Merger, and with the right to receive such additional fraction of a share to be evidenced by one variable common right ("VCR"). The VCRs mature on the first anniversary of the Blockbuster Merger ("VCR Conversion Date"). The mergers pursuant to the Paramount Merger Agreement and Blockbuster Merger Agreement (collectively, the "Mergers") have been unanimously approved by the Boards of Directors of each of the respective companies. The obligations of Viacom Inc., Blockbuster and Paramount to consummate the mergers are subject to various conditions, including obtaining requisite stockholder approvals. Viacom Inc. intends to vote its shares of Paramount in favor of the merger and NAI has agreed to vote its shares of Viacom Inc. in favor of the Mergers; therefore, stockholder approval of the Paramount Merger is assured, and approval by Viacom Inc. of the Blockbuster Merger is also assured. On March 10, 1994, Blockbuster purchased approximately 22.7 million shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price of $1.25 billion, or $55 per share. If (with certain exceptions) the Blockbuster Merger Agreement is terminated and in the event that Viacom Class B Common Stock trades (for a specified period) at a level below $55 per share during the one year period after such termination, Viacom Inc. may be obligated to make certain payments of up to a maximum of $275 million, at its option, in cash or securities, or to sell certain assets to Blockbuster. The Viacom Class B Common Stock purchased by Blockbuster will be canceled upon consummation of the Blockbuster Merger. On February 15, 1994, Blockbuster entered into a credit agreement with certain financial institutions named therein, pursuant to which such financial institutions have advanced to Blockbuster, on an unsecured basis, an aggregate of $1.0 billion to finance a portion of the purchase of the shares under the Subscription Agreement (the "Blockbuster Facility"). The II-19 Blockbuster Facility contains certain events of default, including a change of control default, which will require either a waiver in connection with the Blockbuster Merger or the refinancing of the indebtedness incurred by Blockbuster under the Blockbuster Facility. On March 11, 1994, Viacom Inc. borrowed $3.7 billion under a credit agreement dated as of November 19, 1993, as amended on January 4, 1994 and February 15, 1994, among Viacom Inc., the banks named therein, and The Bank of New York, Citibank, N.A. and Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York, as Managing Agent (the "Merger Credit Agreement"). The Merger Credit Agreement provides that, in order to pay for the Paramount Offer and related expenses, up to $3.7 billion may be borrowed, repaid and reborrowed until November 18, 1994, at which time all amounts outstanding will become due and payable. The Merger Credit Agreement provides that Viacom Inc. may elect to borrow at either the Base Rate or the Eurodollar Rate (each as defined below), subject to certain limitations. The "Base Rate" will be the higher of (i) the Citibank N.A., Base Rate and (ii) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.50%. The "Eurodollar Rate" will be the London Interbank Offered Rate plus (i) 0.9375%, until Viacom Inc.'s senior unsecured long-term debt is rated by Standard & Poor's Corporation or Moody's Investors Service, Inc., and (ii) thereafter, a variable rate ranging from 0.25% to 0.9375% dependent on the senior unsecured long-term debt rating assigned to Viacom Inc. The Merger Credit Agreement provides that Viacom Inc. will pay each bank a facility fee on such bank's commitment until November 18, 1994. The Merger Credit Agreement contains certain covenants which, among other things, require Viacom Inc. to meet certain financial ratios. As of December 31, 1993, Viacom Inc. had promissory notes outstanding in the aggregate amount of $26 million, in order to finance expenses associated with the Mergers and expects to obtain additional financing as required to finance such expenses. Viacom Inc. anticipates that, following the Mergers, Viacom Inc., Paramount and Blockbuster, on a pro forma combined basis (the "Combined Company") will have outstanding total indebtedness of approximately $10 billion ($8 billion if the Blockbuster Merger is not consummated) and 5% Preferred Stock (as defined in "Capital Structure") with a liquidation preference of $1.2 billion ($1.8 billion if the Blockbuster Merger is not consummated). Of such $10 billion, $3.7 billion was borrowed under the Merger Credit Agreement and must be repaid by November 18, 1994. In addition, the $1.0 billion II-20 borrowed under the Blockbuster Facility must be repaid by February 14, 1995 and both the Blockbuster Facility and a previous Blockbuster credit agreement contain certain covenants and events of default, including a change of control default, which will require either a waiver in connection with the Blockbuster Merger or the refinancing of the indebtedness under such Blockbuster facilities prior to the Blockbuster Merger. Accordingly, assuming consummation of the Blockbuster Merger, the foregoing facilities, together with other current maturities, may require Viacom Inc. to refinance up to $5.7 billion ($4.0 billion if the Blockbuster Merger is not consummated) within the next 12 months. Viacom Inc. also anticipates that, following the Mergers, the Combined Company will fund its anticipated operating, investing and financing activities, including the anticipated cash requirements of its joint ventures, commitments, capital expenditures, preferred stock dividend requirements and principal and interest payments on outstanding indebtedness, through a variety of sources, which may include, but may not be limited to, funds generated internally by Viacom Inc. and its subsidiaries (including following the Mergers funds generated by Blockbuster and Paramount), bank refinancing, and the public or private sale of debt or equity securities. The Blockbuster Merger is subject to shareholder approval. In the event the Blockbuster Merger is not consummated, Viacom Inc. believes that it will still be capable of meeting all of its obligations. Viacom Inc. and the Company - Liquidity and Capital Resources ------------------------------------------------------------- (prior to the Paramount Offer and the Mergers) ---------------------------------------------- The Company's scheduled maturities of long-term debt through December 31, 1998, assuming full utilization of the $1.9 billion commitment under the Credit Agreement and $300 million under the Loan Facility Agreement, are $300 million (1994), $380 million (1995), $380 million (1996) $380 million (1997) and $380 million (1998). On January 4, 1993, Viacom Inc. borrowed $42.2 million from The Bank of New York ("BONY") pursuant to an unsecured credit agreement ("Term Loan Agreement") to satisfy its obligation under the LTIP. Viacom Inc. repaid $13.9 million of debt under the Term Loan Agreement on January 15, 1994, the first scheduled maturity date. The remaining $28.3 million under the Term Loan Agreement matures on January 15, 1995. (See "Capital Structure " for defined terms and additional information). The Company's joint ventures are expected to require estimated cash contributions of approximately $20 million to $40 million in 1994. Capital expenditures are primarily related to additional construction and equipment upgrades for the Company's existing cable franchises, certain transponder payments and information system costs. Planned capital expenditures, II-21 including information systems costs, are approximately $150 million to $170 million in 1994. The Company was in compliance with all covenants and had satisfied all financial ratios and tests as of December 31, 1993 under its Credit Agreement and the Company expects to remain in compliance and satisfy all such financial ratios and tests during 1994. Debt as a percentage of total capitalization of Viacom Inc. was 47% at December 31, 1993 and 76% at December 31, 1992. The decrease in debt as a percentage of total capitalization resulted principally from the issuance of Preferred Stock (as defined in "Capital Structure") during 1993. The commitments of the Company for program license fees which are not reflected in the balance sheet as of December 31, 1993, which are estimated to aggregate approximately $1.9 billion, principally reflect commitments under SNI's exclusive arrangements with several motion picture companies. This estimate is based upon a number of factors. A majority of such fees are payable within the next seven years, as part of normal programming expenditures of SNI. These commitments are contingent upon delivery of motion pictures which are not yet available for premium television exhibition and, in many cases, have not yet been produced. During July 1991, the Company received reassessments from 10 California counties of its Cable Division's real and personal property, related to the June 1987 acquisition by NAI, which could result in substantially higher California property tax liabilities. The Company is appealing the reassessments and believes that the reassessments as issued are unreasonable and unsupportable under California law. The Company believes that the final resolution of this matter will not have a material effect on its consolidated financial position or results of operations. Net cash flow from operating activities increased 45% to $147.6 million in 1993 from $102.0 million in 1992, resulting from increased net earnings before extraordinary items and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle, partially offset by increased payments for accrued expenses. Net cash expenditures for investing activities of $128.4 million in 1993 principally reflects capital expenditures, the acquisitions of KXEZ-FM and ICOM Simulations, Inc. and the additional investment in StarSight Telecast Inc. ("StarSight") and advances to Comedy Central, partially offset by proceeds from the sale of the Wisconsin cable system, proceeds related to the radio station swap and proceeds from the sale of an investment held at cost. Net cash expenditures for investing activities of $116.8 million in 1992 principally reflect capital expenditures, advances to II-22 Comedy Central and a deposit received on the sale of Viacom Cablevision of Wisconsin Inc. Financing activities reflect borrowings and repayment of debt under the Credit Agreement during each period presented; the redemption of the 11.80 % Notes and the issuance of the Preferred Stock during 1993, and the redemption of the 11.50% Reset Notes and Discount Debentures, and the issuance of the 9.125% Notes and the 8.75% Reset Notes during 1992. Acquisitions and Ventures ------------------------- On November 1, 1993, the Company exchanged KIKK-AM/FM, Houston, Texas, for Westinghouse Broadcasting Company, Inc.'s WCXR-FM and WCPT-AM, Washington, D.C., and cash. On June 16, 1993, the Company purchased KXEZ-FM (formerly KQLZ- FM), Los Angeles, California from Westwood One Stations Group- LA, Inc. for $40 million in cash and certain other consideration. The Company sold KXEZ-FM to Viacom Inc. in exchange for a $40 million promissory note. On May 5, 1993, the Company completed the purchase of privately held ICOM Simulations, Inc. On March 31, 1993, the Company increased its percentage of ownership in StarSight. On August 5, 1993, StarSight completed an initial public offering of 3,105,000 shares of common stock. On September 16, 1993, the Company exercised a warrant to purchase 833,333 shares of StarSight common stock at a cost of $5.625 per share. In November 1993, the Company transferred its ownership percentage in StarSight to a consolidated affiliate of the Company. As a result of these transactions, the affiliate of the Company's percentage ownership of StarSight is approximately 21%. The investment in StarSight is accounted for under the equity method. In December 1992, the Company entered into a 50-50 joint venture called Nickelodeon (UK) with a subsidiary of British Sky Broadcasting Limited. Nickelodeon (UK) began airing on September 1, 1993. The Company's investment is accounted under the equity method and therefore the results of operations is included in "Equity in loss of affiliated companies, net of tax." The Company exchanged KHOW-AM and FM, Denver, Colorado for Noble Broadcast Group, Inc.'s KNDD-FM, Seattle, Washington effective December 28, 1992. On August 30, 1991, Viacom Inc. increased its interest in MTV EUROPE to 100% through the purchase of the 50.01% interest held by an affiliate of Mirror Group Newspapers. The approximate value of the purchase was $65.0 million, which included intangibles of II-23 approximately $61.6 million. As consideration for the sale, Viacom Inc. issued 2,210,884 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock (see "Capital Structure"). Capital Structure ----------------- The following table and related notes set forth the capitalization of Viacom Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 1993 and December 31, 1992: December 31, December 31, 1993 1992 ----------- ----------- (Thousands of Dollars) Current portion of long-term debt $ 55,004 $ -- =========== ============ Long-term debt: Notes payable to banks (a) $ 1,928,271 1,648,984 11.8% Senior Subordinated Notes due -- 298,000 1998 (b) 9.125% Senior Subordinated Notes due 150,000 150,000 1999 (c) 8.75% Senior Subordinated Reset Notes 100,000 100,000 due 2001 (d) 10.25% Senior Subordinated Notes due 200,000 200,000 2001 (e) 5.75% Convertible Subordinated 15 30 Debentures due 2001 ----------- ------------ Total long-term debt $ 2,378,286 $ 2,397,014 =========== ============ Shareholders' equity (f): Preferred Stock $ 1,800,000 $ -- Common Stock and additional paid-in 922,072 918,671 capital Accumulated deficit (3,958) (162,160) ----------- ------------ Total shareholders' equity $ 2,718,114 $ 756,511 =========== ============ II-24 (a) -- At December 31, 1993, there were aggregate borrowing facilities of $1.9 billion and $300 million under (i) an unsecured credit agreement guaranteed by Viacom Inc. (amended and restated as of January 17, 1992 (as amended, the "Credit Agreement") among the Company, the named banks ("Banks"), Citibank, N.A. ("Citibank") as agent and The Bank of New York ("BONY") as co-agent and (ii) an unsecured credit agreement, dated June 2, 1993, among the Company and the named banks and BONY and Citibank as agents (the "Loan Facility Agreement"). The Loan Facility Agreement has a 364-day term and is identical to the Credit Agreement in all other material terms and conditions. Borrowings of $1.765 billion were outstanding under the Credit Agreement as of December 31, 1993, including $274 million aggregate principal amount assumed by five subsidiaries of the Company ("Subsidiary Obligors"). Borrowings of $150 million were outstanding under the Loan Facility Agreement as of December 31, 1993, $135 million of which were classified as long-term. Subsequent to December 31, 1993, Viacom Inc. borrowed approximately $3.7 billion pursuant to the Merger Credit Agreement in connection with the Paramount Merger (see "Paramount Merger, Blockbuster Merger and Related Transactions"). The following is a summary description of the Credit Agreement. The description does not purport to be complete and should be read in conjunction with the Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement provides for three facilities: Facility A - $700 million under a term loan having a final maturity of June 30, 1999; Facility B - $926 million under a revolver, which converts on January 1, 1995 into a term loan having a final maturity of June 30, 1999; and Facility B-1 - $274 million under a term loan having a final maturity of June 30, 1999. The interest rate on all loans made under the three facilities is based upon Citibank, N.A.'s base rate, the domestic certificate of deposit rate or the London Interbank Offered Rate and is affected by the Company's leverage ratio. At December 31, 1993, the London Interbank Offered Rates (upon which the Company's borrowing rate was based) for borrowing periods of one month and two months were 3.25% and 3.3125%, respectively. The Company is permitted to issue commercial paper with a maturity at the time of issuance not to exceed nine months, provided that following each issuance of II-25 commercial paper, (i) the aggregate face amount of commercial paper outstanding shall not exceed $500 million less the aggregate amount of competitive bid rate borrowings (described below), outstanding at such time and (ii) the aggregate amount of all Facility B loans and competitive bid rate loans outstanding, together with the aggregate face amount of commercial paper outstanding, shall not exceed $926 million. The Company is also permitted to make short- term competitive bid rate borrowings from the Banks until December 1, 1994, provided that following the making of each proposed competitive bid rate borrowing, (i) the aggregate amount of the competitive bid rate loans outstanding shall not exceed $500 million less the aggregate face amount of commercial paper outstanding and (ii) the aggregate amount of all Facility B loans and competitive bid rate loans outstanding, together with the aggregate face amount of commercial paper outstanding, shall not exceed $926 million. The Company and Subsidiary Obligors are required to repay the principal outstanding under the Credit Agreement in quarterly payments equal to percentages of the original aggregate principal amount with respect to the Facility A loans and Facility B-1 loans, and of the outstanding principal amount with respect to the Facility B loans, under the Credit Agreement, in the amount of 5% for the period commencing January 2, 1995 through and including January 2, 1999; and 7.5% on April 1, 1999 and on June 30, 1999. The Company may prepay at any time a portion or all of the principal outstanding under the Credit Agreement. Any such optional prepayments shall be applied to the remaining installments of Facility A and Facility B loans in the order that the Company designates. The Company is required to make mandatory prepayments upon receipt of net cash sale proceeds in connection with permitted sales of assets not in the ordinary course of business. All such prepayments shall be applied until December 31, 1994 to reduce the Facility B loans outstanding; provided, however, that any amounts so repaid may be reborrowed prior to December 31, 1994. All such prepayments after December 31, 1994 shall be applied pro rata against the remaining installments of first, the Facility A loans and second, the Facility B loans. In the event of a sale of the stock or substantially all of the assets of any Subsidiary Obligor, the Facility B-1 loan of such Subsidiary Obligor shall be repaid in full; provided, however, that upon such prepayment prior to December 31, 1994, the Facility B commitment of each Facility B Bank shall be increased by an amount equal to the principal amount of such Facility B Bank's Facility B-1 loan prepaid as a result of such prepayment and such amounts may be borrowed by the Company prior to December 31, 1994. The Company is required to prepay principal outstanding under the Credit Agreement with the proceeds of certain issuances of unsecured senior debt in an amount equal to the proceeds so received, together with accrued interest to the date of such prepayment on the principal amount prepaid, with such prepayments applied against remaining installments of first, the II-26 Facility A loans and second, the Facility B loans. The Credit Agreement contains certain covenants which, among other things, require the Company to maintain certain financial ratios and impose on the Company and its subsidiaries certain limitations on (i) the incurrence of indebtedness or the guarantee or assumption of indebtedness of another; (ii) the creation or incurrence of mortgages, pledges or security interests on the property or assets of the Company or any of its subsidiaries in order to secure debt or the sale of assets of the Company or its subsidiaries; (iii) the merger or consolidation of the Company with any person or other entity; (iv) the incurrence of capitalized leases and purchase money indebtedness; (v) the payment of cash dividends or the redemption or repurchase of any capital stock of the Company; and (vi) investments and acquisitions. The Credit Agreement also contains certain customary events of default. The Credit Agreement also provides that it is an event of default if National Amusements, Inc. ("NAI") fails to own at least 51% of the outstanding voting stock of Viacom Inc. or Viacom Inc. fails to own at least 67% of the outstanding voting stock of the Company. Under the restrictions contained in the Credit Agreement, the Company is prohibited from (i) paying any dividends on its stock to Viacom Inc. for the purpose of enabling Viacom Inc. to pay any dividend on its common stock, or (ii) making any other dividend payments to Viacom Inc. (other than for certain limited specified purposes, including the satisfaction of Viacom Inc.'s obligations under the LTIP), unless its total leverage ratio is less than a specified amount. The Company is required to pay a commitment fee based on the aggregate average daily unborrowed portion of the Facility B commitment, with any amounts outstanding under competitive bid rate loans and commercial paper being deemed unborrowed for the purpose of calculating the commitment fee. The Company also is required to pay certain agency fees to the agent. The Credit Agreement does not require compensating balances. On January 4, 1993, Viacom Inc. borrowed $42.2 million from BONY pursuant to the Term Loan Agreement. The interest rate in the Term Loan Agreement is based upon BONY's prime rate or the London Interbank Offered Rate. Viacom Inc. repaid $13.9 million of debt under the Term Loan Agreement on January 15, 1994, the first scheduled maturity date. The remaining $28.3 million under the Term Loan Agreement matures on January 15, 1995. Viacom Inc. may prepay at any time a portion or all of the principal amount outstanding under the Term Loan Agreement. Any such optional prepayments shall be applied to reduce the principal installment due January 1995 and shall include all accrued interest II-27 on the amount of principal prepaid. Viacom Inc. shall be obligated to prepay the loan in the amount of any dividends received from the Company. The Term Loan Agreement contains certain covenants which impose certain limitations on (i) the incurrence of indebtedness and (ii) payment of cash dividends or the redemption or repurchase of any capital stock of Viacom. The Term Loan Agreement also contains certain customary events of default. The Term Loan Agreement has been amended to allow Viacom Inc. to complete the Paramount Offer and Paramount Merger. The indebtedness under the Credit Agreement, Loan Facility Agreement and Term Loan Agreement bear interest at floating rates, causing the Company to be sensitive to changes in prevailing interest rates. The Company enters into interest rate protection agreements with off-balance sheet risk in order to reduce its exposure to changes in interest rates on its variable rate long- term debt. These interest rate protection agreements include interest rate swaps and interest rate caps. At December 31, 1993, the Company and Viacom Inc. had interest rate protection agreements outstanding with commercial banks, with respect to $1.1 billion of indebtedness under the Credit Agreement and $42.2 million under the Term Loan Agreement. These agreements effectively change the Company's interest exposure under the Credit Agreement to a ceiling of 5.64% on the interest rate caps, and under the Term Loan Agreement to a fixed weighted average rate of 6.65% on interest rate swaps. The interest rate protection agreements are in effect for a fixed period of time. The Company is exposed to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the counterparties to the agreements. However, the Company does not anticipate nonperformance by the counterparties. The Company had commercial paper outstanding of $60.9 million as of December 31, 1993. The Company also has aggregate money market facilities of $40 million, all of which was available at December 31, 1993. (b) -- On July 15, 1993, the Company redeemed all of the $298 million principal amount outstanding of the 11.80% Senior Subordinated Notes ("11.80% Notes") at a redemption price equal to 103.37% of the principal amount plus accrued interest to July 15, 1993. The Company recognized an after-tax extraordinary loss from the early extinguishment of debt of $8.9 million, net of a tax benefit of approximately $6.1 million on the transaction. The Company borrowed the funds necessary for the redemption under its bank credit facilities. (c) -- On March 4, 1992, the Company issued $150 million aggregate principal amount of 9.125% Senior Subordinated Notes ("9.125% Notes") due August 15, 1999. Interest is payable II-28 semiannually on February 15 and August 15, commencing August 15, 1992. The 9.125% Notes may not be redeemed prior to February 15, 1997. They are redeemable at the option of the Company, in whole or in part, during the 12 month period beginning February 15, 1997 at a redemption price of 102.607% of the principal amount, during the 12 month period beginning February 15, 1998 at 101.304% of the principal amount, and on or after February 15, 1999 at 100% of the principal amount. Any such redemption will include accrued interest to the redemption date. The 9.125% Notes are not subject to any sinking fund requirements. (d) -- On May 28, 1992, the Company issued $100 million aggregate principal amount of 8.75% Senior Subordinated Reset Notes ("8.75% Reset Notes") due on May 15, 2001. Interest is payable semiannually on May 15 and November 15, commencing November 15, 1992. On May 15, 1995 and May 15, 1998, unless a notice of redemption of the 8.75% Reset Notes on such date has been given by the Company, the interest rate on the 8.75% Reset Notes will, if necessary, be adjusted from the rate then in effect to a rate to be determined on the basis of market rates in effect on May 5, 1995 and on May 5, 1998, respectively, as the rate the 8.75% Reset Notes should bear in order to have a market value of 101% of principal amount immediately after the resetting of the rate. In no event will the interest rate be lower than 8.75% or higher than the average three year treasury rate (as defined in the indenture) multiplied by two. The interest rate reset on May 15, 1995 will remain in effect on the 8.75% Reset Notes through and including May 15, 1998 and the interest rate reset on May 15, 1998 will remain in effect on the 8.75% Reset Notes thereafter. The 8.75% Reset Notes are redeemable at the option of the Company, in whole but not in part, on May 15, 1995 or May 15, 1998, at a redemption price of 101% of principal amount plus accrued interest to, but not including, the date of redemption. The 8.75% Reset Notes are not subject to any sinking fund requirements. (e) -- On September 15, 1991, the Company issued $200 million aggregate principal amount of 10.25% Senior Subordinated Notes ("10.25% Notes") due September 15, 2001. Interest is payable semiannually on March 15 and September 15, commencing March 15, 1992. The 10.25% Notes are not redeemable by the Company prior to maturity and are not subject to any sinking fund requirements. (f) -- On December 31, 1993, there were 53,449,325 outstanding shares of Viacom Class A Common Stock (100,000,000 shares authorized) and 67,347,131 outstanding shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock (150,000,000 shares authorized). On October 22, 1993, Blockbuster purchased 24 million shares of cumulative convertible preferred stock, par value $.01 per share, of Viacom Inc. ("Series A Preferred Stock") for $600 million. On November 19, 1993, NYNEX Corporation ("NYNEX") purchased 24 million shares of cumulative convertible preferred stock, par value $.01 II-29 per share, of Viacom Inc. ("Series B Preferred Stock," collectively with the Series A Preferred Stock, "Preferred Stock") for $1.2 billion. Series A Preferred Stock and Series B Preferred Stock have liquidation preferences of $25 per share and $50 per share, respectively. The Preferred Stock has an annual dividend rate of 5%, is convertible into shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock at a conversion price of $70 and does not have voting rights other than those required by law. The Preferred Stock is redeemable by Viacom Inc. at declining premiums after five years. The Preferred Stock purchased by Blockbuster will be canceled upon consummation of the Blockbuster Merger. Both NYNEX and Blockbuster may, under certain limited circumstances, require Viacom Inc. to repurchase their respective preferred shares, but such right does not inure to the benefit of subsequent holders of such preferred shares. NAI holds approximately 76.3% and the public holds approximately 23.7% of outstanding Viacom Inc. Common Stock as of December 31, 1993. NAI's percentage of ownership consists of 85.2% of the outstanding Viacom Class A Common Stock and 69.1% of the outstanding Viacom Class B Common Stock, as of December 31, 1993. Pursuant to a purchase program initiated in August 1987, NAI announced its intention to buy, from time to time, up to an additional 3,000,000 shares of Viacom Class A Common Stock and 2,423,700 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock. As of December 31, 1993, NAI had acquired an aggregate of 3,374,300 shares of Common Stock, consisting of 1,466,200 shares of Viacom Class A Common Stock and 1,908,100 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock, pursuant to this buying program. On August 20, 1993, NAI ceased making purchases of Common Stock. _____________________ The Company and Viacom Inc. filed a shelf registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") registering $800 million of debt securities (or, if such debt securities are issued at an original issue discount, such greater principal amount as shall result in an aggregate offering price equal to $800 million) guaranteed by Viacom Inc. The registration statement was declared effective by the SEC on March 11, 1993. Some or all of the debt securities may be issued by the Company in one or more offerings. During April 1993, the Company and Viacom Inc. terminated the prior shelf registration statement, under which an aggregate of $300 million principal amount of additional debt securities remained available. NAI, Sumner M. Redstone and the Company each have purchased on the open market and may in the future continue to purchase on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions certain debt securities of the Company. During 1993, there were no purchases of debt securities made by NAI, Sumner M. Redstone or the II-30 Company. During 1992, Sumner M. Redstone purchased directly or beneficially $350,000, $605,000, $15,000 and $200,000 of 11.50% Senior Subordinated Extendible Reset Notes, 9.125% Senior Subordinated Notes, 10.25% Senior Subordinated Notes and 8.75% Senior Subordinated Reset Notes, respectively. During 1991, NAI and Sumner M. Redstone purchased $3,110,000 and $869,000 of 11.80% Senior Subordinated Notes, respectively. During 1991, NAI purchased $311,000 of the 11.50% Senior Subordinated Extendible Reset Notes. During December 1991, the Company purchased $43 million of Discount Debentures at an average price of 107.375% of their principal amount plus accrued interest. II-31 ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA. REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS - --------------------------------- To the Boards of Directors and Shareholders of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of operations, of cash flows and of shareholders' equity present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Viacom Inc. and its subsidiaries and of Viacom International Inc., a wholly- owned subsidiary of Viacom Inc., and its subsidiaries, at December 31, 1993 and 1992, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1993, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. These financial statements are the responsibility of the management of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc.; our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits of these statements in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards which require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for the opinion expressed above. As discussed in Note 7 to the financial statements, Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, "Accounting For Income Taxes" in 1993. PRICE WATERHOUSE 1177 Avenue of the Americas New York, New York 10036 February 4, 1994, except as to Note 2, which is as of March 11, 1994 II-32 MANAGEMENT'S STATEMENT OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR FINANCIAL REPORTING - ---------------------------------------------------------------- Management has prepared and is responsible for the consolidated financial statements and related notes of Viacom Inc. They have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and necessarily include amounts based on judgments and estimates by management. All financial information in this annual report is consistent with the consolidated financial statements. The Company maintains internal accounting control systems and related policies and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance that assets are safeguarded, that transactions are executed in accordance with management's authorization and properly recorded, and that accounting records may be relied upon for the preparation of consolidated financial statements and other financial information. The design, monitoring, and revision of internal accounting control systems involve, among other things, management's judgment with respect to the relative cost and expected benefits of specific control measures. The Company also maintains an internal auditing function which evaluates and reports on the adequacy and effectiveness of internal accounting controls, policies and procedures. Viacom Inc.'s consolidated financial statements have been audited by Price Waterhouse, independent public accountants, who have expressed their opinion with respect to the presentation of these statements. The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors, which is comprised solely of directors who are not employees of the Company, meets periodically with the independent accountants, with our internal auditors, as well as with management, to review accounting, auditing, internal accounting controls and financial reporting matters. The Audit Committee is also responsible for recommending to the Board of Directors the independent accounting firm to be retained for the coming year, subject to stockholder approval. The independent accountants and the internal auditors have full and free access to the Audit Committee with and without management's presence. VIACOM INC. By: /s/Frank J. Biondi, Jr. ----------------------------------------- Frank J. Biondi, Jr. President, Chief Executive Officer By: /s/George S. Smith, Jr. ------------------------------------------ George S. Smith, Jr. Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer By: /s/Kevin C. Lavan ------------------------------------------ Kevin C. Lavan Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer II-33 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS ------------------------------------- (Thousands of dollars, except per share amounts) Year Ended December 31, ------------------------------ 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- Revenues $2,004,949 $1,864,683 $1,711,562 Expenses: Operating 877,609 853,977 790,816 Selling, general and administrative 589,288 517,977 475,648 Depreciation and amortization 153,057 144,802 132,864 --------- ---------- ---------- Total expenses 1,619,954 1,516,756 1,399,328 --------- ---------- --------- Earnings from operations 384,995 347,927 312,234 Other income (expense): Interest expense, net (144,953) (194,104) (297,451) Other items, net (See Note 14) 61,774 1,756 (6,536) --------- ---------- --------- Earnings before income taxes 301,816 155,579 8,247 Provision for income taxes 129,815 84,848 42,060 Equity in loss of affiliated companies, net of tax (2,520) (4,646) (12,743) --------- ---------- --------- Earnings (loss) before extraordinary losses and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle 169,481 66,085 (46,556) Extraordinary losses, net of tax (See Note 4) (8,867) (17,120) (3,101) Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle 10,338 -- -- --------- ---------- --------- Net earnings (loss) 170,952 48,965 (49,657) Cumulative convertible preferred stock dividend requirement of Viacom Inc. 12,750 -- -- --------- ---------- --------- Net earnings (loss) attributable to common stock $ 158,202 $ 48,965 $ (49,657) ========= ========= ========== Weighted average number of common shares 120,607 120,235 113,789 Net earnings (loss) per common share: Earnings (loss) before extraordinary losses and cumulative effect of change in accounting principle $ 1.30 $ .55 $ (.41) Extraordinary losses (.07) (.14) (.03) Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle .08 -- -- --------- ---------- --------- Net earnings (loss) $ 1.31 $ .41 $ (.44) ========= ========= ========= See notes to consolidated financial statements. II-34 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS --------------------------- (Thousands of dollars) December 31, ------------------------- 1993 1992 ---- ---- Assets Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents $1,882,381 $ 48,428 Receivables, less allowances of $33,889 and $25,779 351,765 319,804 Distribution fees advanced and committed, current 18,620 19,631 Program rights and deferred program costs, current 264,212 215,109 Prepaid distribution costs 73,722 89,723 Other current assets 95,693 65,793 ---------- ---------- Total current assets 2,686,393 758,488 Property and Equipment: Land 16,486 17,869 Buildings 41,627 37,486 Cable television systems 414,918 388,170 Broadcasting facilities 52,100 50,665 Equipment and other 349,332 258,565 Construction in progress 26,982 10,858 ----------- ---------- 901,445 763,613 Less accumulated depreciation 347,243 306,548 ---------- ---------- Net property and equipment 554,202 457,065 ---------- ---------- Distribution fees advanced and committed, non-current 263,281 228,784 Program rights and deferred program costs, non-current 526,247 462,122 Intangibles, at amortized cost 2,180,571 2,195,936 Other assets 206,174 214,699 ---------- ---------- $6,416,868 $4,317,094 ========== ========== See notes to consolidated financial statements. II-35 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS --------------------------- (Thousands of dollars, except per share amounts) December 31, ----------------------- 1993 1992 ---- ---- Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity Current Liabilities: Accounts payable $ 96,579 $ 71,199 Accrued interest 20,684 38,229 Deferred income, current 50,930 68,295 Other accrued expenses 264,921 290,937 Income taxes 140,453 96,529 Owners' share of distribution revenue 139,081 158,351 Program rights, current 197,966 187,956 Current portion of long-term debt 55,004 -- ---------- ---------- Total current liabilities 965,618 911,496 ---------- ---------- Long-term debt 2,378,286 2,397,014 Program rights, non-current 86,752 92,886 Other liabilities 268,098 159,187 Commitments and contingencies (See Note 10) Shareholders' Equity of Viacom Inc. (See Notes 1 and 6): Preferred Stock, par value $.01 per share; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 48,000,000 shares issued and outstanding; stated at liquidation value 1,800,000 -- A Common Stock, par value $.01 per share; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 53,449,325 (1993) and 53,380,390 (1992) shares issued and outstanding 535 534 B Common Stock, par value $.01 per share; 150,000,000 shares authorized; 67,347,131 (1993) and 67,069,688 (1992) shares issued and outstanding 673 671 Additional paid-in capital 920,864 917,466 Accumulated deficit (3,958) (162,160) ---------- ---------- Total shareholders' equity 2,718,114 756,511 ---------- ---------- $6,416,868 $4,317,094 ========== ========== See notes to consolidated financial statements. II-36 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS ------------------------------------- Year Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- (Thousands of dollars) Net cash flow from operating activities: Net earnings (loss) $170,952 $ 48,965 $ (49,657) Adjustments to reconcile net earnings (loss) to net cash flow from operating activities: Depreciation and amortization 153,057 144,802 132,864 Interest accretion and interest in kind on debentures -- -- 59,196 Reserve for litigation (See Note 14) -- 33,000 -- Equity in loss of affiliated companies, net of tax 2,520 4,646 12,743 Gain on the sale of the cable system, net of tax (45,873) -- -- Gain on the sale of investment held at cost, net of tax (10,882) -- -- Extraordinary losses, net of tax 8,867 17,120 3,101 Deferred compensation . 3,924 8,202 12,328 Provision (benefit) for deferred income taxes 24,364 15,068 (8,756) (Decrease) increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses (17,189) 53,400 6,831 Increase in receivables (31,881) (49,756) (61,929) Increase in programming related assets and liabilities, net (137,549) (138,568) (66,391) Increase in income taxes payable 58,501 7,389 37,732 (Decrease) increase in deferred income (8,999) 22,933 (2,384) (Increase) decrease in unbilled receivables (6,516) 17,749 (27,630) Payment of LTIP liability (3,606) (68,599) -- Other, net (12,080) (14,362) 21,819 ---------- --------- --------- Net cash flow from operating activities 147,610 101,989 69,867 ---------- --------- --------- Investing activities: Capital expenditures (135,011) (110,222) (72,157) Investments in and advances to affiliated companies. (21,618) (23,708) (44,372) Advances from affiliated companies 13,441 9,447 5,546 Proceeds from sale of cable system and radio station 93,739 20,000 -- Proceeds from sale of investment held at cost 18,140 -- -- Proceeds from sale of transponders 51,000 -- -- Acquisitions (82,197) -- -- Deposits on transponders (49,934) (9,723) -- Payment of deferred merger costs (15,382) -- -- Other, net (616) (2,636) (4,120) ---------- --------- --------- Net cash flow from investing activities (128,438) (116,842) (115,103) ---------- --------- --------- Financing activities: Borrowings from banks under credit facilities 334,291 8,343,967 6,695,048 Repayments to banks under credit facilities -- (7,968,466) (6,764,593) Issuance of notes -- 250,000 200,000 Redemption of notes and debentures (298,015) (549,454) (407,580) Issuance of Preferred Stock 1,800,000 -- -- Issuance of B Common Stock -- -- 317,987 Payment of deferred financing costs (18,106) (22,659) (5,869) Payment of premium on redemption of notes (10,054) (19,753) (4,078) Other, net 6,665 924 (18) ---------- --------- --------- Net cash flow from financing activities 1,814,781 34,559 30,897 ---------- --------- --------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 1,833,953 19,706 (14,339) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 48,428 28,722 43,061 ---------- --------- --------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of year $1,882,381 $ 48,428 $ 28,722 ========== ========= ========= See notes to consolidated financial statements. II-37 -- VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS ----------------------- OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY ----------------------- (Thousands of dollars)
Preferred A Common Stock B Common Stock Paid-in Accumulated Stock Shares Amount Shares Amount Capital Deficit ----- ------ ------ ------ ------ ------- ------- Viacom Inc: - ----------- December 31, 1990 -- 53,365,870 $ 534 53,365,870 $ 534 $526,563 $(161,468) Issuance of B Common Stock -- -- -- 13,492,484 135 382,780 -- Exercise of stock options -- 583 -- 583 -- 33 -- Conversion of 5.75% debentures -- 700 -- 700 -- 39 -- Net loss -- -- -- -- -- -- (49,657) ---------- ---------- ------ ---------- ------ -------- --------- December 31, 1991 -- 53,367,153 534 66,859,637 669 909,415 (211,125) ---------- ---------- ------ ---------- ------ -------- --------- B Common Stock issued as satisfaction of LTIP liability -- -- -- 177,897 2 6,892 -- Exercise of stock options -- 13,187 -- 32,104 -- 1,157 -- Conversion of 5.75% debentures -- 50 -- 50 -- 2 -- Net earnings -- -- -- -- -- -- 48,965 ---------- ---------- ------ ---------- ------ -------- --------- December 31, 1992 -- 53,380,390 534 67,069,688 671 917,466 (162,160) ---------- ---------- ------ ---------- ------ -------- --------- Issuance of Series A and Series B Preferred Stock $1,800,000 -- -- -- -- (5,363) -- Exercise of stock options -- 68,935 1 277,443 2 8,761 -- Net earnings -- -- -- -- -- -- 170,952 Preferred Stock dividend requirements -- -- -- -- -- -- (12,750) ---------- ---------- ------ ---------- ------ -------- --------- December 31, 1993 $1,800,000 53,449,325 $535 63,347,131 $673 $920,864 $ (3,958) ========== ========= ====== ========== ====== ======== =========
See notes to consolidated financial statements. II-38 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) 1) SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES Basis of Presentation -Viacom Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise requires, "Viacom Inc.") is a holding company whose principal asset is the common stock of Viacom International Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise requires, the "Company"). The Company is a diversified entertainment and communications company with operations in four principal segments: Networks, Entertainment, Cable Television and Broadcasting. The primary differences between Viacom Inc.'s and the Company's financial statements include the following factors: a) the capitalization of the two companies -- the Company's shareholders' equity reflects the contribution to capital of Viacom Inc.'s exchangeable preferred stock, which was exchanged for 15.5% Junior Subordinated Exchange Debentures due 2006 (the "Exchange Debentures") on March 31, 1989 which in turn were fully redeemed during 1991; b) during 1993, Viacom Inc. issued $1.8 billion of 5% cumulative convertible preferred stock (see Note 6) and declared related preferred stock dividends of $12.8 million, c) certain general and administrative expenses recorded by Viacom Inc. of $5.0 million (1993), $9.0 million (1992) and $12.9 million (1991), which include transactions associated with the long-term deferred incentive compensation plans; and d) Viacom Inc. recorded net interest income of $3.1 million (1993) and net interest expense of $45.2 million (1991). Certain amounts reported on the balance sheet and statements of cash flows for prior years have been reclassified to conform with the current presentation. Principles of Consolidation - The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Viacom Inc., the Company and all investments of more than 50% in subsidiaries and other entities. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated. Investments in affiliated companies of more than 20% but less than or equal to 50% are accounted for under the equity method. Investments of 20% or less are accounted for under the cost method. In 1993, the fiscal year end for certain foreign operations was changed from October 31 to December 31. Cash Equivalents - Cash equivalents are defined as short-term (3 months or less) highly liquid investments. Program Rights - The Company acquires rights to exhibit programming on its broadcast stations or cable networks, and produces its own programs. The costs incurred in acquiring and producing programs are capitalized and amortized over the license period or over the estimated exhibition life of the program. Costs related to the production of programs are either charged to earnings or capitalized to the extent they are estimated to be recoverable from future revenue. Program rights and the related liabilities are recorded at the gross amount of the liabilities when the license period has begun, the cost of the program is determinable and the program is accepted and available for airing. Program Distribution - Fees for distributing television shows and feature films are recognized upon billing over contractual periods generally ranging from one to five years, except that such fees for internally produced programs are recognized when such programs are delivered and fees for barter advertising revenue are recognized when the programs are available and a noncancellable contract has been executed. Receivables reflect gross billings, which include the owners' share. Amounts due to owners are recorded as liabilities in "Owners' share of distribution revenue" or are deducted from "Distribution fees advanced and committed, current." Minimum guarantees to owners are recorded as liabilities and are liquidated by payments in accordance with contract terms. A corresponding asset is recorded as "Distribution fees advanced and committed" and is reduced by the owners' share of billings until fully recovered or amortized as operating expenses against the Company's share of total estimated billings based on the ratio of total estimated costs to total estimated billings. Prepaid distribution costs incurred on behalf of the owners are recovered from the owners' share of billings or amortized as operating expenses against the Company's share of total estimated billings based on the ratio of total estimated costs to total estimated billings. II-39 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) All amortization estimates are reviewed periodically by management and are adjusted prospectively. Minimum guarantees or other costs estimated not to be recoverable from total estimated billings are expensed in the period any shortfall is determined. Depreciation and Amortization - Depreciation is computed principally by the straight-line method over estimated useful lives ranging principally from 3 to 15 years. Capitalized lease amortization of $5.5 million (1993) and $3.0 million (1992) is included in depreciation expense. Depreciation expense was $92.8 million (1993), $81.5 million (1992) and $70.1 million (1991). Intangibles resulting from business acquisitions are generally amortized over 40 years. Accumulated amortization relating to intangibles at December 31 was $412.5 million (1993) and $361.1 million (1992) . Equity in Loss of Affiliated Companies - Equity in loss of affiliated companies is primarily comprised of the Company's one-third interest in Lifetime, the 50% interest in Comedy Central, the 50% interest in Nickelodeon (UK) during 1993 and the 49.99% interest in MTV EUROPE prior to August 30, 1991. (See Note 3.) Provision for Doubtful Accounts - The provision for doubtful accounts charged to expense was $16.7 million (1993), $9.4 million (1992) and $15.9 million (1991). Net Earnings (Loss) per Common Share - Earnings (loss) per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. The effect of the assumed exercise of stock options and conversion of convertible debentures is not material for each of the years presented. For 1993, the assumed conversion of the Preferred Stock (as defined in Note 2) would have an antidilutive effect on fully-diluted earnings per common share. Therefore, the effects of such assumption are not reflected in net earnings (loss) per common share. Interest Rate Protection Agreements - The amount to be paid or received is accrued as interest rates change and is recognized over the life of the agreements as an adjustment to interest expense. 2) SUBSEQUENT EVENTS On March 11, 1994, Viacom Inc. acquired, pursuant to a tender offer (the "Paramount Offer"), 61,657,432 shares of Paramount common stock, constituting a majority of the shares outstanding, at a price of $107 per share in cash. The Paramount Offer was financed by (i) the sale of Preferred Stock (see "Note 6"), proceeds of which are reflected as cash and cash equivalents on the balance sheet as of December 31, 1993, (ii) the sale of Viacom Class B Common Stock to Blockbuster and (iii) borrowings under a credit agreement (as described below). The Paramount Offer was made pursuant to the Amended and Restated Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of February 4, 1994 (the "Paramount Merger Agreement") between Viacom Inc. and Paramount. Paramount will become a wholly owned subsidiary of Viacom Inc. (the "Paramount Merger") at the effective time of a merger between Paramount and a subsidiary of Viacom Inc. (the "Paramount Effective Time") which is expected to occur in the second quarter of 1994. Pursuant to the Paramount Merger Agreement, each share of Paramount common stock outstanding at the time of such merger (other than shares held in the treasury of Paramount or owned by Viacom Inc. and other than shares held by any stockholders who shall have demanded and perfected appraisal rights) will be converted into the right to receive (i) 0.93065 of a share of Viacom Class B Common Stock, (ii) $17.50 principal amount of 8% exchangeable subordinated debentures of Viacom Inc., (iii) 0.93065 of a contingent value right ("CVR"), (iv) 0.5 of a warrant to purchase one share of Viacom Class B Common Stock at any time prior to the third anniversary of the Paramount Merger at a price of $60 per share, and (v) 0.3 of a warrant to purchase one share of Viacom Class B Common Stock at any time prior to the fifth anniversary of the Paramount Merger at a price of $70 per share. If the debentures are issued prior to the completion of the purposed merger of Viacom Inc. and Blockbuster, the debentures will be exchangeable, at the option of Viacom Inc., into 5% exchangeable preferred stock of Viacom Inc. on or after January 1, 1995 if the proposed merger with Blockbuster has not previously been consummated. II-40 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) Each CVR will represent the right to receive the amount, if any, by which the Target Price exceeds the greater of the Current Market Value and the Minimum Price (see defined terms in following paragraph). The CVRs will mature on the first anniversary of the Paramount Effective Time (the "Maturity Date"); provided, however, that Viacom Inc. may, at its option, (i) extend the Maturity Date to the second anniversary of the Paramount Effective Time (the "First Extended Maturity Date") or (ii) extend the First Extended Maturity Date to the third anniversary or the Paramount Effective Time (the "Second Extended Maturity Date"). Viacom Inc., at its option, may pay any amount due under the terms of the CVRs in cash or in the equivalent value of registered securities of Viacom Inc., including without limitation, common stock, preferred stock, notes, or other securities. The "Minimum Price" means (a) at the Maturity Date, $36, (b) at the First Extended Maturity Date, $37 and (c) at the Second Extended Maturity Date, $38. Target Price means (a) at the Maturity Date, $48, (b) at the First Extended Maturity Date, $51, and (c) at the Second Extended Maturity Date, $55. The "Current Market Value" means the average market price of Viacom Class B Common Stock for a specified period. On January 7, 1994, Viacom Inc. and Blockbuster entered into an agreement and plan of merger (the "Blockbuster Merger Agreement") pursuant to which Blockbuster will be merged with and into Viacom Inc. (the "Blockbuster Merger") subject to approval. At the effective time of the Blockbuster Merger, each share of Blockbuster common stock outstanding at the time of the Blockbuster Merger (other than shares held in the treasury of Blockbuster or owned by Viacom Inc. and other than shares held by any stockholders who shall have demanded and perfected appraisal rights, if available) will be converted into the right to receive (i) 0.08 of a share of Viacom Class A Common Stock, (ii) 0.60615 of a share of Viacom Class B Common Stock, and (iii) up to an additional 0.13829 of a share of Viacom Class B Common Stock, with the exact fraction of a share being dependent on the market prices of Viacom Class B Common Stock during the year following the effective time of the Blockbuster Merger, and with the right to receive such additional fraction of a share to be evidenced by one variable common right ("VCR"). The VCRs mature on the first anniversary of the Blockbuster Merger ("VCR Conversion Date"). The mergers pursuant to the Paramount Merger Agreement and Blockbuster Merger Agreement (collectively, the "Mergers") have been unanimously approved by the Boards of Directors of each of the respective companies. The obligations of Viacom Inc., Blockbuster and Paramount to consummate the mergers are subject to various conditions, including obtaining requisite stockholder approvals. Viacom Inc. intends to vote its shares of Paramount in favor of the merger and NAI has agreed to vote its shares of Viacom Inc. in favor of the Mergers; therefore, stockholder approval of the Paramount Merger is assured, and approval by Viacom Inc. of the Blockbuster Merger is also assured. The Mergers will be accounted for under the purchase method of accounting. The unaudited condensed pro forma data for the year ended or at December 31, 1993 presented below assumes the Mergers occurred on January 1, 1993 for statement of operations data or at December 31, 1993 for balance sheet data. Intangible assets are expected to be amortized over 40 years on a straight-line basis. The unaudited pro forma information is not necessarily indicative of the combined results of operations or financial position of Viacom Inc., Paramount and Blockbuster (the "Combined Company") following the Mergers that would have occurred if the completion of the Mergers had occurred on the dates previously indicated nor are they necessarily indicative of future operating results of the Combined Company. II-41 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) Year Ended or at December 31, 1993 ---------------- (Millions of dollars) (Unaudited) Results of operations data: Revenues $9,624.1 Earnings from operations $ 887.9 Net earnings before extraordinary items, cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles and preferred stock dividends $ 135.6 Net earnings attributable to common stock before extraordinary items and cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles $ 75.6 Primary earnings per common share before extraordinary items and cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles $ .18 Balance sheet data: Total assets $24,377.3 Long-term debt, including current maturities $ 9,998.8 Shareholders' equity: Preferred $ 1,200.0 Common $ 8,844.8 On March 10, 1994, Blockbuster purchased approximately 22.7 million shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price of $1.25 billion, or $55 per share. If (with certain exceptions) the Blockbuster Merger Agreement is terminated and in the event that Viacom Class B Common Stock trades (for a specified period) at a level below $55 per share during the one year period after such termination, Viacom Inc. may be obligated to make certain payments of up to a maximum of $275 million, at its option, in cash or securities, or to sell certain assets to Blockbuster. The Viacom Class B Common Stock purchased by Blockbuster will be canceled upon consummation of the Blockbuster Merger. On February 15, 1994, Blockbuster entered into a credit agreement with certain financial institutions named therein, pursuant to which such financial institutions have advanced to Blockbuster, on an unsecured basis, an aggregate of $1.0 billion to finance a portion of the purchase of the shares under the Subscription Agreement (the "Blockbuster Facility"). The Blockbuster Facility contains certain events of default, including a change of control default, which will require either a waiver in connection with the Blockbuster Merger or the refinancing of the indebtedness incurred by Blockbuster under the Blockbuster Facility. On March 11, 1994, Viacom Inc. borrowed $3.7 billion under a credit agreement dated as of November 19, 1993, as amended on January 4, 1994 and February 15, 1994, among Viacom Inc., the banks named therein, and The Bank of New York, Citibank, N.A. and Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York, as Managing Agents (the "Merger Credit Agreement"). The Merger Credit Agreement provides that, in order to pay for the Paramount Offer and related expenses, up to $3.7 billion may be borrowed, repaid and reborrowed until November 18, 1994, at which time all amounts outstanding will become due and payable. The Merger Credit Agreement provides that Viacom Inc. may elect to borrow at either the Base Rate or the Eurodollar Rate (each as defined below), subject to certain limitations. The "Base Rate" will be the higher of (i) the Citibank N.A., Base Rate and (ii) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.50%. The "Eurodollar Rate" will be the London Interbank Offered Rate plus (i) 0.9375%, until Viacom Inc.'s senior unsecured long-term debt is rated by Standard & Poor's Corporation or Moody's Investors Service, Inc., and (ii) thereafter, a variable II-42 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) rate ranging from 0.25% to 0.9375% dependent on the senior unsecured long-term debt rating assigned to Viacom Inc. The Merger Credit Agreement provides that Viacom Inc. will pay each bank a facility fee on such bank's commitment until November 18, 1994. The Merger Credit Agreement contains certain covenants which, among other things require Viacom Inc. to meet certain financial ratios. As of December 31, 1993, Viacom Inc. has promissory notes outstanding in the aggregate amount of $26 million, in order to finance expenses associated with the Mergers and expects to obtain additional financing as required to finance such expenses. 3) ACQUISITIONS AND VENTURES On November 1, 1993, the Company exchanged KIKK-AM/FM, Houston, Texas, for Westinghouse Broadcasting Company, Inc.'s WCXR-FM and WCPT-AM, Washington, D.C., and cash. On June 16, 1993, the Company purchased KXEZ-FM (formerly KQLZ-FM), Los Angeles, California from Westwood One Stations Group-LA, Inc. for $40 million in cash and certain other consideration. The Company sold KXEZ-FM to Viacom Inc. in exchange for a $40 million promissory note. On May 5, 1993, the Company completed the purchase of privately held ICOM Simulations, Inc. On March 31, 1993, the Company increased its percentage of ownership in StarSight Telecast Inc. ("StarSight"). On August 5, 1993, StarSight completed an initial public offering of 3,105,000 shares of common stock. On September 16, 1993, the Company exercised a warrant to purchase 833,333 shares of StarSight common stock at a cost of $5.625 per share. In November 1993, the Company transferred its ownership percentage in StarSight to a consolidated affiliate of the Company. As a result of these transactions, the affiliate's of the Company's percentage ownership of StarSight is approximately 21%. The investment in StarSight is accounted for under the equity method. In December 1992, the Company entered into a 50-50 joint venture called Nickelodeon (UK) with a subsidiary of British Sky Broadcasting Limited. Nickelodeon (UK) began airing on September 1, 1993. The Company's investment is accounted for under the equity method. The Company exchanged KHOW-AM and FM, Denver, Colorado for Noble Broadcast Group, Inc.'s KNDD-FM, Seattle, Washington effective December 28, 1992. On August 30, 1991, Viacom Inc. increased its interest in MTV EUROPE to 100% through the purchase of the 50.01% interest held by an affiliate of Mirror Group Newspapers. The approximate value of the purchase was $65.0 million, which included intangibles of approximately $61.6 million. As consideration for the sale, Viacom Inc. issued 2,210,884 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock (See Note 6). II-43 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) 4) BANK FINANCING AND DEBT Total debt, which includes short-term and long-term debt, consists of the following: December 31, December 31, 1993 1992 ------------ ------------ (Thousands of dollars) Notes payable to banks (a) $1,983,275 $1,648,984 11.80% Senior Subordinated Notes due 1998 -- 298,000 9.125% Senior Subordinated Notes due 1999 (b) 150,000 150,000 8.75% Senior Subordinated Reset Notesdue 2001 (c) 100,000 100,000 10.25% Senior Subordinated Notes due 2001 (d) 200,000 200,000 5.75% Convertible Subordinated Debentures due 2001 15 30 ---------- ---------- 2,433,290 2,397,014 Less current portion 55,004 -- ---------- ---------- $2,378,286 $2,397,014 ========== ========== (a) -- At December 31, 1993, there were aggregate borrowing facilities of $1.9 billion and $300 million under (i) an unsecured credit agreement guaranteed by Viacom Inc. (amended and restated as of January 17, 1992, (as amended, the "Credit Agreement") among the Company the named banks ("Banks"), Citibank, N.A. ("Citibank") as agent and The Bank of New York ("BONY") as co-agent and (ii) an unsecured credit agreement, dated June 2, 1993, among the Company and the named banks and BONY and Citibank as agents (the "Loan Facility Agreement"). The Loan Facility Agreement has a 364-day term and is identical to the Credit Agreement in all other material terms and conditions. Borrowings of $1.765 billion were outstanding under the Credit Agreement as of December 31, 1993, including $274 million aggregate principal amount assumed by five subsidiaries of the Company ("Subsidiary Obligors"). Borrowings of $150 million were outstanding under the Loan Facility Agreement as of December 31, 1993, $135 million of which were classified as long-term. The following is a summary description of the amended and restated Credit Agreement. The description does not purport to be complete and should be read in conjunction with the Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement provides for three facilities: Facility A - $700 million under a term loan having a final maturity of June 30, 1999; Facility B - $926 million under a revolver, which converts on January 1, 1995 into a term loan having a final maturity of June 30, 1999; and Facility B-1 - $274 million under a term loan having a final maturity of June 30, 1999. The interest rate on all loans made under the three facilities is based upon Citibank, N.A.'s base rate, the domestic certificate of deposit rate or the London Interbank Offered Rate and is affected by the Company's leverage ratio. At December 31, 1993, the London Interbank Offered Rates (upon which the Company's borrowing rate was based) for borrowing periods of one month and two months were 3.25% and 3.3125%, respectively. The Company is permitted to issue commercial paper with a maturity at the time of issuance not to exceed nine months, provided that following each issuance of commercial paper, (i) the aggregate face amount of commercial paper outstanding shall not exceed $500 million less the aggregate amount of competitive bid rate borrowings (described II-44 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) below), outstanding at such time and (ii) the aggregate amount of all Facility B loans and competitive bid rate loans outstanding, together with the aggregate face amount of commercial paper outstanding, shall not exceed $926 million. The Company is also permitted to make short-term competitive bid rate borrowings from the Banks until December 1, 1994, provided that following the making of each proposed competitive bid rate borrowing, (i) the aggregate amount of the competitive bid rate loans outstanding shall not exceed $500 million less the aggregate face amount of commercial paper outstanding and (ii) the aggregate amount of all Facility B loans and competitive bid rate loans outstanding, together with the aggregate face amount of commercial paper outstanding, shall not exceed $926 million. The Company and Subsidiary Obligors are required to repay the principal outstanding under the Credit Agreement in quarterly payments equal to percentages of the original aggregate principal amount with respect to the Facility A loans and Facility B-1 loans, and of the outstanding principal amount with respect to the Facility B loans, under the Credit Agreement, in the amount of 5% for the period commencing January 2, 1995 through and including January 2, 1999; and 7.5% on April 1, 1999 and on June 30, 1999. The Company may prepay at any time a portion or all of the principal outstanding under the Credit Agreement. Any such optional prepayments shall be applied to the remaining installments of Facility A and Facility B loans in the order that the Company designates. The Company is required to make mandatory prepayments upon receipt of net cash sale proceeds in connection with permitted sales of assets not in the ordinary course of business. All such prepayments shall be applied until December 31, 1994 to reduce the Facility B loans outstanding; provided, however, that any amounts so repaid may be reborrowed prior to December 31, 1994. All such prepayments after December 31, 1994 shall be applied pro rata against the remaining installments of first, the Facility A loans and second, the Facility B loans. In the event of a sale of the stock or substantially all of the assets of any Subsidiary Obligor, the Facility B-1 loan of such Subsidiary Obligor shall be repaid in full; provided, however, that upon such prepayment prior to December 31, 1994, the Facility B commitment of each Facility B Bank shall be increased by an amount equal to the principal amount of such Facility B Bank's Facility B-1 loan prepaid as a result of such prepayment and such amounts may be borrowed by the Company prior to December 31, 1994. The Company is required to prepay principal outstanding under the Credit Agreement with the proceeds of certain issuances of unsecured senior debt in an amount equal to the proceeds so received, together with accrued interest to the date of such prepayment on the principal amount prepaid, with such prepayments applied against remaining installments of first, the Facility A loans and second, the Facility B loans. The Credit Agreement contains certain covenants which, among other things, require the Company to maintain certain financial ratios and impose on the Company and its subsidiaries certain limitations on (i) the incurrence of indebtedness or the guarantee or assumption of indebtedness of another; (ii) the creation or incurrence of mortgages, pledges or security interests on the property or assets of the Company or any of its subsidiaries in order to secure debt or the sale of assets of the Company or its subsidiaries; (iii) the merger or consolidation of the Company with any person or other entity; (iv) the incurrence of capitalized leases and purchase money indebtedness; (v) the payment of cash dividends or the redemption or repurchase of any capital stock of the Company; and (vi) investments and acquisitions. The Credit Agreement also contains certain customary events of default. The Credit Agreement also provides that it is an event of default if National Amusements, Inc. ("NAI") fails to own at least 51% of the outstanding voting stock of Viacom Inc. or Viacom Inc. fails to own at least 67% of the outstanding voting stock of the Company. Under the restrictions contained in the Credit Agreement, the Company is prohibited from (i) paying any dividends on its stock to Viacom Inc. for the purpose of enabling Viacom Inc. to pay any dividend on its common stock, or (ii) making any other dividend payments to Viacom Inc. (other than for certain limited specified purposes, including the satisfaction of Viacom Inc.'s obligations under the LTIP), unless its total leverage ratio is less than a specified amount. The Company is required to pay a commitment fee based on the aggregate average daily unborrowed portion of the Facility B commitment, with any amounts outstanding under competitive bid rate loans and commercial paper being deemed unborrowed for the purpose of calculating the commitment fee. The Company also is required to pay certain agency fees to the agent. The Credit Agreement does not require compensating balances. II-45 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) On January 4, 1993, Viacom Inc. borrowed $42.2 million from BONY pursuant to the Term Loan Agreement. The interest rate in the Term Loan Agreement is based upon BONY's prime rate or the London Interbank Offered Rate. Viacom Inc. repaid $13.9 million of debt under the Term Loan Agreement on January 15, 1994, the first scheduled maturity date. The remaining $28.3 million under the Term Loan Agreement matures on January 15, 1995. Viacom Inc. may prepay at any time a portion or all of the principal amount outstanding under the Term Loan Agreement. Any such optional prepayments shall be applied to reduce the principal installment due January 1995 and shall include all accrued interest on the amount of principal prepaid. Viacom Inc. shall be obligated to prepay the loan in the amount of any dividends received from the Company. The Term Loan Agreement contains certain covenants which impose certain limitations on (i) the incurrence of indebtedness and (ii) payment of cash dividends or the redemption or repurchase of any capital stock of Viacom. The Term Loan Agreement also contains certain customary events of default. The Term Loan Agreement has been amended to allow Viacom Inc. to complete the Paramount Offer and the Paramount Merger. The indebtedness under the Credit Agreement, Loan Facility Agreement and Term Loan Agreement bear interest at floating rates, causing the Company to be sensitive to changes in prevailing interest rates. The Company enters into interest rate protection agreements with off-balance sheet risk in order to reduce its exposure to changes in interest rates on its variable rate long-term debt. These interest rate protection agreements include interest rate swaps and interest rate caps. At December 31, 1993, the Company and Viacom Inc. had interest rate protection agreements outstanding with commercial banks, with respect to $1.1 billion of indebtedness under the Credit Agreement and $42.2 million under the Term Loan Agreement. These agreements effectively change the Company's interest exposure under the Credit Agreement to a ceiling of 5.64% on the interest rate caps, and under the Term Loan Agreement to a fixed weighted average rate of 6.65% on interest rate swaps. The interest rate protection agreements are in effect for a fixed period of time. The Company is exposed to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the counterparties to the agreements. However, the Company does not anticipate nonperformance by the counterparties. The Company had commercial paper outstanding of $60.9 million as of December 31, 1993. The Company also has aggregate money market facilities of $40 million, all of which was available at December 31, 1993. (b) -- On March 4, 1992, the Company issued $150 million aggregate principal amount of 9.125% Senior Subordinated Notes ("9.125% Notes") due August 15, 1999. Interest is payable semiannually on February 15 and August 15, commencing August 15, 1992. The 9.125% Notes may not be redeemed prior to February 15, 1997. They are redeemable at the option of the Company, in whole or in part, during the 12 month period beginning February 15, 1997 at a redemption price of 102.607% of the principal amount, during the 12 month period beginning February 15, 1998 at 101.304% of the principal amount, and on or after February 15, 1999 at 100% of the principal amount. Any such redemption will include accrued interest to the redemption date. The 9.125% Notes are not subject to any sinking fund requirements. (c) -- On May 28, 1992, the Company issued $100 million aggregate principal amount of 8.75% Senior Subordinated Reset Notes ("8.75% Reset Notes") due on May 15, 2001. Interest is payable semiannually on May 15 and November 15, commencing November 15, 1992. On May 15, 1995 and May 15, 1998, unless a notice of redemption of the 8.75% Reset Notes on such date has been given by the Company, the interest rate on the 8.75% Reset Notes will, if necessary, be adjusted from the rate then in effect to a rate to be determined on the basis of market rates in effect on May 5, 1995 and on May 5, 1998, respectively, as the rate the 8.75% Reset Notes should bear in order to have a market value of 101% of principal amount immediately after the resetting of the rate. In no event will the interest rate be lower than 8.75% or higher than the average three year treasury rate (as defined in the indenture) multiplied by two. The interest rate reset on May 15, 1995 will remain in effect on the 8.75% Reset Notes through and including May 15, 1998 and the interest rate reset on May 15, 1998 will remain in effect on the 8.75% Reset Notes thereafter. The 8.75% Reset Notes are redeemable at the option of the Company, in whole but not in part, on May 15, 1995 or May 15, 1998, at a redemption price of 101% of II-46 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) principal amount plus accrued interest to, but not including, the date of redemption. The 8.75% Reset Notes are not subject to any sinking fund requirements. (d) -- On September 15, 1991, the Company issued $200 million aggregate principal amount of 10.25% Senior Subordinated Notes ("10.25% Notes") due September 15, 2001. Interest is payable semiannually on March 15 and September 15, commencing March 15, 1992. The 10.25% Notes are not redeemable by the Company prior to maturity and are not subject to any sinking fund requirements. _____________________ II-47 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) The extraordinary losses and related tax benefits associated with the extinguishment of certain debt of Viacom Inc. and the Company are summarized as follows: 11.50% 11.80% Reset Discount Exchange Notes Notes Debentures Debentures Total ------ ------ ---------- ---------- ----- (Thousands of dollars) Year ended December 31, 1993: - ---------------------------- Extraordinary loss (a) $14,953 $ -- $ -- $ -- $14,953 Tax benefit 6,086 -- -- -- 6,086 ------- ------ ------- ------ ------- Extraordinary loss, net of tax $ 8,867 $ -- $ -- $ -- $ 8,867 ======= ====== ======= ====== ======= Year ended December 31, 1992: - ---------------------------- Extraordinary loss (b) $ -- $5,800 $22,600 $ -- $28,400 Tax benefit -- 2,361 8,919 -- 11,280 ------- ------ ------- ------ ------- Extraordinary loss, net of tax $ -- $3,439 $13,681 $ -- $17,120 ======= ====== ======= ====== ======= Year ended December 31, 1991: - ---------------------------- Extraordinary loss (c) $ -- $ -- $ 3,761 $ 947 $ 4,708 Tax benefit -- -- 1,284 323 1,607 ------- ------ ------- ------ ------- Extraordinary loss, net of tax $ -- $ -- $ 2,477 $ 624 $ 3,101 ======= ====== ======= ====== ======= (a) On July 15, 1993, the Company redeemed all of the $298 million principal amount outstanding of the 11.80% Senior Subordinated Notes ("11.80% Notes") at a redemption price equal to 103.37% of the principal amount plus accrued interest to July 15,1993. (b) On June 18, 1992, the Company redeemed all of the $356.5 million principal amount outstanding of the 14.75% Senior Subordinated Discount Debentures ("Discount Debentures") at a redemption price equal to 105% of the principal amount plus accrued interest to June 18, 1992. On March 10, 1992, the Company redeemed all of the $193 million principal amount outstanding of its 11.50% Senior Subordinated Extendible Reset Notes ("11.50% Reset Notes") at a redemption price equal to 101% of the principal amount plus accrued interest to the redemption date. (c) During December 1991, the Company purchased $43 million of Discount Debentures at an average price of 107.375% of their principal amount plus accrued interest. On August 30, 1991 and October 31, 1991, Viacom Inc. redeemed $250 million and $152 million, respectively, constituting the entire principal amount of the Exchange Debentures. The Company borrowed the funds necessary for each of these redemptions under its bank credit facilities existing in the respective periods. _____________________ NAI, Sumner M. Redstone and the Company each have purchased on the open market and may in the future continue to purchase on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions certain debt securities of the Company. During 1993, there were no purchases of debt securities made by NAI, Sumner M. Redstone or the Company. During 1992, Sumner M. Redstone purchased directly and beneficially $350,000, $605,000, $15,000 and $200,000 of 11.50% Senior II-48 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) Subordinated Extendible Reset Notes, 9.125% Senior Subordinated Notes, 10.25% Senior Subordinated Notes and 8.75% Senior Subordinated Reset Notes, respectively. During 1991, NAI and Sumner M. Redstone purchased $3,110,000 and $869,000 of 11.80% Senior Subordinated Notes, respectively. During 1991, NAI purchased $311,000 of the 11.50% Senior Subordinated Extendible Reset Notes. During December 1991, the Company purchased $43 million of Discount Debentures at an average price of 107.375% of their principal amount plus accrued interest. Interest costs incurred, interest income and capitalized interest are summarized below: Year Ended December 31, -------------------------- 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- (Thousands of dollars) Interest Incurred $154,509 $195,725 $298,591 Interest Income $ 9,184 $ 1,119 $ 626 Capitalized Interest $ 372 $ 502 $ 513 Scheduled maturities of long-term debt of the Company through December 31, 1998, assuming full utilization of the $1.9 billion commitment under the Credit Agreement and $300 million commitment under the Loan Facility, are $300 million (1994), $380 million (1995), $380 million (1996), $380 million (1997) and $380 million (1998). Scheduled maturities of debt of Viacom Inc. under the Term Loan Agreement are $13.9 million (repaid on January 15, 1994) and $28.3 million (1995). (See Note 2 regarding Paramount Merger financing and scheduled maturity of debt.) 5) FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS The Company's carrying value of the financial instruments approximates fair value, except for differences with respect to the senior subordinated debt and certain differences related to other financial instruments which are not significant. The carrying value of the senior subordinated debt is $450 million and the fair value, which is estimated based on quoted market prices, is $486 million. 6) SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY On October 22, 1993, Blockbuster purchased 24 million shares of cumulative convertible preferred stock, par value $.01 per share, of Viacom Inc. ("Series A Preferred Stock") for $600 million. On November 19, 1993, NYNEX Corporation ("NYNEX") purchased 24 million shares of cumulative convertible preferred stock, par value $.01 per share, of Viacom Inc. ("Series B Preferred Stock," collectively with the Series A Preferred Stock, "Preferred Stock") for $1.2 billion. Series A Preferred Stock and Series B Preferred Stock have liquidation preferences of $25 per share and $50 per share, respectively. The Preferred Stock has an annual dividend rate of 5%, is convertible into shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock at a conversion price of $70 and does not have voting rights other than those required by law. The Preferred Stock is redeemable by Viacom Inc. at declining premiums after five years. The Preferred Stock purchased by Blockbuster will be canceled upon consummation of the Blockbuster Merger. On August 30, 1991, Viacom Inc. issued 2,210,884 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock to an affiliate of Mirror Group Newspapers in exchange for the remaining 50.01% interest in MTV EUROPE (See Note 3). On September 17, 1991, all such shares of B Common Stock were sold by Mirror Group Newspapers in an underwritten public offering. II-49 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) On June 11, 1991, Viacom Inc. completed the sale of 10,781,600 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock in a registered public offering and the private placement of an additional 500,000 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock with NAI. Viacom Inc. realized proceeds, net of underwriting discounts and other related expenses, of approximately $317.7 million from the sale and private placement. NAI holds approximately 76.3% and the public holds approximately 23.7% of outstanding Viacom Inc. Common Stock as of December 31, 1993. NAI's percentage of ownership consists of 85.2% of the outstanding Viacom Class A Common Stock and 69.1% of the outstanding Viacom Class B Common Stock, as of December 31, 1993. Pursuant to a purchase program initiated in August 1987, NAI announced its intention to buy, from time to time, up to an additional 3,000,000 shares of Viacom Class A Common Stock and 2,423,700 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock. As of December 31, 1993, NAI had acquired an aggregate of 3,374,300 shares of Common Stock, consisting of 1,466,200 shares of Viacom Class A Common Stock and 1,908,100 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock, pursuant to this buying program. On August 20, 1993, NAI ceased making purchases of Common Stock. Under the restrictions contained in the Credit Agreement, the Company is prohibited from (i) paying any dividends on its stock to Viacom Inc. for the purpose of enabling Viacom Inc. to pay any dividend on its common stock, or (ii) making any other dividend payments to Viacom Inc. (other than for certain limited specified purposes), unless its total leverage ratio is less than a specified amount. Long-Term Incentive Plans - The purpose of the Long-Term Incentive Plans (the "Plans"), which consist of the Long-Term Incentive Plan ("LTIP") and the Long- Term Management Incentive Plan ("LTMIP"), is to benefit and advance the interests of Viacom Inc. by rewarding certain key employees for their contributions to the financial success of the Company and thereby motivating them to continue to make such contributions in the future. The Plans provide for grants of equity-based interests pursuant to awards of phantom shares, stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted shares or other equity- based interests ("Awards"), and for subsequent payments of cash with respect to phantom shares or stock appreciation rights based, subject to certain limits, on their appreciation in value over stated periods of time. During December 1992, a significant portion of the liability associated with the LTIP was satisfied through the cash payment of $68.6 million and the issuance of 177,897 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock valued at $6.9 million. The LTMIP provides that an aggregate of 7,000,000 Awards may be granted over five years. As of December 31, 1993, there were 1,994,020 Awards available for future grant, and 4,616,155 Awards outstanding consisting of phantom shares for 643,098 shares of common stock at an average grant price of $29 and vesting over three years from the date of grant, and stock options for 3,973,057 shares of common stock with exercise prices ranging from $20.75 to $55.25 and vesting over four years from the date of grant. The stock options expire 10 years after the date of grant. II-50 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) A summary of stock option activity follows: Number of Option Shares Price range ------- ----------- Balance at December 31, 1991 3,148,357 $20.75 to $29.375 Granted 643,740 31.875 Exercised (45,291) 20.75 to 29.00 Canceled (189,215) 20.75 to 29.375 --------- Balance at December 31, 1992 3,557,591 20.75 to 31.875 Granted 856,990 43.25 to 55.25 Exercised (346,378) 20.75 to 31.875 Canceled (95,146) 20.75 to 55.25 --------- Balance at December 31, 1993 3,973,057 $20.75 to $55.25 ========= Available for future grant: December 31, 1993 1,994,020 December 31, 1992 2,752,854 Exercisable: December 31, 1993 1,448,570 December 31, 1992 775,040 Viacom Inc. has reserved 224,410 shares of Viacom Class A Common Stock and 29,462,933 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock, principally for exercise of stock options and the conversion of the Preferred Stock. 7) INCOME TAXES The provision for income taxes shown below for the years ended December 31, 1993, 1992 and 1991 represents federal, state and foreign income taxes on earnings before income taxes. The tax benefits relating to losses accounted for under the equity method of accounting, which are shown net of tax on the Company's statement of operations, are $.6 million (1993), $2.2 million (1992) and $6.4 million (1991). See Note 4 for tax benefits relating to the Extraordinary Losses. During the first quarter of 1993, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes" ("SFAS 109") on a prospective basis and recognized an increase to earnings of $10.3 million in 1993 as the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle. SFAS 109 mandates the liability method for computing deferred income taxes. II-51 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) Earnings before income taxes are attributable to the following jurisdictions: Year Ended December 31, ------------------------------ 1993 1991 1992 ---- ---- ---- (Thousands of dollars) United States $267,804 $138,215 $ (2,716) Foreign 34,012 17,364 10,963 -------- -------- -------- Total $301,816 $155,579 $ 8,247 ======== ======== ======== Components of the provision for income taxes on earnings before income taxes are as follows: Year Ended December 31, ---------------------------- 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- (Thousands of dollars) Current: Federal $89,484 $47,347 $29,039 State and local 10,357 17,851 16,618 Foreign 5,610 4,582 5,159 -------- ------- ------- 105,451 69,780 50,816 Deferred 24,364 15,068 (8,756) -------- ------- ------- $129,815 $84,848 $42,060 ======== ======= ======= II-52 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) A reconciliation of the U.S. Federal statutory tax rate to the Company's effective tax rate on earnings before income taxes is as follows: Year Ended December 31, ----------------------- 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- Statutory U.S. tax rate 35.0% 34.0% 34.0% State and local taxes, net of federal tax benefit 5.7 4.7 10.8 Foreign taxes, net of federal tax benefit .5 1.9 41.3 Amortization of intangibles 7.1 18.2 405.3 Divestiture gain - nontaxable portion (3.2) -- -- Property and equipment basis difference -- 7.2 150.0 Other purchase accounting adjustments -- -- (46.8) Alternative minimum tax -- (88.7) Income tax reserve adjustment (5.0) (12.9) -- Effect of changes in statutory rate .5 -- -- Other, net 2.4 1.4 4.2 ----- ----- ------- Effective tax rate 43.0% 54.5% 510.1% ===== ===== ====== The annual effective tax rate of 43% for 1993 and 54.5% for 1992 includes a reduction of certain prior year tax reserves in the amount of $22 million and $20 million, respectively. The reduction is based on management's view concerning the outcome of several tax issues based upon the progress of federal, state and local audits. As of December 31, 1993, after having given effect to SFAS 109, the Company had total non-current deferred net tax liabilities of $85.2 million and current deferred net tax assets of $16.3 million. The deferred net tax assets are deemed to be fully realizable and therefore no valuation allowance has been established. At December 31, 1993, the Company had no net operating loss or investment tax credit carryovers. II-53 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) The following is a summary of the deferred tax accounts in accordance with SFAS 109 for the year ended December 31, 1993. (Thousands of dollars) Current deferred tax assets and (liabilities): Differences between book and tax recognition of revenue $ 17,826 Differences between book and tax expense for program costs (4,127) Other differences between tax and financial statement values 2,591 -------- Gross current deferred net tax assets 16,290 -------- Noncurrent deferred tax assets and (liabilities): Tax depreciation in excess of book depreciation (69,118) Reserves in excess of tax expense 39,336 Tax amortization in excess of book amortization (32,985) Differences between book and tax expense for program costs (18,442) Differences between book and tax recognition of revenue (3,505) Other differences between tax and financial statement values (497) ---------- Gross noncurrent deferred net tax liabilities (85,211) ---------- Total net deferred tax liabilities $ (68,921) ========== The following table identifies the deferred tax items which were part of the Company's tax provision under previously applicable accounting principles for the years ended December 31, 1992 and 1991: Year Ended December 31, ----------------------- 1992 1991 ---- ---- (Thousands of dollars) Deferred compensation $22,682 $(3,044) Depreciation 7,594 4,320 Syndication advance payments 4,118 (771) Alternative minimum tax - (7,821) Litigation accrual (13,324) - Sale of cable system (6,850) - Other, net 848 (1,440) ------- ------ $15,068 $(8,756) ======= ======== II-54 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) There are no significant temporary differences relating to foreign undistributed earnings or investments in foreign subsidiaries for 1993, 1992 or 1991. Thus, no related deferred taxes have been recorded by the Company for these years. Viacom Inc. and its subsidiaries file a consolidated federal income tax return and have done so since the period commencing June 11, 1991, the date on which NAI's percentage of ownership of Viacom Inc. was reduced to less than 80%. Prior to such date, Viacom Inc. and the Company filed a consolidated federal income tax return with NAI, and also participated in a tax-sharing agreement with NAI with respect to federal income taxes. The tax-sharing agreement obligated Viacom Inc. and the Company to make payment to NAI to the extent they would have paid federal income taxes on a separate company basis, and entitled them to receive a payment from NAI to the extent losses and credits reduced NAI's federal income taxes. 8) PENSION PLANS, OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS AND POSTEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS The Company and certain of its subsidiaries have non-contributory pension plans covering substantially all employees. The benefits for these plans are based primarily on an employee's years of service and pay near retirement. All employees are vested in the plans after five years of service. The Company's policy for all pension plans is to fund amounts in accordance with the Employee Retirement Income and Security Act of 1974. Plan assets consist principally of common stocks, marketable bonds and United States government securities. Net periodic pension cost for the periods indicated included the following components: Year Ended December 31, ---------------------- 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- (Thousands of dollars) Service cost - benefits earned during the period $5,442 $4,581 $3,919 Interest cost on projected benefit obligation 4,106 3,300 2,761 Return on plan assets: Actual (1,777) (1,421) (4,434) Deferred (gain) loss (1,134) (752) 2,952 Unrecognized prior service cost 480 454 450 -------- ------- ------- Net pension cost $7,117 $6,162 $5,648 ====== ====== ====== II-55 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) The funded status of the pension plans for the periods indicated is as follows: Year Ended December 31, ----------------------- 1993 1992 ---- ---- (Thousands of dollars) Actuarial present value of benefit obligations: Accumulated benefit obligation: Vested $34,440 $ 24,095 Non-vested 3,177 1,740 --------- -------- Total $37,617 $ 25,835 ======= ======== Projected benefit obligation $58,845 $ 43,626 Plan assets at fair value 32,649 28,282 --------- -------- Plan assets less than the projected benefit obligation (26,196) (15,344) Unrecognized loss during the year 8,104 476 Unrecognized prior service cost 3,743 4,384 Adjustment to recognize minimum liability (576) (768) --------- -------- Pension liability at year end $(14,925) $(11,252) ========= ======== For purposes of valuing the 1993 and 1992 projected benefit obligation, the discount rate was 7.5% (1993) and 8.25% (1992) and the rate of increase in future compensation was 6% for each of the years. For determining the pension expense for each of the years, the long-term rate of return on plan assets was 9%. In 1992, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 112, "Employers' Accounting For Postemployment Benefits" ("SFAS 112") which the Company will be required to adopt in 1994. SFAS 112 requires that postemployment benefits be accounted for under the accrual method versus the currently used pay-as-you-go method. The Company is evaluating the impact of SFAS 112 and it is not expected that SFAS 112 will have a significant effect on the Company's consolidated financial position or results of operations. 9) RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS The Company, through the normal course of business, is involved in transactions with affiliated companies. The Company sold programming to affiliates amounting to $5.5 million (1993), $3.3 million (1992) and $.9 million (1991) and paid subscriber fees of $6.1 million (1993), $5.4 million (1992) and $2.0 million (1991). In addition, rent and other expenses of $5.8 million, $4.7 million and $4.0 million were charged to affiliated companies during 1993, 1992 and 1991, respectively. Related party accounts receivable and accounts payable were immaterial for each period. The Company received approximately $.9 million (1993) and $1.3 million (1992) under its tax-sharing agreement with NAI and paid approximately $.9 million (1991). II-56 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) 10) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES The Company has long-term noncancellable lease commitments for office space and equipment, transponders, studio facilities and vehicles. At December 31, 1993, minimum rental payments under noncancellable leases are as follows: Operating Capital Leases Leases ------ ------ (Thousands of dollars) 1994 $ 59,746 $ 9,632 1995 58,946 10,660 1996 56,795 11,689 1997 53,125 12,717 1998 55,373 13,746 1999 and thereafter 390,181 38,764 -------- ------- Total minimum lease payments $674,166 97,208 ======== Less amounts representing interest 34,121 ------- Present value of net minimum payments $63,087 ======= Future minimum capital lease payments and operating lease payments have not been reduced by future minimum sublease rentals of $26.0 million and $.5 million, respectively. Rent expense amounted to $74.2 million (1993), $67.9 million (1992) and $64.6 million (1991). Capital leases represent the financing of transponders of $67.0 million (1993) and $26.2 million (1992), net of accumulated amortization of $7.8 million (1993) and $3.0 million (1992). The commitments of the Company for program license fees which are not reflected in the balance sheet as of December 31, 1993, which are estimated to aggregate approximately $1.9 billion, principally reflect commitments under SNI's exclusive arrangements with several motion picture companies. This estimate is based upon a number of factors. A majority of such fees are payable within the next seven years, as part of normal programming expenditures of SNI. These commitments are contingent upon delivery of motion pictures which are not yet available for premium television exhibition and, in many cases, have not yet been produced. During July 1991, the Company received reassessments from 10 California counties of its Cable Division's real and personal property, related to the June 1987 acquisition by NAI, which could result in substantially higher California property tax liabilities. The Company is appealing the reassessments and believes that the reassessments as issued are unreasonable and unsupportable under California law. The Company believes that the final resolution of this matter will not have a material effect on its consolidated financial position or results of operations. There are various lawsuits and claims pending against the Company. Management believes that any ultimate liability resulting from those actions or claims will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial position or results of operations (See Note 14). II-57 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) 11) FOREIGN OPERATIONS The consolidated financial statements include the following amounts applicable to foreign subsidiaries: Year Ended December 31, ----------------------------- 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- (Thousands of dollars) Revenues $ 122,200 $68,193 $31,786 Earnings before income taxes $ 34,012 $17,364 $10,963 Net earnings $ 33,747 $16,384 $ 9,294 Current assets $ 54,190 $47,769 $38,452 Total assets $ 115,744 $73,817 $40,422 Total liabilities $ 68,728 $57,441 $30,897 Total export revenues were $25.2 million (1993), $34.9 million (1992) and $26.7 million (1991). Foreign currency transaction gains and losses were immaterial in each period presented. II-58 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) 12) BUSINESS SEGMENTS Year Ended December 31, ----------------------------- 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- (Thousands of dollars) Revenues: Networks $1,221,200 $1,058,831 $ 922,157 Entertainment 209,110 248,335 273,488 Cable Television 415,953 411,087 378,026 Broadcasting 181,778 168,847 159,182 Intercompany elimination (23,092) (22,417) (21,291) ---------- ---------- ---------- Total revenues $2,004,949 $1,864,683 $1,711,562 ========== ========== ========== Earnings from operations: Networks $ 272,087 $ 205,576 $ 172,296 Entertainment 32,480 59,662 73,214 Cable Television 110,176 122,037 103,954 Broadcasting 42,293 31,956 27,734 Corporate (72,041) (71,304) (64,964) ---------- ---------- ---------- Total earnings from operations $ 384,995 $ 347,927 $ 312,234 ========== ========== ========== Depreciation and amortization: Networks $ 44,747 $ 41,754 $ 30,123 Entertainment 9,549 6,792 7,160 Cable Television 71,520 68,505 66,604 Broadcasting 23,475 24,509 27,062 Corporate 3,766 3,242 1,915 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total depreciation and amortization $ 153,057 $ 144,802 $ 132,864 ========== ========== ========== Identifiable assets at year end: Networks $1,794,418 $1,604,504 $1,453,643 Entertainment 845,620 829,607 855,357 Cable Television 963,047 972,066 979,668 Broadcasting 744,208 722,023 742,650 Corporate 2,069,575 188,894 157,060 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total identifiable assets at year end $6,416,868 $4,317,094 $4,188,378 ========== ========== ========== Capital expenditures: Networks $ 35,786 $ 26,076 $ 6,170 Entertainment 4,933 7,102 916 Cable Television 79,482 54,596 44,967 Broadcasting 4,886 5,102 3,101 Corporate 9,924 17,346 2,275 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total capital expenditures $ 135,011 $ 110,222 $ 57,429 ========== ========== ========== II-59 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) 13) QUARTERLY FINANCIAL DATA (unaudited): Summarized quarterly financial data for 1993 and 1992 appears below: First Second Third Fourth Quarter Quarter Quarter Quarter Total Year ------- ------- ------- ------- ---------- (Thousands of dollars, except per share amounts) 1993 - ---- Revenues $470,650 $495,799 $508,122 $530,378 $2,004,949 Earnings from operations $ 90,182 $106,562 $110,153 $ 78,098 $ 384,995 Earnings before extraordinary losses and cumulative effect of changes in accounting principle (1) $ 70,626 $ 41,628 $ 30,901 $ 26,326 $ 169,481 Net earnings $ 80,964 $ 41,628 $ 22,034 $ 26,326 $ 170,952 Net earnings attributable to common stock (2) $ 80,964 $ 41,628 $ 22,034 $ 13,576 $ 158,202 Net earnings per common share: Earnings before extraordinary losses and cumulative effect of changes in accounting principle $ .59 $ .35 $ .25 $ .11 $ 1.30 Net earnings $ .67 $ .35 $ .18 $ .11 $ 1.31 Average number of common shares 120,479 120,517 120,645 120,782 120,607 1992 - ---- Revenues $430,568 $451,053 $471,498 $511,564 $1,864,683 Earnings from operations (3) $ 83,399 $ 96,873 $100,010 $ 67,645 $ 347,927 Earnings (loss) before extraordinary losses (4) $ 10,527 $ (1,145) $ 45,049 $ 11,654 $ 66,085 Net earnings (loss) $ 7,088 $(14,826) $ 45,049 $ 11,654 $ 48,965 Net earnings (loss) per common share: Earnings (loss) before extraordinary losses $ .09 $ (.01) $ .37 $ .10 $ .55 Net earnings (loss) $ .06 $ (.12) $ .37 $ .10 $ .41 Average number of common shares 120,228 120,229 120,230 120,250 120,235 (1) The first quarter of 1993 reflects a pre-tax gain of $55 million related to the sale of the stock of Viacom Cablevision of Wisconsin Inc. (See Note 14). (2) The fourth quarter of 1993 reflects Preferred Stock dividends of $12.8 million (See Note 6). (3) The third quarter of 1992 reflects a reversal of compensation expense associated with the Long-Term Incentive Plans. The fourth quarter of 1992 reflects a significant expense associated with the Long-Term Incentive Plans. The fluctuations in compensation expense associated with the Long- Term Incentive Plans for the third and fourth quarter of 1992 resulted primarily from the fluctuations in market value of Viacom Inc.'s Common Stock (See Note 6). (4) The second quarter of 1992 reflects the reserve for litigation of $33 million related to a summary judgment against the Company in a dispute with CBS Inc. The third quarter of 1992 reflects a gain of $35 million related to certain aspects of the settlement of the Time Warner antitrust lawsuit (See Note 14). II-60 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) 14) OTHER ITEMS, NET As part of the settlement of the Time Warner antitrust lawsuit, the Company sold all the stock of Viacom Cablevision of Wisconsin, Inc. to Warner Communications Inc. ("Warner"). This transaction was effective on January 1, 1993. As consideration for the stock, Warner paid the sum of $46 million plus repayment of debt under the Credit Agreement in the amount of $49 million, resulting in a pre-tax gain of approximately $55 million reflected in "Other items, net." Also reflected in this line item is the net gain on the sale of a portion of an investment held at cost and adjustments to previously established non-operating litigation reserves, and other items. "Other items, net" reflects a gain of $35 million recorded in the third quarter of 1992; this gain represents payments received in the third quarter relating to certain aspects of the settlement of the Time Warner antitrust lawsuit, net of the Company's 1992 legal expenses related to this lawsuit. "Other items, net" also reflects a reserve for litigation of $33 million during the second quarter of 1992 related to a summary judgment against Viacom in a dispute with CBS Inc. arising under the 1970 agreement associated with the spin-off of Viacom International Inc. by CBS Inc. On July 30, 1993, the Company settled all disputes arising under the above litigation. In September 1991, the Company recorded a reserve for its investment in a start-up joint venture. On August 16, 1991, the Company sold 129,837 shares of Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. Class B Common Stock for approximately $1.9 million. These transactions resulted in a pre-tax loss of approximately $6.5 million, which is reflected in "Other items, net." II-61 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued) 15) SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION Year Ended December 31, ------------------------ 1993 1992 1991 ---- ----- ---- (Thousands of dollars) Cash payments for interest net of $167,383 $194,879 $233,904 amounts capitalized Cash payments for income taxes 32,675 50,738 24,539 Cash received for income taxes 1,074 1,470 3,301 Supplemental schedule of non-cash financing and investing activities: B Common stock issued as satisfaction for LTIP liability -- 6,894 -- Equipment acquired under capitalized leases 44,381 26,192 -- B Common Stock issued to acquire the remaining 50.01% interest in MTV EUROPE -- -- 65,000 II-62 ITEM 9. DISAGREEMENTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE. Not applicable. II-63 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SCHEDULES The following consolidated financial statements and schedules of the registrant and its subsidiaries are submitted herewith as part of this report: Reference (Page/s) -------- 1. Report of Independent Accountants.................. II-32 2. Management's Statement of Responsibility for Financial Reporting................................ II-33 3. Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 1993, 1992, and 1991........... II-34 4. Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 1993 and 1992........................................... II-35-II-36 5. Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 1993, 1992 and 1991........... II-37 6. Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 1993, 1992 and 1991... II-38 7. Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements......... II-39-II-62 Report of Independent Accountants on Financial Statement Schedules................................... F-2 Financial Statement Schedules: II. Amounts receivable from related parties. F-3 VIII. Valuation and qualifying accounts.......... F-4 IX. Short-term borrowings...................... F-5 X. Supplementary statement of operations information................................ F-6 All other Schedules are omitted since the required information is not present or is not present in amounts sufficient to require submission of the schedule, or because the information required is included in the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto. F-1 REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS --------------------------------- To the Boards of Directors and Shareholders of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. Our audits of the consolidated financial statements referred to in our report dated February 4, 1994, except as to Note 2, which is as of March 11, 1994, appearing on page II-32 of this annual report on Form 10-K also included an audit of the Financial Statement Schedules listed in Item 14(a) of this Form 10-K. In our opinion, these Financial Statement Schedules present fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. PRICE WATERHOUSE 1177 Avenue of the Americas New York, New York 10036 February 4, 1994 F-2 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES SCHEDULE II - AMOUNTS RECEIVABLE FROM RELATED PARTIES (Thousands of Dollars)
Col. A Col. B Col. C Col. D Col. E ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ Balance at End of Deductions Period -------------------------- ----------------- Balance at Amounts Beginning of Amounts Written Non- Name of Debtor Period Additions Collected Off Other Current Current -------------- ----------- --------- --------- ------- ----- ------- ------- Year ended December 31, 1993: National Amusements, Inc. -- $ 855 $ 855 -- -- -- -- Year Ended December 31, 1992: National Amusements, Inc. -- $1,307 $1,307 -- -- -- -- Year Ended December 31, 1991: National Amusements, Inc. -- $2,885 $2,885 -- -- -- --
F-3 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES SCHEDULE VIII - VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS (Thousands of Dollars)
Col. A Col. B Col. C Col. D Col. E ------ ------ ----------------------- ------------- ------ Balance at Charged to Charged to Balance at Beginning of Costs and Other End of Description Period Expenses Accounts(A) Deductions(B) Period ----------- ----------- --------- ----------- ------------- ---------- Allowance for doubtful accounts: Year ended December $25,779 $16,733 $3,459 $12,082 $33,889 31, 1993 Year ended December $28,603 $ 9,355 $ (155) $12,024 $25,779 31, 1992 Year ended December $23,593 $15,855 $1,933(C) $12,778 $28,603 31, 1991 Notes: ----- (A) Charged (credited) to the balance sheet account "Owners' share of distribution revenue." (B) Includes amounts written off, net of recoveries. (C) Includes the allowance for doubtful accounts of MTV EUROPE, previously accounted for under the equity method, of $689 thousand
F-4 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES SCHEDULE IX - SHORT-TERM BORROWINGS (Thousands of Dollars)
Col. A Col. B Col. C Col. D Col. E Col. F ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ Maximum Average Weighted Weighted Amount Amount Average Balance at Average Outstanding Outstanding Interest Rate Category of Aggregate Beginning of Interest During the During the During the Short-term Borrowings Period Rate Period Period(A) Period(A) - --------------------- ----------- -------- ---------- ----------- ------------- Year ended December 31, 1993 Money Market $ -- -- $ 23,000 $ 305 3.68% Commercial Paper $ 60,879 3.68% $ 174,257 $122,744 3.64% Year ended December 31, 1992: Money Market $ -- -- $ 6,000 $ 1,684 4.66% Commercial Paper $ 9,984 3.83% $ 144,638 $ 74,214 4.51% Year ended December 31, 1991: Money Market $ -- -- $ 20,000 $ 1,293 6.28% Commercial Paper $ 73,425 5.51% $ 188,975 $108,985 6.58% NOTE: ---- (A) Calculated on a monthly basis.
F-5 VIACOM INC. AND VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES SCHEDULE X - SUPPLEMENTARY STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS INFORMATION (Thousands of Dollars) Col. A Col. B ------ ----------------------------- Charged to Costs and Expenses ----------------------------- Year Ended December 31, ----------------------------- 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ITEM Maintenance and repairs $21,104 $25,649 $20,145 Advertising costs $79,827 $51,124 $68,858 Amortization $60,278 $63,256 $62,795 Taxes, other than payroll and $30,362 $21,000 $19,805 income taxes NOTE: ---- Items not presented above are less than 1% of revenues or are presented elsewhere in the consolidated financial statements. F-6 PART III ITEM 10. DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS. The information contained in the Viacom Inc. Definitive Proxy Statement under the caption "Information Concerning Directors and Nominees" is incorporated herein by reference. ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION. The information contained in the Viacom Inc. Definitive Proxy Statement under the captions "Directors' Compensation" and "Executive Compensation" is incorporated herein by reference. ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT. The information contained in the Viacom Inc. Definitive Proxy Statement under the caption "Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management" is incorporated herein by reference. ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS. The information contained in the Viacom Inc. Definitive Proxy Statement under the caption "Related Transactions" is incorporated herein by reference. III - 1 PART IV ITEM 14. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES AND REPORTS ON FORM 8-K. (a) and (d) Financial Statements and Schedules (see Index on Page F-1) (b) Reports on Form 8-K Current Reports on Form 8-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. with a report date of October 5, 1993 relating to the agreement dated as of October 4, 1993 between Viacom Inc. and NYNEX Corporation ("NYNEX") pursuant to which NYNEX subscribed for and agreed to purchase from Viacom Inc. 24 million shares of newly issued Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock of Viacom Inc. for an aggregate purchase price of $1.2 billion. Current Reports on Form 8-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. with a report date of October 27, 1993 relating to the completion of the issuance and sale to Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation ("Blockbuster") by Viacom Inc. of 24 million shares of new issued Series A Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock and the election of H. Wayne Huizenga, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Blockbuster, as a director of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. Current Reports on Form 8-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. with a report date of November 19, 1993 relating to the completion of the issuance and sale to NYNEX Corporation ("NYNEX") of 24 million shares of newly issued Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock for an aggregate purchase price of $1.2 billion and the election of William C. Ferguson, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of NYNEX, as a director of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. (c) Exhibits (see index on Page E-1) IV-1 SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(D) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, Viacom Inc. has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereto duly authorized. VIACOM INC. By /s/Frank J. Biondi, Jr. --------------------------------- Frank J. Biondi, Jr., President, Chief Executive Officer By /s/George S. Smith, Jr. --------------------------------- George S. Smith, Jr., Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer By /s/Kevin C. Lavan --------------------------------- Kevin C. Lavan, Vice President, Controller, Chief Accounting Officer Date: March 31, 1994 Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed by the following persons on behalf of Viacom Inc. and in the capacities and on the dates indicated: By * March 31, 1994 -------------------------------- George S. Abrams, Director By /s/Frank J. Biondi, Jr. March 31, 1994 -------------------------------- Frank J. Biondi, Jr., Director By /s/Philippe P. Dauman March 31, 1994 -------------------------------- Philippe P. Dauman, Director By * March 31, 1994 -------------------------------- William C. Ferguson, Director By * March 31, 1994 -------------------------------- H. Wayne Huizenga, Director By * March 31, 1994 -------------------------------- Ken Miller, Director By * March 31, 1994 -------------------------------- Brent D. Redstone, Director By * March 31, 1994 -------------------------------- Sumner M. Redstone, Director By * March 31, 1994 -------------------------------- Frederic V. Salerno, Director By * March 31, 1994 -------------------------------- William Schwartz, Director * By /s/Philippe P. Dauman March 31, 1994 -------------------------------- Philippe P. Dauman Attorney-in-Fact for the Directors VIACOM INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES INDEX TO EXHIBITS ITEM 14(C) EXHIBIT NO. DESCRIPTION OF DOCUMENT PAGE NO. - ----------------------------------------------------------------- (2) Plan of Acquisition (a) Certificate of Ownership and Merger of Viacom International Inc. into Arsenal Holdings II, Inc. as filed with the Office of Secretary of State of Delaware and effective on April 26, 1990 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2(1) to the Current Report on Form 8-K of Viacom International Inc. with a report date of April 26, 1990) (File No. 1-9554). (b) Certificate and Agreement of Merger of Viacom International Inc. into Arsenal Holdings II, Inc. filed with the Office of the Secretary of State of Ohio and effective April 26, 1990 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2(2) to the Current Report on Form 8-K of Viacom International Inc. with a report date of April 26, 1990) (File No. 1-9554). (c) Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of January 7, 1994 between Viacom Inc. and Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99(c)(9) to Viacom Inc. Schedule 14D-1 Tender Offer Statement (Amendment No. 20) dated January 7, 1994). (d) Voting Agreement dated as of January 7, 1994 between National Amusements, Inc. and Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation (filed herewith). (e) Amended and Restated Stockholders Stock Option Agreement dated as of January 7, 1994 among Viacom Inc. and each person listed on the signature pages thereto (filed herewith). (f) Amended and Restated Proxy Agreement dated as of January 7, 1994 among Viacom Inc. and each person listed on the signature pages thereto (filed herewith). (g) Voting Agreement dated as of January 21, 1994 between National Amusements, Inc. and Paramount Communications Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99(a)(66) to Viacom Inc. Schedule 14D-1 Tender Offer Statement (Amendment No. 29) dated January 24, 1994). (h) Amended and Restated Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of February 4, 1994 between Viacom Inc. and Paramount Communications Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99(a)(92) to Viacom Inc. Schedule 14D-1 Tender Offer Statement (Amendment No. 38) dated February 7, 1994). E-1 EXHIBIT NO. DESCRIPTION OF DOCUMENT PAGE NO. - ----------------------------------------------------------------- (3) Articles of Incorporation and By-laws (a) Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Viacom Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(a) to the Annual Reports on Form 10- K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992, as amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1 dated November 29, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 2 dated December 9, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554). (b) Certificate of the Designations, Powers, Preferences and Relative, Participating or other Rights, and the Qualifications, Limitations or Restrictions thereof, of Series A Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock ($0.01 par value) of Viacom Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the quarter ended September 30, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554). (c) Certificate of the Designations, Powers, Preferences and Relative, Participating or other Rights, and the Qualifications, Limitations or Restrictions thereof, of Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock ($0.01 par value) of Viacom Inc. (filed herewith). (d) By-laws of Viacom Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to the Registration Statement on Form S-4 filed by Viacom Inc.) (File No. 33-13812). (e) Certificate of Incorporation of Viacom International Inc. (formerly Arsenal Holdings II, Inc.) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(e) to the Annual Reports on Form 10- K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1990, as amended on Form 8, dated June 3, 1991) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554). (f) By-laws of Viacom International Inc. (formerly Arsenal Holdings II, Inc.) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(f) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1990, as amended on Form 8, dated June 3, 1991) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554). E-2 EXHIBIT NO. DESCRIPTION OF DOCUMENT PAGE NO. - ----------------------------------------------------------------- (4) Instruments defining the rights of security holders, including indentures: (a) Specimen certificate representing the Viacom Inc. Voting Common Stock (currently Class A Common Stock) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Registration Statement on Form S-4 filed by Viacom Inc.) (File No. 33- 13812). (b) Specimen certificate representing Viacom Inc. Class B Non-Voting Common Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4(a) to the Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the quarter ended June 30, 1990) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554). (c) Specimen certificate representing Viacom Inc. Series A Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock of Viacom Inc. (filed herewith). (d) Specimen certificate representing Viacom Inc. Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock of Viacom Inc. (filed herewith). (e) Indenture, dated as of September 15, 1991, among Viacom International Inc., as Issuer, Viacom Inc., as Guarantor, and The Bank of New York, as Trustee, relating to Viacom International Inc.'s Guarantied Senior Subordinated Debt Securities (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Reports on Form 8-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. with a report date of September 20, 1991) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554) as supplemented by the First Supplemental Indenture dated as of September 15, 1991 among Viacom International Inc., as Issuer, Viacom Inc., as Guarantor, and The Bank of New York, as Trustee, relating to Viacom International Inc.'s 10.25% Senior Subordinated Notes due September 15, 2001 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Current Reports on Form 8-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. with a report date of September 20, 1991) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554) as further supplemented by the Second Supplemental Indenture dated as of March 4, 1992 among Viacom International Inc., as Issuer, Viacom Inc., as Guarantor, and The Bank of New York, as Trustee, relating to Viacom International Inc.'s 9.125% Senior Subordinated Notes due August 15, 1999 and relating to Viacom International Inc.'s 8.75% Senior Subordinated Reset Notes due May 15, 2001 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Reports on Form 8-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. with a report date of March 4, 1992) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554). (f) Specimen of Note evidencing the 10.25% Senior Subordinated Notes due September 15, 2001 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the Current Reports on Form 8-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. with a report date of September 20, 1991) (File Nos. 1- 9553/1-9554). (g) Specimen of Note evidencing the 9.125% Senior Subordinated Notes due August 15, 1999 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Current Reports on Form 8-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. with a report date of March 4, 1992) (File Nos. 1-9553/1- 9554). E-3 EXHIBIT NO. DESCRIPTION OF DOCUMENT PAGE NO. - ----------------------------------------------------------------- (h) Specimen of Note evidencing the 8.75% Senior Subordinated Reset Notes due May 15, 2001 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Reports on Form 8-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. with a report date of May 28, 1992) (File Nos. 1-9553/1- 9554). (i) Indenture, dated as of July 15, 1988, between Viacom International Inc. and Bankers Trust Company, Trustee, relating to Viacom International Inc.'s 11.80% Senior Subordinated Notes due 1998 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Registration Statement on Form S-2 filed by Viacom International Inc.) (File No. 33-21280) and the First Supplement to Indenture dated April 27, 1990 between Viacom International Inc. and Bankers Trust Company, as Trustee (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4(2) to the Current Report on Form 8-K of Viacom International Inc. with a report date of April 26, 1990) (File No. 1-9554). (j) Form of Note evidencing the 11.80% Senior Subordinated Notes due 1998 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit A to the Indenture filed as Exhibit 4.1 to the Registration Statement on Form S-2 filed by Viacom International Inc.) (File No. 33-21280). (k) Indenture, dated as of June 15, 1986, between Viacom International Inc. and Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York, Trustee, relating to Viacom International Inc.'s 5 3/4% Convertible Subordinated Debentures Due 2001 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.5(b) to the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1986) (File No. 1-6514), and the First Supplement to Indenture, dated June 9, 1987, among Viacom International Inc., Viacom Inc. and Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York, Trustee (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.5(b) to the Registration Statement on Form S-4 filed by Viacom Inc.) (File No. 33-13812). (l) Credit Agreement, dated as of September 26, 1989 (the "Credit Agreement"), among Viacom International Inc., the banks listed therein (the "Banks"), and Citibank, N.A. as Agent and The Bank of New York as Co-Agent, as amended and restated as of January 17, 1992 among Viacom Inc., as Guarantor, Viacom International Inc., the Subsidiary Obligors, the Banks, Citibank, N.A. as Agent, and The Bank of New York as Co-Agent (incorporated by reference to Exhibits 10(1) and 10(2) to the Current Reports on Form 8-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. with a report date of January 22, 1992) as amended by Letter Agreements dated as of May 13, 1993 and April 7, 1993 (incorporated by reference to Exhibits 4.1 and 4.2 to the Current Reports on Form 10- Q of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the quarter ended June 30, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554) (m) Loan Facility Agreement dated as of June 2, 1993 among the Company and the banks named therein and The Bank of New York as Administrative Managing Agent, and The Bank of New York and Citibank as Managing Agents (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the quarter ended June 30, 1993)(File Nos. 1- 9553/1-9554). E-4 EXHIBIT NO. DESCRIPTION OF DOCUMENT PAGE NO. - ----------------------------------------------------------------- (n) Credit Agreement dated as of November 19, 1993, as amended as of January 4, 1994 and as further amended as of February 15, 1994, among Viacom Inc., the Banks named therein, and The Bank of New York, Citibank, N.A. and Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York, as Managing Agents (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99(a)(11) to Viacom Inc. Schedule 14D- 1 Tender Offer Statement (Amendment No. 46) dated March 3, 1994). (10) Material Contracts (a) Viacom Inc. 1989 Long-Term Management Incentive Plan (as amended and restated through April 23, 1990) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit A to Viacom Inc.'s Definitive Proxy Statement dated April 27, 1990).* (b) Viacom Inc. Long-Term Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit A to Viacom Inc.'s Definitive Proxy Statement dated April 29, 1988), and amendment thereto (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(d) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 21, 1991) (File Nos. 1- 9553/1-9554), and as further amended by amendment dated December 17, 1992 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(d) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992, as amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1 dated November 29, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 2 dated December 9, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* (c) Viacom Inc. Long-Term Incentive Plan (Divisional) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the quarter ended June 30, 1993)(File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* (d) Viacom International Inc. Deferred Compensation Plan for Non-Employee Directors (as amended and restated through December 17, 1992) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(e) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992, as amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1 dated November 29, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 2 dated December 9, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* (e) Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. Retirement Income Plan for Non-Employee Directors (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(f) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1989) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* * Management contract or compensatory plan required to be filed as an exhibit to this form pursuant to Item 14(c). E-5 EXHIBIT NO. DESCRIPTION OF DOCUMENT PAGE NO. - ------------------------------------------------------------------- (f) Viacom Inc. Stock Option Plan for Non-Employee Directors (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the quarter ended June 30, 1993)(File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* (g) Excess Benefits Investment Plan for Certain Key Employees of Viacom International Inc. (effective April 1, 1984 and amended as of January 1, 1990) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(h) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1990) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* (h) Excess Pension Plan for Certain Key Employees of Viacom International Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(i) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1990) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* (i) Employment Agreement, dated as of August 1, 1987, between Viacom International Inc. and Frank J. Biondi, Jr. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(e) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1988) (File No. 1-9553/1-9554). Guarantee Agreement, dated as of August 1, 1987, from Viacom Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(e) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1988) (Files Nos. 1-9553/1-9554). Agreement under the Viacom Inc. Long-Term Incentive Plan, dated March 7, 1989, between Viacom Inc. and Frank J. Biondi, Jr. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(e) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1988) (File Nos. 1- 9553/1-9554).* (j) Agreement, dated as of January 1, 1990, between Viacom International Inc. and Neil S. Braun (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(l) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1990) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554) as amended by an Agreement dated as of October 1, 1992 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(k) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992, as amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1 dated November 29, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 2 dated December 9, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* (k) Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, dated as of October 1, 1987, between Viacom International Inc. and John W. Goddard (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(l) to the Annual Reprints on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1991) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* * Management contract or compensatory plan required to be filed as an exhibit to this form pursuant to Item 14(c). E-6 EXHIBIT NO. DESCRIPTION OF DOCUMENT PAGE NO. - ----------------------------------------------------------------- (l) Agreement, dated as of August 1, 1990, between Viacom International Inc. and George S. Smith, Jr. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(o) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1990) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* (m) Agreement, dated as of August 1, 1990, between Viacom International Inc. and Mark M. Weinstein (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(p) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1990) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554) as amended by an Agreement dated as of February 1, 1993 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(n) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992, as amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1 dated November 29, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 2 dated December 9, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* (n) Agreement, dated as of August 1, 1992, between Viacom International Inc. and Thomas E. Dooley (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(o) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992, as amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1 dated November 29, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 2 dated December 9, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554) as amended by an Agreement dated as of October 1, 1992 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(o) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992, as amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1 dated November 29, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 2 dated December 9, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1- 9554).* (o) Agreement, dated as of January 1, 1992, between Viacom International Inc. and Edward Horowitz (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(p) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992, as amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1 dated November 29, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 2 dated December 9, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554) as amended by an Agreement dated as of October 1, 1992 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(p) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992, as amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1 dated November 29, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 2 dated December 9, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* (p) Agreement dated as of February 1, 1993 between Viacom International Inc. and Philippe P. Dauman (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(q) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992, as amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1 dated November 29, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 2 dated December 9, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554).* * Management contract or compensatory plan required to be filed as an exhibit to this form pursuant to Item 14(c). E-7 EXHIBIT NO. DESCRIPTION OF DOCUMENT PAGE NO. - ----------------------------------------------------------------- (q) Partnership Agreement between Viacom HA! Holding Company and The Comedy Channel Corp. dated as of December 17, 1990 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Registration Statement on Form S-3 filed by Viacom International Inc.) (File No. 33-40170). (r) Lease Agreement between First Security Bank of Utah, N.A., as owner trustee and Viacom International Inc. dated as of August 12, 1992 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(t) to the Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the fiscal year ended December 31, 1992, as amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1 dated November 29, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 2 dated December 9, 1993) (File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554). (s) Lease Agreement dated as of June 22, 1993 between Mellon Financial Services Corporation and Viacom International Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. for the quarter ended June 30, 1993)(File Nos. 1-9553/1-9554). (t) Stock Purchase Agreement dated as of October 4, 1993 between Viacom Inc. and NYNEX Corporation, as amended as of November 19, 1993 (filed herewith). (u) Amended and Restated Stock Purchase Agreement dated October 21, 1993 between Viacom Inc. and Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation (filed herewith). (v) Subscription Agreement, dated January 7, 1994 between Viacom Inc. and Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99(c)(8) to Viacom Inc. Schedule 14D-1 Tender Offer Statement (Amendment No. 20) dated January 7, 1994). (12) Statements re Computation of Ratios (a) Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Changes of Viacom International Inc. (filed herewith). (b) Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Fixed of Viacom Inc. (filed herewith). (21) Subsidiaries of Viacom Inc. and Viacom International Inc. (filed herewith). (23) Consents of Experts and Counsel (a) Consent of Price Waterhouse (filed herewith). (b) Consent of Ernst & Young (filed herewith). (24) Powers of Attorney (filed herewith). (99) Additional Exhibits (a) Item 1, Item 2 and Item 3 of Paramount's Transition Report on Form 10-K for the six- month period ended April 30, 1993, as such report was amended in its entirety by Form 10-K/A No. 1 dated September 28, 1993, as further amended by Form 10-K/A No. 2 dated September 30, 1993 and as further amended by Form 10-K/A No. 3 dated March 21, 1994 (filed herewith). (b) Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Paramount Communications Inc. for the quarter ended July 31, 1993 (filed herewith). (c) Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Paramount Communications Inc. for the quarter ended October 31, 1993 (filed herewith). (d) Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Paramount Communications Inc. for the quarter ended January 31, 1994 (filed herewith). E-8

                                              [CONFORMED COPY]



                       VOTING AGREEMENT



         VOTING AGREEMENT, dated as of January 7, 1994 (this
"Agreement"), between NATIONAL AMUSEMENTS, INC., a Maryland
 ---------
corporation (the "Stockholder"), and BLOCKBUSTER ENTERTAINMENT
                  -----------
CORPORATION,  a Delaware corporation ("Blockbuster").
                                       -----------

         WHEREAS, Viacom Inc., a Delaware corporation
("Viacom"), and Blockbuster propose to enter into an
Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of the date hereof
(the "Merger  Agreement"), which provides, among other things,
      -----------------
that Blockbuster will merger with Viacom pursuant to the
merger contemplated by the Merger Agreement (the "Merger");
                                                  ------

         WHEREAS, as of the date hereof, the Stockholder owns
(i) 45,547,214 shares of Class A Common Stock, par value $.01
per share, of Viacom ("Viacom Class B Common Stock") and
                       ---------------------------
(ii) 46,565,414 shares of Class B Common Stock, par value
$.01 per share, of Viacom ("Viacom Class B Common Stock";
                            ---------------------------
together with the Viacom Class A Common Stock, the "Viacom
                                                    ------
Common Stock"); and
- ------------

         WHEREAS, as a condition to the willingness of
Blockbuster to enter into the Merger Agreement, Blockbuster
has required that the Stockholder agree, and in order to
induce Blockbuster to enter into the Merger Agreement, the
Stockholder has agreed, to enter into this Agreement with
respect to all the shares of Viacom Class A Common Stock now
owned and which may hereafter be acquired by the Stockholder
(the "Shares").
      ------

         NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the foregoing
and the mutual covenants and agreements contained herein, and
intending to be legally bound hereby, the parties hereto
hereby agree as follows:

                           ARTICLE I

                       VOTING OF SHARES
                       ----------------

         SECTION 1.01.  Voting Agreement.  The Stockholder
                        ----------------
hereby agrees that during the time this Agreement is in
effect, at any meeting of the stockholders of Viacom, however
called, and in any action by consent of the stockholders of
Viacom, the Stockholder shall vote the Shares: (a) in favor of
the Merger, the Merger Agreement (as amended from time to
time) and the transactions contemplated by the Merger



                              2


Agreement, including, but not limited to, the amendments to
the Certificate of Incorporation of Viacom contemplated
thereby, and (b) against any proposal for any
recapitalization, merger, sale of assets or other business
combination between Viacom and any person or entity (other
than the Merger) or any other action or agreement that would
result in a breach of any covenant, representation or warranty
or any other obligation or agreement of Viacom under the
Merger Agreement or which could result in any of the
conditions to Viacom's obligations under the Merger Agreement
not being fulfilled.  The Stockholder acknowledges receipt
and review of a copy of the Merger Agreement.

                          ARTICLE II

       REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE STOCKHOLDER
       -------------------------------------------------

         The Stockholder hereby represents and warrants to
Blockbuster as follows:

         SECTION 2.01.  Authority Relative to This Agreement.
                        ------------------------------------
The Stockholder has all necessary power and authority to
execute and deliver this Agreement, to perform its obligations
hereunder and to consummate the transactions contemplated
hereby.  The execution and delivery of this Agreement by the
Stockholder and the consummation by the Stockholder of the
transactions contemplated hereby have been duly and validly
authorized by the Board of Directors of the Stockholder, and
no other corporate proceedings on the part
of the Stockholder are necessary to authorize this Agreement
or to consummate such transactions.  This Agreement has been
duly and validly executed and delivered by the Stockholder
and, assuming the due authorization, execution and delivery
by Blockbuster, constitutes a legal, valid and binding
obligation of the Stockholder, enforceable against the
Stockholder in accordance with its terms.

         SECTION 2.02.  No Conflict.  (a)   The execution and
                        -----------
delivery of this Agreement by the Stockholder do not, and the
performance of this Agreement by the Stockholder shall not,
(i) conflict with or violate the Certificate of Incorporation
or By-Laws or equivalent organizational documents of the
Stockholder,  (ii) conflict with or violate any law, rule,
regulation, order, judgment or decree applicable to the
Stockholder or by which the Shares are bound or affected or
(iii) result in any breach of or constitute a default (or an
event that with notice or lapse of time or both would become
a default) under, or give to others any rights of
termination, amendment, acceleration or cancellation of, or
result in the creation of a lien or encumbrance on any of the



                              3


Shares pursuant to, any note, bond, mortgage, indenture,
contract, agreement, lease, license, permit, franchise or
other instrument or obligation to which the Stockholder is a
party or by which the Stockholder or the Shares are bound or
affected, except, in the case of clauses (ii) and (iii), for
any such conflicts, violations, breaches, defaults or other
occurrences which would not prevent or delay the performance
by the Stockholder of its obligations under this Agreement.

         (b)  The execution and delivery of this Agreement by
the Stockholder do not, and the performance of this Agreement
by the Stockholder shall not, require any consent, approval,
authorization or permit of, or filing with or notification
to, any Governmental Entity (as such term is defined in the
Merger Agreement) except for applicable requirements, if any,
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and
except where the failure to obtain such consents, approvals,
authorizations or permits, or to make such filings or
notifications, would prevent or delay the performance by
the Stockholder of its obligations under this Agreement.

         SECTION 2.03.  Title to the Shares.  As of the date
                        -------------------
hereof, the Stockholder is the record and beneficial owner of
45,547,214 shares of Viacom Class A Common Stock.  Other than
46,565,414 shares of Viacom Class B Common Stock of which the
Stockholder is the record and beneficial owner, such Shares
are all the securities of Viacom owned, either of record or
beneficially, by the Stockholder.  The Shares are owned free
and clear of all security interests, liens, claims, pledges,
options, rights of first refusal, agreements, limitations on
the Stockholder's voting rights, charges and other
encumbrances of any nature whatsoever.  The Stockholder has
not appointed or granted any proxy, which appointment or
grant is still effective, with respect to the Shares.

                          ARTICLE III

                 COVENANTS OF THE STOCKHOLDER
                 -----------------------------

         SECTION 3.01.  No inconsistent Agreements.  The
                        --------------------------
Stockholder hereby covenants and agrees that, except as
contemplated by this Agreement, the Merger Agreement and the
Voting Agreement, dated as of September 12, 1993, as amended,
between the Stockholder and Paramount Communications Inc.,
the Stockholder shall not enter into any voting agreement or
grant a proxy or power of attorney with respect to the Shares
which is inconsistent with this Agreement.

         SECTION 3.02.  Transfer of Title.  The Stockholder
                        -----------------
hereby covenants and agrees that the Stockholder shall not



                              4


transfer record or beneficial ownership of any of the Shares
unless the transferee agrees in writing to be bound by the
terms and conditions of this Agreement.

                          ARTICLE IV

                         MISCELLANEOUS
                         -------------

         SECTION 4.01.  Termination.  This Agreement shall
                        -----------
terminate upon the termination of the Merger Agreement.

         SECTION 4.02.  Specific Performance.  The parties
                        --------------------
hereto agree that irreparable damage would occur in the event
any provision of this Agreement was not performed in
accordance with the terms hereof and that the parties shall
be entitled to specific performance of the terms hereof, in
addition to any other remedy at law or in equity.

         SECTION 4.03.  Entire Agreement.  This Agreement
                        ----------------
constitutes the entire agreement between Blockbuster and the
Stockholder with respect to the subject matter hereof and
supersedes all prior agreements and understandings, both
written and oral, between Blockbuster and the Stockholder
with respect to the subject matter hereof.

         SECTION 4.04.  Amendment.  This Agreement may not be
                        ---------
amended except by an instrument in writing signed by the
parties hereto.

         SECTION 4.05.  Severability.  If any term or other
                        ------------
provision of this Agreement is invalid, illegal or incapable
of being enforced by any rule of law, or public policy, all
other conditions and provisions of this Agreement shall
nevertheless remain in full force and effect so long as the
economic or legal substance of this Agreement is not affected
in any manner materially adverse to any party.  Upon such
determination that any term or other provision is invalid,
illegal or incapable of being enforced, the parties hereto
shall negotiate in good faith to modify this Agreement so as
to effect the original intent of the parties as closely as
possible to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law in
a mutually acceptable manner in order that the terms of this
Agreement remain as originally contemplated to the fullest
extent possible.

         SECTION 4.06.  Governing Law.  Except to the extent
                        -------------
that the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware is
mandatorily applicable to the rights of the stockholders of
Viacom, this Agreement shall be governed by, and construed in



                              5


accordance with, the laws of the State of New York regardless
of the laws that might otherwise govern under applicable
principles of conflicts of law.

         IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Stockholder and Blockbuster
have caused this Agreement to be duly executed on the date
hereof.

                            NATIONAL AMUSEMENTS, INC.

                             By     /s/ Sumner M. Redstone
                                 -----------------------------
                                 Name:  Sumner M. Redstone
                                 Title: Chairman of the Board,
                                        President and Chief
                                        Executive Officer

                            BLOCKBUSTER ENTERTAINMENT
                              CORPORATION


                             By:    /s/ H. Wayne Huizenga
                                 -----------------------------
                                 Name:  H. Wayne Huizenga
                                 Title: Chairman of the Board
                                        and Chief Executive
                                        Officer











                                                   [CONFORMED COPY]


                        AMENDED AND RESTATED
                STOCKHOLDERS STOCK OPTION AGREEMENT


          AMENDED AND RESTATED STOCKHOLDERS STOCK OPTION AGREEMENT,
dated as of January 7, 1994, among VIACOM INC., a Delaware
corporation ("Viacom"), and each other person and entity listed on
the signature pages hereof (each, a "Stockholder").

          WHEREAS, as of the date hereof each Stockholder owns
(either beneficially or of record) the number of shares of common
stock, par value $0.10 per share ("Blockbuster Common Stock"), of
Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation, a Delaware corporation
("Blockbuster"), set forth opposite such Stockholder's name on
Exhibit A hereto (all such shares and any shares hereafter acquired
by the Stockholders prior to the termination of this Agreement
being referred to herein as the "Shares");

          WHEREAS, Viacom and Blockbuster propose to enter into an
Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of the date hereof (as the
same may be amended from time to time, the "Merger Agreement"),
which provides, upon the terms and subject to the conditions
thereof, for the merger of Blockbuster with and into Viacom (the
"Merger"); and

          WHEREAS, as a condition to the willingness of Viacom to
enter into the Merger Agreement, Viacom has requested that each
Stockholder agree, and, in order to induce Viacom to enter into the
Merger Agreement, each Stockholder has agreed, severally and not
jointly, to grant Viacom options to purchase such Stockholder's
Shares;

          NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises and of
the mutual agreements and covenants set forth herein and in the
Merger Agreement, the parties hereto agree as follows:


                             ARTICLE I
                            THE OPTIONS

          SECTION 1.01.  Grant of Options.  Each Stockholder hereby
grants to Viacom an irrevocable option (each, an "Option") to
purchase such Stockholder's Shares at a price per Share equal to
$30.125 (the "Purchase Price").  Each Option shall expire if not
exercised prior to the close of business on the 120th day following
termination of the Merger Agreement.  Each Option shall also expire
if the Merger Agreement is terminated pursuant to Section 8.01(c)
thereof.



          SECTION 1.02.  Exercise of Options.  Provided that (a) to
the extent necessary, any applicable waiting periods (and any
extension thereof) under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust
Improvement Act of 1976 and the rules and regulations promulgated
thereunder (the "HSR Act") with respect to the exercise of an
Option shall have expired or been terminated and (b) no preliminary
or permanent injunction or other order, decree or ruling issued by
any court or governmental or regulatory authority, domestic or
foreign, of competent jurisdiction prohibiting the exercise of an
Option or the delivery of Shares shall be in effect, Viacom may
exercise any or all of the Options at any time following
termination of the Merger Agreement (other than a termination
pursuant to Section 8.01(c) thereof) until the expiration of such
Options, provided that at the time of exercise of the Options there
exists a Competing Transaction (as defined in the Merger Agreement)
with respect to Blockbuster.  In the event that Viacom wishes to
exercise an Option, Viacom shall give written notice (the date of
such notice being herein called the "Notice Date"), to the
Stockholder who granted such Option specifying a place and date
(not later than ten Business Days (as defined below) and not
earlier than three Business Days following the Notice Date) for
closing such purchase (the "Closing").  For the purposes of this
Agreement, the term "Business Day" shall mean a Saturday, a Sunday
or a day on which banks are not required or authorized by law or
executive order to be closed in the City of New York.

          SECTION 1.03.  Payment for and Delivery of Certificates.
At the Closing, (a) Viacom shall pay the aggregate Purchase Price
for the Shares being purchased from each Stockholder by wire
transfer in immediately available funds of the total amount of the
Purchase Price for such Shares to an account designated by such
Stockholder by written notice to Viacom, and (b) each Stockholder
whose Shares are being purchased shall deliver to Viacom a
certificate or certificates evidencing such Stockholder's Shares,
and such Stockholder agrees that such Shares shall be transfered
free and clear of all liens.  All such certificates shall be duly
endorsed in blank, or with appropriate stock powers, duly executed
in blank, attached thereto, in proper form for transfer, with the
signature of such Stockholder thereon guaranteed, and with all
applicable taxes paid or provided for.


                             ARTICLE II
                 REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF
                          THE STOCKHOLDERS


          Each Stockholder, severally and not jointly, hereby
represents and warrants to Viacom as follows:

          SECTION 2.01.  Due Organization, etc.  Such Stockholder
(if it is a corporation, partnership or other legal entity) is duly
organized and validly existing under the laws of the jurisdiction
of its incorporation or organization.  Such Stockholder has full



power and authority (corporate or otherwise) to execute and deliver
this Agreement and to consummate the transactions contemplated
hereby.  The execution and delivery of this Agreement and the
consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby have been duly
authorized by all necessary action (corporate or otherwise) on the
part of such Stockholder.  This Agreement has been duly executed
and delivered by or on behalf of such Stockholder and, assuming its
due authorization, execution and delivery by Viacom, constitutes a
legal, valid and binding obligation of such Stockholder,
enforceable against such Stockholder in accordance with its terms,
subject to the effect of any applicable bankruptcy, reorganization,
insolvency, moratorium or similar laws affecting creditors' rights
generally and subject, as to enforceability, to the effect of
general principles of equity (regardless of whether such
enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law).

          SECTION 2.02.  No Conflicts; Required Filings and
Consents.  (a)  The execution and delivery of this Agreement by
such Stockholder do not, and the performance of this Agreement by
such Stockholder will not, (i) conflict with or violate the
Certificate of Incorporation or By-Laws or similar organizational
document of such Stockholder (in the case of a Stockholder that is
a corporation, partnership or other legal entity), (ii) conflict
with or violate any law, rule, regulation, order, judgment or
decree applicable to such Stockholder or by which it or any of its
properties is bound or affected, or (iii) result in any breach of
or constitute a default (or an event that with notice or lapse of
time or both would become a default) under, or give to others any
rights of termination, amendment, acceleration or cancellation of,
or result in the creation of a lien or encumbrance on any of the
property or assets of such Stockholder or (if such Stockholder
purports to be a corporation) any of its subsidiaries pursuant to,
any note, bond, mortgage, indenture, contract, agreement, lease,
license, permit, franchise or other instrument or obligation to
which such Stockholder is a party or by which such Stockholder or
any of its properties is bound or affected, except for any such
breaches, defaults or other occurrences that would not cause or
create a material risk of non-performance or delayed performance by
such Stockholder of its obligations under this Agreement.

          (b)  The execution and delivery of this Agreement by such
Stockholder do not, and the performance of this Agreement by such
Stockholder will not, require any consent, approval, authorization
or permit of, or filing with or notification to, any governmental
or regulatory authority, domestic or foreign, except (i) for
applicable requirements, if any, of the Securities Exchange Act of
1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder (the
"Exchange Act"), and the HSR Act and (ii) where the failure to
obtain such consents, approvals, authorizations or permits, or to
make such filings or notifications, would not prevent or delay the
performance by such Stockholder of its obligations under this
Agreement.



          SECTION 2.03.  Title to Shares.  At the Closing such
Stockholder will deliver good and valid title to its Shares free
and clear of any pledge, lien, security interest, charge, claim,
equity, option, proxy, voting restriction, right of first refusal
or other limitation on disposition or encumbrance of any kind,
other than pursuant to this Agreement.  Subject to Permitted Liens
(as defined below), which will be eliminated prior to or at the
Closing, such Stockholder has full right, power and authority to
sell, transfer and deliver its Shares pursuant to this Agreement.
Upon delivery of such Shares and payment of the Purchase Price
therefor as contemplated herein, Viacom will receive good and valid
title to such Shares, free and clear of any pledge, lien, security
interest, charge, claim, equity, option, proxy, voting restriction
or encumbrance of any kind.


                            ARTICLE III
              REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF VIACOM

          Viacom hereby represents and warrants to each Stockholder
as follows:

          SECTION 3.01.  Due Organization, etc.  Viacom is a
corporation duly organized and validly existing under the laws of
the State of Delaware.  Viacom has all necessary corporate power
and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and to
consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.  The execution and
delivery of this Agreement and the consummation of the transactions
contemplated hereby by Viacom have been duly authorized by all
necessary corporate action on the part of Viacom.  This Agreement
has been duly executed and delivered by Viacom and, assuming its
due authorization, execution and delivery by each Stockholder,
constitutes a legal, valid and binding obligation of Viacom,
enforceable against Viacom in accordance with its terms.

          SECTION 3.02.  No Conflict; Required Filings and
Consents.  (a) The execution and delivery of this Agreement by
Viacom do not, and the performance of this Agreement by Viacom will
not, (i) conflict with or violate the Certificate of Incorporation
or By-laws of Viacom, (ii) conflict with or violate any law, rule,
regulation, order, judgment or decree applicable to Viacom or by
which Viacom or any of its properties is bound or affected, or
(iii) result in any breach of or constitute a default (or an event
that with notice or lapse of time or both would become a default)
under, or give to others any rights of termination, amendment,
acceleration or cancellation of, or result in the creation of a
lien or encumbrance on any of the property or assets of Viacom
pursuant to, any note, bond, mortgage, indenture, contract,
agreement, lease, license, permit, franchise or other instrument or
obligation to which Viacom is a party or by which it or any of its
properties is bound or affected, except for any such breaches,
defaults or other occurrences that would not cause or create a
material risk of non-performance or delayed performance by Viacom
of its obligations under this Agreement.



          (b)  The execution and delivery of this Agreement by
Viacom do not, and the performance of this Agreement by Viacom will
not, require any consent, approval, authorization or permit of, or
filing with or notification to, any governmental or regulatory
authority, domestic or foreign, except (i) for applicable
requirements, if any, of the Exchange Act and the HSR Act and (ii)
where the failure to obtain such consents, approvals,
authorizations or permits, or to make such filings or
notifications, would not prevent or delay the performance by Viacom
of its obligations under this Agreement.

          SECTION 3.03.  Investment Intent.  The purchase of Shares
from any Stockholder pursuant to this Agreement is for the account
of Viacom for the purpose of investment and not with a view to or
for sale in connection with any distribution thereof within the
meaning of the Securities Act, and the rules and regulations
promulgated thereunder.


                             ARTICLE IV
                   TRANSFER AND VOTING OF SHARES


          SECTION 4.01.  Transfer of Shares.  During the term of
the Options, and except as otherwise provided herein, each
Stockholder shall not (a) sell, pledge (other than Permitted Liens
(as defined below)) or otherwise dispose of any of its Shares, (b)
deposit its Shares into a voting trust or enter into a voting
agreement or arrangement with respect to such Shares or grant any
proxy with respect thereto or (c) enter into any contract, option
or other arrangement or undertaking with respect to the direct or
indirect acquisition or sale, assignment, transfer or other
disposition of any Blockbuster Common Stock (other than, in the
case of John J. Melk and Donald F. Flynn, the Amended and Restated
Proxy Agreement, dated as of January 7, 1994, among Viacom and each
other person and entity listed on the signature pages thereof).
Exercise of rights or remedies pursuant to bona fide pledges of
Shares to banks or other financial institutions ("Permitted Liens")
are not restricted by this Agreement; provided that in the case of
Permitted Liens granted after the date of this Agreement, such
Shares continue to be subject to the Options.

          SECTION 4.02.  Voting of Shares; Further Assurances.
(a) Each Stockholder, by this Agreement, with respect to those Shares
that it owns of record, does hereby constitute and appoint Viacom,
or any nominee of Viacom, with full power of substitution, during
and for the term of the Option granted by such Stockholder
hereunder (or, following termination of the Merger Agreement,
during such periods as the Options are exercisable), as its true
and lawful attorney and proxy, for and in its name, place and
stead, to vote each of such Shares as its proxy, at every annual,
special or adjourned meeting of the stockholders of Blockbuster
(including the right to sign its name (as stockholder) to any
consent, certificate or other document relating to Blockbuster that



the law of the State of Delaware may permit or require) (i) in
favor of the adoption of the Merger Agreement and approval of the
Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger
Agreement, (ii) against any proposal for any recapitalization,
merger, sale of assets or other business combination between
Blockbuster and any person or entity (other than the Merger) or any
other action or agreement that would result in a breach of any
covenant, representation or warranty or any other obligation or
agreement of Blockbuster under the Merger Agreement or which could
result in any of the conditions to Blockbuster's obligations under
the Merger Agreement not being fulfilled, and (iii) in favor of any
other matter relating to consummation of the transactions
contemplated by the Merger Agreement.  Each Stockholder further
agrees to cause the Shares owned by it beneficially to be voted in
accordance with the foregoing.  Each Stockholder acknowledges
receipt and review of a copy of the Merger Agreement.

          (b)  If Viacom shall exercise any Option in accordance
with the terms of this Agreement, and without additional
consideration, the Stockholder who granted such Option shall
execute and deliver further transfers, assignments, endorsements,
consents and other instruments as Viacom may reasonably request for
the purpose of effectively carrying out the transactions
contemplated by this Agreement and the Merger Agreement, including
the transfer of any and all of such Stockholder's Shares to Viacom
and the release of any and all liens, claims and encumbrances
covering such Shares.

          (c)  Each Stockholder shall perform such further acts and
execute such further documents and instruments as may reasonably be
required to vest in Viacom the power to carry out the provisions of
this Agreement.


                             ARTICLE V
                         GENERAL PROVISIONS


          SECTION 5.01.  Notices.  All notices and other
communications given or made pursuant hereto shall be in writing
and shall be deemed to have been duly given or made as of the date
delivered, mailed or transmitted, and shall be effective upon
receipt, if delivered personally, mailed by registered or certified
mail (postage prepaid, return receipt requested) to the parties at
the following addresses (or at such other address for a party as
shall be specified by like changes of address) or sent by
electronic transmission to the telecopier number specified below:



(a)  If to Viacom:

                    Viacom Inc.
                    1515 Broadway
                    New York, New York  10036
                    Attention:  Senior Vice President,
                    General Counsel and Secretary
                    Telecopier No.:  212-258-6134


     with a copy to:

                    Shearman & Sterling
                    599 Lexington Avenue
                    New York, NY  10022
                    Attention:  Stephen R. Volk, Esq.
                    Telecopier No.:  (212) 848-7179


          (b)  If to a Stockholder, to the address set forth
    below such Stockholder's name on the signature
    pages hereof.

    with a copy to:

                    Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation
                    One Blockbuster Plaza
                    Fort Lauderdale, Florida  33301
                    Attention:  Vice President, General
                    Counsel and Secretary
                    Telecopier No.:  305-832-3929


          SECTION 5.02.  Headings.  The headings contained in this
Agreement are for reference purposes only and shall not affect in
any way the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement.

          SECTION 5.03.  Severability.  If any term or other
provision of this Agreement is invalid, illegal or incapable of
being enforced by any rule of law or public policy, all other
conditions and provisions of this Agreement shall nevertheless
remain in full force and effect so long as the economic or legal
substance of the transactions contemplated hereby is not affected
in any manner materially adverse to any party.  Upon such
determination that any term or other provision is invalid, illegal
or incapable of being enforced, the parties hereto shall negotiate
in good faith to modify this Agreement so as to effect the original
intent of the parties as closely as possible to the fullest extent
permitted by applicable law in an acceptable manner to the end that
the transactions contemplated hereby are fulfilled to the extent
possible.



          SECTION 5.04.  Entire Agreement.  This Agreement
constitutes the entire agreement of the parties and supersedes all
prior agreements and undertakings, both written and oral, between
the parties, or any of them, with respect to the subject matter
hereof.

          SECTION 5.05.  Assignment.  This Agreement shall not be
assigned by operation of law or otherwise.

          SECTION 5.06.  Parties in Interest.  This Agreement shall
be binding upon and inure solely to the benefit of each party
hereto, and nothing in this Agreement, express or implied, is
intended to or shall confer upon any person any right, benefit or
remedy of any nature whatsoever under or by reason of this
Agreement.

          SECTION 5.07.  Specific Performance.  The parties hereto
agree that irreparable damage would occur in the event any
provision of this Agreement was not performed in accordance with
the terms hereof and that the parties shall be entitled to specific
performance of the terms hereof, in addition to any other remedy at
law or in equity.

          SECTION 5.08.  Governing Law.  Except to the extent that
Delaware Law is mandatorily applicable to the rights of the
stockholders of Blockbuster, this Agreement shall be governed by,
and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York
applicable to contracts executed and to be performed entirely
within that state.

          SECTION 5.09.  Counterparts.  This Agreement may be
executed in one or more counterparts, and by the different parties
hereto in separate counterparts, each of which when executed shall
be deemed to be an original but all of which taken together shall
constitute one and the same agreement.

          IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have executed this
Agreement as of the date first written above.

                                   VIACOM INC.


                              By   /s/ Sumner M. Redstone
                                   -----------------------------
                                   Name:  Sumner M. Redstone
                                   Title: Chairman of the Board


                                   /s/ H. Wayne Huizenga
                                   -----------------------------

                                   H. Wayne Huizenga
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Steven R. Berrard
                                   -----------------------------

                                   Steven R. Berrard
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ John J. Melk
                                   -----------------------------

                                   John J. Melk
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Donald F. Flynn
                                   -----------------------------

                                   Donald F. Flynn
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ G. Harry Huizenga
                                   -----------------------------

                                   G. Harry Huizenga
                                   for G. Harry Huizenga
                                   and Jean Huizenga
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                             EXHIBIT A

                        List of Stockholders


                                   Number of Shares of
Name of Stockholder                Blockbuster Common Stock


H. Wayne Huizenga                       10,905,885

Steven R. Berrard                            4,970

John J. Melk                             1,547,058

Donald F. Flynn                          1,547,057

Harry and Jean Huizenga                  1,572,241


                                                   [CONFORMED COPY]


                AMENDED AND RESTATED PROXY AGREEMENT


          AMENDED AND RESTATED PROXY AGREEMENT, dated as of January
7, 1994, among VIACOM INC., a Delaware corporation ("Viacom"), and
each other person and entity listed on the signature pages hereof
(each, a "Stockholder").

          WHEREAS, as of the date hereof each Stockholder owns
(either beneficially or of record) the number of shares of common
stock, par value $0.10 per share ("Blockbuster Common Stock"), of
Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation, a Delaware corporation
("Blockbuster"), set forth opposite such Stockholder's name on
Exhibit A hereto (all such shares and any shares hereafter acquired
by the Stockholders prior to the termination of this Agreement
being referred to herein as the "Shares");

          WHEREAS, Viacom and Blockbuster propose to enter into an
Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of the date hereof (as the
same may be amended from time to time, the "Merger Agreement"),
which provides, upon the terms and subject to the conditions
thereof, for the merger of Blockbuster with and into Viacom (the
"Merger"); and

          WHEREAS, as a condition to the willingness of Viacom to
enter into the Merger Agreement, Viacom has requested that each
Stockholder agree, and, in order to induce Viacom to enter into the
Merger Agreement, each Stockholder has agreed, severally and not
jointly, to grant Viacom proxies to vote such Stockholder's Shares;

          NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises and of
the mutual agreements and covenants set forth herein and in the
Merger Agreement, the parties hereto agree as follows:


                             ARTICLE I
                 REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF
                          THE STOCKHOLDERS


          Each Stockholder, severally and not jointly, hereby
represents and warrants to Viacom as follows:

          SECTION 1.01.  Due Organization, etc.  Such Stockholder
(if it is a corporation, partnership or other legal entity) is duly
organized and validly existing under the laws of the jurisdiction
of its incorporation or organization.  Such Stockholder has full
power and authority (corporate or otherwise) to execute and deliver
this Agreement and to consummate the transactions contemplated
hereby.  The execution and delivery of this Agreement and the
consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby have been duly



authorized by all necessary action (corporate or otherwise) on the
part of such Stockholder.  This Agreement has been duly executed
and delivered by or on behalf of such Stockholder and, assuming its
due authorization, execution and delivery by Viacom, constitutes a
legal, valid and binding obligation of such Stockholder,
enforceable against such Stockholder in accordance with its terms,
subject to the effect of any applicable bankruptcy, reorganization,
insolvency, moratorium or similar laws affecting creditors' rights
generally and subject, as to enforceability, to the effect of
general principles of equity (regardless of whether such
enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law).

          SECTION 1.02.  Title to Shares.  Such Stockholder is the
record or beneficial owner of its Shares free and clear of any
proxy or voting restriction other than pursuant to this Agreement.


                             ARTICLE II
                   TRANSFER AND VOTING OF SHARES


          SECTION 2.01.  Transfer of Shares.  During the Proxy Term
(as defined below), and except as otherwise provided herein, each
Stockholder shall not (a) sell, pledge (other than Permitted Liens
(as defined below)) or otherwise dispose of any of its Shares, (b)
deposit its Shares into a voting trust or enter into a voting
agreement or arrangement with respect to such Shares or grant any
proxy with respect thereto or (c) enter into any contract, option
or other arrangement or undertaking with respect to the direct or
indirect acquisition or sale, assignment, transfer or other
disposition of any Blockbuster Common Stock (other than, in the
case of John J. Melk and Donald F. Flynn, the Amended and Restated
Stockholders Stock Option Agreement, dated as of January 7, 1994,
among Viacom and each other person and entity listed on the
signature pages thereof).  Exercise of rights or remedies pursuant
to bona fide pledges of Shares to banks or other financial
institutions ("Permitted Liens") are not restricted by this
Agreement.  Viacom acknowledges that 575,000 of the Shares owned by
Dean L. Buntrock are subject to a pre-existing option and related
pledge agreement granted to an unrelated third party.

          SECTION 2.02.  Voting of Shares; Further Assurances.
(a) Each Stockholder, by this Agreement, with respect to those Shares
that it owns of record, does hereby constitute and appoint Viacom,
or any nominee of Viacom, with full power of substitution, during
and for the Proxy Term, as its true and lawful attorney and proxy,
for and in its name, place and stead, to vote each of such Shares
as its proxy, at every annual, special or adjourned meeting of the
stockholders of Blockbuster (including the right to sign its name
(as stockholder) to any consent, certificate or other document
relating to Blockbuster that the law of the State of Delaware may
permit or require) (i) in favor of the adoption of the Merger
Agreement and approval of the Merger and the other transactions
contemplated by the Merger Agreement, (ii) against any proposal for



any recapitalization, merger, sale of assets or other business
combination between Blockbuster and any person or entity (other
than the Merger) or any other action or agreement that would result
in a breach of any covenant, representation or warranty or any
other obligation or agreement of Blockbuster under the Merger
Agreement or which could result in any of the conditions to
Blockbuster's obligations under the Merger Agreement not being
fulfilled, and (iii) in favor of any other matter relating to
consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Merger
Agreement.  Each Stockholder further agrees to cause the Shares
owned by it beneficially to be voted in accordance with the
foregoing.

          (b)  For the purposes of this Agreement, "Proxy Term"
shall mean the period from the execution of this Agreement until
the termination of the Merger Agreement, and following termination
of the Merger Agreement (other than a termination pursuant to
Section 8.01(c) thereof), during such time as a Competing
Transaction (as defined in the Merger Agreement) exists with
respect to Blockbuster; provided that in no event shall the Proxy
Term extend beyond the close of business on the 120th day following
termination of the Merger Agreement.

          (c)  Each Stockholder shall perform such further acts and
execute such further documents and instruments as may reasonably be
required to vest in Viacom the power to carry out the provisions of
this Agreement.


                            ARTICLE III
                         GENERAL PROVISIONS

          SECTION 3.01.  Severability.  If any term or other
provision of this Agreement is invalid, illegal or incapable of
being enforced by any rule of law or public policy, all  other
conditions and provisions of this Agreement shall nevertheless
remain in full force and effect so long as the economic or legal
substance of the transactions contemplated hereby is not affected
in any manner materially adverse to any party.  Upon such
determination that any term or other provision is invalid, illegal
or incapable of being enforced, the parties hereto shall negotiate
in good faith to modify this Agreement so as to effect the original
intent of the parties as closely as possible to the fullest extent
permitted by applicable law in an acceptable manner to the end that
the transactions contemplated hereby are fulfilled to the extent
possible.

          SECTION 3.02.  Entire Agreement.  This Agreement
constitutes the entire agreement of the parties and supersedes all
prior agreements and undertakings, both written and oral, between
the parties, or any of them, with respect to the subject matter
hereof.



          SECTION 3.03.  Assignment.  This Agreement shall not be
assigned by operation of law or otherwise.

          SECTION 3.04.  Parties in Interest.  This Agreement shall
be binding upon and inure solely to the benefit of each party
hereto, and nothing in this Agreement, express or implied, is
intended to or shall confer upon any person any right, benefit or
remedy of any nature whatsoever under or by reason of this
Agreement.

          SECTION 3.05.  Specific Performance.  The parties hereto
agree that irreparable damage would occur in the event any
provision of this Agreement was not performed in accordance with
the terms hereof and that the parties shall be entitled to specific
performance of the terms hereof, in addition to any other remedy at
law or in equity.

          SECTION 3.06.  Governing Law.  Except to the extent that
Delaware Law is mandatorily applicable to the rights of the
stockholders of Blockbuster, this Agreement shall be governed by,
and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York
applicable to contracts executed and to be performed entirely
within that state.

          SECTION 3.07.  Counterparts.  This Agreement may be
executed in one or more counterparts, and by the different parties
hereto in separate counterparts, each of which when executed shall
be deemed to be an original but all of which taken together shall
constitute one and the same agreement.



          IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have executed this
Agreement as of the date first written above.


                              VIACOM INC.


                              By   /s/ Sumner M. Redstone
                                   -------------------------
                                   Name:  Sumner M. Redstone
                                   Title: Chairman of the
                                          Board


                              PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V.


                              By   /s/ D.G. Eustace
                                   -------------------------
                                   Name:  D.G. Eustace
                                   Title: Executive Vice
                                          President

                                   Groenewoudseweg 1
                                   5621 BA
                                   Eindhoven, The Netherlands

                              WESTBURY (BERMUDA) LTD.


                              By   /s/ James Watt
                                   -------------------------
                                   Name:  James Watt
                                   Title: Vice President

                                   Victoria Hall
                                   11 Victoria Street
                                   P.O. Box HM 1065
                                   Hamilton HM EX
                                   Bermuda


                                   /s/ John J. Melk
                                   -------------------------
                                   John J. Melk
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Donald F. Flynn
                                   -------------------------
                                   Donald F. Flynn
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ George D. Johnson, Jr.
                                   --------------------------
                                   George D. Johnson, Jr.
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Scott A. Beck
                                   --------------------------
                                   Scott A. Beck
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Harris W. Hudson
                                   --------------------------
                                   Harris W. Hudson
                                   529 Bontana Avenue
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Bonnie J. Hudson
                                   --------------------------
                                   Bonnie J. Hudson
                                   529 Bontana Avenue
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Peter Huizenga
                                   ---------------------------
                                   Peter Huizenga Trustee,
                                   Peter H. Huizenga Sr.
                                   Testamentary Trust
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Peter Huizenga
                                   ---------------------------
                                   Peter Huizenga
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Peter Huizenga
                                   ---------------------------
                                   Peter Huizenga Trustee,
                                   Elizabeth I. Huizenga Trust
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301


                                   /s/ Peter Huizenga
                                   ---------------------------
                                   Peter Huizenga Trustee,
                                   Betsy Huizenga Trust
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Peter Huizenga
                                   ---------------------------
                                   Peter Huizenga Trustee,
                                   Greta Huizenga Trust
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Heidi Huizenga
                                   ---------------------------
                                   Heidi Huizenga Trustee,
                                   Peter Huizenga Jr. Trust
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Heidi Huizenga
                                   ---------------------------
                                   Heidi Huizenga Trustee,
                                   Timothy Huizenga Trust
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Dean L. Buntrock
                                   ---------------------------
                                   Dean L. Buntrock
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Rosemarie Buntrock
                                   ---------------------------
                                   Rosemarie Buntrock
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                   Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                                   /s/ Rosemarie Buntrock
                                   ---------------------------
                                   Rosemarie Buntrock Trustee,
                                   Buntrock Family Video Trust
                                   c/o Blockbuster Entertainment
                                        Corporation
                                   One Blockbuster Plaza
                                   Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301



                             EXHIBIT A
                        List of Stockholders


                                        Number of Shares of
          Name of Stockholder           Blockbuster Common Stock

          Philips Electronics N.V.           17,245,211

          Westbury (Bermuda) Inc.             1,400,000

          John J. Melk                        5,217,196

          Donald F. Flynn                     4,398,119

          George D. Johnson, Jr.              2,827,465

          Scott A. Beck                       3,290,819

          Harris W. Hudson and
          Bonnie J. Hudson                      821,388

          Peter Huizenga, as trustee
          for Peter H. Huizenga
          Sr. Testamentary Trust              1,771,296

          Peter Huizenga                        431,390

          Peter Huizenga, as trustee
          for Elizabeth I. Huizenga Trust        50,000

          Peter Huizenga, as trustee
          for Betsy Huizenga Trust               20,800

          Peter Huizenga, as trustee
          for Greta Huizenga Trust               20,800

          Heidi Huizenga, as trustee
          for Peter Huizenga Jr. Trust           20,800

          Heidi Huizenga, as trustee
          for Timothy Huizenga Trust             20,800

          Dean L. Buntrock                    1,993,984

          Rosemarie Buntrock                    382,150

          Rosemarie Buntrock, as
          trustee for Buntrock
          Family Video Trust                    355,506




                          State of Delaware

                   Office of the Secretary of State

                   ________________________________


       I, WILLIAM T. QUILLEN, SECRETARY OF STATE OF THE STATE OF 

  DELAWARE, DO HEREBY CERTIFY THE ATTACHED IS A TRUE AND CORRECT

  COPY OF THE CERTIFICATE OF STOCK DESIGNATION OF "VIACOM INC."

  FILED IN THIS OFFICE ON THE EIGHTEENTH DAY OF NOVEMBER, A.D.

  1993, AT 10:30 O'CLOCK A.M.

       A CERTIFIED COPY OF THIS CERTIFICATE HAS BEEN FORWARDED TO

  NEW CASTLE COUNTY RECORDER OF DEEDS  FOR RECORDING.

                        * * * * * * * * * * *















                           ________________________________________
                             William T. Quillen, Secretary of State

                                      AUTHENTICATION:      *4153016

                                                DATE:    11/18/1993





























         CERTIFICATE OF THE DESIGNATIONS, POWERS, PREFERENCES
         AND RELATIVE, PARTICIPATING OR OTHER RIGHTS, AND THE
       QUALIFICATIONS, LIMITATIONS OR RESTRICTIONS THEREOF, OF

           SERIES B CUMULATIVE CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK
                          ($0.01 Par Value)

                                  OF

                             VIACOM INC.

                          -----------------

        Pursuant to Section 151 of the General Corporation Law
                       of the State of Delaware

                          -----------------

       VIACOM, INC., a Delaware corporation (the "Corporation"),
  does hereby certify that the following resolutions were duly
  adopted by the Board of Directors of the Corporation pursuant to
  authority conferred upon the Board of Directors by Article IV of
  the Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Corporation,
  which authorizes the issuance of up to 100,000,000 shares of
  preferred stock, and by the Securities Committee of the Board of
  Directors pursuant to authority conferred upon such Committee by
  the Board of Directors in accordance with Section 141(c) of the
  General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware and Article
  Section 11 of the By-Laws of the Corporation at a meeting of the
  Board of Directors duly held on September 28, 1993:

       RESOLVED, that the issue of a series of preferred stock,
  $0.01 par value, of the Corporation is hereby authorized and the
  designation, powers, preferences and relative, participating,
  optional or other special rights, and qualifications, limitations
  or restrictions thereof, in addition to those set forth in the
  Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Corporation, are
  hereby fixed as follows:

       (1)  Number of Shares and Designation. 24,000,000 shares of
            --------------------------------
  the preferred stock, $0.01 par value, of the Corporation are
  hereby constituted as a series of the preferred stock designated
  as Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (the "Series B
  Preferred Stock").  The number of shares of Series B Preferred
  Stock may not be increased and may not be decreased below the
  number of then currently outstanding shares of Series B Preferred
  Stock.

       (2)  Definitions.  For purposes of the Series B Preferred
            -----------
  Stock, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:














            "Board of Directors" shall mean the board of directors
       of the Corporation or any committee authorized by such Board
       of Directors to perform any of its responsibilities  with
       respect to the Series B Preferred Stock.

            "Business Day" shall mean any day other than a
       Saturday, Sunday or a day on which banking institutions in
       the State of New York are authorized or obligated by law or
       executive order to close.

            "Class A Stock" shall mean the Class A Common Stock of
       the Corporation, par value $0.01 per share.

            "Common Stock" shall mean the Class B Common Stock of
       the Corporation, par value $0.01 per share.

            "Conversion Price" shall mean the conversion price per
       share of Common Stock for which the Series B Preferred Stock
       is convertible, as such Conversion Price may be adjusted
       pursuant to Section (7).  The initial Conversion Price will
       be $70.00 (equivalent to the rate of .7143 of a share of
       Common Stock for each share of Series B Preferred Stock).

            "Current Market Price" shall mean, as of a particular
       date, the closing sale price at which Common Stock shall
       have been sold regular way on the American Stock Exchange or
       such other exchange or inter-dealer quotation system on
       which the Common Stock is principally traded or authorized
       to be quoted.

            "Dividend Periods" shall mean quarterly dividend
       periods commencing on the first day of October, January,
       April and July of each year and ending on and including the
       day preceding the first day of the next succeeding Dividend
       Period (other than the initial Dividend Period which shall
       commence on the Issue Date and end on and include December
       31, 1993).

            "Issue Date" shall mean the first date on which shares
       of Series B Preferred Stock are issued.

            "Person" shall mean any individual, firm, partnership,
       corporation or other entity, and shall include any successor
       (by merger or otherwise) of such entity.

            "Securities" shall have the meaning set forth in
       paragraph (d)(iii) of Section (7) hereof.

            "Trading Day" means a day on which the American Stock
       Exchange, or such other exchange or inter-dealer quotation
       system on which the Common Stock is principally traded or
       authorized to be quoted, is open for the transaction of
       business.















            "Transaction" shall have the meaning set forth in
       paragraph (e) of Section (7) hereof.

            "Transfer Agent" means the First Chicago Trust Company
       of New York or such other agent or agents of the Corporation
       as may be designated by the Board of Directors of the
       Corporation as the transfer agent for the Series B Preferred
       Stock.

       (3) Dividends.  (a) The holders of shares of the Series B
           ---------
  Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receive, when and if
  declared by the Board of Directors out of funds legally available
  therefor, cash dividends at the rate per annum of $2.50 per share
  of Series B Preferred Stock.  Such dividends shall be cumulative
  from the Issue Date, whether or not in any Dividend Period or
  Periods there shall be funds of the Company legally available for
  the payment of such dividends, and shall be payable quarterly,
  when and as declared by the Board of Directors, on the first
  Business Day of January, April, July and October of each year,
  commencing on January 1, 1994 or at such additional times and for
  such interim periods, if any, as determined by the Board of
  Directors.  Each such dividend shall be payable in arrears to the
  holders of record of shares of the Series B Preferred Stock, as
  they appear on the stock records of the Corporation at the close
  of business on such record dates, not more than 60 days preceding
  the payment dates thereof, as shall be fixed by the Board of
  Directors.  Accrued and unpaid dividends for any past Dividend
  Periods may be declared and paid at any time, without reference
  to any regular dividend payment date, to holders of record on
  such date, not exceeding 45 days preceding the payment date
  thereof, as may be fixed by the Board of Directors.  Accrued and
  unpaid dividends for any past Dividend Periods shall accrue
  interest at the Base Rate as announced from time to time by
  Citibank, N.A., which interest, until paid, shall be treated for
  all purposes of this Certificate of Designation as accrued and
  unpaid dividends.

       (b)  The amount of dividends payable for each full Dividend
  Period for the Series B Preferred Stock shall be computed by
  dividing the annual dividend rate by four.  The amount of
  dividends payable for the initial Dividend Period on the Series B
  Preferred Stock, or any other period shorter or longer than a
  full Dividend Period on the Series B Preferred Stock shall be
  computed on the basis of twelve 30-day months and a 360-day year. 
  Except as provided in Section 5(a), holders of shares of Series B
  Preferred Stock called for redemption on a redemption date
  between a dividend payment record date and the dividend payment
  date shall not be entitled to receive the dividend payable on
  such dividend payment date.  Holders of shares of Series B
  Preferred Stock shall not be entitled to any dividends, whether
  payable in cash, property or stock, in excess of cumulative
  dividends, as herein provided, on the Series B Preferred Stock.
















       (c)  So long as any shares of the Series B Preferred Stock
  are outstanding, no dividends, except as described in the next
  succeeding sentence, shall be declared or paid or set apart for
  payment on any class or series of stock of the Corporation
  ranking, as to dividends, on a parity with the Series B Preferred
  Stock, for any period, nor shall any shares ranking on a parity
  with the Series B Preferred Stock be redeemed or purchased by the
  Corporation or any Subsidiary, unless full cumulative dividends
  have been or contemporaneously are declared and paid or declared
  and a sum sufficient for the payment thereof set apart for such
  payment on the Series B Preferred Stock for all Dividend Periods
  terminating on or prior to the date of payment of such full
  cumulative dividends.  When dividends are not paid in full or a
  sum sufficient for such payment is not set apart, as aforesaid,
  upon the shares of the Series B Preferred Stock and any other
  class or series of stock ranking on a parity as to dividends with
  the Series B Preferred Stock, all dividends declared upon shares
  of the Series B Preferred Stock and all dividends declared upon
  such other stock shall be declared pro rata so that the amounts
  of dividends per share declared on the Series B Preferred Stock
  and such other stock shall in all cases bear to each other the
  same ratio that accrued dividends per share on the shares of the
  Series B Preferred Stock and such other stock bear to each other.

       (d)  So long as any shares of the Series B Preferred Stock
  are outstanding, no dividends (other than dividends or
  distributions paid in shares of, or options, warrants or rights
  to subscribe for or purchase shares of Common Stock, Class A
  Stock or other stock ranking junior to the Series B Preferred 
  Stock, as to dividends and upon liquidation) shall be declared or
  paid or set apart for payment or other distribution declared or
  made upon the Common Stock, Class A Stock or any other stock of
  the Corporation ranking junior to the Series B Preferred Stock,
  as to dividends or upon liquidation nor shall any Common Stock,
  nor any Class A Stock nor any other such stock of the Corporation
  ranking junior to the Series B Preferred Stock, as to dividends
  or upon liquidation be redeemed, purchased or otherwise acquired
  for any consideration (or any moneys be paid to or made available
  for a sinking fund for the redemption of any shares of any such
  stock) by the Corporation (except by conversion into or exchange
  for stock of the Corporation ranking junior to the Series B
  Preferred Stock, as to dividends and upon liquidation) or any
  Subsidiary unless, in each case (i) the full cumulative dividends
  on all outstanding shares of the Series B Preferred Stock and any
  other stock of the Corporation ranking on a parity with the
  Series B Preferred Stock, as to dividends or upon liquidation
  shall have been paid or set apart for payment for all past
  Dividend Periods and dividend periods with respect to such other
  stock and (ii) sufficient funds shall have been set apart for the
  payment of the dividend for the current Dividend Period with
  respect to the Series B Preferred Stock and the dividend period
  with respect to any other stock of the Corporation ranking on a
  parity with the Series B Preferred Stock, as to dividends or upon
  liquidation.














       (4)  Liquidation Preference.  (a)  In the event of any
            ----------------------
  liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Corporation,
  whether voluntary or involuntary, before any payment or
  distribution of the assets of the Corporation (whether capital or
  surplus) shall be made to or set apart for the holders of Common
  Stock, Class A Stock or any other series or class or classes of
  stock of the Corporation ranking junior to the Series B Preferred
  Stock, upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up, the holders
  of the shares of Series B Preferred Stock shall be entitled to
  receive $50.00 per share plus an amount equal to all dividends
  (whether or not earned or declared) accrued and accumulated and
  unpaid thereon to the date of final distribution to such holders;
  but such holders shall not be entitled to any further payment. 
  If, upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the
  Corporation, the assets of the Corporation, or proceeds thereof,
  distributable among the holders of the shares of Series B
  Preferred Stock shall be insufficient to pay in full the
  preferential amount aforesaid and liquidating payments on any
  other shares of stock ranking, as to liquidation, dissolution or
  winding up, on a parity with the Series B Preferred Stock, then
  such assets, or the proceeds thereof, shall be distributed among
  the holders of shares of Series B Preferred Stock and any such
  other stock ratably in accordance with the respective amounts
  which would be payable on such shares of Series B Preferred Stock
  and any such other stock if all amounts payable thereon were paid
  in full.  For the purposes of this Section (4), (i) a
  consolidation or merger of the Corporation with one or more
  corporations, (ii) a sale or transfer of all or substantially all
  of the Corporation's assets or (iii) a statutory share exchange
  shall not be deemed to be a liquidation, dissolution or winding
  up, voluntary or involuntary.

       (b)  Subject to the rights of the holders of shares of any
  series or class or classes of stock ranking on a parity with or
  prior to Series B Preferred Stock, upon liquidation, dissolution
  or winding up, upon any liquidation, dissolution of winding up of
  the Corporation, after payment shall have been made in full to
  the holders of Series B Preferred Stock, as provided in this
  Section (4), any other series or class or classes of stock
  ranking junior to Series B Preferred Stock, upon liquidation,
  dissolution or winding up shall, subject to the respective terms
  and provisions (if any) applying thereto, be entitled to receive
  any and all assets remaining to be paid or distributed, and the
  holders of Series B Preferred Stock shall not be entitled to
  share therein.

       (5)  Redemption at the Option of the Corporation.  (a)
            -------------------------------------------
  Series B Preferred Stock may not be redeemed by the Corporation
  prior to October 1, 1998, after which the Corporation, at its
  option, may redeem the shares of Series B Preferred Stock, in
  whole or in part, for an aggregate redemption price of at least
  $100,000,000 (provided that no partial redemption shall reduce
                --------
  the Series A Preferred Stock outstanding below $100,000,000
  aggregate liquidation value) out of funds legally available














  therefor, at any time or from time to time, subject to the notice
  provisions and provisions for partial redemption described below,
  during the 359-day period beginning on October 1, 1998 and during
  the twelve-month periods beginning on October 1 of the years
  beginning with 1998 shown below at the following redemption
  prices plus an amount equal to accrued and unpaid dividends, if
  any, to the date fixed for redemption, whether or not earned or
  declared:

            Year                                   Price 
            ----                                  -------
            1998  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    $52.50
            1999  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    $52.00
            2000  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    $51.50
            2001  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    $51.00
            2002  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    $50.50
            2004 and thereafter . . . . . . . .    $50.00

       (b)  In the event that full cumulative dividends on the
  Series B Preferred Stock and any other class or series of stock
  of the Corporation ranking, as to dividends, on a parity with the
  Series B Preferred Stock have not been paid or declared and set
  apart for payment, the Series B Preferred Stock may not be
  redeemed in part and the Corporation may not purchase or acquire
  shares of Series B Preferred Stock or such other stock otherwise
  than pursuant to a purchase or exchange offer made on the same
  terms to all holders of shares of Series B Preferred Stock and
  such other stock.

       (c)  In the event the Corporation shall redeem shares of
  Series B Preferred Stock, notice of such redemption shall be
  given by first class mail, postage prepaid, mailed not less than
  10 nor more than 60 days prior to the redemption date, to each
  holder of record of the shares to be redeemed, at such holder's
  address as the same appears on the stock records of the
  Corporation, which notice shall be unconditional and irrevocable. 
  Each such notice shall state:  (1) the redemption date; (2) the
  number of shares of Series B Preferred Stock to be redeemed and,
  if less than all the shares held by such holder are to be
  redeemed, the number of such shares to be redeemed from such
  holder; (3) the redemption price; (4) the place or places where
  certificates for such shares are to be surrendered for payment of
  the redemption price; (5) the then current conversion price; and
  (6) that dividends on the shares to be redeemed shall cease to
  accrue on such redemption date.  Notice having been mailed as
  aforesaid, from and after the redemption date (unless default
  shall be made by the Corporation in providing money for the
  payment of the redemption price), (i) dividends on the shares of
  the Series B Preferred Stock so called for redemption shall cease
  to accrue, (ii) said shares shall no longer be deemed to be
  outstanding, and (iii) all rights of the holders thereof as
  stockholders of the Corporation (except the right to receive from
  the Corporation the redemption price without interest thereon
  after the redemption date) shall cease.  The Corporation's
  obligation to provide moneys in accordance with the preceding














  sentence shall be deemed fulfilled if, on or before the
  redemption date, the Corporation shall deposit with a bank or
  trust company (which may be an affiliate of the Corporation)
  having an office in the Borough on Manhattan, City of New York,
  and having a capital and surplus of at least $50,000,000, funds
  necessary for such redemption, in trust, with irrevocable
  instructions that such funds after the redemption date be applied
  to the redemption of the shares of Series B Preferred Stock so
  called for redemption.  Any interest accrued on such funds after
  the redemption date shall be paid to the Corporation from time to
  time.  Any funds so deposited and unclaimed at the end of two
  years from such redemption date shall be released or repaid to
  the Corporation, after which, subject to any applicable laws
  relating to escheat or unclaimed property, the holder or holders
  of such shares of Series B Preferred Stock so called for
  redemption shall look only to the Corporation for payment of the
  redemption price.

       Upon surrender in accordance with said notice of the
  certificates for any such shares so redeemed (properly endorsed
  or assigned for transfer, if the Board of Directors shall so
  require and the notice shall so state), such shares shall be
  redeemed by the Corporation at the applicable redemption price
  aforesaid.  If fewer than all the outstanding shares of Series B
  Preferred Stock are to be redeemed, shares to be redeemed shall
  be selected by the Corporation from outstanding shares of Series
  B Preferred Stock not previously called for redemption by lot or
  pro rata (as nearly as may be) or by any other method determined
  by the Corporation in its sole discretion to be equitable.  If
  fewer than all the shares represented by any certificate are
  redeemed, a new certificate shall be issued representing the
  unredeemed shares without cost to the holder thereof.

       (6)  Shares to be Retired.  All shares of Series B Preferred
            --------------------
  Stock purchased or redeemed by the Corporation or converted shall
  be retired and cancelled and shall be restored to the status of
  authorized but unissued shares of preferred stock, without
  designation as to series.

       (7)  Conversion.  Holders of shares of Series B Preferred
            ----------
  Stock shall have the right to convert all or a portion of such
  shares into shares of Common Stock, as follows:

       (a)  Subject to and upon compliance with the provisions of
  this Section (7), a holder of shares of series B Preferred Stock
  shall have the right, at his or her option, at any time to
  convert such shares into the number of fully paid and
  nonassessable shares of Common Stock (calculated as to each
  conversion to the nearest 1/100th of a share) obtained by
  dividing the aggregate liquidation preference of such shares by
  the Conversion Price and by surrender of such shares so to be
  converted, such surrender to be made in the manner provided in
  paragraph (b) of this Section (7); provided, however, that the
  right to convert shares called for redemption pursuant to Section














  (5) shall terminate at the close of business on the date fixed
  for such redemption, unless the Corporation shall default in
  making payment of the amount payable upon such redemption.  Any
  share of Series B Preferred Stock may be converted, at the
  request of its holder, in part into Common Stock.  If a part of a
  share of Series B Preferred Stock is converted, then the
  Corporation will convert such share into the requested shares of
  Common Stock (subject to paragraph (c) of this Section (7)) and
  issue a fractional share of Series B Preferred Stock evidencing
  the remaining interest of such holder.

       (b)  In order to exercise the conversion right, the holder
  of each share of Series B Preferred Stock to be converted shall
  surrender the certificate representing such share, duly endorsed
  or assigned to the Corporation or in blank, at the office of the
  Transfer Agent in the Borough of Manhattan, City of New York,
  accompanied by written notice to the Corporation that the holder
  thereof elects to convert Series B Preferred Stock or a specified
  portion thereof.  Unless the shares issuable on conversion are to
  be issued in the same name as the name in which such share of
  Series B Preferred Stock is registered, each share surrendered
  for conversion shall be accompanied by instruments of transfer,
  in form satisfactory to the Corporation, duly executed by the
  holder or such holder's duly authorized attorney and an amount
  sufficient to pay any transfer or similar tax (or evidence
  reasonably satisfactory to the Corporation demonstrating that
  such taxes have been paid).

       Holders of shares of Series B Preferred Stock at the close
  of business on a dividend payment record date shall be entitled
  to receive the dividend payable on such shares (except that
  holders of shares called for redemption on a redemption date
  between such record date and the dividend payment date shall not
  be entitled to receive such dividend on such dividend payment
  date) on the corresponding dividend payment date notwithstanding
  the conversion thereof following such dividend payment record
  date and prior to such dividend payment date.  However, shares of
  Series B Preferred Stock surrendered for conversion during the
  period between the close of business on any dividend record date
  and the opening of business on the corresponding dividend payment
  date (except shares called for redemption on a redemption date
  during such period) must be accompanied by payment of an amount
  equal to the dividend payable on such shares on such dividend
  payment date.  A holder of shares of Series B Preferred Stock on
  a dividend record date who (or whose transferee) tenders any such
  shares for conversion into shares of Common Stock on such
  dividend payment date will receive the dividend payable by the
  Corporation on such shares of Series B Preferred Stock on such
  date, and the converting holder need not include payment of the
  amount of such dividend upon surrender of shares of Series B
  Preferred Stock for conversion.  Except as provided above, the
  Corporation shall make no payment or allowance for unpaid
  dividends, whether or not in arrears, on converted shares or for















  dividends on the shares of Common Stock issued upon such
  conversion.

       As promptly as practicable after the surrender of
  certificates for shares of Series B Preferred Stock as aforesaid,
  the Corporation shall issue and shall deliver at such office to
  such holder, or on his or her written order, a certificate or
  certificates for the number of full shares of Common Stock
  issuable upon the conversion of such shares in accordance with
  the provisions of this Section (7), and any fractional interest
  in respect of a share of Common Stock arising upon such
  conversion shall be settled as provided in paragraph (c) of this
  Section (7).

       Each conversion shall be deemed to have effected immediately
  prior to the close of business on the date on which the
  certificates for shares of Series B Preferred Stock shall have
  been surrendered and such notice received by the Corporation as
  aforesaid, and the person or persons in whose name or names any
  certificate or certificates for shares of Common Stock shall be
  issuable upon such conversion shall be deemed to have become the
  holder or holders of record of the shares represented thereby at
  such time on such date and such conversion shall be at the
  Conversion Price in effect at such time on such date, unless the
  stock transfer books of the Corporation shall be closed on that
  date, in which event such person or persons shall be deemed to
  have become such holder or holders of record at the close of
  business on the next succeeding day on which such stock transfer
  books are open, but such conversion shall be at the Conversion
  Price in effect on the date upon which such shares shall have
  been surrendered and such notice received by the Corporation. 
  All shares of Common Stock delivered upon conversions of the
  Series B Preferred Stock will upon delivery be duly and validly
  issued and fully paid and nonassessable.

       (c)  No fractional shares or scrip representing fractions of
  shares of Common Stock shall be issued upon conversion of the
  Series B Preferred Stock.  Instead of any fractional interest in
  a share of Common Stock which would otherwise be deliverable upon
  the conversion for a share of Series B Preferred Stock, the
  Corporation shall pay to the holder of such share an amount in
  cash (computed to the nearest cent) based upon the Current Market
  Price of Common Stock on the Trading Day immediately preceding
  the date of conversion.  If more than one share shall be
  surrendered for conversion at one time by the same holder, the
  number of full shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion
  thereof shall be computed on the basis of the aggregate number of
  shares of Series B Preferred Stock so surrendered.

       (d)  The Conversion Price shall be adjusted from time to
  time as follows:

            (i)  In case the Corporation shall after the Issue Date
       (A) pay a dividend or make a distribution on its Common














       Stock in shares of its Common Stock, (b) subdivide its
       outstanding Common Stock into a greater number of shares,
       (C) combine its outstanding Common Stock into a smaller
       number of shares or (D) issue any shares of capital stock by
       reclassification of its Common Stock, the Conversion Price
       in effect immediately prior thereto shall be adjusted so
       that the holder of any share of Series B Preferred Stock
       thereafter surrendered for conversion shall be entitled to
       receive the number of shares of Common Stock of the
       Corporation which such holder would have owned or have been
       entitled to receive after the happening of any of the events
       described above had such share been converted immediately
       prior to the happening of such event or the record date
       therefor, whichever is earlier.  An adjustment made pursuant
       to this subparagraph (i) shall become effective immediately
       after the close of business on the record date (except as
       provided in paragraph (h) below).

            (ii) In case the Corporation shall issue after the
       Issue Date (a) rights or warrants to all holders of Class A
       Stock or Common Stock entitling them (for a period expiring
       within 45 days after the record date mentioned below) to
       subscribe for or purchase Class A Stock or Common Stock at a
       price per share less than the Conversion Price at the record
       date for the determination of stockholders entitled to
       receive such rights or warrants or (b) shares of Class A
       Stock or Common Stock or securities exercisable for
       (including rights or warrants other than those referred to
       in (a) above and subparagraph (iii) below) or exchangeable
       or convertible into shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock
       at a price per share (or having an exercise, exchange or
       conversion price per share) less than the then current
       Conversion Price (other than securities issued in a
       transaction in which a pro rata share of such securities
       have been reserved by the Corporation for distribution to
       the holders of Series B Preferred Stock up conversion), then
       in each such case the Conversion Price in effect immediately
       prior thereto shall be adjusted to equal the price
       determined by multiplying (I) the Conversion Price in effect
       immediately prior to the date of issuance of such rights,
       warrants or shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock (or
       securities exercisable for or exchangeable or convertible
       into shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock) by (II) a
       fraction, the numerator of which shall be the sum of (A) the
       number of shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock
       outstanding on the date of issuance of such rights, warrants
       or shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock (or securities
       exercisable for or exchangeable or convertible into shares
       of Class A Stock or Common Stock) (without giving effect to
       any such issuance) and (B), in the case of (a) above, the
       number of shares which the aggregate proceeds from the
       exercise of such rights or warrants for Class A Stock and
       Common Stock or, in the case of (b) above, the number of
       shares which the aggregate consideration receivable by the














       Corporation for the total number of shares of Class A Stock
       and Common Stock (or securities exercisable for or
       exchangeable or convertible into shares of Class A Stock or
       Common Stock) so issued would purchase at the Conversion
       Price in effect immediately prior to the date of issuance,
       and the denominator of which shall be the sum of (A) the
       number of shares of Class A Stock and Common Stock
       outstanding on the date of issuance of such rights, warrants
       or shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock (or securities
       exercisable for or exchangeable or convertible into Class A
       Stock or Common Stock) (without giving effect to any such
       issuance) and (B), in the case of (a) above, the number of
       additional shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock offered
       for subscription or purchase or,in the case of (b) above,
       the number of shares of Class A Stock and Common Stock so
       issued or into which the exercisable, exchangeable or
       convertible securities may be exercised, exchanged or
       converted.  Such adjustment shall be made successively
       whenever any such rights, warrants or shares of Class A
       Stock or Common Stock (or securities exercisable for or
       exchangeable or convertible into Class A Stock or Common
       Stock) are issued, and shall become effective immediately
       after such record date or, in the case of the issuance of
       Class A Stock or Common Stock after the date of issuance
       thereof (or in the case of securities exercisable for or
       exchangeable or convertible into shares of class A Stock or
       Common Stock, the date on which holders may first exercise,
       exchange or convert the same in accordance with the
       respective terms thereof).  In determining whether any
       rights or warrants entitled the holders of Class A Stock or
       Common Stock to subscribe for or purchase shares of Class A
       Stock or Common Stock at less than the Conversion Price in
       effect immediately prior to the date of such issuance, and
       in determining the aggregate offering price of shares of
       Class A Stock or Common Stock (or securities exercisable for
       or exchangeable or convertible into shares of Class A Stock
       or Common Stock), there shall be taken into account any net
       consideration received or receivable by the Corporation upon
       issuance and upon exercise of such rights or warrants or
       upon issuance of shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock (or
       securities exercisable for or exchangeable or convertible
       into shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock), the value of
       such consideration, if other than cash, to be determined by
       the Board of Directors or, if higher, the aggregate
       exercise, exchange or conversion price set forth in such
       exercisable, exchangeable or convertible securities.

            (iii)     In case the Corporation shall distribute to
       all holders of its Common Stock any shares of capital stock
       of the Corporation (other than Common Stock) or evidences of
       its indebtedness or assets (other than a regular cash
       dividend that the Board of Directors determines, in good
       faith, can be maintained by the company for at least four
       consecutive periods covering not less than one year and that














       the Board of Directors intends to maintain for at least four
       consecutive periods covering not less than one year or a
       dividend that, together with all dividends paid in the prior
       twelve months, does not exceed one percent (1%)  of the
       aggregate fair market value of the Series B Preferred Stock
       and the Common Stock on the date such dividend is declared,
       in each case, out of profits or surplus) or rights or
       warrants to subscribe for or purchase any of its securities
       (excluding those referred to in subparagraph (ii)(a) above)
       (any of the foregoing being hereinafter in this subparagraph
       (iii) called the "Securities"), then in each such case,
       unless the Corporation elects to reserve shares or other
       units of such Securities for distribution to the holders of
       the Series B Preferred Stock upon the conversion of the
       shares of Series b Preferred Stock so that any such holder
       converting shares of the Series B Preferred Stock will
       receive upon such conversion, in addition to the shares of
       the Common Stock to which such holder is entitled, the
       amount and kind of such Securities which such holder would
       have received if such holder had, immediately prior to the
       record date for the distribution of the Securities,
       converted his or her shares of Series B Preferred Stock into
       Common Stock (such election to be based upon a determination
       by the Board of Directors that such reservation will not
       materially adversely affect the interests of any holder of
       Series B Preferred Stock in any such reserved Securities),
       the Conversion Price shall be adjusted so that the same
       shall equal the price determined by multiplying (I) the
       Conversion Price in effect immediately prior to the date of
       such distribution by (II) a fraction, the numerator of which
       shall be the Current Market Price per share of the Common
       Stock on the record date mentioned below less the then fair
       market value (as determined by the Board of Directors, whose
       determination shall, if made in good faith, be conclusive)
       of the portion of the capital stock or assets or evidences
       of indebtedness so distributed or of such rights or warrants
       applicable to one share of Common Stock, and the denominator
       of which shall be the Current Market Price per share of the
       Common Stock.  Such adjustment shall become effective
       immediately, except as provided in paragraph (h) below,
       after the record date for the determination of stockholders
       entitled to receive such distribution.

            (iv) Notwithstanding anything in subparagraphs (ii) and
       (iii) above, if such exercisable, exchangeable or
       convertible securities, rights or warrants shall by their
       terms provide for an increase or increases with the passage
       of time or otherwise in the price payable to the Corporation
       upon the exercise thereof, the Conversion Price upon any
       such increase becoming effective shall forthwith be
       readjusted (but to no greater extent than originally
       adjusted by reason of such issuance or sale) to reflect the
       same.  Upon the expiration or termination of such rights or
       warrants, if any such rights or warrants shall not have been














       exercised, and upon the expiration or termination of the
       exercise, exchange or conversion rights under such
       exercisable, exchangeable or convertible securities, if any
       such exercisable, exchangeable or convertible securities
       shall not have been exercised, exchange or converted, then
       the Conversion Price thereof shall forthwith be readjusted
       and thereafter be the rate which it would have been had an
       adjustment been made on the basis that (x) the only rights
       or warrants so issued or sold were those so exercised and
       they were issued or sold for the consideration actually
       received by the Corporation upon such exercise, plus the
       consideration, if any, actually received by the Corporation
       upon such exercise, plus the consideration, if any, actually
       received by the Corporation for the granting of all such
       options, rights or warrants whether or not exercised and (y)
       the Corporation issued and sold a number of shares of Common
       Stock equal to those actually issued upon exercise of such
       exercise, exchange or conversion rights, and such shares
       were issued and sold for a consideration equal to the
       aggregate exercise, exchange or conversion price in effect
       under the exercise, exchange or conversion rights actually
       exercised at the respective dates of their exercise.  An
       adjustment made pursuant to this subparagraph (iv) shall be
       made on the next Business Day following the date on which
       any such issuance is made and shall be effective immediately
       after the close of business on such date, but shall not
       affect the Conversion Price applicable to shares of Series B
       Preferred Stock converted prior to the date notice of such
       adjustment is given to the holders of Series B Preferred
       Stock.  For purposes of subparagraphs (ii) and (iv), the
       aggregate consideration received by the Corporation in
       connection with the issuance of shares of Common Stock or of
       rights, warrants or securities exercisable for or
       exchangeable or convertible into shares of Common Stock
       shall be deemed to be equal to the sum of the aggregate net
       offering price of all such securities plus the minimum
       aggregate amount, if any, payable upon exercise of such
       rights or warrants and conversion of any such exercisable,
       exchangeable or convertible securities into shares of Common
       Stock.

            (v)  No adjustment in the Conversion Price shall be
       required unless such adjustment would require an increase or
       decrease of at least 1% in such price; provided, however,
       that any adjustments which by reason of this subparagraph
       (v) are not required to be made shall be carried forward and
       taken into account in any subsequent adjustment; and,
       provided further any adjustment shall be required and made
       in accordance with the provisions of this Section (7) (other
       than this subparagraph (v)) not later than such time as may
       be required in order to preserve the tax-free nature of a
       distribution to the holders of shares of Common Stock.  All
       calculations under this Section (7) shall be made to the
       nearest cent (with $.005 being rounded upward) or to the














       nearest 1/100 of a share (with .005 of a share being rounded
       upward), as the case may be.  Anything in this paragraph (d)
       to the contrary notwithstanding, the Corporation shall be
       entitled, to the extent permitted by law, to make such
       reductions in the Conversion Price, in addition to those
       required by this paragraph (d), as it in its discretion
       shall determine to be advisable in order that any stock
       dividends, subdivision of shares, distribution of rights or
       warrants to purchase stock or securities, or a distribution
       of other assets (other than cash dividends) hereafter made
       by the Corporation to its stockholders shall not be taxable.

       (e)  In case the Corporation shall be a party to any
  transaction (including without limitation a merger,
  consolidation, sale of all or substantially all of the
  Corporation's assets or recapitalization of the Common Stock and
  excluding any transaction as to which paragraph (d)(i) of this
  Section (7) applies) (each of the foregoing being referred to as
  a "Transaction"), in each case as a result of which shares of
  Common Stock shall be converted into the right to receive stock,
  securities or other property (including cash or any combination
  thereof), each share of Series B Preferred Stock which is not
  converted into the right to receive stock, securities or other
  property in connection with such Transaction shall thereafter be
  convertible into the kind and amount of shares of stock and other
  securities and property receivable (including cash) upon the
  consummation of such Transaction by a holder of that number of
  shares or fraction thereof of Common Stock into which one share
  of Series B Preferred Stock was convertible immediately prior to
  such Transaction.  The Corporation shall not be a party to any
  Transaction unless the terms of such Transaction are consistent
  with the provisions of this paragraph (e) and it shall not
  consent or agree to the occurrence of any Transaction until the
  Corporation has entered into an agreement with the successor or
  purchasing entity, as the case may be, for the benefit of the
  holders of the Series B Preferred Stock which will contain
  provisions enabling the holders of the Series B Preferred Stock
  which remains outstanding after such Transaction to convert into
  the consideration received by holders of Common Stock at the
  Conversion Price immediately after such Transaction.  The
  provisions of this paragraph (e) shall similarly apply to
  successive Transactions.

       (f)  If:

            (i)  the Corporation shall declare a dividend (or any
       other distribution) on the Common Stock (other than a
       regular cash dividend that the Board of Directors determines
       can be maintained by the Company for at least four
       consecutive periods and that the Board of Directors intends
       to maintain for at least four consecutive periods, or a
       dividend that, together with all dividends paid in the prior
       twelve months, does not exceed one percent (1%) of the
       aggregate fair market value of the Series A Preferred Stock














       and the Common Stock on the date such dividend is declared,
       in each case, out of profits or surplus); or

            (ii) the Corporation shall authorize the granting to
       the holders of the Common Stock of rights or warrants to
       subscribe for or purchase any shares of any class or any
       other rights or warrants; or 

            (iii) there shall be any reclassification of the Common
       Stock (other than an event to which paragraph (d)(i) of this
       Section (7) applies) or any consolidation or merger to which
       the Corporation is a party and for which approval of any
       stockholders of the Corporation is required, or the sale or
       transfer of all or substantially all of the assets of the
       Corporation,

  then the Corporation shall cause to be filed with the Transfer
  Agent and shall cause to be mailed to the holders of shares of
  the Series B Preferred Stock at their addresses as shown on the
  stock records of the Corporation, as promptly as possible, but at
  least 15 days prior to the applicable date specified in clauses
  (A) and (B) below, a notice stating (A) the date on which a
  record is to be taken for the purpose of such dividend,
  distribution or rights or warrants, or, if a record is not to be
  taken, the date as of which the holders of Common Stock of record
  to be entitled to such dividend, distribution or rights or
  warrants, are to be determined or (B) the date on which such
  reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale or transfer is
  expected, that holders of Common Stock of record shall be
  entitled to exchange their shares of Common Stock for securities
  or other property deliverable upon such reclassification,
  consolidation, merger, sale or transfer.  Failure to give such
  notice or any defect therein shall not affect the legality or
  validity of the proceedings described in this Section (7).

       (g)  Whenever the Conversion Price is adjusted as herein
  provided, the Corporation shall promptly file with the Transfer
  Agent an officers' certificate setting forth the Conversion Price
  after such adjustment and setting forth a brief statement of the
  facts requiring such adjustment.  Promptly after delivery of such
  certificate, the Corporation shall prepare a notice of such
  adjustment of the Conversion Price setting forth the adjusted
  Conversion Price and the date on which such adjustment becomes
  effective and shall mail such notice of such adjustment of the
  Conversion Price to the holder of each share of Series B
  Preferred Stock at his or her last address as shown on the stock
  records of the Corporation.

       (h)  In any case in which paragraph (d) of this Section (7)
  provides that an adjustment shall become effective immediately
  after a record date for an event, the Corporation may defer until
  the occurrence of such event (A) issuing to the holder of any
  share of Series B Preferred Stock converted after such record
  date and before the occurrence of such event the additional














  shares of Common Stock issuable upon such conversion by reason of
  the adjustment required by such event over and above the Common
  Stock issuable upon such conversion before giving effect to such
  adjustment and (B) paying to such holder any amount in cash in
  lieu of any fraction pursuant to paragraph (c) of this Section
  (7).

       (i)  For purposes of this Section (7), the number of shares
  of Common Stock at any time outstanding shall not include any
  shares of Common Stock then owned or held by or for the account
  of the Corporation.

       (j)  Notwithstanding any other provision herein to the
  contrary, the issuance of any shares of Common Stock pursuant to
  any plan providing for the reinvestment of dividends or interest
  payable on securities of the Corporation and the investment of
  additional optional amounts in shares of Common Stock under any
  such plan at a price per share of at least 95% of Current Market
  Price, and the issuance of any shares of Common Stock or options
  or rights to purchase such shares pursuant to any employee
  benefit plan or program of the Corporation or pursuant to any
  option, warrant, right or exercisable, exchangeable or
  convertible security (including, but not limited to, Class A
  Stock) outstanding as of the date the Series B Preferred Stock
  was first designated, shall not be deemed to constitute an
  issuance of Common Stock or exercisable, exchangeable or
  convertible securities by the Corporation to which this Section
  (7) applies.  There shall be no adjustment of the Conversion
  Price in case of the issuance of any stock of the Corporation in
  a reorganization, acquisition other similar transaction except as
  specifically set forth in this Section (7).  If any action or
  transaction would require adjustment of the Conversion Price
  pursuant to more than one paragraph of this Section (7), only one
  adjustment shall be made and such adjustment shall be the amount
  of adjustment which has the highest absolute value.

       (k)  In case the Corporation shall take any action affecting
  the Common Stock, other than action described in this Section
  (7), which in the opinion of the Board of Directors would
  materially adversely affect the conversion rights of the holders
  of the shares of Series B Preferred Stock, the Conversion Price
  for the Series B Preferred Stock may be adjusted, to the extent
  permitted by law, in such manner, if any, and at such time, as
  the Board of Directors may determine to be equitable in the
  circumstances.

       (l)  The Corporation covenants that it will at all times
  reserve and keep available, free from preemptive rights, out of
  the aggregate of its authorized but unissued shares of Common
  Stock or its issued shares of Common Stock held in its treasury,
  or both, for the purpose of effecting conversion of the Series B
  Preferred Stock, the full number of shares of Common Stock
  deliverable upon the conversion of all outstanding shares of
  Series B Preferred Stock not theretofore converted.  For purposes














  of this paragraph (l), the number of shares of Common Stock which
  shall be deliverable upon the conversion of all outstanding
  shares of Series B Preferred Stock shall be computed as if at the
  time of computation all such outstanding shares were held by a
  single holder.

       Before taking any action which would cause an adjustment
  reducing the Conversion Price below the then par value of the
  shares of Common Stock deliverable upon conversion of the Series
  B Preferred Stock, the Corporation will take any corporate action
  which may, in the opinion of its counsel, be necessary in order
  that the Corporation may validly and legally issue fully-paid and
  nonassessable shares of Common Stock at such adjusted Conversion
  Price.

       The Corporation will use all reasonable efforts to list the
  shares of Common Stock required to be delivered upon conversion
  of the Series B Preferred Stock prior to such delivery, upon the
  American Stock Exchange or such other exchange or inter-dealer
  quotation system on which the Common Stock is principally traded
  or authorized to be quoted.

       Prior to the delivery of any securities which the
  Corporation shall be obligated to deliver upon conversion of the
  Series B Preferred Stock, the Corporation will use all reasonable
  efforts to comply with all federal and state laws and regulations
  thereunder requiring the registration of such securities with, or
  any approval of or consent to the delivery thereof by, any
  governmental authority.

       (m)  The Corporation will pay any and all documentary stamp
  or similar issue or transfer taxes payable in respect of the
  issue or delivery of shares of Common Stock on conversion of the
  Series B Preferred Stock pursuant hereto; provided, however, that
  the Corporation shall not be required to pay any tax which may be
  payable in respect of any transfer involved in the issue or
  delivery of shares of Common Stock in a name other than that of
  the holder of the Series B Preferred Stock to be converted and no
  such issue or delivery shall be made unless and until the person
  requesting such issue or delivery has paid to the Corporation the
  amount of any such tax or has established, to the reasonable
  satisfaction of the Corporation, that such tax has been paid.

       (8)  Ranking.  Any class or classes of stock of the
            -------
  Corporation shall be deemed to rank:

            (i)  prior to the Series B Preferred Stock, as to
       dividends or as to distribution of assets upon liquidation,
       dissolution or winding up, if the holders of such class
       shall be entitled to the receipt of dividends or of amounts
       distributable upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up,















       as the case may be, in preference or priority to the holders
       of Series B Preferred Stock;

            (ii) on a parity with the Series B Preferred Stock, as
       to dividends or as to distribution of assets upon
       liquidation, dissolution or winding up, whether or not the
       dividend rates, dividend payment dates or redemption or
       liquidation prices per share thereof be different from those
       of the Series B Preferred Stock, if the holders of such
       class of stock and the Series B Preferred Stock shall be
       entitled to the receipt of dividends or of amounts
       distributable upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up,
       as the case may be, in proportion to their respective
       amounts of accrued and unpaid dividends per share or
       liquidation prices, without preference or priority one over
       the other; and

            (iii) junior to the Series B Preferred Stock, as to
       dividends or as to the distribution of assets upon
       liquidation, dissolution or winding up, if such stock shall
       be Common Stock or Class A Stock or if the holders of Series
       B Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receipt of dividends
       or of amounts distributable upon liquidation, dissolution or
       winding up, as the case may be, in preference or priority to
       the holders of shares of such stock.

       (9)  Voting.   Except as herein provided or as otherwise
            ------
  from time to time required by law, holders of Series B Preferred
  Stock shall have no voting rights.  Whenever, at any time or
  times, dividends payable on the shares of Series B Preferred
  Stock at the time outstanding shall be in arrears for such number
  of Dividend Periods, which Dividend Periods need not be
  consecutive, which shall in the aggregate contain not less than
  360 days, the holders of Series B Preferred Stock shall have the
  exclusive right, voting separately as a class with holders of
  shares of any one or more other series of preferred stock ranking
  on a parity with the Series B Preferred Stock as to dividends, or
  on the distribution of assets upon liquidation, dissolution or
  winding up and upon which like voting rights have been conferred
  and are exercisable, to elect two directors of the Corporation at
  the Corporation's next annual meeting of stockholders and at each
  subsequent annual meeting of stockholders.  At elections for such
  directors, each holder of Series B Preferred Stock shall be
  entitled to one vote for each share held (the holders of shares
  of any other series of preferred stock ranking on such a parity
  being entitled to such number of votes, if any, for each share of
  stock held as may be granted to them).  Upon the vesting of such
  right of the holders of Series B Preferred Stock, the maximum
  authorized number of members of the Board of Directors shall
  automatically be increased by two and the two vacancies so
  created shall be filled by vote of the holders of outstanding
  Series B Preferred Stock (either alone or together with the
  holders of shares of any one or more other series of preferred
  stock ranking on such a parity and having like voting rights) as














  hereinafter set forth.  The right of holders of Series B
  Preferred Stock, voting separately as a class, to elect (either
  alone or together with the holders of shares of any one or more
  other series of preferred stock ranking on such a parity and
  having like voting rights) members of the Board of Directors as
  aforesaid shall continue until such time as all dividends
  accumulated on Series B Preferred Stock shall have been paid in
  full, at which time such right shall terminate, except as herein
  or by law expressly provided, subject to revesting in the event
  of each and every subsequent default of the character above
  mentioned.

       If the office of any director elected by the holders of
  Series B Preferred Stock, voting as a class, becomes vacant by
  reason of death, resignation, retirement, disqualification or
  removal from office or otherwise, the remaining director elected
  by the holders of Series B Preferred Stock, voting as a class,
  may choose a successor who shall hold office for the unexpired
  term in respect of which such vacancy occurred.  Upon any
  termination of the right of the holders of Series B Preferred
  Stock to vote for directors as herein provided, the term of
  office of all directors then in office elected by Series B
  Preferred Stock, voting as a class, shall terminate immediately. 
  Whenever the term of office of the directors elected by the
  holders of Series B Preferred Stock, voting as a class, shall so
  terminate and the special voting powers vested in the holders of
  Series B Preferred Stock shall have expired, the number of
  directors shall be such number as may be provided for in the By-
  laws irrespective of any increase made pursuant to the provisions
  of this Section (9).

       So long as any shares of the Series B Preferred Stock remain
  outstanding, the consent of the holders of at least two-thirds of
  the shares of Series B Preferred Stock outstanding at the time
  given in person or by proxy, either in writing or at any special
  or annual meeting, shall be necessary to permit, effect or
  validate any one or more of the following:

       (a)  The authorization, creation or issuance, or any
  increase in the authorized or issued amount, of any class or
  series of stock ranking prior to Series B Preferred Stock as to
  dividends or the distribution or assets upon liquidation,
  dissolution or winding up, or

       (b)  The amendment, alteration or repeal, whether by merger,
  consolidation or otherwise, of any of the provisions of the
  Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Corporation which
  would materially and adversely affect any right, preference or
  voting power of Series B Preferred Stock or of the holders
  thereof; provided, however, that any increase in the amount of
  authorized preferred stock or the creation and issuance of other
  series of preferred stock, or any increase in the amount of
  authorized shares of such series or of any other series of
  preferred stock, in each case ranking on a parity with or junior
  to the Series B Preferred Stock with respect to the payment of














  dividends and the distribution of assets upon liquidation,
  dissolution or winding up, shall not be deemed to materially and
  adversely affect such rights, preferences or voting powers.

       The foregoing voting provisions shall not apply if, at or
  prior to the time when the act with respect to which such vote
  would otherwise be required shall be effected, all outstanding
  shares of Series B Preferred Stock shall have been redeemed or
  sufficient funds shall have been deposited in trust to effect
  such redemption, scheduled to be consummated within three months
  after such time.

       (10) Record Holders.  The Corporation and the Transfer Agent
            --------------
  may deem and treat the record holder of any shares of Series B
  Preferred Stock as the true and lawful owner thereof for all
  purposes, and neither the Corporation nor the Transfer Agent
  shall be affected by any notice to the contrary.

            IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Corporation has caused this
  Certificate to be made under the seal of the Corporation and
  signed by Philippe P. Dauman, its Senior Vice President, General
  Counsel and Secretary, and attested by Katherine B. Rosenberg,
  its Assistant Secretary, this 17th day of November, 1993.

                                VIACOM INC.


                                By  /s/ Philippe P. Dauman         
                                    -------------------------------
                                          Philippe P. Dauman
                                         Senior Vice President,
                                          General Counsel and
                                               Secretary


  (Corporate Seal)


  Attest:

  By /s/ Katherine B. Rosenberg  
     ----------------------------
       Katherine B. Rosenberg
       Assistant Secretary









  THE SECURITIES EVIDENCED BY THIS CERTIFICATE HAVE NOT BEEN
  REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE
  "ACT"), OR ANY STATE SECURITIES LAWS AND MAY NOT BE OFFERED, SOLD
  OR OTHERWISE TRANSFERRED, PLEDGED OR HYPOTHECATED UNLESS AND
  UNTIL REGISTERED UNDER THE ACT AND ANY APPLICABLE STATE
  SECURITIES LAWS OR UNLESS, IN THE OPINION OF COUNSEL REASONABLY
  SATISFACTORY TO THE ISSUER, IN FORM AND SUBSTANCE REASONABLY
  SATISFACTORY TO THE ISSUER, SUCH OFFER, SALE, TRANSFER, PLEDGE OR
  HYPOTHECATION IS EXEMPT FROM REGISTRATION OR IS OTHERWISE IN
  COMPLIANCE WITH THE ACT AND SUCH LAWS.
   
            NUMBER                                 SHARES          
            R  1                                *24,000,000*       

      SERIES A CUMULATIVE                 SEE REVERSE FOR CERTAIN
  CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK           DEFINITIONS AND A STATEMENT
   PAR VALUE $0.01 PER SHARE                   AS TO THE RIGHTS,   
                                        PREFERENCES, PRIVILEGES AND
                                         AND RESTRICTIONS OF SHARES

                                VIACOM
                             VIACOM INC.
         INCORPORATED UNDER THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE


  This certifies that

            BLOCKBUSTER ENTERTAINMENT CORPORATION

  is the owner of Twenty-Four Million (24,000,000)----------------

       FULLY PAID AND NON-ASSESSABLE SHARES OF THE SERIES A
  CUMULATIVE CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK OF VIACOM INC. (the
  "Corporation"), transferable on the books of the Corporation in
  person or by duly authorized Attorney upon surrender of this
  Certificate properly endorsed.  This Certificate and the shares
  represented hereby are issued and shall be held subject to all of
  the provisions of the Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as
  amended, the Certificate of Designation of the Series A
  Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock and the Bylaws, as
  amended, of the Corporation, to all of which the holder by
  acceptance hereof assents.  
       WITNESS the facsimile seal of the Corporation and the
  facsimile signatures of its duly authorized officers.

       Dated:  October 22, 1993



  VIACOM INC.
  CORPORATE SEAL
  1986        /s/ Frank J. Biondi, Jr.      /s/ Philippe P. Dauman
              ------------------------    ------------------------
  DELAWARE            President                     Secretary








                             VIACOM INC.


       THE CORPORATION WILL FURNISH WITHOUT CHARGE, TO EACH
  STOCKHOLDER WHO SO REQUESTS, THE POWERS, DESIGNATIONS,
  PREFERENCES AND RELATIVE, PARTICIPATING OPTIONAL OR OTHER SPECIAL
  RIGHTS OF EACH CLASS OF STOCK OR SERIES THEREOF OF THE
  CORPORATION AND THE QUALIFICATIONS, LIMITATIONS OR RESTRICTION OF
  SUCH PREFERENCES AND/OR RIGHTS.
       RESTRICTIONS ON TRANSFER AND VOTING THE RESTATED CERTIFICATE
  OF INCORPORATION, AS AMENDED, OF THE CORPORATION PROVIDES THAT,
  SO LONG AS THE CORPORATION OR ANY OF ITS SUBSIDIARIES HOLDS ANY
  AUTHORIZATION FROM THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (OR ANY
  SUCCESSOR THERETO), IF THE CORPORATION HAS REASON TO BELIEVE THAT
  THE OWNERSHIP, OR PROPOSED OWNERSHIP, OF SHARES OF CAPITAL STOCK
  OF THE CORPORATION BY ANY STOCKHOLDER OR ANY PERSON PRESENTING
  ANY SHARES OF CAPITAL STOCK OF THE CORPORATION FOR TRANSFER INTO
  HIS NAME (A "PROPOSED TRANSFEREE") MAY BE INCONSISTENT WITH, OR
  IN VIOLATION OF, ANY PROVISION OF THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAWS
  (AS HEREINAFTER DEFINED), SUCH STOCKHOLDER OR PROPOSED TRANSFEREE
  UPON REQUEST OF THE CORPORATION, SHALL FURNISH PROMPTLY TO THE
  CORPORATION SUCH INFORMATION (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
  INFORMATION WITH RESPECT TO CITIZENSHIP, OTHER OWNERSHIP
  INTERESTS AND AFFILIATIONS) AS THE CORPORATION SHALL REASONABLY
  REQUEST TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE OWNERSHIP OF, OR THE EXERCISE OF
  ANY RIGHTS WITH RESPECT TO, SHARES OF CAPITAL STOCK OF THE
  CORPORATION BY SUCH STOCKHOLDER OR PROPOSED TRANSFEREE IS
  INCONSISTENT WITH, OR IN VIOLATION OF, THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS
  LAWS AS USED HEREIN.  THE TERM "FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAWS"
  SHALL MEAN ANY LAW OF THE UNITED STATES NOW OR HEREAFTER IN
  EFFECT (AND ANY REGULATION THEREUNDER) PERTAINING TO THE
  OWNERSHIP OF OR THE EXERCISE OF RIGHTS OF OWNERSHIP WITH RESPECT
  TO, CAPITAL STOCK OF CORPORATIONS HOLDING, DIRECTLY OR
  INDIRECTLY, FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION AUTHORIZATIONS,
  INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE COMMUNICATIONS ACT OF 1934 AS
  AMENDED (THE "COMMUNICATIONS ACT"), AND REGULATIONS THEREUNDER
  PERTAINING TO THE OWNERSHIP OR THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHTS OF
  OWNERSHIP OF CAPITAL STOCK OF CORPORATIONS HOLDING, DIRECTLY OR
  INDIRECTLY, FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION AUTHORIZATIONS BY
  (i) ALIENS, AS DEFINED IN OR UNDER THE COMMUNICATIONS ACT, AS IT
  MAY BE AMENDED FROM TIME TO TIME, (ii) PERSONS AND ENTITIES
  HAVING INTERESTS IN TELEVISION OR RADIO STATIONS, DAILY
  NEWSPAPERS AND CABLE TELEVISION SYSTEMS OR (iii) PERSONS OR
  ENTITIES, UNILATERALLY OR OTHERWISE, SEEKING DIRECT OR INDIRECT
  CONTROL OF THE CORPORATION, AS CONSTRUED UNDER THE COMMUNICATIONS
  ACT, WITHOUT HAVING OBTAINED ANY REQUISITE PRIOR FEDERAL
  REGULATORY APPROVAL OF SUCH CONTROL.  IF ANY STOCKHOLDER OR
  PROPOSED TRANSFEREE FROM WHOM INFORMATION IS REQUESTED AS
  DESCRIBED ABOVE SHOULD FAIL TO RESPOND TO SUCH REQUEST OR THE
  CORPORATION SHALL CONCLUDE THAT THE OWNERSHIP OF, OR THE EXERCISE
  OF ANY RIGHTS OF OWNERSHIP WITH RESPECT TO, SHARES OF CAPITAL
  STOCK OF THE CORPORATION BY SUCH STOCKHOLDER OR PROPOSED
  TRANSFEREE COULD RESULT IN ANY INCONSISTENCY WITH, OR VIOLATION














  OF, THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAWS, THE CORPORATION MAY REFUSE
  TO PERMIT THE TRANSFER OF SHARES OF CAPITAL STOCK OF THE
  CORPORATION TO SUCH PROPOSED TRANSFEREE, OR MAY SUSPEND THOSE
  RIGHTS OF STOCK OWNERSHIP THE EXERCISE OF WHICH WOULD RESULT IN
  ANY INCONSISTENCY WITH, OR VIOLATION OF, THE FEDERAL
  COMMUNICATIONS LAWS, SUCH REFUSAL OF TRANSFER OR SUSPENSION TO
  REMAIN IN EFFECT UNTIL THE REQUESTED INFORMATION HAS BEEN
  RECEIVED AND THE CORPORATION HAS DETERMINED THAT SUCH TRANSFER,
  OR THE EXERCISE OF SUCH SUSPENDED RIGHTS, AS THE CASE MAY BE, IS
  PERMISSIBLE UNDER THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAWS, AND THE
  CORPORATION MAY EXERCISE AND ALL APPROPRIATE REMEDIES AT LAW OR
  IN EQUITY, IN ANY COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION, AGAINST ANY
  SUCH STOCKHOLDER OR PROPOSED TRANSFEREE WITH A VIEW TOWARDS
  OBTAINING SUCH INFORMATION OR PREVENTING OR CURING ANY SITUATION
  WHICH WOULD CAUSE ANY INCONSISTENCY WITH, OR VIOLATION OF, ANY
  PROVISION OF THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAWS AS USED HEREIN.  THE
  WORD "PERSON" SHALL INCLUDE NOT ONLY NATURAL PERSONS BUT
  PARTNERSHIPS, ASSOCIATIONS, CORPORATIONS, JOINT VENTURES AND
  OTHER ENTITIES, AND THE WORD "REGULATION" SHALL INCLUDE NOT ONLY
  REGULATIONS BUT RULES, PUBLISHED POLICIES AND PUBLISHED
  CONTROLLING INTERPRETATIONS BY AN ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCY OR BODY
  EMPOWERED TO ADMINISTER A STATUTORY PROVISION OF THE FEDERAL
  COMMUNICATIONS LAWS.

       The following abbreviations, when used in the inscription on
  the face of this certificate, shall be construed as though they
  were written out in full according to applicable laws or
  regulations.

  TEN COM - as tenants in common
  TEN ENT - as tenants by the entireties 
  JT TEN - as joint tenants with right
            of survivorship and not as
            tenants in common

  UNIF GIFT MIN ACT - ..................Custodian..................
                         (Cust)                        (Minor)

                           under Uniform Gifts to Minors

                           Act.......................
                                     (State)

     Additional abbreviations may also be used through not in the
  above list.

  For value received..........hereby sell, assign and transfer unto

  PLEASE INSERT SOCIAL SECURITY OR OTHER 
       IDENTIFYING NUMBER OF ASSIGNEE

                                               ...................
  ---------------------------------------------
















  .................................................................
   Please print or typewrite name and address including postal zip
  code of assignee


  .................................................................

  ...........................................................Shares
  of the capital stock represented by the within Certificate, and
  do 
  hereby irrevocably constitute and appoint........................

  .................................................................
  Attorney to transfer the said stock on the books of the within-
  named Corporation with full power of substitution in the
  premises.





  Notice:   The signature to this assignment must correspond with
  the name as written upon the face of the Certificate, in every
  particular, without alteration or enlargement or any change
  whatever.

  Dated.....................................

























  THE SECURITIES EVIDENCED BY THIS CERTIFICATE HAVE NOT BEEN
  REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE
  "ACT"), OR ANY STATE SECURITIES LAWS AND MAY NOT BE OFFERED, SOLD
  OR OTHERWISE TRANSFERRED, PLEDGED OR HYPOTHECATED UNLESS AND
  UNTIL REGISTERED UNDER THE ACT AND ANY APPLICABLE STATE
  SECURITIES LAWS OR UNLESS, IN THE OPINION OF COUNSEL REASONABLY
  SATISFACTORY TO THE ISSUER, IN FORM AND SUBSTANCE REASONABLY
  SATISFACTORY TO THE ISSUER, SUCH OFFER, SALE, TRANSFER, PLEDGE OR
  HYPOTHECATION IS EXEMPT FROM REGISTRATION OR IS OTHERWISE IN
  COMPLIANCE WITH THE ACT AND SUCH LAWS.
   
            NUMBER                                 SHARES          
            R  1                                *24,000,000*       

      SERIES B CUMULATIVE                 SEE REVERSE FOR CERTAIN  
  CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK           DEFINITIONS AND A STATEMENT
   PAR VALUE $0.01 PER SHARE                   AS TO THE RIGHTS,   
                                        PREFERENCES, PRIVILEGES AND
                                         AND RESTRICTIONS OF SHARES

                                VIACOM
                             VIACOM INC.
         INCORPORATED UNDER THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE


  This certifies that

            NYNEX CORPORATION

  is the owner of Twenty-Four Million (24,000,000)----------------

       FULLY PAID AND NON-ASSESSABLE SHARES OF THE SERIES B
  CUMULATIVE CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK OF VIACOM INC. (the
  "Corporation"), transferable on the books of the Corporation in
  person or by duly authorized Attorney upon surrender of this
  Certificate properly endorsed.  This Certificate and the shares
  represented hereby are issued and shall be held subject to all of
  the provisions of the Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as
  amended, the Certificate of Designation of the Series B
  Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock and the Bylaws, as
  amended, of the Corporation, to all of which the holder by
  acceptance hereof assents.  
       WITNESS the facsimile seal of the Corporation and the
  facsimile signatures of its duly authorized officers.

       Dated:  November 19, 1993



  VIACOM INC.
  CORPORATE SEAL
  1986        /s/ Frank J. Biondi, Jr.      /s/ Philippe P. Dauman
              ------------------------    ------------------------
  DELAWARE            President                     Secretary








                             VIACOM INC.


       THE CORPORATION WILL FURNISH WITHOUT CHARGE, TO EACH
  STOCKHOLDER WHO SO REQUESTS, THE POWERS, DESIGNATIONS,
  PREFERENCES AND RELATIVE, PARTICIPATING OPTIONAL OR OTHER SPECIAL
  RIGHTS OF EACH CLASS OF STOCK OR SERIES THEREOF OF THE
  CORPORATION AND THE QUALIFICATIONS, LIMITATIONS OR RESTRICTION OF
  SUCH PREFERENCES AND/OR RIGHTS.
       RESTRICTIONS ON TRANSFER AND VOTING THE RESTATED CERTIFICATE
  OF INCORPORATION, AS AMENDED, OF THE CORPORATION PROVIDES THAT,
  SO LONG AS THE CORPORATION OR ANY OF ITS SUBSIDIARIES HOLDS ANY
  AUTHORIZATION FROM THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (OR ANY
  SUCCESSOR THERETO), IF THE CORPORATION HAS REASON TO BELIEVE THAT
  THE OWNERSHIP, OR PROPOSED OWNERSHIP, OF SHARES OF CAPITAL STOCK
  OF THE CORPORATION BY ANY STOCKHOLDER OR ANY PERSON PRESENTING
  ANY SHARES OF CAPITAL STOCK OF THE CORPORATION FOR TRANSFER INTO
  HIS NAME (A "PROPOSED TRANSFEREE") MAY BE INCONSISTENT WITH, OR
  IN VIOLATION OF, ANY PROVISION OF THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAWS
  (AS HEREINAFTER DEFINED), SUCH STOCKHOLDER OR PROPOSED TRANSFEREE
  UPON REQUEST OF THE CORPORATION, SHALL FURNISH PROMPTLY TO THE
  CORPORATION SUCH INFORMATION (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
  INFORMATION WITH RESPECT TO CITIZENSHIP, OTHER OWNERSHIP
  INTERESTS AND AFFILIATIONS) AS THE CORPORATION SHALL REASONABLY
  REQUEST TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE OWNERSHIP OF, OR THE EXERCISE OF
  ANY RIGHTS WITH RESPECT TO, SHARES OF CAPITAL STOCK OF THE
  CORPORATION BY SUCH STOCKHOLDER OR PROPOSED TRANSFEREE IS
  INCONSISTENT WITH, OR IN VIOLATION OF, THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS
  LAWS AS USED HEREIN.  THE TERM "FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAWS"
  SHALL MEAN ANY LAW OF THE UNITED STATES NOW OR HEREAFTER IN
  EFFECT (AND ANY REGULATION THEREUNDER) PERTAINING TO THE
  OWNERSHIP OF OR THE EXERCISE OF RIGHTS OF OWNERSHIP WITH RESPECT
  TO, CAPITAL STOCK OF CORPORATIONS HOLDING, DIRECTLY OR
  INDIRECTLY, FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION AUTHORIZATIONS,
  INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE COMMUNICATIONS ACT OF 1934 AS
  AMENDED (THE "COMMUNICATIONS ACT"), AND REGULATIONS THEREUNDER
  PERTAINING TO THE OWNERSHIP OR THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHTS OF
  OWNERSHIP OF CAPITAL STOCK OF CORPORATIONS HOLDING, DIRECTLY OR
  INDIRECTLY, FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION AUTHORIZATIONS BY
  (i) ALIENS, AS DEFINED IN OR UNDER THE COMMUNICATIONS ACT, AS IT
  MAY BE AMENDED FROM TIME TO TIME, (ii) PERSONS AND ENTITIES
  HAVING INTERESTS IN TELEVISION OR RADIO STATIONS, DAILY
  NEWSPAPERS AND CABLE TELEVISION SYSTEMS OR (iii) PERSONS OR
  ENTITIES, UNILATERALLY OR OTHERWISE, SEEKING DIRECT OR INDIRECT
  CONTROL OF THE CORPORATION, AS CONSTRUED UNDER THE COMMUNICATIONS
  ACT, WITHOUT HAVING OBTAINED ANY REQUISITE PRIOR FEDERAL
  REGULATORY APPROVAL OF SUCH CONTROL.  IF ANY STOCKHOLDER OR
  PROPOSED TRANSFEREE FROM WHOM INFORMATION IS REQUESTED AS
  DESCRIBED ABOVE SHOULD FAIL TO RESPOND TO SUCH REQUEST OR THE
  CORPORATION SHALL CONCLUDE THAT THE OWNERSHIP OF, OR THE EXERCISE
  OF ANY RIGHTS OF OWNERSHIP WITH RESPECT TO, SHARES OF CAPITAL
  STOCK OF THE CORPORATION BY SUCH STOCKHOLDER OR PROPOSED
  TRANSFEREE COULD RESULT IN ANY INCONSISTENCY WITH, OR VIOLATION














  OF, THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAWS, THE CORPORATION MAY REFUSE
  TO PERMIT THE TRANSFER OF SHARES OF CAPITAL STOCK OF THE
  CORPORATION TO SUCH PROPOSED TRANSFEREE, OR MAY SUSPEND THOSE
  RIGHTS OF STOCK OWNERSHIP THE EXERCISE OF WHICH WOULD RESULT IN
  ANY INCONSISTENCY WITH, OR VIOLATION OF, THE FEDERAL
  COMMUNICATIONS LAWS, SUCH REFUSAL OF TRANSFER OR SUSPENSION TO
  REMAIN IN EFFECT UNTIL THE REQUESTED INFORMATION HAS BEEN
  RECEIVED AND THE CORPORATION HAS DETERMINED THAT SUCH TRANSFER,
  OR THE EXERCISE OF SUCH SUSPENDED RIGHTS, AS THE CASE MAY BE, IS
  PERMISSIBLE UNDER THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAWS, AND THE
  CORPORATION MAY EXERCISE AND ALL APPROPRIATE REMEDIES AT LAW OR
  IN EQUITY, IN ANY COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION, AGAINST ANY
  SUCH STOCKHOLDER OR PROPOSED TRANSFEREE WITH A VIEW TOWARDS
  OBTAINING SUCH INFORMATION OR PREVENTING OR CURING ANY SITUATION
  WHICH WOULD CAUSE ANY INCONSISTENCY WITH, OR VIOLATION OF, ANY
  PROVISION OF THE FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAWS AS USED HEREIN.  THE
  WORD "PERSON" SHALL INCLUDE NOT ONLY NATURAL PERSONS BUT
  PARTNERSHIPS, ASSOCIATIONS, CORPORATIONS, JOINT VENTURES AND
  OTHER ENTITIES, AND THE WORD "REGULATION" SHALL INCLUDE NOT ONLY
  REGULATIONS BUT RULES, PUBLISHED POLICIES AND PUBLISHED
  CONTROLLING INTERPRETATIONS BY AN ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCY OR BODY
  EMPOWERED TO ADMINISTER A STATUTORY PROVISION OF THE FEDERAL
  COMMUNICATIONS LAWS.

       The following abbreviations, when used in the inscription on
  the face of this certificate, shall be construed as though they
  were written out in full according to applicable laws or
  regulations.

  TEN COM - as tenants in common
  TEN ENT - as tenants by the entireties 
  JT TEN - as joint tenants with right
            of survivorship and not as
            tenants in common

  UNIF GIFT MIN ACT - ..................Custodian..................
                         (Cust)                        (Minor)

                           under Uniform Gifts to Minors

                           Act.......................
                                     (State)

     Additional abbreviations may also be used through not in the
  above list.

  For value received..........hereby sell, assign and transfer unto

  PLEASE INSERT SOCIAL SECURITY OR OTHER 
       IDENTIFYING NUMBER OF ASSIGNEE

                                               ...................
  ---------------------------------------------
















  .................................................................
   Please print or typewrite name and address including postal zip
  code of assignee


  .................................................................

  ...........................................................Shares
  of the capital stock represented by the within Certificate, and
  do 
  hereby irrevocably constitute and appoint........................

  .................................................................
  Attorney to transfer the said stock on the books of the within-
  named Corporation with full power of substitution in the
  premises.





  Notice:   The signature to this assignment must correspond with
  the name as written upon the face of the Certificate, in every
  particular, without alteration or enlargement or any change
  whatever.

  Dated.....................................



























                                                   [CONFORMED COPY]

                             VIACOM INC.
                            1515 Broadway
                          New York, New York

                                                    October 4, 1993

  NYNEX Corporation
  335 Madison Avenue
  New York, New York 10017

  Dear Sirs:

       1.   Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein,
  NYNEX Corporation, a Delaware corporation (the "Purchaser"),
                                                  ---------
  hereby subscribes for, and agrees to purchase, and Viacom Inc., a
  Delaware corporation (the "Company") agrees to issue and sell,
                             -------
  24,000,000 shares of a new series of convertible preferred stock
  of the Company designated Series B Convertible Preferred Stock,
  par value $0.01 per share (the "Preferred Stock"), for an
                                  ---------------
  aggregate purchase price of $1,200,000,000, representing a
  purchase price of $50.00 per share.  The terms of the Preferred
  Stock are set forth in the form of Certificate of Designation
  attached as Annex I hereto (the "Certificate of Designation"),
                                   --------------------------
  which terms are subject to amendment in accordance with the
  provisions hereof.

       2.   (a)  The closing (the "Closing") of the purchase
                                   -------
  provided for in paragraph 1 shall take place five Business Days
  after satisfaction of the conditions specified in paragraph 5 at
  the offices of Shearman & Sterling, 599 Lexington Avenue, New
  York, New York.  The date and time of the Closing are referred to
  herein as the "Closing Date". The Company and the Purchaser
                 ------------
  currently anticipate that the Closing Date shall be on or about
  November 30, 1993.

            (b)  At the Closing, the Purchaser shall deliver to the
  Company $1,200,000,000 in cash by wire transfer in immediately
  available funds to an account of the Company designated by the
  Company, by notice to the Purchaser prior to the Closing Date, and
  the Company shall deliver to the Purchaser a certificate
  representing the shares of Preferred Stock, registered in the
  name of the Purchaser.

       3.   (a)  The Purchaser represents and warrants to the
  Company that:  (i) the execution and delivery of this Agreement
  by the Purchaser and the performance of its obligations hereunder
  have been duly and validly authorized

















  by all necessary corporate action on the part of the Purchaser;
  (ii) this Agreement had been duly and validly executed and
  delivered by the Purchaser and, assuming the due authorization,
  execution and delivery by the Company and subject to compliance
  with the MFJ (as defined in paragraph 24 hereof), constitutes a
  legal, valid and binding obligation of the Purchaser, enforceable
  against the Purchaser in accordance with its terms, except as
  enforcement thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency,
  reorganization, fraudulent conveyance, moratorium or other
  similar laws relating to or affecting enforcement of creditors'
  rights generally and except as enforcement thereof is subject to
  general principles of equity (regardless of whether enforcement
  is considered in a proceeding in equity at law); (iii) the
  execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by the
  Purchaser and the purchase of Preferred Stock by the Purchaser do
  not conflict with or violate or result in any breach of or
  constitute a default (or an event which with notice or lapse of
  time or both would become a default) under the Certificate of
  Incorporation or By-Laws or equivalent organizational documents
  of the Purchaser; (iv) the execution, delivery and, subject to
  compliance with the MFJ, performance of this Agreement by the
  Purchaser do not, and the consummation of the transactions 
  contemplated hereby by the Purchaser will not, require any 
  consent, approval, authorization or permit of, or
  filing with or notification to, any governmental authority with
  respect to the Purchaser, except under the 1934 Act; (v) the
  Purchaser is acquiring the Preferred Stock and the Common Stock
  of the Company issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Stock
  for its own account for the purpose of investment and not with a
  view to or for sale in connection with any distribution thereof;
  and (vi) the Purchaser is an "accredited investor" within the
  meaning of Rule 501 under the 1933 Act.

       (b)  Except as set forth in this paragraph 3, the Purchaser
  makes no other representation, express or implied, to the
  Company.

       4.   (a) The Company represents and warrants to the
  Purchaser that (i) each of the Company and each Subsidiary (as
  defined below) is a corporation, partnership or other legal
  entity duly organized, validly existing and in good standing
  under the laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or
  organization and has the requisite power and authority and all
  necessary governmental approvals to own, lease and operate its
  properties and to carry on its business as it is now being
  conducted, except where the failure to be so organized, existing














  or in good standing or to have such power, authority and
  governmental approvals would not, individually or in the
  aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect (as defined below); 
  (ii) the execution and delivery of this Agreement by the Company
  and the issuance of the Preferred Stock in accordance with the
  terms of this Agreement and the Certificate of Designation have
  been duly and validly authorized by all necessary corporate
  action on the part of the Company; (iii) this Agreement has been
  duly and validly executed and delivered by the Company and,
  assuming the due authorization, execution and delivery by the
  Purchaser, constitutes a legal, valid an binding obligation of
  the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with
  its terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by
  bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, fraudulent conveyance,
  moratorium or their similar laws relating to or affecting
  enforcement of creditors' rights generally and except as
  enforcement thereof is subject to general principles of equity
  (regardless of whether enforcement is considered in a proceeding
  in equity or at law); (iv) the execution, delivery and
  performance of this Agreement by the Company do not, and the
  issuance of the Preferred Stock and the performance of the
  Company's obligations in accordance with the terms of this
  Agreement and the Certificate of Designation will not, conflict
  with or violate or result in any breach of or constitute a
  default (or an event which with notice or lapse of time or both
  would become a default) under (A) the Certificate of
  Incorporation or By-Laws or equivalent organizational documents
  of the Company or any Subsidiary, (B) any law, rule, regulation,
  order, judgment or decree applicable to the Company or any
  Subsidiary, or (C) any note, bond, mortgage, indenture, contract,
  agreement, lease, license, permit, franchise or other instrument
  or obligation to which the Company or any Subsidiary is a party
  or by which the Company or any Subsidiary or any property or
  asset of the Company or any Subsidiary is bound or affected,
  except in the case of subclauses (B) and (C) above, for any such
  conflicts, violations, breaches, defaults or other occurrences
  which would not prevent or delay the issuance of the Preferred
  Stock in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and the
  Certificate of Designation in any material respect, or otherwise
  prevent the Company from performing its obligations under this
  Agreement and the Certificate of Designation in any material
  respect, and would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a
  Material Adverse Effect; (v) the execution, delivery and
  performance of this Agreement by the Company do not, and the
  performance of this Agreement by the Company will not, require
  any consent, approval, authorization or permit of, or filing with
  or notification to, any governmental authority with respect to
  the Company, except for the filing with the Secretary of State of
  the State of Delaware of the Certificate of Designation, filings
  after the Closing of the Certificate of Designation with
  appropriate authorities in states in which the Company is
  qualified as a foreign corporation, any filings required to
  effect the registration pursuant to paragraph 8 and any filings
  pursuant to federal and state securities laws which will be














  timely made after the Closing hereunder; (vi) the Preferred Stock
  to be issued hereunder has been duly authorized and, upon
  issuance at the Closing, will be validly issued, fully paid and
  nonassessable, and free and clear of all security interests,
  liens, claims, encumbrances, pledges, options and charges of any
  nature whatsoever, and the issuance of such Preferred Stock will
  not be subject to preemptive rights of any other stockholder of
  the Company; (vii) prior to the Closing, the Certificate of
  Designation will have been filed with the Secretary of State of
  the State of Delaware in accordance with the Delaware
  General Corporation Law; (viii) the shares of Class B Common
  Stock, par value $0.01 per share ("Class B Common Stock"), of the
                                     --------------------
  Company issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Stock have been
  duly authorized and reserved for issuance upon such conversion
  and, upon issuance of such shares in accordance with the
  Certificate of Designation, will be validly issued, fully paid
  and nonassessable;  (ix) the authorized capital stock of the
  Company consists of 100,000,000 shares of the Company's Class A
  Common Stock, 150,000,000 shares of Class B Common Stock and
  100,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share
  ("Common Preferred Stock"); (x) as of August 31, 1993, (A)
    ----------------------
  53,431,699 shares of the Company's Class A Common Stock and
  67,282,799 shares of Class B Common Stock were issued and
  outstanding, all of which were validly issued, fully paid and
  nonassessable, (B) no shares were held in the treasury of the
  Company, (C) no shares were held by the Subsidiaries, and (D)
  3,843,000 shares were reserved for future issuance pursuant to
  employee stock options or stock incentive rights granted pursuant
  to the Company's 1989 Long-Term Management Incentive Plan and the
  Company's Stock Option Plan for Outside Directors; (xi) as of the
  date hereof, no shares of Company Preferred Stock are issued and
  outstanding and there are no agreements, arrangements or
  understandings with respect to the issuance of any Company
  Preferred Stock other than the Stock Purchase Agreement dated
  September 29, 1993 between the Company and Blockbuster
  Entertainment Corporation; (xii) the Company has filed all forms,
  reports and documents required to be filed by it with the
  Securities and Exchange Commission ("Commission") since December
                                       ----------
  31, 1990, and has heretofore made available to the Purchaser, in
  the form filed with the Commission (excluding any exhibits
  thereto), (A) its Annual Reports on Form 10-K for the fiscal
  years ended December 31, 1990, 1991 and 1992, respectively, (B)
  its Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the periods ended March
  31, 1993 and June 30, 1993, (C) all proxy statements relating to
  the Company's meetings of stockholders (whether annual or special)
  held since January 1, 1991 and (D) all other forms, reports and
  other registration statements (other than Quarterly Reports on
  Form 10-Q not referred to in clause (B) above and preliminary
  materials) filed by the Company with the Commission since
  December 31, 1990 (the forms, reports and other documents
  referred to in clauses (A), (B), (C), and (D) above being
  referred to herein, collectively, as the "SEC Reports"); (xiii)
                                            -----------
  the SEC Reports and any other forms, reports and other documents
  filed by the Company with the Commission after the date of this
  Agreement (A) were or will be prepared in accordance with the














  requirements of the 1933 Act and the 1934 Act, as the case may
  be, and the rules and regulations thereunder and (B) did not at
  the time they were filed, or will not at the time they are filed,
  contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state
  a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in
  order to make the statements made therein, in the light of the
  circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; (xiv)
  the consolidated financial statements (including, in each case,
  any notes thereto) contained in the SEC Reports were prepared in
  accordance with generally accepted accounting principles applied
  on a consistent basis throughout the periods indicated (except as
  may be indicated in the notes thereto) and each fairly presented
  the consolidated financial position, results of operations and
  cash flows of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries as at
  the respective dates thereof and for the respective periods
  indicated therein (subject, in the case of unaudited statements,
  to normal and recurring year-end adjustments which were not and
  are not expected, individually or in the aggregate, to be
  material in amount); (xv) since December 31, 1992 there has not
  been any change, occurrence or circumstance in the business,
  results of operations or financial condition of the Company or
  any Subsidiary having, individually or in the aggregate, a
  Material Adverse Effect, other than changes, occurrences and
  circumstances referred to in any subsequently filed SEC Reports;
  (xvi) there is no claim, action, proceeding or investigation
  pending or, to the best knowledge of the Company, threatened by
  any public official or governmental authority, against the
  Company or any Subsidiary, or any of their respective property or
  assets before any court, arbitrator or administrative,
  governmental or regulatory authority or body, which challenges
  the validity of this Agreement, the Certificate of Designation or
  the Preferred Stock or any action taken or to be taken pursuant
  hereto or, except as set forth in the SEC Reports, which is
  reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect; and (xvii)
  neither the Company nor any Subsidiary is in conflict with, or in
  default or violation of, (A) any law, rule, regulation, order,
  judgment or decree applicable to the Company or any Subsidiary or
  by which any property or asset of the Company or any Subsidiary
  is bound or affected, or (B) any note, bond, mortgage, indenture,
  contract, agreement, lease, license, permit, franchise or other
  instrument or obligation to which the Company or any Subsidiary
  is a party or by which the Company or any Subsidiary or any
  property or asset of the Company or any Subsidiary is bound or
  affected, except for any such conflicts, defaults or violations
  that would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material
  Adverse Effect.

       (b)  Except as set forth in this paragraph 4, the Company
  makes no representation, express or implied, to the Purchaser.

       (c)  "Subsidiary" means a "significant subsidiary" of the
             ----------
  Company, as such term is defined in Regulation S-X promulgated
  under the 1933 Act.















       (d)  The term "Material Adverse Effect" means any change or
                      -----------------------
  effect that is or is reasonably likely to be materially adverse
  to the business, results of operations or financial condition of
  the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

       (e)  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this
  paragraph 4, any change to or effect on the business, results of
  operations or financial condition of the Company and its
  Subsidiaries that results, directly or indirectly, from (a)
  regulations adopted by the Federal Communications Commission,
  whether before or after the date hereof, governing financial
  interest in and syndication of broadcast programming or
  implementing the Cable Television Consumer Protection and
  Competition Act of 1992 or (b) the subject matter contemplated by
  the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K, dated September 13,
  1993 (the "Paramount Transaction"), shall not be considered for
             ---------------------
  purposes of determining whether a breach has occurred of any
  representation or warranty, covenant or agreement of the Company
  contained herein.

       5.   (a)  The obligation of the Purchaser to consummate the
  Closing is subject to the satisfaction (or waiver by the
  Purchaser, at its sole discretion, except for clause (iv) below,
  which may not be waived by the Purchaser without the Company's
  consent) of the following conditions:

            (i)  (A)  the Company shall have performed in all
       material respects all of its obligations hereunder required
       to be performed by it at or prior to the Closing Date, (B)
       the representations and warranties of the Company contained
       in this Agreement shall be true in all material respects
       (other than those contained in Paragraph 4(a)(xv), which
       shall be true in all respects) as of the Closing Date, as if
       made at and as of such date (except for any such
       representations and warranties that are expressly stated to
       be as of a different date) and (C) the Purchaser shall have
       received a certificate signed by an executive officer of the
       Company to the foregoing effect;

            (ii) no judgment, injunction, order or decree shall
       materially restrict, prevent or prohibit the consummation of
       the Closing;

            (iii)     the Purchaser shall have received an opinion
       of Shearman & Sterling, dated the Closing Date,
       substantially in the form of Exhibit A hereto; and

            (iv) as of the Closing, in the Purchaser's judgment,
       neither the Company nor any Company Affiliate (as defined in
       paragraph 24) shall be engaged in any Restricted Activity
       (as defined in paragraph 24).

            (b)  The obligation of the Company to consummate the
  Closing is subject to the satisfaction (or waiver by the Company
  at its sole discretion) of the following conditions:














            (i)  (A)  the Purchaser shall have performed in all
       material respects all of its obligations hereunder required
       to be performed by it at or prior to the Closing Date, (B)
       the representations and warranties of the Purchaser
       contained in this Agreement shall be true in all material
       respects at and as of the Closing Date, as if made at and as
       of such date (except for any such representations and
       warranties that are expressly stated to be as of a different
       date) and (C) the Company shall have received a certificate
       signed by an executive officer of the Purchaser to the
       foregoing effect;

            (ii) no judgment, injunction, order or decree shall
       materially restrict, prevent or prohibit the consummation of
       the Closing; and 

            (iii) the Company shall have received an opinion of
       Raymond F. Burke, Esq., Executive Vice President, General
       Counsel and Secretary of the Purchaser, dated the Closing
       Date, substantially in the form of Exhibit B hereto.

       6.   Effective as of the Closing and for so long as the
  Purchaser and its Affiliates Beneficially Own at least 6,000,000
  shares of Preferred Stock or the equivalent in number of shares
  of Preferred Stock and shares of Class B Common Stock issuable
  upon conversion of the Preferred Stock, the Purchaser shall be
  entitled to one representative on the Board of Directors of the
  Company, who shall serve in such capacity in accordance with the
  Restated Certificate of Incorporation and the By-Laws of the
  Company.  Such representative shall initially be William C.
  Ferguson, who shall become a member of the Company's Board of
  Directors simultaneously with the Closing, and the Purchaser
  shall receive satisfactory evidence of this action.

            7.   (a)  The Purchaser acknowledges that the shares of
  Preferred Stock and Class B Common Stock into which such
  Preferred Stock is convertible have not been registered under the
  1933 Act or any state securities law, and hereby agrees not to
  offer, sell or otherwise transfer, pledge or hypothecate such
  shares unless and until registered under the 1933 Act and any














  applicable state securities law or unless, in the opinion of
  counsel reasonably satisfactory to the Company, such offer, sale,
  transfer, pledge or hypothecation is exempt from registration or
  is otherwise in compliance with the 1933 Act and such laws.

            (b)  Upon issuance of the Preferred Stock, and until
  such time as the same is no longer required under the applicable
  requirements of the 1933 Act, the certificates evidencing the
  Preferred Stock (and all securities issued in exchange therefor
  or substitution thereof) shall bear the following legend:

       THE SECURITIES EVIDENCED BY THIS CERTIFICATE HAVE NOT BEEN
       REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE
       "ACT"), OR ANY STATE SECURITIES LAWS AND MAY NOT BE OFFERED,
       SOLD OR OTHERWISE TRANSFERRED, PLEDGED OR HYPOTHECATED
       UNLESS AND UNTIL REGISTERED UNDER THE ACT AND ANY APPLICABLE
       STATE SECURITIES LAWS OR UNLESS, IN THE OPINION OF COUNSEL
       REASONABLY SATISFACTORY TO THE ISSUER, IN FORM AND SUBSTANCE
       REASONABLY SATISFACTORY TO THE ISSUER, SUCH OFFER, SALE,
       TRANSFER, PLEDGE OR HYPOTHECATION IS EXEMPT FROM
       REGISTRATION   OR IS OTHERWISE IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE ACT AND
       SUCH LAWS.

            8.   Effective at the Closing, the Purchaser shall have
  the registration rights, and the Company shall have the
  obligations, set forth in Annex II.

            9.   (a)  During the Put/Call Period (as defined
  below), the Company, at its option, shall have the right to
  purchase from the Purchaser and the Purchaser, at its option,
  shall have the right to sell to the Company, in each case at the
  Put/Call Price (as defined below), 12,000,000 shares of Preferred
  Stock.

            (b)  The Company or the Purchaser may each exercise the
  right granted to it in paragraph 9(a) by written notice to the
  other party at any time during the Put/Call Period and in the
  event such a notice is so delivered, the repurchase of the
  12,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock by the Company (the
  "Put/Call Closing") shall occur at 10:00 a.m. at the place
   ----------------














  specified in paragraph 2 hereof on the twentieth Business Day
  following the date such written notice is delivered.

            (c)  At the Put/Call Closing, the Company shall deliver
  to the Purchaser the Put/Call Price in cash by wire transfer in
  immediately available funds to an account of the Purchaser
  designated by the Purchaser by notice to the Company at least two
  Business Days prior to the date of the Put/Call Closing, and the
  Purchaser shall deliver to the Company a certificate representing
  the 12,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, duly endorsed to the
  Company or accompanied by a stock power duly executed to the
  Company, in proper form for transfer, which shares shall be
  transferred by the Purchaser to the Company free and clear of any
  encumbrances or adverse claims.

            (d)  For the purposes of this paragraph 9, the
  following terms shall have the following meanings:

            (i)  "Put/Call Period" shall mean the period of 120
                  ---------------
       days following the earlier of (A) August 31, 1994, if, and
       only if, the Company or any of its Affiliates has not
       acquired Beneficial Ownership of a majority of the
       outstanding voting capital stock of Paramount Communications
       Inc. ("PCI") prior to August 31, 1994 or (B) the date on
              ---
       which any party other than the Company or any of its
       Affiliates acquires Beneficial Ownership of a majority of
       the voting capital stock of PCI; and

            (ii) "Put/Call Price" shall mean $600,000,000,
                  --------------
       representing the aggregate liquidation preference of the 
       12,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, plus the aggregate amount
                                             ----
       of accrued and unpaid dividends on such shares of Preferred
       Stock to the date of the Put/Call Closing (whether or not
       earned or declared). 

            (e) The Company agrees not to enter into any contract,
  agreement, arrangement or understanding, nor to take or omit to
  take any action, that would restrict or impair the performance of
  its obligations under this paragraph 9, and the Company
  represents and warrants that it is neither a party to nor bound
  by any such contract, agreement, arrangement or understanding on
  the date hereof.

            10.  In the event that, until the earlier of (a) the
  date of the expiration of the Put/Call Period or (b) the
  consummation of the acquisition by the Company or any of its
  Affiliates of Beneficial Ownership of a majority of the outstanding
  voting capital stock of PCI, the Company issues new shares of
  preferred stock (other than through an offering intended to
  result in a distribution thereof to more than 35 non-accredited
  investors, which shall be on market terms) the terms of the
  Preferred Stock and the terms of Annex II hereto shall be amended
  in order to be at least as favorable to the holders of such Stock
  as those of such new shares.














            11.  (a)  In the event of a Change of Control (as
  defined below) of the Company, the Purchaser, at its option,
  shall have the right to sell to the Company or its assignee, at
  the Designated Price (as defined below), all shares of the
  Preferred Stock then held by the Purchaser and its Affiliates.

            (b)  The Purchaser may exercise the right granted to it
  in paragraph 11(a) by written notice to the Company at any time
  during the 30-day period following public announcement of such Change
  of Control and in the event such a notice is so delivered, the 
  repurchase of such shares of Preferred Stock by the Company
  (the "Paragraph 11 Closing") shall occur at 10:00 a.m. at the
        --------------------
  place specified in paragraph 2 hereof on the twentieth Business 
  Day following the date such written notice is delivered.

            (c)  At the Paragraph 11 Closing, the Company or its
  assignee shall deliver to the Purchaser the Designated Price in
  cash by wire transfer in immediately available funds to an
  account of the Purchaser designated by the Purchaser by notice to
  the Company at least two Business Days prior to the date of the
  Paragraph 11 Closing, and the Purchaser shall deliver to the
  Company a certificate representing the shares of Preferred Stock
  referred to in paragraph 11(a), duly endorsed to the Company
  or accompanied by a stock power duly executed to the
  Company, in proper form for transfer, which shares shall be
  transferred by the Purchaser to the Company free and clear of any
  encumbrances or adverse claims.

            (d)  For the purposes of this paragraph 11, the
  following terms shall have the following meanings:

            (i)  A "Change of Control" of the Company shall occur
                    -----------------
       if a Person Beneficially Owns more voting capital stock, on
       a fully diluted basis, of the Company than National
       Amusements, Inc., Sumner M. Redstone, any trust established
       by Mr. Redstone or of which he is the settlor, beneficiary
       or trustee and any heir, executor, administrator, or
       personal representative of Mr. Redstone or his estate, and
       any person or entity in any similar capacity, or any
       Affiliate of any of the foregoing (collectively, the
       "Group"), or the Group Beneficially Owns 30% or less of the
        -----
       voting capital stock, on a fully diluted basis, of the
       Company.  

            (ii) "Designated Price" shall mean the sum of (A)
  110% multiplied by the aggregate liquidation preference of the
  shares of Preferred Stock referred to in paragraph 11(a), plus
                                                            ----
  (B) the aggregate amount of accrued and unpaid dividends on such
  shares of Preferred Stock to the date of the Paragraph 11
  Closing.

            12.  (a)  From and after the Closing and for so long as
  the Purchaser is a significant investor in the Company (which is
  understood to mean Beneficial Ownership by the Purchaser and its
  Affiliates of at least 10,000,000 shares of the Preferred Stock
  or the equivalent in number of shares of Preferred Stock
  and shares of Class B Common Stock issuable on conversion of the














  Preferred Stock), subject to any conflicting arrangements
  existing on the date hereof and applicable laws, (i) the Company
  agrees to provide the Purchaser and the Purchaser's Affiliates
  access to video programming and programming packages originated
  (or supplied, if the Company has the to provide such access) by
  the Company or any controlled Affiliates of the Company, and (ii)
  the Purchaser agrees to provide the Company and the Company's
  Affiliates access to the distribution systems of the Purchaser
  and any controlled Affiliates of the Purchaser for video
  programming and programming packages originated (or supplied, if
  the Company has the right to provide such access) by the Company
  or any Affiliates of the Company, in the case of both (i) and
  (ii) on aggregate terms negotiated in good faith by the Company
  and the Purchaser to permit the Purchaser to effectively compete
  in the delivery of video programming.

            (b)  From and after the Closing and for so long as the
  Purchaser is a significant investor in the Company (as specified
  in paragraph 12 (a) above), subject to any conflicting
  arrangements existing on the date hereof and applicable laws, (a)
  the Purchaser shall have a right of first refusal, exercisable
  within 60 days of written notice by the Company, with respect to
  providing telephony service upgrade expertise to the Company's
  controlled cable systems and (b) with respect to any non-
  controlled cable systems of the Company, the Company shall use
  its reasonable best efforts to offer the Purchaser an opportunity
  to provide telephony service upgrade expertise to such non-
  controlled cable systems.

            (c)  The Purchaser and the Company agree, for a period
  of 24 months following the Closing, in good faith to explore and
  pursue appropriate strategic partnership opportunities in the
  domestic and international media, entertainment, video transport
  and telecommunications sectors (including, without limitation,
  domestic and international cable systems); provided that the
                                             --------
  provisions of this paragraph 12(c) shall terminate, at the option
  of either the Company or the Purchaser, in the event that
  paragraph 24(g) shall become applicable, unless and until the
  Purchaser reinvests in Preferred Stock and/or Class B Common
  Stock as contemplated by paragraph 24(g)(iv).

            13.  (a)  The representations and warranties contained
  in this Agreement shall survive the Closing until the first
  anniversary of the Closing Date.

                 (b)  The Purchaser and its Affiliates, officers,
  directors, employees, agents, successors and assigns shall be
  indemnified and held harmless by the Company for any and all
  liabilities, losses, damages, claims, costs and expenses,
  interest, awards, judgments and penalties (including, without
  limitation, reasonable attorneys' fees and expenses) (a "Loss")
                                                           ----
  actually suffered or incurred by them, arising out of or
  resulting from the breach of any representation or warranty or
  covenant of the Company contained in this Agreement.














                 (c)  The Company and its Affiliates, officers,
  directors, employees, agents, successors and assigns shall be
  indemnified and held harmless by the Purchaser for any and all
  Losses actually suffered or incurred by them, arising out of or
  resulting from the breach of any representation or warranty or
  covenant of the Purchaser contained in this Agreement.

            14.  (a)  The Purchaser agrees that neither the
  Purchaser nor any of its Affiliates shall participate in any
  transaction that, directly or indirectly, would have the effect
  of precluding or competing with the Paramount Transaction.

                 (b)  The Company agrees that in the event the
  Company intends to engage in additional equity financing in
  connection with the Paramount Transaction (other than equity to
  be issued to stockholders of PCI as consideration in such
  transaction), the Company shall consult with the Purchaser.

                 (c)  The Company agrees that prior to consummation
  of the Paramount Transaction, the Company shall receive an
  opinion from Smith Barney Shearson Inc. that the consideration
  actually to be paid by the Company in such transaction is fair,
  from a financial point of view, to the stockholders of the
  Company.

            15.  The Purchaser, on the one hand, and the Company,
  on the other, acknowledge and agree that irreparable damage would
  occur in the event that any of the provisions of this Agreement
  were not performed in accordance with their specific terms or
  were otherwise breached.  It is accordingly agreed that the
  parties shall be entitled to equitable relief (including
  injunction and specific performance) in any action instituted in
  any court of the United States or any state thereof having
  subject matter jurisdiction, as a remedy for any such breach or
  to prevent any breach of this Agreement.  Such remedies shall not
  be deemed to be the exclusive remedies for a breach or
  anticipatory breach of this Agreement, but shall be in addition
  to all other remedies available at law or equity to the parties
  hereto.  To the extent permitted by applicable law, the parties
  hereto irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the
  courts of the State of New York and the United States of America
  located in the State of New York for any suits, actions or
  proceedings arising out of or relating to this Agreement. 
  Notwithstanding the foregoing, any dispute as to the matters
  specified in the proviso to paragraph 24(g)(i)(A) as being
  subject to arbitration shall be subject to arbitration in the
  Borough of Manhattan in the City of New York in accordance with
  the commercial arbitration rules of the American Arbitration
  Association, and judgment upon the award returned by the
  arbitrators may be entered in any court having jurisdiction
  thereof.  The expenses of arbitration shall be borne by the party
  against whom the decision is rendered.
















            16.  This Agreement, its Annexes and Exhibits contain
  the entire understandings of the parties with respect to the
  subject matter hereof, thereby superseding all prior agreements
  of the parties relating to the subject matter hereof (other than
  the Confidentiality Agreement entered into between the Purchaser
  and the Company dated September 24, 1993), and may not be amended
  except by a writing signed by the parties.  Except as otherwise
  provided herein, this Agreement is not assignable by any of the
  parties; provided that the Purchaser may assign its rights and
           --------
  obligations under this Agreement to a wholly owned subsidiary of
  the Purchaser, so long as the Purchaser shall remain liable for
  all financial and performance obligations of the Purchaser
  hereunder.  This Agreement shall be binding upon, and inure to
  the benefit of, the respective successors of the parties.  This
  Agreement may be executed in counterparts, each of which shall be
  deemed an original, but all of which together will constitute one
  and the same instrument.

            17.  Any notices and other communications required to
  be given pursuant to this Agreement shall be in writing and shall
  be given by delivery by hand, by mail (registered or certified
  mail, postage prepaid, return receipt requested) or by facsimile
  transmission or telex, as follows:

            If to the Company:

                 Viacom Inc.
                 1515 Broadway
                 New York, New York  10036
                 Attention:  Philippe P. Dauman
                 Facsimile No.:  212-258-6134

            With a copy to:

                 Shearman & Sterling
                 599 Lexington Avenue
                 New York, New York  10022
                 Attention:  Stephen R. Volk
                 Facsimile No.:  212-848-7179

            If to the Purchaser:

                 NYNEX Corporation
                 1113 Westchester Avenue
                 White Plains, New York  10604-3510
                 Attention:  Frederic V. Salerno
                 Facsimile No.:  914-644-7649

            With copies to:

                 NYNEX Corporation
                 1113 Westchester Avenue
                 White Plains, New York 10604-3510
                 Attention: Raymond F. Burke
                 Facisimile No.: 914-644-6604

                 and

                 Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom
                 919 Third Avenue
                 New York, New York  10022
                 Attention:  Roger S. Aaron
                 Facsimile No.:  212-735-2001















  or to such other addresses as either the Company or the Purchaser
  shall designate to the other by notice in writing.

            18.  For purposes of this Agreement, the following
  terms shall have the following meanings:

            (a)  "Affiliate" shall mean any Person that (i)
                 -----------
  directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries,
  controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control with,
  the Person specified or (ii) is (A) the specified Person's
  spouse, parent, child, brother or sister or any issue of the
  foregoing (for purposes of the definition of Affiliate, issue
  shall include Persons legally adopted into the line of descent),
  (B) any corporation or organization of which the Person specified
  or such specified Persons's spouse, parent, child, brother or
  sister or any issue of the foregoing is an officer or partner or
  is, directly or indirectly, the beneficial owner of ten percent
  or more of any class of voting stock, and (C) any trust or other
  estate in which the specified Person or such specified Person's
  spouse, parent, child, brother or sister or any issue of the
  foregoing serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity
  and (D) the heirs or legatees of the specified Person by will or
  under the laws of descent and distribution.

            (b)  "Beneficially Own" with respect to any securities
                  ----------------
  and "Beneficial Ownership" shall mean having beneficial ownership
       --------------------
  as determined pursuant to Rule 13d-3 under the 1934 Act including
  pursuant to any agreement, arrangement or understanding, whether
  or not in writing.

            (c)  "Business Day" has the meaning specified in the
                  ------------
  Certificate of Designation.

            (d)  "Person" shall mean any individual, partnership,
                  ------
  joint venture, corporation, trust, incorporated organization,
  government or department or agency of a government, or any entity
  that would be deemed to be a "person" under Section 13(d)(3) of
  the 1934 Act.

            (e)  "1933 Act" means the Securities Act of 1933, as
                  --------
  amended.

            (f)  "1934 Act" means the Securities Exchange Act of
                  --------
  1934, as amended.

            19.  Subject to the terms and conditions of this
  Agreement, each of the parties hereby agrees to use all
  reasonable efforts to take, or cause to be taken, all action and
  to do, or cause to be done, all things necessary, proper or
  advisable under applicable laws, rules and regulations to
  consummate and make effective the transactions contemplated by
  this Agreement, including using its best efforts to obtain all














  necessary waivers, consents and approvals.  In case at any time
  after the execution of this Agreement, further action is
  necessary or desirable to carry out the purposes of this
  Agreement, the proper officers and directors of each of the
  parties shall take all such necessary action.

            20.  (a)  For so long as the Purchaser and its
  Affiliates shall Beneficially Own all of the outstanding
  Preferred Stock, the provisions of this paragraph 20 shall apply.

                 (b)  In case the Company shall distribute (in one
  distribution or a series of related distributions) to all holders
  of its Class A and Class B Common Stock any Securities (as
  defined in Section 7(d)(iii) of the Certificate of Designation)
  with an aggregate fair market value (as determined by the Board
  of Directors of the Company, whose determination shall, if made
  in good faith, be conclusive) of more than $300,000,000, then in
  each such case, unless the Company elects to reserve shares or
  other units of such Securities for distribution to the holders of
  the Preferred Stock as described in Section 7(d)(iii) of the
  Certificate of Designation, the following provisions shall apply,
  at the election of the Purchaser by written notice to the Company
  as provided in paragraph 20(f) below (the "Election Notice"):
                                             ---------------

            (i)  Securities shall be distributed to the Purchaser
            in the amount and kind which the Purchaser would have
            received if the Purchaser had, immediately prior to the
            record date for the distribution of the Securities,
            converted its shares of Preferred Stock into Class B
            Common Stock; 

            (ii) The Purchaser shall be deemed to have consented by
            delivery of the Election Notice, without the need for
            further vote or action on the part of the Purchaser, to
            amend the Certificate of Designation, effective on the
            date of the distribution of the Securities, to change
            the terms of the Preferred Stock to reflect the terms
            of the Redesignated Preferred Stock (as defined below)
            as determined by the Redesignation Agent (as defined
            below) in accordance with the provisions of paragraph
            20(c) below; and

            (iii)  Prior to the date of distribution of the
            Securities, the Company shall file with the Secretary
            of State of the State of Delaware the Certificate of
            Designation as amended as provided in clause (b)(ii)
            above.

                 (c)  The terms of the Redesignated Preferred Stock
  shall be determined by the Redesignation Agent as follows:

            (i)  The Redesignation Agent shall determine the
       Trading Price (as defined below) for the twenty trading days
       immediately prior to the record date for the distribution of














       the Securities and the Trading Price for the twenty trading
       days immediately after the record date for the distribution
       of the Securities and shall determine the difference, stated
       as a dollar amount, in the per share Trading Price between
       such two periods (the "Dollar Trading Difference");
                              -------------------------

            (ii) The Redesignation Agent shall then multiply the
       Dollar Trading Difference by the total number of shares of
       Class B Common Stock that the Preferred Stock would be
       convertible into immediately prior to the record date for
       the distribution of the Securities (the product of such
       multiplication, the "Aggregate Dollar Trading Difference");
                            -----------------------------------
       and

            (iii)  The Redesignation Agent shall then adjust the
       dividend rate, redemption prices, liquidation preference
       and/or conversion price (without affecting the number of
       underlying shares of Class B Common Stock) of the Preferred
       Stock as specified in the Certificate of Designation, but no
       other terms of the Preferred Stock, as necessary so that the
       difference in the fair market value, in the aggregate, of
       the Preferred Stock prior to the distribution of the
       Securities and after the distribution of Securities shall be
       as closely as possible equivalent to the Aggregate Dollar
       Trading Difference (the Preferred Stock with the terms so
       adjusted, the "Redesignated Preferred Stock").
                      ----------------------------

                 (d)  "Trading Price" for the Class B Common Stock
                       -------------
  for any given period shall be the average of the closing prices
  for the Class B Common Stock for the trading days included in
  such period on the American Stock Exchange or, if the American
  Stock Exchange is not the exchange on which the Class B Common
  Stock is principally traded, such exchange.

                 (e)  (i)  "Redesignation Agent" shall mean an
                            -------------------
       investment banking firm of national standing chosen in the
       following manner:  the Purchaser shall propose three such
       investment banking firms to the Company in writing within
       five Business Days of the delivery of the Election Notice by
       the Purchaser to the Company and within five Business Days
       of such firms being so proposed, the Company shall select by
       written notice to the Purchaser one such firm to serve as
       the Redesignation Agent.

                      (ii) All determinations of the Redesignation
       Agent shall, if made in good faith, be conclusive.

                      (iii) All fees of the Redesignation Agent
       shall be paid by the Company. 

                      (f)  If at any time the Board of Directors of
  the Company determines to make a distribution of Securities to
  which the provisions of this paragraph 20 would apply, the
  Company shall notify the Purchaser in writing as soon as














  practicable and, if the Purchaser decides to elect to have the
  provisions of this paragraph 20 apply to such distribution, the
  Purchaser shall so notify the Company within 15 Business Days of
  such notice from the Company.  The record date for any such
  distribution of Securities shall not be before the earlier  of 15
  Business Days after the Purchaser gives such notice to the
  Company and the expiration of the 15 Business Day period for the
  giving of such notice.

                 (g)  If the Purchaser elects to have the
  provisions of this paragraph 20 apply in the case of a
  distribution of Securities, (i) the Purchaser shall thereby waive
  compliance with the provisions of Section 7 of the Certificate of
  Designation that would otherwise apply in such case; (ii) the
  put/call provisions of paragraph 9 of this Agreement shall apply
  to the Redesignated Preferred Stock and the Put/Call Price shall
  be appropriately adjusted; and (iii) the Purchaser agrees that it
  shall not trade in the Class B Common Stock during either of the
  Trading Periods referred to in paragraph 20(c)(i) above.

            21.  The Company agrees that, for so long as the
  Purchaser holds Preferred Stock, the term "ratably", as used in
  the Company's Restated Certificate of Incorporation with respect
  to the rights of holders of the Company's common stock to receive
  dividends and distributions of assets upon liquidation, will be
  interpreted to mean treating Class A Common Stock and Class B
  Common Stock as a single class.

            22.  The Company agrees that, for so long as the
  Purchaser and its Affiliates Beneficially Own all of the
  outstanding Preferred Stock, upon the conversion of any shares of
  Preferred Stock the Purchaser shall be entitled to receive an
  amount equal to dividends accrued during the Dividend Period in
  which such conversion occurs and up to the date of the
  conversion, less any amounts previously paid with respect to any
  portion of such Dividend Period.  Such amounts shall be paid
  promptly after such conversion.

            23.  The parties agree to consult with each other
  before taking any action that would require the issuance of, or
  issuing, any press release or making any public statement with
  respect to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby
  and, except as may be required by applicable law or any listing
  agreement with any securities exchange, will not take any such action,
  issue any such press release or make any such public statement prior 
  to such consultation.

            24.  (a)  The Company agrees that it shall take, and
  shall cause its Affiliates to take, Corrective Action (as defined
  in paragraph 24(d)) so that, in the Purchaser's judgment, as of
  and from and after the Closing, neither the Company nor any
  Company Affiliate, shall, directly or indirectly and whether by
  acquisition or otherwise, engage in any Restricted Activity.
















                 (b)  Both before and after the Closing, in
  performing its obligations under this paragraph 24, the Company
  shall consult with the Purchaser in good faith regarding which
  activities are Restricted Activities and which Persons are
  Company Affiliates, and the Company and the Purchaser shall
  consult in good faith and cooperate with respect to any
  Corrective Action.

                 (c)  For the purposes of this paragraph 24 and
  paragraph 5(a)(iv):

                 (i)  an activity shall be a Restricted Activity
                                             -------------------
       if, in the Purchaser's judgment, such activity would be
       reasonably likely to violate the "Modification of Final
       Judgment" consent decree entered in United States v.
                                           ----------------
       American Telephone and Telegraph Co., 552 F. Supp. 131
       -------------------------------------
       (1982) (the "MFJ"); and
                    ---

            (ii) a person shall be a Company Affiliate if, in the
                                     -----------------
       Purchaser's judgment, such Person would be reasonably likely
       to be considered a "Bell Operating Company" or an
       "affiliated enterprise" of the Purchaser because of a
       relationship with the Company (as such terms in quotes are
       defined in or interpreted under the MFJ).

            (d)  "Corrective Action" shall mean any and all action
                  -----------------
  necessary to assure that neither the Company nor any Company
  Affiliate is engaged in any Restricted Activity, including but
  not limited to discontinuing, modifying or transferring ownership
  of activities, deferring commencement of proposed activities or
  proposing alternative structures of the Purchaser's investment
  that, in the Purchaser's judgment, are of the same kind and
  magnitude (including aggregate strategic and economic rights and
  benefits) as the investment contemplated by this Agreement, all
  within the framework of not materially and adversely affecting
  the business or strategic objectives of the Company.

            (e)  (i)  The Purchaser agrees to deal in good faith
       with the Company under this paragraph 24 and the Purchaser
       agrees to consider in good faith any request by the Company
       that the Purchaser apply for waivers, clarifications or
       other relief from the relevant competent authority that
       would permit the Company and Company Affiliated to engage in
       activities that would or might constitute Restricted
       Activities in the absence of such waivers, clarifications or
       other relief and the Company acknowledges that the Purchaser
       is not required to file such applications if, in the
       Purchaser's judgment, such applications could materially and
       adversely affect matters affecting the Purchaser or its
       Affiliates pending before such authority.

            (ii) The Purchaser also agrees to consider in good
       faith the restructuring of the Purchaser's investment
       contemplated by this Agreement so as to permit activities by














       the Company and its Affiliates that would otherwise
       constitute Restricted Activities, while maintaining for the
       Purchaser, in its judgment, an investment of the same kind
       and magnitude (including aggregate strategic and economic
       rights and benefits) as the investment contemplated by this
       Agreement.

            (f)  If after the Closing, the Company or any Company
  Affiliate proposes to , directly or indirectly and whether by
  acquisition or otherwise, engage in an activity that may fall
  within the MFJ, the Company shall notify the Purchaser as soon as
  practicable but in no event less than 30 days in advance of doing
  so and the Company and the Purchaser shall, as provided in
  paragraph (b) above, consult in good faith regarding whether such
  activity is a Restricted Activity.  If the Company and the
  Purchaser mutually agree in writing that such activity is not a
  Restricted Activity, such activity shall be an "Agreed
                                                  ------
  Unrestricted Activity".  If the Company and the Purchaser
  ---------------------
  mutually agree in writing that such activity is a Restricted
  Activity, such activity shall be an "Agreed Restricted Activity". 
                                       --------------------------
  If the Company determines that such activity is not a Restricted
  Activity and the Purchaser determines that such activity is a
  Restricted Activity, such activity shall be a "Disputed
                                                 --------
  Restricted Activity".
  -------------------

            (g)  (i)  If, after the Closing, in the Purchaser's
  judgment, the Company or any Company Affiliate, directly or
  indirectly and whether by acquisition or otherwise, engages in
  any Restricted Activity, and the Company fails or is unable to
  take Corrective Action that, in the Purchaser's judgment, is
  reasonably likely to eliminate the Restricted Activity on a
  timely basis, then the Purchaser, at its option and by written
                ----
  notice to the Company, shall have the right to elect to do one or
  more of the following:  (x) require the Company to purchase (the
  "Put Right") all or part of the Preferred Stock and any Class B
   ---------
  Common Stock issued upon conversion of the Preferred Stock then
  Beneficially Owned by the Purchaser (together, the "Subject
                                                      -------
  Stock") at a price (the "Put Price") specified below; (y) require
  -----                    ---------
  the Company to promptly register all or part of the Subject Stock
  pursuant to the registration rights provided in paragraph 8 (a
  "Registered Offering"); and (z) sell all or part of the  Subject
   -------------------
  Stock privately (a "Private Sale:).  If the Purchaser exercises
                      ------------
  the Put Right because (x) the MFJ was judicially modified after
  the date hereof so as to cause an activity that was not
  previously a Restricted Activity to become a Restricted Activity
  or (y) a court having jurisdiction over the interpretation and
  enforcement of the MFJ determines that an Agreed Unrestricted
  Activity is a Restricted Activity, then the Put Price shall be
  the Market Price.  If the Purchaser exercises the Put Right
  because of (x) an activity which the Company did not previously
  notify the Purchaser of in accordance with paragraph (f) above,
  (y) an Agreed Restricted Activity, or (z) a Disputed Restricted
  Activity, then the Put Price shall be the Default Price.















            (A)  The "Default Price" shall mean:
                      -------------

            (1)  With respect to Preferred Stock, the aggregate
       liquidation preference of all shares of Preferred Stock
       purchased by the Company (the "Aggregate Liquidation
                                      ---------------------
       Preference"), plus accrued and unpaid dividends through the
       ----------
       date of such purchase (whether or not earned or declared),
       plus an amount equal to a 7% annual compounded rate of
       ----
       return on the Aggregate Liquidation Preference from the date
       of Closing to the date of purchase by the Company; provided
                                                          --------
       that if (a) the activity (other than Agreed Restricted
       Activity) with respect to which the Purchaser exercised the
       Put Right is later determined by the arbitration provided
       for in paragraph 15 not to be a Restricted Activity or (b)
       if the activity with respect to which the Purchaser
       exercised the Put Right is an activity of which the Company
       did not previously notify the Purchaser in accordance with
       paragraph (f) above and it is determined by the arbitration
       provided for in paragraph 15 that, notwithstanding such
       failure, the Company was exercising reasonable due diligence
       to identify Restricted Activities and to notify the
       Purchaser thereof pursuant to paragraph (f) above, then, the
       annual compounded rate of return on the Aggregate
       Liquidation Preference shall be 2%, instead of 7% (and any
       payments made on the basis of the 7% rate shall be subject
       to refund to implement such adjustment); and

            (2)  With respect to Class B Common Stock, the price
       per share equal to 100% of the Trading Price (as defined in
       paragraph 20(d)) for the 20 trading days immediately prior
       to the date of purchase by the Company.

       (B)  The "Market Price" shall mean:

            (1)  With respect to the Preferred Stock, the price per
       share equal to its stated liquidation preference, plus
       accrued and unpaid dividends to the date of purchase by the
       Company (whether or not earned or declared); and

            (2)  With respect to Class B Common Stock, the price
       per share equal to 100% of the Trading Price for the 20
       trading days immediately prior to the date of purchase by
       the Company.

            (iii)     In any instance in which the Purchaser or its
       Affiliates would be entitled to receive the Default Price
       under this paragraph 24(g) and elects to dispose of the
       Preferred Stock to which such Default Price would be
       applicable either in a Registered Offering or a Private
       Sale, the Company shall be obligated to pay to the Purchaser
       or such Affiliates the amount, if any, by which the gross
       proceeds to the Purchaser or such Affiliates, after
       deducting underwriting commissions and discounts or agency
       fees, realized in such disposition is less than the














       aggregate Default Price that would have been payable to the
       Purchaser and such Affiliates by the Company had the Purchaser 
       or such Affiliates elected to require the Company
       to purchase such Preferred Stock under this paragraph 24(g);
       provided, however, that the Company shall not be obligated
       --------  -------
       to make any such payment in any instance in which the
       Purchaser or any Affiliate rejects the Company's written
       request, if such a request is made by the Company by written
       notice to the Purchaser within 5 Business Days of receipt by
       the Company of Purchaser's notice pursuant to (g)(i) above
       (and which the Company shall be entitled to make in its
       discretion), to purchase such Preferred Stock from the
       Purchaser or such Affiliate at the Default Price, which
       right the Purchaser shall have in its discretion.

            (iv) In any instance in which (A) the Company has
       purchased Preferred Stock or Class B Common Stock from the
       Purchaser or its Affiliates pursuant to this paragraph 24(g)
       and (B) the Company has taken Corrective Action within 180
       days after the date of such purchase so that the Company and
       Company Affiliates are not engaged, in the Purchaser's
       judgment, in any Restricted Activity, the Purchaser shall be
       obligated to reinvest as soon as commercially possible in
       such number of shares of Preferred Stock and of Class B
       Common Stock as were so purchased by the Company for a
       purchase price, in cash, equal to the amount paid to the
       Purchaser by the Company pursuant to this paragraph 24(g). 
       From and after any purchase by the Company of Preferred
       Stock or Class B Common Stock from the Purchaser or its
       Affiliates pursuant to this paragraph 24(g), at the option
       of either the Company or the Purchaser by written notice to
       the other, the Company and the Purchaser shall continue to
       take Corrective Action in accordance with this paragraph 24
       for a period of 180 day after the date of such purchase by
       the Company.

            (v)  In recognition of time being of the essence with
       respect to any purchase by the Company of Preferred Stock or
       Class B Common Stock pursuant to this paragraph 24(g), such
       purchase shall occur as soon as commercially possible, but
       in no event more than 20 Business Days, after receipt of a
       written notice by the Purchaser to the Company requesting
       such purchase in accordance with the terms of this paragraph
       24(g).  Unless otherwise agreed by the Purchaser, all
       payments due to the Purchaser from the Company under this
       paragraph 24(g) shall be in cash.

            (h)  The Purchaser agrees that paragraph 5(a)(iv) and
       this paragraph 24 embody the Purchaser's exclusive remedies
       against the Company under this Agreement with respect to the
       MFJ.

            25.  The Company agrees that, for so long as the
       Purchaser and its Affiliates Beneficially Own all of the
       outstanding Preferred Stock, the Purchaser shall not amend,














       alter or repeal any of the provisions of the Certificate of
       Designation without the consent of the Purchaser.

            26.  This Agreement shall be governed by and construed
       in accordance with the laws of the State of New York
       applicable to contracts executed in and to be performed in
       that state.

                                     Very truly yours,

                                     VIACOM INC.

                                     By  /s/ Sumner M. Redstone 
                                        ------------------------

  Accepted and agreed on 
    the date written above:

  NYNEX CORPORATION

  By  /s/ W.C. Ferguson 
     ------------------









                             VIACOM INC.
                            1515 Broadway
                          New York, New York

                                                  November 19, 1993

  NYNEX Corporation
  335 Madison Avenue
  New York, New York 10017

  Dear Sirs:

            Reference is made to the Agreement between NYNEX
  Corporation and Viacom Inc., dated october 4, 1993 (the
  "Agreement"). Terms defined in the Agreement are used herein as
  therein defined, unless otherwise defined herein.

            1.   The Agreement is hereby amended as follows:

            (a)  Paragraph 2 is amended by deleting paragraph 2(a)
  in its entirety and by replacing it with the following:

            "(a) The closing (the "Closing") of the purchase
                                   --------
       provided for in paragraph 1 shall take place as soon as
       practicable, but in no event more than five Business Days,
       after satisfaction of the conditions specified in paragraph
       5 at the offices of Shearman & Sterling, 599 Lexington
       Avenue, New York, New York.  The date and time of the
       Closing are referred to herein as the "Closing Date".  The
                                              ------------
       Company and the Purchaser currently anticipate that the
       Closing Date shall be on or about November 19, 1993."

            (b)  Paragraph 5(a) is amended by deleting the word
  "and" at the end of paragraph 5(a)(iii) and by adding after
  paragraph 5(a)(iv) the following new paragraphs 5(a)(v), (vi),
  (vii), and (viii):

                 "(v) PVI Transmission Inc. ("Transco") shall have
            been duly and validly incorporated under the laws of
            the State of Delaware, the Identified Activities (as
            hereinafter defined) shall have been transferred to
            Transco as described in the certificate referred to in
            paragraph 5(a)(i)(C) above, and the shares of common
            stock and Non-Participating Preferred Stock (as
            hereinafter defined) of Transco shall have been issued,
            all as provided in paragraph 25 hereof;

                 (vi) No claims, proceedings, suits or
            investigations shall have been initiated or threatened 
            by or before any court, governmental department,
            commission, bureau, board, agency or instrumentality,
            against the Purchaser or any other "Bell Operating
            Company" or any "affiliated enterprise" of a "Bell
            Operating Company" (as such terms in quotes are defined
            in or interpreted under the MFJ (as defined in













            paragraph 24)) that challenge or otherwise call into
            question the effectiveness, as a means of insuring from
            and after the Closing the Purchaser's compliance with
            the MFJ, of the transfer of the Identified Activities
            and the PCI Activities (as hereinafter defined) to
            Transco in consideration of the issuance of the Transco
            Non-Participating Preferred Stock to the Company (or
            its subsidiaries) or, in the case of the PCI
            Activities, to PCI (or its subsidiaries);

                 (vii)     There shall exist no writ, judgement,
            order, ruling decree or interpretation by a court,
            governmental department, commission, bureau, board,
            agency or instrumentality that changes or modifies
            prior interpretations of the MFJ or other precedent
            involving the MFJ such that the ownership of the
            Preferred Stock by the Purchaser, in the Purchaser's
            judgment, would cause the Company or any Company
            Affiliate to be engaged in a Restricted Activity,
            notwithstanding the formation of Transco, the transfer
            thereto of the Identified Activities and the PCI
            Activities and the issuance to the Company (or its
            subsidiaries) or, in the case of the PCI Activities, to
            PCI (as hereinafter defined) (or its subsidiaries) of
            the Non-Participating Preferred Stock of Transco, all
            as provided in paragraph 25 hereof; and 

                 (viii)    The certificate referred to in paragraph
            5(a)(i)(C) above shall describe procedures and
            undertakings by the Company and PCI to provide for the
            implementation of the provisions of paragraph 25 hereof
            as regards the PCI Activities, which procedures and
            undertakings, and the proposed implementation thereof,
            shall be reasonably satisfactory to the Purchaser."

                 (c)  Paragraph 11 is amended by deleting paragraph
  11(d)(i) in its entirety and by replacing it with the following:

                 "(i) A "Change of Control" of the Company shall
                         -----------------
            occur if a Person Beneficially Owns more voting capital
            stock, on a fully diluted basis, of the Company than
            National Amusements, Inc. ("NAI"), Sumner M. Redstone,
            any trust established by Mr. Redstone or of which he is
            the settlor, beneficiary or trustee and any heir,
            executor, administrator, or personal representative of
            Mr. Redstone or his estate, and any person or entity in
            any similar capacity, or any Affiliate of any of the
            foregoing, (collectively, the "Group"), or the Group
                                           -----
            Beneficially Owns 30% or less of the voting capital
            stock, on a fully diluted basis, of the Company;
            provided, however, that NAI shall no longer be included
            in the Group if a Person Beneficially Owns more voting
            capital stock, on a fully diluted basis, of NAI than
            the Group, or the Group Beneficially Owns 30% or less














            of the voting capital stock, on a fully diluted basis,
            of NAI."

                 (d)  Paragraph 15 is amended by inserting in the
  penultimate sentence thereof, after "paragraph 24(g)(i)(A)", the
  following:

                 "or paragraph 25(g)".

                 (e)  Paragraph 16 is amended by inserting in the
  first sentence thereof, after "Annexes", the following:

                 ", the Disclosure Schedule (as hereinafter
  defined)".

                 (f)  Paragraph 24 is amended by deleting the first
  sentence of paragraph 24(c) and replacing it with the following:

                 "(c) For the purposes of this paragraph 24,
            paragraph 25 and paragraphs 5(a)(iv) and 5(a)(vii):",

  and is further amended by deleting paragraph 24(h) in its
  entirety and by replacing it with the following:

                 "(h) The Purchaser agrees that paragraph 5(a)(iv),
            this paragraph 24 and paragraph 25 embody the
            Purchaser's exclusive remedies against the Company
            under this Agreement with respect to the MFJ."

            (g)  The Agreement is amended by adding new paragraph
  25 as set forth below:

            "25. (a)  The Company agrees that it shall take, and
       shall cause its Affiliates to take, as promptly as
       practicable, all action necessary (i) to duly and validly
       incorporate Transco as a Delaware corporation having a
       certificate of incorporation and by-laws substantially in
       the form of Annex III hereto, (ii) to contribute (or cause
       its subsidiaries to contribute) to the capital of Transco
       the several assets identified in the disclosure schedule
       (the "Disclosure Schedule") delivered by the Company to the
       Purchaser on November 19, 1993 (the "Identified
       Activities"), subject to the liabilities associated
       therewith, in consideration of the issuance to the
       transferor(s) of the Identified Activities of a number of
       shares of non-participating preferred stock of Transco, with
       the rights and preferences specified in the certificate of
       designation included in Annex III (the "Non-Participating
       Preferred Stock"), determined pursuant to paragraph (c)
       below.  Such contribution shall be made concurrently with
       the contribution by NAI (or a subsidiary of NAI) of
       $1,850,000 in consideration of the issuance to NAI (or such
       subsidiary) of 100 shares of common stock of Transco.















            (b)  Notwithstanding any other provision in paragraph
       24 to the contrary, (i) the Company and the Purchaser, in
       anticipation of the acquisition by the Company and/or its
       Affiliates of more than 50% of the outstanding shares of
       common stock of PCI (the "Acquisition"), shall continue good
       faith discussions with each other so as to identify the
       specific assets and operations of PCI which constitute
       Restricted Activities (the "PCI Activities") (which assets
       and operations, based on such discussions to date, are
       described in the Disclosure Schedule), it being understood
       that in the case of disagreement, the Purchaser ultimately
       shall have the right to determine, in the Purchaser's
       judgment, which assets and operations of PCI constitute
       Restricted Activities, and (ii) the Company agrees that it
       shall take, and cause its Affiliates to take, all action
       necessary to contribute (or cause to be contributed) the PCI
       Activities, subject to the liabilities associated therewith,
       to Transco in consideration of the issuance to the
       transferor(s) of the PCI Activities of a number of shares of
       Non-Participating Preferred Stock of Transco determined
       pursuant to paragraph (c) below.  The contribution of the
       PCI Activities to Transco provided for in this paragraph (b)
       shall be made concurrently with the consummation of the
       Acquisition; except, that, if approval of the Acquisition
                    ------  ----
       shall not have been obtained from the Federal Communications
       Commission prior to the consummation of the Acquisition and
       as a result the shares of PCI acquired by the Company are
       deposited at the time of the Acquisition in a voting trust
       pursuant to a special temporary authorization granted by the
       Federal Communications Commission, which voting trust
       prevents the Company and its Affiliates from directly or
       indirectly influencing the trustee under such voting trust
       concerning the operation or management of the PCI
       Activities, then such contribution of the PCI Activities to
       Transco need not be made until the date of termination of
       such voting trust.

            (c)  The contributions to Transco of the Identified
       Activities and the PCI Activities as described in (a) and
       (b) above shall be in consideration of the issuance to the
       respective transferors of such number of shares of Non-
       Participating Preferred stock of Transco having an aggregate
       liquidation preference equalling the fair value of the
       activities contributed, determined on an arms-length basis,
       the fairness of which from a financial point of view shall
       be evidenced by the opinion of an investment bank reasonably
       satisfactory to the Company, NAI and the Purchaser.

            (d)  Notwithstanding any other provision of this
       Agreement to the contrary, if, at any time, in the
       Purchaser's judgment, the continued ownership by the Company
       or its subsidiaries of an interest in Transco would cause
       the Company or any Company Affiliate to be engaged in a
       Restricted Activity by virtue of Transco's ownership of
       Identified Activities and/or PCI Activities, and the













       Purchaser determines in good faith that it would be
       detrimental to the Purchaser's best interests either to
       initiate efforts or to continue pursuing existing efforts to
       confirm the propriety under the MFJ of the ownership by the
       Company or its subsidiaries of shares of Non-Participating
       Preferred Stock in Transco or any other interest in Transco,
       the Company shall take any and all action necessary to cause
       the Company (and all of its subsidiaries) to dispose of all
       interests in Transco owned by the Company (or any of its
       subsidiaries), and/or take such other action as, in the
       Purchaser's judgment, is necessary so that neither the
       Company nor any Company Affiliate will be engaged in a
       Restricted Activity (such obligation to divest and take
       other action being collectively referred to as the
       "Divestment Action").  The Divestment Action shall be taken
       as promptly as practicable, but in no event later than
       thirty (30) Business Days after the Purchaser notifies the
       Company in writing of such determination.

            (e)  In the event the Purchaser determines, in its
       judgment, that the direct ownership by the Company (or any
       of its subsidiaries) of all or any portion of the Identified
       Activities or the PCI Activities would not result in the
       Purchaser's being in violation of the MFJ, the Company will,
       upon written notice from the Purchaser, acquire (or cause a
       wholly-owned subsidiary to acquire), for fair value
       determined on an arm's-length basis, the fairness of which
       from a financial point of view shall be evidenced by the
       opinion of an investment bank reasonably satisfactory to the
       Company, NAI and the Purchaser, (i) all of the capital stock
       of Transco not then owned by the Company and its
       subsidiaries, or (ii) specific Identified Activities or PCI
       Activities identified in writing by the Purchaser, as
       determined by the Purchaser; provided that the Company shall
       be entitled to defer, for a reasonable period of time, any
       such acquisition if the Company determines in good faith,
       and so notifies the Purchaser in writing, that consummating
       such acquisition at such time would be detrimental to the
       Company's best interests.

            (f)  If the Company fails or is unable to implement the
       Divestment Action within the period set forth in (d) above,
       then the Purchaser, at its option, by written notice to the
       Company, shall have the right to elect to do one or more of
       the following: (i) exercise the Put Right with respect to
       all or part of the Subject Stock at the Divestment Price (as
       defined below); (ii) require the Company to promptly
       register all or part of the Subject Stock in a Registered
       Offering; and/or (iii) sell all or part of the Subject Stock
       privately in a Private Sale.  If the Purchaser is entitled
       to receive the Divestment Price under this paragraph 25(f)
       and elects to dispose of the Preferred Stock or any portion
       thereof either in a Registered Offering or a Private Sale,
       the Company agrees to pay to the Purchaser the amount, if
       any, by which the gross proceeds to the Purchaser, after













       deducting underwriting commissions and discounts or agency
       fees, realized in such disposition is less than the
       aggregate Divestment Price that would have been payable to
       the Purchaser by the Company had the Purchaser elected to
       require the Company to purchase such Preferred Stock under
       this paragraph 25(f); provided, however, that the Company
                             --------  -------
       shall not be obligated to make any such payment in any
       instance in which the Purchaser rejects the Company's
       written request, if such a request is made by the Company by
       written notice to the Purchaser within 5 Business Days of
       receipt by the Company of the Purchaser's notice pursuant to
       this paragraph 25(f) (and which the Company shall be
       entitled to make in its discretion), to purchase such
       Preferred Stock from the Purchaser at the Divestment Price,
       which right the Purchaser shall have in its discretion.  The
       Purchaser's rights under this paragraph 25 shall be
       enforceable by any Affiliate to which it has transferred
       Subject Stock.  For purposes of this paragraph 25, the
       "Divestment Price" shall mean (A) with respect to Preferred
        ----------------
       Stock, the Aggregate Liquidation Preference plus accrued and
                                                   ----
       unpaid dividends through the date of such purchase (whether
       or not earned or declared), plus an amount equal to a 7%
                                   ----
       annual compounded rate of return on the Aggregate
       Liquidation Preference from the date of Closing to the date
       of purchase by the Company, and (B) with respect to Class B
       Common Stock, the price per share equal to 100% of the
       Trading Price for the 20 trading days immediately prior to
       the date of purchase by the Company.

            (g)  Notwithstanding any other provision of this
       Agreement, the remedy provided in (f) above is in addition
       to any and all other remedies that may be available to the
       Purchaser, at law or in equity, including, without
       limitation, the right to seek damages, unless it is
       determined by the arbitration provided for in paragraph 15
       that the Company and its Affiliates shall have acted
       reasonably in failing to implement the Divestment Action as
       set forth in (d) above, in which event such remedy in (f)
       above shall be the exclusive remedy available to the
       Purchaser.  In the event that the Purchaser is entitled to
       seek damages as provided above in this paragraph 25(g), such
       damages shall be offset by an amount equal to the 7% annual
       compounded rate of return on the Aggregate Liquidation
       Preference included in the Divestment Price if (but only if)
       the Divestment Price both was determined by reference to
       Preferred Stock and already has been paid to the Purchaser."

            (h)  ANNEX II of the Agreement is amended by deleting
       the second sentence of the first paragraph, which currently
       reads "In addition, at any time that the Purchaser shall
       have the right to require the Company to purchase shares of
       Preferred Stock and Class B Common Stock pursuant to
       paragraph 24(g) of the Agreement, the Purchaser shall have
       the right to make a request to register under the 1933 Act
       any or all of such shares of Preferred Stock and Class B













       Common Stock (the "Paragraph 24(g) Stock")", and by
                          ---------------------
       replacing it with the following:

                 "In addition, at any time that the Purchaser shall
            have the right to require the Company to purchase
            shares of Preferred Stock and Class B Common Stock
            pursuant to paragraph 24(g) and/or paragraph 25(f) of
            the Agreement, the Purchaser shall have the right to
            make a request to register under the 1933 Act any or
            all of such shares of Preferred Stock and Class B
            Common Stock (in the case of either paragraph 24(g) or
            paragraph 25(f), the "Paragraph 24(g) Stock")".
                                  ---------------------

            (i)  Paragraph 25 is deleted in its entirety and is
       hereby replaced with the following new paragraph 26:

                 "The Company agrees that, for so long as the
            Purchaser and its Affiliates Beneficially Own all of
            the outstanding Preferred Stock, the Company shall not
            amend, alter or repeal any of the provisions of the
            Certificate of Designation without the consent of the
            Purchaser."

            (j)  The Agreement is amended to change current
       paragraph number "26" to "27".

            (k)  The Agreement is hereby amended to add thereto as
       "Annex III" the attached forms of the certificate of
       incorporation, by-laws and certificate of designation of
       Transco.

       2.   This Amendment Agreement may be executed in multiple
  counterparts, each of which when so executed shall be deemed to
  be an original, and such counterparts together shall constitute
  and be one and the same instrument.

       3.   This amendment to the Agreement shall be governed and
  construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York
  applicable to contracts executed in and to be performed in that
  state.

                                     Very truly yours,

                                     VIACOM INC.


                                     By:_______________________

  Accepted and agreed on
  the date written above:

  NYNEX CORPORATION


  By:_________________





                          VIACOM INC.
                         1515 Broadway            [Conformed Copy]
                       New York, New York

                                       October 21, 1993

Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation
One Blockbuster Plaza
Fort Lauderdale, Florida  33301-1860

Dear Sirs:

         Viacom Inc., a Delaware corporation (the "Company"),
and Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation, a Delaware
corporation (the "Purchaser"), are parties to a letter
agreement dated September 29, 1993.  The Company and the
Purchaser hereby amend and restate such letter agreement in its
entirety as follows:

         1.  Subject to the terms and conditions set forth
herein, the Purchaser hereby subscribes for, and agrees to
purchase, and the Company agrees to issue and sell, 24,000,000
shares of a new series of convertible preferred stock of the
Company designated Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, par
value $0.01 per share (the "Preferred Stock"), for an aggregate
purchase price of $600,000,000, representing a purchase price
of $25.00 per share.  The terms of the Preferred Stock are set
forth in the form of Certificate of Designation attached as
Annex I hereto (the "Certificate of Designation"), which terms
are subject to amendment in accordance with the provisions
hereof.

         2.  (a)   The closing (the "Closing") of the purchase
provided for in paragraph 1 shall take place at a date mutually
agreed by the parties (but in any event no later than October
22, 1993) upon satisfaction of the conditions specified in
paragraph 5 at the offices of Shearman & Sterling, 599
Lexington Avenue, New York, New York.  The date and time of the
Closing are referred to herein as the "Closing Date".

         (b)  At the Closing, the Purchaser shall deliver to
the Company $600,000,000 in cash by wire transfer in
immediately available funds to an account of the Company
designated by the Company, by notice to the Purchaser prior to
the Closing Date, and the Company shall deliver to the
Purchaser a certificate representing the shares of Preferred
Stock, registered in the name of the Purchaser.



                                2




         3.  (a)   The Purchaser represents and warrants to the
Company that:  (i) the execution and delivery of this Agreement
by the Purchaser and the performance of its obligations
hereunder have been duly and validly authorized by all
necessary corporate action on the part of the Purchaser; (ii)
this Agreement has been duly and validly executed and delivered
by the Purchaser and, assuming the due authorization, execution
and delivery by the Company, constitutes a legal, valid and
binding obligation of the Purchaser, enforceable against the
Purchaser in accordance with its terms, except as enforcement
thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency,
reorganization, fraudulent conveyance, moratorium or other
similar laws relating to or affecting enforcement of creditors'
rights generally and except as enforcement thereof is subject
to general principles of equity (regardless of whether
enforcement is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law);
(iii) the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement
by the Purchaser and the purchase of Preferred Stock by the
Purchaser do not conflict with or violate or result in any
breach of or constitute a default (or an event which with
notice or lapse of time or both would become a default) under
the Certificate of Incorporation or By-Laws or equivalent
organizational documents of the Purchaser; (iv) the execution,
delivery and performance of this Agreement by the Purchaser do
not, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated
hereby by the Purchaser will not, require any consent,
approval, authorization or permit of, or filing with or
notification to, any governmental authority with respect to the
Purchaser, except under the 1934 Act; (v) the Purchaser is
acquiring the Preferred Stock and the Common Stock of the
Company issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Stock for its
own account for the purpose of investment and not with a view
to or for sale in connection with any distribution thereof; and
(vi) the Purchaser is an "accredited investor" within the
meaning of Rule 501 under the 1933 Act.

         (b)  Except as set forth in this paragraph 3, the
Purchaser makes no other representation, express or implied, to
the Company.

         4.  (a)  The Company represents and warrants to the
Purchaser that (i) each of the Company and each Subsidiary (as
defined below) is a corporation, partnership or other legal
entity duly organized, validly existing and in good standing
under the laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or
organization and has the requisite power and authority and all
necessary governmental approvals to own, lease and operate its
properties and to carry on its business



                                3




as it is now being conducted, except where the failure to be so
organized, existing or in good standing or to have such power,
authority and governmental approvals would not, individually or
in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect (as defined
below); (ii) the execution and delivery of this Agreement by
the Company and the issuance of the Preferred Stock in
accordance with the terms of this Agreement and the Certificate
of Designation have been duly and validly authorized by all
necessary corporate action on the part of the Company; (iii)
this Agreement has been duly and validly executed and delivered
by the Company and, assuming the due authorization, execution
and delivery by the Purchaser, constitutes a legal, valid and
binding obligation of the Company, enforceable against the
Company in accordance with its terms, except as enforcement
thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency,
reorganization, fraudulent conveyance, moratorium or other
similar laws relating to or affecting enforcement of creditors'
rights generally and except as enforcement thereof is subject
to general principles of equity (regardless of whether
enforcement is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law);
(iv) the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement
by the Company do not, and the issuance of the Preferred Stock
and the performance of the Company's obligations in accordance
with the terms of this Agreement and the Certificate of
Designation will not, conflict with or violate or result in any
breach of or constitute a default (or an event which with
notice or lapse of time or both would become a default) under
(A) the Certificate of Incorporation or By-Laws or equivalent
organizational documents of the Company or any Subsidiary, (B)
any law, rule, regulation, order, judgment or decree applicable
to the Company or any Subsidiary, or (C) any note, bond,
mortgage, indenture, contract, agreement, lease, license,
permit, franchise or other instrument or obligation to which
the Company or any Subsidiary is a party or by which the
Company or any Subsidiary or any property or asset of the
Company or any Subsidiary is bound or affected, except in the
case of subclauses (B) and (C) above, for any such conflicts,
violations, breaches, defaults or other occurrences which would
not prevent or delay the issuance of the Preferred Stock in
accordance with the terms of this Agreement and the Certificate
of Designation in any material respect, or otherwise prevent
the Company from performing its obligations under this
Agreement and the Certificate of Designation in any material
respect, and would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a
Material Adverse Effect; (v) the execution, delivery and
performance of this Agreement by the Company do not, and the
performance of this Agreement by the Company will not, require
any consent, approval, authorization or permit of, or filing
with or notification to, any



                                4




governmental authority with respect to the Company, except for
the filing with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware
of the Certificate of Designation, filings after the Closing of
the Certificate of Designation with appropriate authorities in
states in which the Company is qualified as a foreign
corporation, any filings required to effect the registration
pursuant to paragraph 8 and any filings pursuant to federal and
state securities laws which will be timely made after the
Closing hereunder; (vi) the Preferred Stock to be issued
hereunder has been duly authorized and, upon issuance at the
Closing, will be validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable,
and free and clear of all security interests, liens, claims,
encumbrances, pledges, options and charges of any nature
whatsoever, and the issuance of such Preferred Stock will not
be subject to preemptive rights of any other stockholder of the
Company; (vii) prior to the Closing, the Certificate of
Designation will have been filed with the Secretary of State of
the State of Delaware in accordance with the Delaware General
Corporation Law; (viii)  the shares of Class B Common Stock,
par value $0.01 per share ("Class B Common Stock"), of the
Company issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Stock have
been duly authorized and reserved for issuance upon such
conversion and, upon issuance of such shares in accordance with
the Certificate of Designation, will be validly issued, fully
paid and nonassessable; (ix) the authorized capital stock of
the Company consists of 100,000,000 shares of the Company's
Class A Common Stock, 150,000,000 shares of Class B Common
Stock and 100,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, par value
$0.01 per share ("Company Preferred Stock"); (x)  as of August
31, 1993, (A) 53,431,699 shares of the Company's Class A Common
Stock and 67,282,799 shares of Class B Common Stock were issued
and outstanding, all of which were validly issued, fully paid
and nonassessable, (B) no shares were held in the treasury of
the Company, (C) no shares were held by the Subsidiaries, and
(D) 3,843,000 shares were reserved for future issuance pursuant
to employee stock options or stock incentive rights granted
pursuant to the Company's 1989 Long-Term Management Incentive
Plan and the Company's Stock Option Plan for Outside Directors;
(xi) as of the date hereof, no shares of Company Preferred
Stock are issued and outstanding and there are no agreements,
arrangements or understandings with respect to the issuance of
any Company Preferred Stock other than the Stock Purchase
Agreement dated October 4, 1993 between the Company and NYNEX
Corporation; (xii) the Company has filed all forms, reports and
documents required to be filed by it with the Securities and
Exchange Commission ("Commission") since December 31, 1990, and
has heretofore made available to the Purchaser, in the form
filed with the Commission (excluding any exhibits thereto),
(A) its



                                5




Annual Reports on Form 10-K for the fiscal years ended December
31, 1990, 1991 and 1992, respectively, (B) its Quarterly
Reports on Form 10-Q for the periods ended March 31, 1993 and
June 30, 1993, (C) all proxy statements relating to the
Company's meetings of stockholders (whether annual or special)
held since January 1, 1991 and (D) all other forms, reports and
other registration statements (other than Quarterly Reports on
Form 10-Q not referred to in clause (B) above and preliminary
materials) filed by the Company with the Commission since
December 31, 1990 (the forms, reports and other documents
referred to in clauses (A), (B), (C), and (D) above being
referred to herein, collectively, as the "SEC Reports"); (xiii)
the SEC Reports and any other forms, reports and other
documents filed by the Company with the Commission after the
date of this Agreement (A) were or will be prepared in
accordance with the requirements of the 1933 Act and the 1934
Act, as the case may be, and the rules and regulations
thereunder and (B) did not at the time they were filed, or will
not at the time they are filed, contain any untrue statement of
a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be
stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements
made therein, in the light of the circumstances under which
they were made, not misleading; (xiv) the consolidated
financial statements (including, in each case, any notes
thereto) contained in the SEC Reports were prepared in
accordance with generally accepted accounting principles
applied on a consistent basis throughout the periods indicated
(except as may be indicated in the notes thereto) and each
fairly presented the consolidated financial position, results
of operations and cash flows of the Company and its
consolidated subsidiaries as at the respective dates thereof
and for the respective periods indicated therein (subject, in
the case of unaudited statements, to normal and recurring
year-end adjustments which were not and are not expected,
individually or in the aggregate, to be material in amount);
(xv) since December 31, 1992 there has not been any change,
occurrence or circumstance in the business, results of
operations or financial condition of the Company or any
Subsidiary having, individually or in the aggregate, a Material
Adverse Effect, other than changes, occurrences and
circumstances referred to in any subsequently filed SEC
Reports; (xvi) there is no claim, action, proceeding or
investigation pending or, to the best knowledge of the Company,
threatened by any public official or governmental authority,
against the Company or any Subsidiary, or any of their
respective property or assets before any court, arbitrator or
administrative, governmental or regulatory authority or body,
which challenges the validity of this Agreement, the
Certificate of Designation or the Preferred Stock or any action
taken or to be taken



                                6




pursuant hereto or, except as set forth in the SEC Reports,
which is reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect;
and (xvii) neither the Company nor any Subsidiary is in
conflict with, or in default or violation of, (A) any law,
rule, regulation, order, judgment or decree applicable to the
Company or any Subsidiary or by which any property or asset of
the Company or any Subsidiary is bound or affected, or (B) any
note, bond, mortgage, indenture, contract, agreement, lease,
license, permit, franchise or other instrument or obligation to
which the Company or any Subsidiary is a party or by which the
Company or any Subsidiary or any property or asset of the
Company or any Subsidiary is bound or affected, except for any
such conflicts, defaults or violations that would not,
individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse
Effect.

         (b)  Except as set forth in this paragraph 4 and in
paragraph 9(e), the Company makes no representation, express or
implied, to the Purchaser.

         (c)  "Subsidiary" means a "significant subsidiary" of
the Company, as such term is defined in Regulation S-X
promulgated under the 1933 Act.

         (d)  The term "Material Adverse Effect" means any
change or effect that is or is reasonably likely to be
materially adverse to the business, results of operations or
financial condition of the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken
as a whole.

         (e)  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this
paragraph 4, any change to or effect on the business, results
of operations or financial condition of the Company and its
Subsidiaries that results, directly or indirectly, from (a)
regulations adopted by the Federal Communications Commission,
whether before or after the date hereof, governing financial
interest in and syndication of broadcast programming or
implementing the Cable Television Consumer Protection and
Competition Act of 1992 or (b) the subject matter contemplated
by the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K, dated September
13, 1993 (the "Paramount Transaction"), shall not be considered
for purposes of determining whether a breach has occurred of
any representation or warranty, covenant or agreement of the
Company contained herein.

         5.  (a)   The obligation of the Purchaser to
consummate the Closing is subject to the satisfaction (or
waiver by the Purchaser, at its sole discretion) of the
following conditions:



                                7




         (i)  (A) the Company shall have performed in all
    material respects all of its obligations hereunder required
    to be performed by it at or prior to the Closing Date, (B)
    the representations and warranties of the Company contained
    in this Agreement shall be true in all material respects
    (other than those contained in Paragraph 4(a)(xv), which
    shall be true in all respects) as of the Closing Date, as
    if made at and as of such date (except for any such
    representations and warranties that are expressly stated to
    be as of a different date) and (C) the Purchaser shall have
    received a certificate signed by an executive officer of
    the Company to the foregoing effect;

        (ii)  no judgment, injunction, order or decree shall
    materially restrict, prevent or prohibit the consummation
    of the Closing; and

       (iii)  the Purchaser shall have received an opinion of
    Shearman & Sterling, dated the Closing Date, substantially
    in the form of Exhibit A hereto.

         (b)  The obligation of the Company to consummate the
Closing is subject to the satisfaction (or waiver by the
Company, at its sole discretion) of the following conditions:

         (i)  (A) the Purchaser shall have performed in all
    material respects all of its obligations hereunder required
    to be performed by it at or prior to the Closing Date, (B)
    the representations and warranties of the Purchaser
    contained in this Agreement shall be true in all material
    respects at and as of the Closing Date, as if made at and
    as of such date (except for any such representations and
    warranties that are expressly stated to be as of a
    different date) and (C) the Company shall have received a
    certificate signed by an executive officer of the Purchaser
    to the foregoing effect;

        (ii)  no judgment, injunction, order or decree shall
    materially restrict, prevent or prohibit the consummation
    of the Closing;

       (iii)  the Company shall have received an opinion of
    Thomas W. Hawkins, General Counsel of the Purchaser, dated
    the Closing Date, substantially in the form of Exhibit B
    hereto; and

        (iv)  the Company shall have received an opinion of
    Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, dated the Closing
    Date, substantially in the form of Exhibit C hereto.



                                8




         6.  Effective as of the Closing and for so long as the
Purchaser and its Affiliates Beneficially Own at least
12,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock or the equivalent in
number of shares of Preferred Stock and shares of Class B
Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Stock,
the Purchaser shall be entitled to one representative on the
Board of Directors of the Company, who shall serve in such
capacity in accordance with the Restated Certificate of
Incorporation and the By-Laws of the Company.  Such
representative shall initially be H. Wayne Huizenga, who shall
become a member of the Company's Board of Directors
simultaneously with the Closing, and the Purchaser shall
receive satisfactory evidence of this action.

         7.  (a)   The Purchaser acknowledges that the shares
of Preferred Stock and Class B Common Stock into which such
Preferred Stock is convertible have not been registered under
the 1933 Act or any state securities law, and hereby agrees not
to offer, sell or otherwise transfer, pledge or hypothecate
such shares unless and until registered under the 1933 Act and
any applicable state securities law or unless, in the opinion
of counsel reasonably satisfactory to the Company, such offer,
sale, transfer, pledge or hypothecation is exempt from
registration or is otherwise in compliance with the 1933 Act
and such laws.

         (b)  Upon issuance of the Preferred Stock, and until
such time as the same is no longer required under the
applicable requirements of the 1933 Act, the certificates
evidencing the Preferred Stock (and all securities issued in
exchange therefor or substitution thereof) shall bear the
following legend:

    THE SECURITIES EVIDENCED BY THIS CERTIFICATE HAVE NOT BEEN
    REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED
    (THE "ACT"), OR ANY STATE SECURITIES LAWS AND MAY NOT BE
    OFFERED, SOLD OR OTHERWISE TRANSFERRED, PLEDGED OR
    HYPOTHECATED UNLESS AND UNTIL REGISTERED UNDER THE ACT AND
    ANY APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS OR UNLESS, IN THE
    OPINION OF COUNSEL REASONABLY SATISFACTORY TO THE ISSUER,
    IN FORM AND SUBSTANCE REASONABLY SATISFACTORY TO THE
    ISSUER, SUCH OFFER, SALE, TRANSFER, PLEDGE OR HYPOTHECATION
    IS EXEMPT FROM REGISTRATION OR IS OTHERWISE IN COMPLIANCE
    WITH THE ACT AND SUCH LAWS.

         8.  Effective at the Closing, the Purchaser shall have
the registration rights, and the Company shall have the
obligations, set forth in Annex II.



                                9




         9.  (a)   During the Put/Call Period (as defined
below), the Company, at its option, shall have the right to
purchase from the Purchaser and the Purchaser, at its option,
shall have the right to sell to the Company, in each case at
the Put/Call Price (as defined below), 12,000,000 shares of the
Preferred Stock.

         (b)  The Company or the Purchaser may each exercise
the right granted to it in paragraph 9(a) by written notice to
the other party at any time during the Put/Call Period and in
the event such a notice is so delivered, the repurchase of the
12,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock by the Company (the
"Put/Call Closing") shall occur at 10:00 a.m. at the place
specified in paragraph 2 hereof on the twentieth Business Day
following the date such written notice is delivered.

         (c)  At the Put/Call Closing, the Company shall
deliver to the Purchaser the Put/Call Price in cash by wire
transfer in immediately available funds to an account of the
Purchaser designated by the Purchaser by notice to the Company
at least two Business Days prior to the date of the Put/Call
Closing, and the Purchaser shall deliver to the Company a
certificate representing the 12,000,000 shares of Preferred
Stock, duly endorsed to the Company or accompanied by a stock
power duly executed to the Company, in proper form for
transfer, which shares shall be transferred by the Purchaser to
the Company free and clear of any encumbrances or adverse
claims.

         (d)  For the purposes of this paragraph 9, the
following terms shall have the following meanings:

         (i)  "Put/Call Period" shall mean the period of 120
    days following the earlier of (A) August 31, 1994, if, and
    only if, the Company or any of its Affiliates has not
    acquired Beneficial Ownership of a majority of the
    outstanding voting capital stock of Paramount
    Communications Inc. ("PCI") prior to August 31, 1994 or (B)
    the date on which any party other than the Company or any
    of its Affiliates acquires Beneficial Ownership of a
    majority of the voting capital stock of PCI; and

        (ii)  "Put/Call Price" shall mean $300,000,000,
    representing the aggregate liquidation preference of the
    12,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, plus the aggregate
    amount of accrued and unpaid dividends on such shares of
    Preferred Stock to the date of the Put/Call Closing
    (whether or not earned or declared).



                               10




         (e)  The Company agrees not to enter into any
contract, agreement, arrangement or understanding, nor to take
or omit to take any action, that would restrict or impair the
performance of its obligations under this paragraph 9, and the
Company represents and warrants that it is not a party to nor
bound by any such contract, agreement, arrangement or
understanding on the date hereof.

         (f)  With respect to any put rights granted by the
Company to any other investors (each, an "Investor") with
respect to the Company's capital stock similar to the put right
granted to the Purchaser pursuant to paragraph 9(a), the
Company shall notify the Purchaser in writing within two
Business Days after receipt of written notice of the exercise
of such put right by each such Investor, and in the event the
Purchaser also exercises the put right granted pursuant to
paragraph 9(a) in accordance with this paragraph 9 within two
Business Days of its receipt of such notice (but not later than
the expiration of the Put/Call Period), the Company shall use
its reasonable best efforts to cause the Put/Call Closing to be
held on the same day as the closing under the put right of the
other Investor or Investors.

         10.  In the event that, until the earlier of (a) the
date of the expiration of the Put/Call Period or (b) the
consummation of the acquisition by the Company or any of its
Affiliates of Beneficial Ownership of a majority of the
outstanding voting capital stock of PCI, the Company issues new
shares of preferred stock (other than through an offering
intended to result in a distribution thereof to more than 35
non-accredited investors, which shall be on market terms) the
terms of the Preferred Stock and the terms of Annex II shall be
amended in order to be at least as favorable to the holders of
such Stock as those of such new shares.

         11.  (a)  In the event of a Change of Control (as
defined below) of the Company, the Purchaser, at its option,
shall have the right to sell to the Company or its assignee, at
the Designated Price (as defined below), all shares of the
Preferred Stock then held by the Purchaser and its Affiliates.

         (b)  The Purchaser may exercise the right granted to
it in paragraph 11(a) by written notice to the Company at any
time during the 30 day period following public announcement of
such Change of Control and in the event such a notice is so
delivered, the repurchase of such shares of Preferred Stock by
the Company (the "Paragraph 11 Closing") shall occur at 10:00
a.m. at the place specified in paragraph 2 hereof on the
twentieth Business Day following the date such written notice
is delivered.



                               11




         (c)  At the Paragraph 11 Closing, the Company or its
assignee shall deliver to the Purchaser the Designated Price in
cash by wire transfer in immediately available funds to an
account of the Purchaser designated by the Purchaser by notice
to the Company at least two Business Days prior to the date of
the Paragraph 11 Closing, and the Purchaser shall deliver to
the Company a certificate representing the shares of Preferred
Stock referred to in paragraph 11(a), duly endorsed to the
Company or accompanied by a stock power duly executed to the
Company, in proper form for transfer, which shares shall be
transferred by the Purchaser to the Company free and clear of
any encumbrances or adverse claims.

         (d)  For the purposes of this paragraph 11, the
following terms shall have the following meanings:

         (i)  A "Change of Control" of the Company shall occur
    if a Person Beneficially Owns more voting capital stock, on
    a fully diluted basis, of the Company than
    National Amusements, Inc., Sumner M. Redstone, any trust
    established by Mr. Redstone or of which he is the settlor,
    beneficiary or trustee and any heir, executor,
    administrator, or personal representative of Mr. Redstone
    or his estate, and any person or entity in any similar
    capacity, or any Affiliate of any of the foregoing
    (collectively, the "Group"), or the Group Beneficially Owns
    30% or less of the voting capital stock, on a fully diluted
    basis, of the Company.

        (ii)  "Designated Price" shall mean the sum of (A) 110%
    multiplied by the aggregate liquidation preference of the
    shares of Preferred Stock referred to in paragraph 11(a),
    plus (B) the aggregate amount of accrued and unpaid
    dividends on such shares of Preferred Stock to the date of
    the Paragraph 11 Closing.

         12.  The Company and the Purchaser agree that after
the Closing they shall in good faith discuss and explore
forming a joint venture to exploit potential opportunities and
synergies among their existing businesses and to pursue
additional entertainment and technology opportunities employing
the assets of each.  The parties intend that any such joint
venture will be formed within two years.

         13.  (a)  The representations and warranties contained
in this Agreement shall survive the Closing until the first
anniversary of the Closing Date.

         (b)  The Purchaser and its Affiliates, officers,
directors, employees, agents, successors and assigns shall be



                               12




indemnified and held harmless by the Company for any and all
liabilities, losses, damages, claims, costs and expenses,
interest, awards, judgments and penalties (including, without
limitation, reasonable attorneys' fees and expenses) (a "Loss")
actually suffered or incurred by them, arising out of or
resulting from the breach of any representation or warranty or
covenant of the Company contained in this Agreement.

         (c)  The Company and its Affiliates, officers,
directors, employees, agents, successors and assigns shall be
indemnified and held harmless by the Purchaser for any and all
Losses actually suffered or incurred by them, arising out of or
resulting from the breach of any representation or warranty or
covenant of the Purchaser contained in this Agreement.

         14.  (a)  The Purchaser agrees that neither the
Purchaser nor any of its Affiliates shall participate in any
transaction that, directly or indirectly, would have the effect
of precluding or competing with the Paramount Transaction.

              (b)  The Company agrees that in the event the
Company intends to engage in additional equity financing in
connection with the Paramount Transaction (other than equity to
be issued to stockholders of PCI as consideration in such
transaction), the Company shall consult with the Purchaser.

              (c)  The Company agrees that prior to
consummation of the Paramount Transaction, the Company shall
receive an opinion from Smith Barney Shearson Inc. that the
consideration actually to be paid by the Company in such
transaction is fair, from a financial point of view, to the
stockholders of the Company.

         15.  The Purchaser, on the one hand, and the Company,
on the other, acknowledge and agree that irreparable damage
would occur in the event that any of the provisions of this
Agreement were not performed in accordance with their specific
terms or were otherwise breached.  It is accordingly agreed
that the parties shall be entitled to equitable relief
(including injunction and specific performance) in any action
instituted in any court of the United States or any state
thereof having subject matter jurisdiction, as a remedy for any
such breach or to prevent any breach of this Agreement.  Such
remedies shall not be deemed to be the exclusive remedies for a
breach or anticipatory breach of this Agreement, but shall be
in addition to all other remedies available at law or equity to
the parties hereto.  To the



                               13




extent permitted by applicable law, the parties hereto
irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts
of the State of New York and the United States of America
located in the State of New York for any suits, actions or
proceedings arising out of or relating to this Agreement.

         16.  This Agreement, its Annexes and Exhibits contain
the entire understandings of the parties with respect to the
subject matter hereof, thereby superseding all prior agreements
of the parties relating to the subject matter hereof (other
than the Confidentiality Agreement entered into between the
Purchaser and Viacom International Inc. dated July 1, 1993),
and may not be amended except by a writing signed by the
parties.  Except as otherwise provided herein, this Agreement
is not assignable by any of the parties; provided that the
Purchaser may assign its rights and obligations under this
Agreement to a wholly owned subsidiary of the Purchaser, so
long as the Purchaser shall remain liable for all financial and
performance obligations of the Purchaser hereunder.  This
Agreement shall be binding upon, and inure to the benefit of,
the respective successors of the parties.  This Agreement may
be executed in counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an
original, but all of which together will constitute one and the
same instrument.

         17.  Any notices and other communications required to
be given pursuant to this Agreement shall be in writing and
shall be given by delivery by hand, by mail (registered or
certified mail, postage prepaid, return receipt requested) or
by facsimile transmission or telex, as follows:

         If to the Company:

              Viacom Inc.
              1515 Broadway
              New York, New York 10036
              Attention:  Philippe P. Dauman
              Facsimile No.:  212-258-6134

         With a copy to:

              Shearman & Sterling
              599 Lexington Avenue
              New York, New York  10022
              Attention:  Stephen R. Volk
              Facsimile No.:  212 848-7179



                               14




         If to the Purchaser:

              Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation
              One Blockbuster Plaza
              Fort Lauderdale, Florida  33301-1860
              Attention:  Thomas W. Hawkins
              Facsimile No.:  305-852-3939

         With a copy to:

              Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom
              1440 New York Avenue, N.W.
              Washington, D.C.  20005
              Attention:  Stephen Hamilton/Thomas Casey
              Facsimile No.:  202-393-5760

or to such other addresses as either the Company or the
Purchaser shall designate to the other by notice in writing.

         18.  For purposes of this Agreement, the following
terms shall have the following meanings:

         (a)  "Affiliate" shall mean any Person that (i)
directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries,
controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control with,
the Person specified or (ii) is (A) the specified Person's
spouse, parent, child, brother or sister or any issue of the
foregoing (for purposes of the definition of Affiliate, issue
shall include Persons legally adopted into the line of
descent), (B) any corporation or organization of which the
Person specified or such specified Person's spouse, parent,
child, brother or sister or any issue of the foregoing is an
officer or partner or is, directly or indirectly, the
beneficial owner of ten percent or more of any class of voting
stock, and (C) any trust or other estate in which the specified
Person or such specified Person's spouse, parent, child,
brother or sister or any issue of the foregoing serves as
trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity and (D) the heirs or
legatees of the specified Person by will or under the laws of
descent and distribution.

         (b)  "Beneficially Own" with respect to any securities
and "Beneficial Ownership" shall mean having beneficial
ownership as determined pursuant to Rule 13d-3 under the 1934
Act including pursuant to any agreement, arrangement or
understanding, whether or not in writing.

         (c)  "Business Day" has the meaning specified in the
Certificate of Designation.



                               15




         (d)  "Person" shall mean any individual, partnership,
joint venture, corporation, trust, incorporated organization,
government or department or agency of a government, or any
entity that would be deemed to be a "person" under Section
13(d)(3) of the 1934 Act.

         (e)  "1933 Act" means the Securities Act of 1933, as
amended.

         (f)  "1934 Act" means the Securities Exchange Act of
1934, as amended.

         19.  Subject to the terms and conditions of this
Agreement, each of the parties hereby agrees to use all
reasonable efforts to take, or cause to be taken, all action
and to do, or cause to be done, all things necessary, proper or
advisable under applicable laws, rules and regulations to
consummate and make effective the transactions contemplated by
this Agreement, including using its best efforts to obtain all
necessary waivers, consents and approvals.  In case at any time
after the execution of this Agreement, further action is
necessary or desirable to carry out the purposes of this
Agreement, the proper officers and directors of each of the
parties shall take all such necessary action.

         20.  (a)  For so long as the Purchaser and its
Affiliates shall Beneficially Own all of the outstanding
Preferred Stock, the provisions of this paragraph 20 shall
apply.

         (b)  In case the Company shall distribute (in one
distribution or a series of related distributions) to all
holders of its Class A and Class B Common Stock any Securities
(as defined in Section 7(d)(iii) of the Certificate of
Designation) with an aggregate fair market value (as determined
by the Board of Directors of the Company, whose determination
shall, if made in good faith, be conclusive) of more than
$300,000,000, then in each such case, unless the Company elects
to reserve shares or other units of such Securities for
distribution to the holders of the Preferred Stock as described
in Section 7(d)(iii) of the Certificate of Designation, the
following provisions shall apply, at the election of the
Purchaser by written notice to the Company as provided in
paragraph 20(f) below (the "Election Notice"):

         (i)  Securities shall be distributed to the Purchaser
    in the amount and kind which the Purchaser would have
    received if the Purchaser had, immediately



                               16




    prior to the record date for the distribution of the
    Securities, converted its shares of Preferred Stock into
    Class B Common Stock;

        (ii)  The Purchaser shall be deemed to have consented
    by delivery of the Election Notice, without the need for
    further vote or action on the part of the Purchaser, to
    amend the Certificate of Designation, effective on the date
    of the distribution of the Securities, to change the terms
    of the Preferred Stock to reflect the terms of the
    Redesignated Preferred Stock (as defined below) as
    determined by the Redesignation Agent (as defined below) in
    accordance with the provisions of paragraph 20(c) below;
    and

       (iii)  Prior to the date of distribution of the
    Securities, the Company shall file with the Secretary of
    State of the State of Delaware the Certificate of
    Designation as amended as provided in clause (b)(ii) above.

         (c) The terms of the Redesignated Preferred Stock
shall be determined by the Redesignation Agent as follows:

         (i)  The Redesignation Agent shall determine the
    Trading Price (as defined below) for the twenty trading
    days immediately prior to the record date for the
    distribution of the Securities and the Trading Price for
    the twenty trading days immediately after the record date
    for the distribution of the Securities and shall determine
    the difference, stated as a dollar amount, in the per share
    Trading Price between such two periods (the "Dollar Trading
    Difference");

        (ii)  The Redesignation Agent shall then multiply the
    Dollar Trading Difference by the total number of shares of
    Class B Common Stock that the Preferred Stock would be
    convertible into immediately prior to the record date for
    the distribution of the Securities (the product of such
    multiplication, the "Aggregate Dollar Trading Difference");
    and

       (iii)  The Redesignation Agent shall then adjust the
    dividend rate, redemption prices, liquidation preference
    and/or conversion price (without affecting the number of
    underlying shares of Class B Common Stock) of the Preferred
    Stock as specified in the Certificate of Designation, but
    no other terms of the Preferred Stock, as necessary so that
    the difference in the fair market value, in the aggregate,
    of the Preferred Stock prior to



                               17




    the distribution of the Securities and after the
    distribution of Securities shall be as closely as possible
    equivalent to the Aggregate Dollar Trading Difference (the
    Preferred Stock with the terms so adjusted, the
    "Redesignated Preferred Stock").

         (d) "Trading Price" for the Class B Common Stock for
any given period shall be the average of the closing prices for
the Class B Common Stock for the trading days included in such
period on the American Stock Exchange or, if the American Stock
Exchange is not the exchange on which the Class B Common Stock
is principally traded, such exchange.

         (e)  (i)  "Redesignation Agent" shall mean an
    investment banking firm of national standing chosen in the
    following manner:  the Purchaser shall propose three such
    investment banking firms to the Company in writing within
    five Business Days of the delivery of the Election Notice
    by the Purchaser to the Company and within five Business
    Days of such firms being so proposed, the Company shall
    select by written notice to the Purchaser one such firm to
    serve as the Redesignation Agent.

        (ii)  All determinations of the Redesignation Agent
    shall, if made in good faith, be conclusive.

       (iii)  All fees of the Redesignation Agent shall be paid
    by the Company.

         (f)  If at any time the Board of Directors of the
Company determines to make a distribution of Securities to
which the provisions of this paragraph 20 would apply, the
Company shall notify the Purchaser in writing as soon as
practicable and, if the Purchaser decides to elect to have the
provisions of this paragraph 20 apply to such distribution, the
Purchaser shall so notify the Company within 15 Business Days
of such notice from the Company.  The record date for any such
distribution of Securities shall not be before the earlier of
15 Business Days after the Purchaser gives such notice to the
Company and the expiration of the 15 Business Day period for
the giving of such notice.

         (g)  If the Purchaser elects to have the provisions of
this paragraph 20 apply in the case of a distribution of
Securities, (i) the Purchaser shall thereby waive compliance
with the provisions of Section 7 of the Certificate of
Designation that would otherwise apply in such case; (ii) the
put/call provisions of paragraph 9 of this Agreement shall
apply to the Redesignated Preferred Stock and the Put/Call
Price shall be appropriately adjusted; and (iii) the



                               18




Purchaser agrees that it shall not trade in the Class B Common
Stock during either of the Trading Periods referred to in
paragraph 20(c)(i) above.

         21.  The Company agrees that, for so long as the
Purchaser holds Preferred Stock, the term "ratably", as used in
the Company's Restated Certificate of Incorporation with
respect to the rights of holders of the Company's common stock
to receive dividends and distributions of assets upon
liquidation, will be interpreted to mean treating Class A
Common Stock and Class B Common Stock as a single class.

         22.  The Company agrees that, for so long as the
Purchaser and its Affiliates Beneficially Own all of the
outstanding Preferred Stock, upon the conversion of any shares
of Preferred Stock the Purchaser shall be entitled to receive
an amount equal to dividends accrued during the Dividend Period
in which such conversion occurs and up to the date of the
conversion, less any amounts previously paid with respect to
any portion of such Dividend Period.  Such amounts shall be
paid promptly after such conversion.

         23.  The parties agree to consult with each other
before taking any action that would require the issuance of, or
issuing, any press release or making any public statement with
respect to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated
hereby and, except as may be required by applicable law or any
listing agreement with any securities exchange, will not take
any such action, issue any such press release or make any such
public statement prior to such consultation.

         24.  The Company agrees that, for so long as the
Purchaser and its Affiliates Beneficially Own all of the
outstanding Preferred Stock, the Company shall not amend, alter
or repeal any of the provisions of the Certificate of
Designation without the consent of the Purchaser.



                               19




         25.  This Agreement shall be governed by and construed
in accordance with the laws of the State of New York applicable
to contracts executed in and to be performed in that state.

                                  Very truly yours,

                                  VIACOM INC.


                                  By /s/ Philippe P. Dauman
                                     ----------------------
                                     Philippe P. Dauman
                                     Senior Vice President,
                                     General Counsel and
                                     Secretary

Accepted and agreed on
  the date written above:

BLOCKBUSTER ENTERTAINMENT CORPORATION


By /s/ Steven R. Berrard
   ------------------------
   Steven R. Berrard
   Vice Chairman, President
   and Chief Operating
   Officer









                                      ANNEX I
          
          
          
          
                CERTIFICATE OF THE DESIGNATIONS, POWERS, PREFERENCES
                AND RELATIVE, PARTICIPATING OR OTHER RIGHTS, AND THE
              QUALIFICATIONS, LIMITATIONS OR RESTRICTIONS THEREOF, OF
          
          
                  SERIES A CUMULATIVE CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK
                                 ($0.01 Par Value)
          
                                         OF
          
                                    VIACOM INC.
          
          
                                 -----------------
          
          
               Pursuant to Section 151 of the General Corporation Law
                              of the State of Delaware
          
          
                                 -----------------
          
          
                   VIACOM INC., a Delaware corporation (the
          "Corporation"), does hereby certify that the following
          resolutions were duly adopted by the Board of Directors of the
          Corporation pursuant to authority conferred upon the Board of
          Directors by Article IV of the Restated Certificate of
          Incorporation of the Corporation, which authorizes the issuance
          of up to 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock, at a meeting of
          the Board of Directors duly held on October 21, 1993:
          
                   RESOLVED, that the issue of a series of preferred
          stock, $0.01 par value, of the Corporation is hereby authorized
          and the designation, powers, preferences and relative,
          participating, optional or other special rights, and
          qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof, in
          addition to those set forth in the Restated Certificate of
          Incorporation of the Corporation, are hereby fixed as follows:
          
          
          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         2
          
          
              (1)  Number of Shares and Designation.  24,000,000 shares
          of the preferred stock, $0.01 par value, of the Corporation are
          hereby constituted as a series of the preferred stock
          designated as Series A Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock
          (the "Series A Preferred Stock").  The number of shares of
          Series A Preferred Stock may not be increased and may not be
          decreased below the number of then currently outstanding shares
          of Series A Preferred Stock.
          
              (2)  Definitions.  For purposes of the Series A Preferred
          Stock, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
          
                   "Board of Directors" shall mean the board of directors
              of the Corporation or any committee authorized by such
              Board of Directors to perform any of its responsibilities
              with respect to the Series A Preferred Stock.
          
                   "Business Day" shall mean any day other than a
              Saturday, Sunday or a day on which banking institutions in
              the State of New York are authorized or obligated by law or
              executive order to close.
          
                   "Class A Stock" shall mean the Class A Common Stock of
              the Corporation, par value $0.01 per share.
          
                   "Common Stock" shall mean the Class B Common Stock of
              the Corporation, par value $0.01 per share.
          
                   "Conversion Price" shall mean the conversion price per
              share of Common Stock for which the Series A Preferred
              Stock is convertible, as such Conversion Price may be
              adjusted pursuant to Section (7).  The initial Conversion
              Price will be $70.00 (equivalent to the rate of .3571 of a
              share of Common Stock for each share of Series A Preferred
              Stock).
          
                   "Current Market Price" shall mean, as of a particular
              date, the closing sale price at which Common Stock shall
              have been sold regular way on the American Stock Exchange
              or such other exchange or inter-dealer quotation system on
              which the Common Stock is principally traded or authorized
              to be quoted.
          
                   "Dividend Periods" shall mean quarterly dividend
              periods commencing on the first day of October, January,
              April and July of each year and ending on and including the
              day preceding the first day of the next succeeding Dividend
              Period (other than the initial Dividend Period which shall
              commence on the Issue Date and end on and include December
              31, 1993).
          
          



          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         3
          
          
                   "Issue Date" shall mean the first date on which shares
              of Series A Preferred Stock are issued.
          
                   "Person" shall mean any individual, firm, partnership,
              corporation or other entity, and shall include any
              successor (by merger or otherwise) of such entity.
          
                   "Securities" shall have the meaning set forth in
              paragraph (d)(iii) of Section (7) hereof.
          
                   "Trading Day" means a day on which the American Stock
              Exchange, or such other exchange or inter-dealer quotation
              system on which the Common Stock is principally traded or
              authorized to be quoted, is open for the transaction of
              business.
          
                   "Transaction" shall have the meaning set forth in
              paragraph (e) of Section (7) hereof.
          
                   "Transfer Agent" means The First Chicago Trust Company
              of New York or such other agent or agents of the
              Corporation as may be designated by the Board of Directors
              of the Corporation as the transfer agent for the Series A
              Preferred Stock.
          
              (3)  Dividends.  (a)  The holders of shares of the Series A
          Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receive, when and if
          declared by the Board of Directors out of funds legally
          available therefor, cash dividends at the rate per annum of
          $1.25 per share of Series A Preferred Stock.  Such dividends
          shall be cumulative from the Issue Date, whether or not in any
          Dividend Period or Periods there shall be funds of the
          Corporation legally available for the payment of such
          dividends, and shall be payable quarterly, when and as declared
          by the Board of Directors, on the first Business Day of
          January, April, July and October of each year, commencing on
          January 1, 1994 or at such additional times and for such
          interim periods, if any, as determined by the Board of
          Directors.  Each such dividend shall be payable in arrears to
          the holders of record of shares of the Series A Preferred
          Stock, as they appear on the stock records of the Corporation
          at the close of business on such record dates, not more than 60
          days preceding the payment dates thereof, as shall be fixed by
          the Board of Directors.  Accrued and unpaid dividends for any
          past Dividend Periods may be declared and paid at any time,
          without reference to any regular dividend payment date, to
          holders of record on such date, not exceeding 45 days preceding
          the payment date thereof, as may be fixed by the Board of
          Directors.  Accrued and unpaid 






          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         4
          
          
          dividends for any past Dividend Periods shall accrue interest
          at the Base Rate as announced from time to time by
          Citibank, N.A., which interest, until paid, shall be treated
          for all purposes of this Certificate of Designation as accrued
          and unpaid dividends.
          
              (b)  The amount of dividends payable for each full Dividend
          Period for the Series A Preferred Stock shall be computed by
          dividing the annual dividend rate by four.  The amount of
          dividends payable for the initial Dividend Period on the Series
          A Preferred Stock, or any other period shorter or longer than a
          full Dividend Period on the Series A Preferred Stock shall be
          computed on the basis of twelve 30-day months and a 360-day
          year.  Except as provided in Section 5(a), holders of shares of
          Series A Preferred Stock called for redemption on a redemption
          date between a dividend payment record date and the dividend
          payment date shall not be entitled to receive the dividend
          payable on such dividend payment date.  Holders of shares of
          Series A Preferred Stock shall not be entitled to any
          dividends, whether payable in cash, property or stock, in
          excess of cumulative dividends, as herein provided, on the
          Series A Preferred Stock.
          
              (c)  So long as any shares of the Series A Preferred Stock
          are outstanding, no dividends, except as described in the next
          succeeding sentence, shall be declared or paid or set apart for
          payment on any class or series of stock of the Corporation
          ranking, as to dividends, on a parity with the Series A
          Preferred Stock, for any period, nor shall any shares ranking
          on a parity with the Series A Preferred Stock be redeemed or
          purchased by the Corporation or any Subsidiary, unless full
          cumulative dividends have been or contemporaneously are
          declared and paid or declared and a sum sufficient for the
          payment thereof set apart for such payment on the Series A
          Preferred Stock for all Dividend Periods terminating on or
          prior to the date of payment of such full cumulative dividends. 
          When dividends are not paid in full or a sum sufficient for
          such payment is not set apart, as aforesaid, upon the shares of
          the Series A Preferred Stock and any other class or series of
          stock ranking on a parity as to dividends with the Series A
          Preferred Stock, all dividends declared upon shares of the
          Series A Preferred Stock and all dividends declared upon such
          other stock shall be declared pro rata so that the amounts of
          dividends per share declared on the Series A Preferred Stock
          and such other stock shall in all cases bear to each other the
          same ratio that accrued dividends per share on the shares of
          the Series A Preferred Stock and such other stock bear to each
          other.
          
          





          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         5
          
          
              (d)  So long as any shares of the Series A Preferred Stock
          are outstanding, no dividends (other than dividends or
          distributions paid in shares of, or options, warrants or rights
          to subscribe for or purchase shares of Common Stock, Class A
          Stock or other stock ranking junior to the Series A Preferred
          Stock, as to dividends and upon liquidation) shall be declared
          or paid or set apart for payment or other distribution declared
          or made upon the Common Stock, Class A Stock or any other stock
          of the Corporation ranking junior to the Series A Preferred
          Stock, as to dividends or upon liquidation nor shall any Common
          Stock, nor any Class A Stock nor any other such stock of the
          Corporation ranking junior to the Series A Preferred Stock, as
          to dividends or upon liquidation be redeemed, purchased or
          otherwise acquired for any consideration (or any moneys be paid
          to or made available for a sinking fund for the redemption of
          any shares of any such stock) by the Corporation (except by
          conversion into or exchange for stock of the Corporation
          ranking junior to the Series A Preferred Stock, as to dividends
          and upon liquidation) or any Subsidiary unless, in each case
          (i) the full cumulative dividends on all outstanding shares of
          the Series A Preferred Stock and any other stock of the
          Corporation ranking on a parity with the Series A Preferred
          Stock, as to dividends or upon liquidation shall have been paid
          or set apart for payment for all past Dividend Periods and
          dividend periods with respect to such other stock and (ii)
          sufficient funds shall have been set apart for the payment of
          the dividend for the current Dividend Period with respect to
          the Series A Preferred Stock and the dividend period with
          respect to any other stock of the Corporation ranking on a
          parity with the Series A Preferred Stock, as to dividends or
          upon liquidation.
          
              (4)  Liquidation Preference.  (a)  In the event of any
          liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Corporation,
          whether voluntary or involuntary, before any payment or
          distribution of the assets of the Corporation (whether capital
          or surplus) shall be made to or set apart for the holders of
          Common Stock, Class A Stock or any other series or class or
          classes of stock of the Corporation ranking junior to the
          Series A Preferred Stock, upon liquidation, dissolution or
          winding up, the holders of the shares of Series A Preferred
          Stock shall be entitled to receive $25.00 per share plus an
          amount equal to all dividends (whether or not earned or
          declared) accrued and accumulated and unpaid thereon to the
          date of final distribution to such holders; but such holders
          shall not be entitled to any further payment.  If, upon any
          liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Corporation, the
          assets of the Corporation, or proceeds thereof, distributable
          among the holders of the 






          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         6
          
          
          shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall be insufficient to pay
          in full the preferential amount aforesaid and liquidating
          payments on any other shares of stock ranking, as to
          liquidation, dissolution or winding up, on a parity with the
          Series A Preferred Stock, then such assets, or the proceeds
          thereof, shall be distributed among the holders of shares of
          Series A Preferred Stock and any such other stock ratably in
          accordance with the respective amounts which would be payable
          on such shares of Series A Preferred Stock and any such other
          stock if all amounts payable thereon were paid in full.  For
          the purposes of this Section (4), (i) a consolidation or merger
          of the Corporation with one or more corporations, (ii) a sale
          or transfer of all or substantially all of the Corporation's
          assets or (iii) a statutory share exchange shall not be deemed
          to be a liquidation, dissolution or winding up, voluntary or
          involuntary.
          
              (b)  Subject to the rights of the holders of shares of any
          series or class or classes of stock ranking on a parity with or
          prior to Series A Preferred Stock, upon liquidation,
          dissolution or winding up, upon any liquidation, dissolution or
          winding up of the Corporation, after payment shall have been
          made in full to the holders of Series A Preferred Stock, as
          provided in this Section (4), any other series or class or
          classes of stock ranking junior to Series A Preferred Stock,
          upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up shall, subject to
          the respective terms and provisions (if any) applying thereto,
          be entitled to receive any and all assets remaining to be paid
          or distributed, and the holders of Series A Preferred Stock
          shall not be entitled to share therein.
          
              (5)  Redemption at the Option of the Corporation.  (a) 
          Series A Preferred Stock may not be redeemed by the Corporation
          prior to October 1, 1998, after which the Corporation, at its
          option, may redeem the shares of Series A Preferred Stock, in
          whole or in part, for an aggregate redemption price of at least
          $100,000,000 (provided that no partial redemption shall reduce
          the Series A Preferred Stock outstanding below $100,000,000
          aggregate liquidation value) out of funds legally available
          therefor, at any time or from time to time, subject to the
          notice provisions and provisions for partial redemption
          described below, during the 359-day period beginning on October
          1, 1998 and during the twelve-month periods beginning on
          October 1 of the years beginning with 1998 shown below at the
          following redemption prices plus an amount equal to accrued and
          unpaid dividends, if any, to the date fixed for redemption,
          whether or not earned or declared:
          
          






          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         7
          
          
                   Year...............................Price
          
                   1998.............................$ 26.25
                   1999.............................$ 26.00
                   2000 ............................$ 25.75
                   2001 ............................$ 25.50
                   2002 ............................$ 25.25
                   2003 and thereafter..............$ 25.00
          
              (b)  In the event that full cumulative dividends on the
          Series A Preferred Stock and any other class or series of stock
          of the Corporation ranking, as to dividends, on a parity with
          the Series A Preferred Stock have not been paid or declared and
          set apart for payment, the Series A Preferred Stock may not be
          redeemed in part and the Corporation may not purchase or
          acquire shares of Series A Preferred Stock or such other stock
          otherwise than pursuant to a purchase or exchange offer made on
          the same terms to all holders of shares of Series A Preferred
          Stock and such other stock.
          
              (c)  In the event the Corporation shall redeem shares of
          Series A Preferred Stock, notice of such redemption shall be
          given by first class mail, postage prepaid, mailed not less
          than 10 nor more than 60 days prior to the redemption date, to
          each holder of record of the shares to be redeemed, at such
          holder's address as the same appears on the stock records of
          the Corporation, which notice shall be unconditional and
          irrevocable.  Each such notice shall state:  (1) the redemption
          date; (2) the number of shares of Series A Preferred Stock to
          be redeemed and, if less than all the shares held by such
          holder are to be redeemed, the number of such shares to be
          redeemed from such holder; (3) the redemption price; (4) the
          place or places where certificates for such shares are to be
          surrendered for payment of the redemption price; (5) the then
          current conversion price; and (6) that dividends on the shares
          to be redeemed shall cease to accrue on such redemption date. 
          Notice having been mailed as aforesaid, from and after the
          redemption date (unless default shall be made by the
          Corporation in providing money for the payment of the
          redemption price), (i) dividends on the shares of the Series A
          Preferred Stock so called for redemption shall cease to accrue,
          (ii) said shares shall no longer be deemed to be outstanding,
          and (iii) all rights of the holders thereof as stockholders of
          the Corporation (except the right to receive from the
          Corporation the redemption price without interest thereon after
          the redemption date) shall cease.  The Corporation's obligation
          to provide moneys in accordance with the preceding sentence
          shall be deemed fulfilled if, on or before the redemption date,
          the Corporation shall deposit with a bank or trust 






          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         8
          
          
          company (which may be an affiliate of the Corporation) having
          an office in the Borough of Manhattan, City of New York, and
          having a capital and surplus of at least $50,000,000, funds
          necessary for such redemption, in trust, with irrevocable
          instructions that such funds after the redemption date be
          applied to the redemption of the shares of Series A Preferred
          Stock so called for redemption.  Any interest accrued on such
          funds shall be paid to the Corporation from time to time.  Any
          funds so deposited and unclaimed at the end of two years from
          such redemption date shall be released or repaid to the
          Corporation, after which, subject to any applicable laws
          relating to escheat or unclaimed property, the holder or
          holders of such shares of Series A Preferred Stock so called
          for redemption shall look only to the Corporation for payment
          of the redemption price.
          
              Upon surrender in accordance with said notice of the
          certificates for any such shares so redeemed (properly endorsed
          or assigned for transfer, if the Board of Directors shall so
          require and the notice shall so state), such shares shall be
          redeemed by the Corporation at the applicable redemption price
          aforesaid.  If fewer than all the outstanding shares of Series A
          Preferred Stock are to be redeemed, shares to be redeemed shall
          be selected by the Corporation from outstanding shares of
          Series A Preferred Stock not previously called for redemption
          by lot or pro rata (as nearly as may be) or by any other method
          determined by the Corporation in its sole discretion to be
          equitable.  If fewer than all the shares represented by any
          certificate are redeemed, a new certificate shall be issued
          representing the unredeemed shares without cost to the holder
          thereof.
          
              (6)  Shares to be Retired.  All shares of Series A
          Preferred Stock purchased or redeemed by the Corporation or
          converted shall be retired and cancelled and shall be restored
          to the status of authorized but unissued shares of preferred
          stock, without designation as to series.
          
              (7)  Conversion.  Holders of shares of Series A Preferred
          Stock shall have the right to convert all or a portion of such
          shares into shares of Common Stock, as follows:
          
              (a)  Subject to and upon compliance with the provisions of
          this Section (7), a holder of shares of Series A Preferred
          Stock shall have the right, at his or her option, at any time
          to convert such shares into the number of fully paid and
          nonassessable shares of Common Stock (calculated as to each
          conversion to the nearest 1/100th of a share) obtained by
          dividing the aggregate liquidation preference of such shares by
          the Conversion Price and by surrender of such shares so to 





          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         9
          
          
          be converted, such surrender to be made in the manner provided
          in paragraph (b) of this Section (7); provided, however, that
          the right to convert shares called for redemption pursuant to
          Section (5) shall terminate at the close of business on the
          date fixed for such redemption, unless the Corporation shall
          default in making payment of the amount payable upon such
          redemption.  Any share of Series A Preferred Stock may be
          converted, at the request of its holder, in part into Common
          Stock.  If a part of a share of Series A Preferred Stock is
          converted, then the Corporation will convert such share into
          the requested shares of Common Stock (subject to paragraph (c)
          of this Section (7)) and issue a fractional share of Series A
          Preferred Stock evidencing the remaining interest of such
          holder.
          
              (b)  In order to exercise the conversion right, the holder
          of each share of Series A Preferred Stock to be converted shall
          surrender the certificate representing such share, duly
          endorsed or assigned to the Corporation or in blank, at the
          office of the Transfer Agent in the Borough of Manhattan, City
          of New York, accompanied by written notice to the Corporation
          that the holder thereof elects to convert Series A Preferred
          Stock or a specified portion thereof.  Unless the shares
          issuable on conversion are to be issued in the same name as the
          name in which such share of Series A Preferred Stock is
          registered, each share surrendered for conversion shall be
          accompanied by instruments of transfer, in form satisfactory to
          the Corporation, duly executed by the holder or such holder's
          duly authorized attorney and an amount sufficient to pay any
          transfer or similar tax (or evidence reasonably satisfactory to
          the Corporation demonstrating that such taxes have been paid).
          
              Holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock at the close
          of business on a dividend payment record date shall be entitled
          to receive the dividend payable on such shares (except that
          holders of shares called for redemption on a redemption date
          between such record date and the dividend payment date shall
          not be entitled to receive such dividend on such dividend
          payment date) on the corresponding dividend payment date
          notwithstanding the conversion thereof following such dividend
          payment record date and prior to such dividend payment date. 
          However, shares of Series A Preferred Stock surrendered for
          conversion during the period between the close of business on
          any dividend record date and the opening of business on the
          corresponding dividend payment date (except shares called for
          redemption on a redemption date during such period) must be
          accompanied by payment of an amount equal to the dividend
          payable on such shares on such dividend payment date.  A holder
          of shares of Series A 






          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         10
          
          
          Preferred Stock on a dividend record date who (or whose
          transferee) tenders any such shares for conversion into shares
          of Common Stock on such dividend payment date will receive the
          dividend payable by the Corporation on such shares of Series A
          Preferred Stock on such date, and the converting holder need
          not include payment of the amount of such dividend upon
          surrender of shares of Series A Preferred Stock for conversion. 
          Except as provided above, the Corporation shall make no payment
          or allowance for unpaid dividends, whether or not in arrears,
          on converted shares or for dividends on the shares of Common
          Stock issued upon such conversion.
          
              As promptly as practicable after the surrender of
          certificates for shares of Series A Preferred Stock as
          aforesaid, the Corporation shall issue and shall deliver at
          such office to such holder, or on his or her written order, a
          certificate or certificates for the number of full shares of
          Common Stock issuable upon the conversion of such shares in
          accordance with the provisions of this Section (7), and any
          fractional interest in respect of a share of Common Stock
          arising upon such conversion shall be settled as provided in
          paragraph (c) of this Section (7).
          
              Each conversion shall be deemed to have been effected
          immediately prior to the close of business on the date on which
          the certificates for shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall
          have been surrendered and such notice received by the
          Corporation as aforesaid, and the person or persons in whose
          name or names any certificate or certificates for shares of
          Common Stock shall be issuable upon such conversion shall be
          deemed to have become the holder or holders of record of the
          shares represented thereby at such time on such date and such
          conversion shall be at the Conversion Price in effect at such
          time on such date, unless the stock transfer books of the
          Corporation shall be closed on that date, in which event such
          person or persons shall be deemed to have become such holder or
          holders of record at the close of business on the next
          succeeding day on which such stock transfer books are open, but
          such conversion shall be at the Conversion Price in effect on
          the date upon which such shares shall have been surrendered and
          such notice received by the Corporation.  All shares of Common
          Stock delivered upon conversions of the Series A Preferred
          Stock will upon delivery be duly and validly issued and fully
          paid and nonassessable.
          
              (c)  No fractional shares or scrip representing fractions
          of shares of Common Stock shall be issued upon conversion of
          the Series A Preferred Stock.  Instead of any fractional
          interest in a share of Common Stock which would otherwise be 






          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         11
          
          
          deliverable upon the conversion of a share of Series A
          Preferred Stock, the Corporation shall pay to the holder of
          such share an amount in cash (computed to the nearest cent)
          based upon the Current Market Price of Common Stock on the
          Trading Day immediately preceding the date of conversion.  If
          more than one share shall be surrendered for conversion at one
          time by the same holder, the number of full shares of Common
          Stock issuable upon conversion thereof shall be computed on the
          basis of the aggregate number of shares of Series A Preferred
          Stock so surrendered.
          
              (d)  The Conversion Price shall be adjusted from time to
          time as follows:
          
                   (i)  In case the Corporation shall after the Issue
              Date (A) pay a dividend or make a distribution on its
              Common Stock in shares of its Common Stock, (B) subdivide
              its outstanding Common Stock into a greater number of
              shares, (C) combine its outstanding Common Stock into a
              smaller number of shares or (D) issue any shares of capital
              stock by reclassification of its Common Stock, the
              Conversion Price in effect immediately prior thereto shall
              be adjusted so that the holder of any share of Series A
              Preferred Stock thereafter surrendered for conversion shall
              be entitled to receive the number of shares of Common Stock
              of the Corporation which such holder would have owned or
              have been entitled to receive after the happening of any of
              the events described above had such share been converted
              immediately prior to the happening of such event or the
              record date therefor, whichever is earlier.  An adjustment
              made pursuant to this subparagraph (i) shall become
              effective immediately after the close of business on the record 
              date in the case of a dividend or distribution (except as 
              provided in paragraph (h) below) and shall become effective 
              immediately after the close of business on the record date in 
              the case of a subdivision, combination or reclassification.
          
                  (ii)  In case the Corporation shall issue after the
              Issue Date (a) rights or warrants to all holders of Class A
              Stock or Common Stock entitling them (for a period expiring
              within 45 days after the record date mentioned below) to
              subscribe for or purchase Class A Stock or Common Stock at a
              price per share less than the Conversion Price at the
              record date for the determination of shareholders entitled
              to receive such rights or warrants or (b) shares of Class A
              Stock or Common Stock or securities exercisable for
              (including rights or warrants other than those referred to
              in (a) above and 







          
          
          
 
          
          
              
          
          
                                         12
          
          
              subparagraph (iii) below) or exchangeable or convertible
              into shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock at a price per
              share (or having an exercise, exchange or conversion price
              per share) less than the then current Conversion Price
              (other than securities issued in a transaction in which a
              pro rata share of such securities have been reserved by the
              Corporation for distribution to the holders of Series A
              Preferred Stock upon conversion), then in each such case
              the Conversion Price in effect immediately prior thereto
              shall be adjusted to equal the price determined by
              multiplying (I) the Conversion Price in effect immediately
              prior to the date of issuance of such rights, warrants or
              shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock (or securities
              exercisable for or exchangeable or convertible into shares
              of Class A Stock or Common Stock) by (II) a fraction, the
              numerator of which shall be the sum of (A) the number of
              shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock outstanding on the
              date of issuance of such rights, warrants or shares of
              Class A Stock or Common Stock (or securities exercisable
              for or exchangeable or convertible into shares of Class A
              Stock or Common Stock) (without giving effect to any such
              issuance) and (B), in the case of (a) above, the number of
              shares which the aggregate proceeds from the exercise of
              such rights or warrants for Class A Stock and Common Stock
              or, in the case of (b) above, the number of shares which
              the aggregate consideration receivable by the Corporation
              for the total number of shares of Class A Stock and Common
              Stock (or securities exercisable for or exchangeable or
              convertible into shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock)
              so issued would purchase at the Conversion Price in effect
              immediately prior to the date of issuance, and the
              denominator of which shall be the sum of (A) the number of
              shares of Class A Stock and Common Stock outstanding on the
              date of issuance of such rights, warrants or shares of
              Class A Stock or Common Stock (or securities exercisable
              for or exchangeable or convertible into Class A Stock or Common 
              Stock) (without giving effect to any such issuance) and (B), in 
              the case of (a) above, the number of additional shares of Class 
              A Stock or Common Stock offered for subscription or purchase or, 
              in the case of (b) above, the number of shares of Class A
              Stock and Common Stock so issued or into which the
              exercisable, exchangeable or convertible securities may be
              exercised, exchanged or converted.  Such adjustment shall
              be made successively whenever any such rights, warrants or
              shares of Class A Stock or Common Stock (or securities
              exercisable for or exchangeable or convertible into Class A
              Stock or Common Stock) are issued, and shall become
              effective immediately 







          
          
          
 
          
          
              
          
          
                                         13
          
          
              after such record date or, in the case of the issuance of
              Class A Stock or Common Stock after the date of issuance
              thereof (or in the case of securities exercisable for or
              exchangeable or convertible into shares of Class A Stock or
              Common Stock, the date on which holders may first exercise,
              exchange or convert the same in accordance with the
              respective terms thereof).  In determining whether any
              rights or warrants entitle the holders of Class A Stock or
              Common Stock to subscribe for or purchase shares of Class A
              Stock or Common Stock at less than the Conversion Price in
              effect immediately prior to the date of such issuance, and
              in determining the aggregate offering price of shares of
              Class A Stock or Common Stock (or securities exercisable
              for or exchangeable or convertible into shares of Class A
              Stock or Common Stock), there shall be taken into account
              any net consideration received or receivable by the
              Corporation upon issuance and upon exercise of such rights
              or warrants or upon issuance of shares of Class A Stock or
              Common Stock (or securities exercisable for or exchangeable
              or convertible into shares of Class A Stock or Common
              Stock), the value of such consideration, if other than
              cash, to be determined by the Board of Directors or, if
              higher, the aggregate exercise, exchange or conversion
              price set forth in such exercisable, exchangeable or
              convertible securities.
          
                 (iii)  In case the Corporation shall distribute to all
              holders of its Common Stock any shares of capital stock of
              the Corporation (other than Common Stock) or evidences of
              its indebtedness or assets (other than a regular cash
              dividend that the Board of Directors determines, in good
              faith, can be maintained by the Corporation for at least
              four consecutive periods covering not less than one year
              and that the Board of Directors intends to maintain for at
              least four consecutive periods covering not less than one
              year or a dividend that, together with all dividends paid
              in the prior twelve months, does not exceed one percent
              (1%) of the aggregate market value of the Series A
              Preferred Stock and the Common Stock on the date such
              dividend is declared, in each case, out of profits or
              surplus) or rights or warrants to subscribe for or purchase
              any of its securities (excluding those referred to in
              subparagraph (ii)(a) above) (any of the foregoing being
              hereinafter in this subparagraph (iii) called the
              "Securities"), then in each such case, unless the
              Corporation elects to reserve shares or other units of such
              Securities for distribution to the holders of the Series A
              Preferred Stock upon the conversion of the 







          
          
          
 
          
          
              
          
          
                                         14
          
          
              shares of Series A Preferred Stock so that any such holder
              converting shares of Series A Preferred Stock will receive
              upon such conversion, in addition to the shares of the
              Common Stock to which such holder is entitled, the amount
              and kind of such Securities which such holder would have
              received if such holder had, immediately prior to the
              record date for the distribution of the Securities,
              converted his or her shares of Series A Preferred Stock
              into Common Stock (such election to be based upon a
              determination by the Board of Directors that such
              reservation will not materially adversely affect the
              interests of any holder of Series A Preferred Stock in any
              such reserved Securities), the Conversion Price shall be
              adjusted so that the same shall equal the price determined
              by multiplying (I) the Conversion Price in effect
              immediately prior to the date of such distribution by (II) a
              fraction, the numerator of which shall be the Current
              Market Price per share of the Common Stock on the record
              date mentioned below less the then fair market value (as
              determined by the Board of Directors, whose determination
              shall, if made in good faith, be conclusive) of the portion
              of the capital stock or assets or evidences of indebtedness
              so distributed or of such rights or warrants applicable to
              one share of Common Stock, and the denominator of which
              shall be the Current Market Price per share of the Common
              Stock.  Such adjustment shall become effective immediately,
              except as provided in paragraph (h) below, after the record
              date for the determination of stockholders entitled to
              receive such distribution.
          
                  (iv)  Notwithstanding anything in subparagraphs (ii)
              and (iii) above, if such exercisable, exchangeable or
              convertible securities, rights or warrants shall by their
              terms provide for an increase or increases with the passage
              of time or otherwise in the price payable to the
              Corporation upon the exercise thereof, the Conversion Price
              upon any such increase becoming effective shall forthwith
              be readjusted (but to no greater extent than originally
              adjusted by reason of such issuance or sale) to reflect the
              same.  Upon the expiration or termination of such rights or
              warrants, if any such rights or warrants shall not have
              been exercised, and upon the expiration or termination of
              the exercise, exchange or conversion rights under such
              exercisable, exchangeable or convertible securities, if any
              such exercisable, exchangeable or convertible securities
              shall not have been exercised, exchanged or converted, then
              the Conversion Price thereof shall forthwith be readjusted
              and thereafter be the rate which it would have been had 







          
          
          
 
          
          
              
          
          
                                         15
          
          
              an adjustment been made on the basis that (x) the only
              rights or warrants so issued or sold were those so
              exercised and they were issued or sold for the
              consideration actually received by the Corporation upon
              such exercise, plus the consideration, if any, actually
              received by the Corporation upon such exercise, plus the
              consideration, if any, actually received by the Corporation
              for the granting of all such options, rights or warrants
              whether or not exercised and (y) the Corporation issued and
              sold a number of shares of Common Stock equal to those
              actually issued upon exercise of such exercise, exchange or
              conversion rights, and such shares were issued and  sold
              for a consideration equal to the aggregate exercise,
              exchange or conversion price in effect under the exercise,
              exchange or conversion rights actually exercised at the
              respective dates of their exercise.  An adjustment made
              pursuant to this subparagraph (iv) shall be made on the
              next Business Day following the date on which any such
              issuance is made and shall be effective immediately after
              the close of business on such date, but shall not affect
              the Conversion Price applicable to shares of Series A
              Preferred Stock converted prior to the date notice of such
              adjustment is given to the holders of Series A Preferred
              Stock.  For purposes of subparagraphs (ii) and (iv), the
              aggregate consideration received by the Corporation in
              connection with the issuance of shares of Common Stock or
              of rights, warrants or securities exercisable for or
              exchangeable or convertible into shares of Common Stock
              shall be deemed to be equal to the sum of the aggregate net
              offering price of all such securities plus the minimum
              aggregate amount, if any, payable upon exercise of such
              rights or warrants and conversion of any such exercisable,
              exchangeable or convertible securities into shares of
              Common Stock.
          
                   (v)  No adjustment in the Conversion Price shall be
              required unless such adjustment would require an increase
              or decrease of at least 1% in such price; provided,
              however, that any adjustments which by reason of this
              subparagraph (v) are not required to be made shall be
              carried forward and taken into account in any subsequent
              adjustment; and provided further any adjustment shall be
              required and made in accordance with the provisions of this
              Section (7) (other than this subparagraph (v)) not later
              than such time as may be required in order to preserve the
              tax-free nature of a distribution to the holders of shares
              of Common Stock.  All calculations under this Section (7)
              shall be made to the nearest cent (with $.005 being rounded
              upward) or to the nearest 1/100 






          
          
          
 
          
          
              
          
          
                                         16
          
          
              of a share (with .005 of a share being rounded upward), as
              the case may be.  Anything in this paragraph (d) to the
              contrary notwithstanding, the Corporation shall be
              entitled, to the extent permitted by law, to make such
              reductions in the Conversion Price, in addition to those
              required by this paragraph (d), as it in its discretion
              shall determine to be advisable in order that any stock
              dividends, subdivision of shares, distribution of rights or
              warrants to purchase stock or securities, or a distribution
              of other assets (other than cash dividends) hereafter made
              by the Corporation to its stockholders shall not be
              taxable.
          
              (e)  In case the Corporation shall be a party to any
          transaction (including without limitation a merger,
          consolidation, sale of all or substantially all of the
          Corporation's assets or recapitalization of the Common Stock
          and excluding any transaction as to which paragraph (d)(i) of
          this Section (7) applies) (each of the foregoing being referred
          to as a "Transaction"), in each case as a result of which
          shares of Common Stock shall be converted into the right to
          receive stock, securities or other property (including cash or
          any combination thereof), each share of Series A Preferred
          Stock which is not converted into the right to receive stock,
          securities or other property in connection with such
          Transaction shall thereafter be convertible into the kind and
          amount of shares of stock and other securities and property
          receivable (including cash) upon the consummation of such
          Transaction by a holder of that number of shares or fraction
          thereof of Common Stock into which one share of Series A
          Preferred Stock was convertible immediately prior to such
          Transaction.  The Corporation shall not be a party to any
          Transaction unless the terms of such Transaction are consistent
          with the provisions of this paragraph (e) and it shall not
          consent or agree to the occurrence of any Transaction until the
          Corporation has entered into an agreement with the successor or
          purchasing entity, as the case may be, for the benefit of the
          holders of the Series A Preferred Stock which will contain
          provisions enabling the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock
          which remains outstanding after such Transaction to convert
          into the consideration received by holders of Common Stock at
          the Conversion Price immediately after such Transaction.  The
          provisions of this paragraph (e) shall similarly apply to
          successive Transactions.
          
              (f)  If:
          
                   (i)  the Corporation shall declare a dividend (or any
              other distribution) on the Common Stock (other than a 






          
          
          
 
          
          
              
          
          
                                         17
          
          
              regular cash dividend that the Board of Directors
              determines can be maintained by the Corporation for at
              least four consecutive periods covering at least one year
              and that the Board of Directors intends to maintain for at
              least four consecutive periods covering at least one year
              or a dividend that, together with all dividends paid in the
              prior twelve months, does not exceed one percent (1%) of
              the aggregate fair market value of the Series A Preferred
              Stock and the Common Stock on the date such dividend is
              declared, in each case, out of profits or surplus); or
          
                  (ii)  the Corporation shall authorize the granting to
              the holders of the Common Stock of rights or warrants to
              subscribe for or purchase any shares of any class or any
              other rights or warrants; or
          
                 (iii)  there shall be any reclassification of the Common
              Stock (other than an event to which paragraph (d)(i) of
              this Section (7) applies) or any consolidation or merger to
              which the Corporation is a party and for which approval of
              any stockholders of the Corporation is required, or the
              sale or transfer of all or substantially all of the assets
              of the Corporation, 
          
          then the Corporation shall cause to be filed with the Transfer
          Agent and shall cause to be mailed to the holders of shares of
          the Series A Preferred Stock at their addresses as shown on the
          stock records of the Corporation, as promptly as possible, but
          at least 15 days prior to the applicable date specified in
          clauses (A) and (B) below, a notice stating (A) the date on
          which a record is to be taken for the purpose of such dividend,
          distribution or rights or warrants, or, if a record is not to
          be taken, the date as of which the holders of Common Stock of
          record to be entitled to such dividend, distribution or rights
          or warrants are to be determined or (B) the date on which such
          reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale or transfer is
          expected, that holders of Common Stock of record shall be
          entitled to exchange their shares of Common Stock for
          securities or other property deliverable upon such
          reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale or transfer. 
          Failure to give such notice or any defect therein shall not
          affect the legality or validity of the proceedings described in
          this Section (7).
          
              (g)  Whenever the Conversion Price is adjusted as herein
          provided, the Corporation shall promptly file with the Transfer
          Agent an officers' certificate setting forth the Conversion
          Price after such adjustment and setting forth a brief statement
          of the facts requiring such adjustment.  






          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         18
          
          
          Promptly after delivery of such certificate, the Corporation
          shall prepare a notice of such adjustment of the Conversion
          Price setting forth the adjusted Conversion Price and the date
          on which such adjustment becomes effective and shall mail such
          notice of such adjustment of the Conversion Price to the holder
          of each share of Series A Preferred Stock at his or her last
          address as shown on the stock records of the Corporation.
          
              (h)  In any case in which paragraph (d) of this Section (7)
          provides that an adjustment shall become effective immediately
          after a record date for an event, the Corporation may defer
          until the occurrence of such event (A) issuing to the holder of
          any share of Series A Preferred Stock converted after such
          record date and before the occurrence of such event the
          additional shares of Common Stock issuable upon such conversion
          by reason of the adjustment required by such event over and
          above the Common Stock issuable upon such conversion before
          giving effect to such adjustment and (B) paying to such holder
          any amount in cash in lieu of any fraction pursuant to
          paragraph (c) of this Section (7).
          
              (i)  For purposes of this Section (7), the number of shares
          of Common Stock at any time outstanding shall not include any
          shares of Common Stock then owned or held by or for the account
          of the Corporation.
          
              (j)  Notwithstanding any other provision herein to the
          contrary, the issuance of any shares of Common Stock pursuant
          to any plan providing for the reinvestment of dividends or
          interest payable on securities of the Corporation and the
          investment of additional optional amounts in shares of Common
          Stock under any such plan at a price per share of at least 95%
          of Current Market Price, and the issuance of any shares of
          Common Stock or options or rights to purchase such shares
          pursuant to any employee benefit plan or program of the
          Corporation or pursuant to any option, warrant, right or
          exercisable, exchangeable or convertible security (including,
          but not limited to, Class A Stock) outstanding as of the date
          the Series A Preferred Stock was first designated, shall not be
          deemed to constitute an issuance of Common Stock or
          exercisable, exchangeable or convertible securities by the
          Corporation to which this Section (7) applies.  There shall be
          no adjustment of the Conversion Price in case of the issuance
          of any stock of the Corporation in a reorganization,
          acquisition or other similar transaction except as specifically
          set forth in this Section (7).  If any action or transaction
          would require adjustment of the Conversion Price pursuant to
          more than one paragraph of this Section (7), only 







          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         19
          
          
          one adjustment shall be made and such adjustment shall be the
          amount of adjustment which has the highest absolute value.
          
              (k)  In case the Corporation shall take any action
          affecting the Common Stock, other than action described in this
          Section (7), which in the opinion of the Board of Directors
          would materially adversely affect the conversion rights of the
          holders of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock, the
          Conversion Price for the Series A Preferred Stock may be
          adjusted, to the extent permitted by law, in such manner, if
          any, and at such time, as the Board of Directors may determine
          to be equitable in the circumstances.
          
              (l)  The Corporation covenants that it will at all times
          reserve and keep available, free from preemptive rights, out of
          the aggregate of its authorized but unissued shares of Common
          Stock or its issued shares of Common Stock held in its
          treasury, or both, for the purpose of effecting conversion of
          the Series A Preferred Stock, the full number of shares of
          Common Stock deliverable upon the conversion of all outstanding
          shares of Series A Preferred Stock not theretofore converted. 
          For purposes of this paragraph (l), the number of shares of
          Common Stock which shall be deliverable upon the conversion of
          all outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall be
          computed as if at the time of computation all such outstanding
          shares were held by a single holder.
          
              Before taking any action which would cause an adjustment
          reducing the Conversion Price below the then par value of the
          shares of Common Stock deliverable upon conversion of the
          Series A Preferred Stock, the Corporation will take any
          corporate action which may, in the opinion of its counsel, be
          necessary in order that the Corporation may validly and legally
          issue fully-paid and nonassessable shares of Common Stock at
          such adjusted Conversion Price.
          
              The Corporation will use all reasonable efforts to list the
          shares of Common Stock required to be delivered upon conversion
          of the Series A Preferred Stock prior to such delivery, upon
          the American Stock Exchange or such other exchange or
          inter-dealer quotation system on which the Common Stock is
          principally traded or authorized to be quoted.
          
              Prior to the delivery of any securities which the
          Corporation shall be obligated to deliver upon conversion of
          the Series A Preferred Stock, the Corporation will use all
          reasonable efforts to comply with all federal and state laws
          and regulations thereunder requiring the registration of such 







          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         20
          
          
          securities with, or any approval of or consent to the delivery
          thereof by, any governmental authority.
          
              (m)  The Corporation will pay any and all documentary stamp
          or similar issue or transfer taxes payable in respect of the
          issue or delivery of shares of Common Stock on conversion of
          the Series A Preferred Stock pursuant hereto; provided,
          however, that the Corporation shall not be required to pay any
          tax which may be payable in respect of any transfer involved in
          the issue or delivery of shares of Common Stock in a name other
          than that of the holder of the Series A Preferred Stock to be
          converted and no such issue or delivery shall be made unless
          and until the person requesting such issue or delivery has paid
          to the Corporation the amount of any such tax or has
          established, to the reasonable satisfaction of the Corporation,
          that such tax has been paid.
          
              (8)  Ranking.  Any class or classes of stock of the
          Corporation shall be deemed to rank:
          
                   (i)  prior to the Series A Preferred Stock, as to
              dividends or as to distribution of assets upon liquidation,
              dissolution or winding up, if the holders of such class
              shall be entitled to the receipt of dividends or of amounts
              distributable upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up,
              as the case may be, in preference or priority to the
              holders of Series A Preferred Stock;
          
                  (ii)  on a parity with the Series A Preferred Stock, as
              to dividends or as to distribution of assets upon
              liquidation, dissolution or winding up, whether or not the
              dividend rates, dividend payment dates or redemption or
              liquidation prices per share thereof be different from
              those of the Series A Preferred Stock, if the holders of
              such class of stock and the Series A Preferred Stock shall
              be entitled to the receipt of dividends or of amounts
              distributable upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up,
              as the case may be, in proportion to their respective
              amounts of accrued and unpaid dividends per share or
              liquidation prices, without preference or priority one over
              the other; and
          
                 (iii)  junior to the Series A Preferred Stock, as to
              dividends or as to the distribution of assets upon
              liquidation, dissolution or winding up, if such stock shall
              be Common Stock or Class A Stock or if the holders of
              Series A Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receipt of
              dividends or of amounts distributable upon liquidation,
              dissolution or winding up, as the case may 






          
          
          
 
          
          
              
          
          
                                         21
          
          
              be, in preference or priority to the holders of shares of
              such stock.
          
              (9)  Voting.   Except as herein provided or as otherwise
          from time to time required by law, holders of Series A
          Preferred Stock shall have no voting rights.  Whenever, at any
          time or times, dividends payable on the shares of Series A
          Preferred Stock at the time outstanding shall be in arrears for
          such number of Dividend Periods, which Dividend Periods need
          not be consecutive, which shall in the aggregate contain not
          less than 360 days, the holders of Series A Preferred Stock
          shall have the exclusive right, voting separately as a class
          with holders of shares of any one or more other series of
          preferred stock ranking on a parity with the Series A Preferred
          Stock as to dividends, or on the distribution of assets upon
          liquidation, dissolution or winding up and upon which like
          voting rights have been conferred and are exercisable, to elect
          two directors of the Corporation at the Corporation's next
          annual meeting of stockholders and at each subsequent annual
          meeting of stockholders.  At elections for such directors, each
          holder of Series A Preferred Stock shall be entitled to one
          vote for each share held (the holders of shares of any other
          series of preferred stock ranking on such a parity being
          entitled to such number of votes, if any, for each share of
          stock held as may be granted to them).  Upon the vesting of
          such right of the holders of Series A Preferred Stock, the
          maximum authorized number of members of the Board of Directors
          shall automatically be increased by two and the two vacancies
          so created shall be filled by vote of the holders of
          outstanding Series A Preferred Stock (either alone or together
          with the holders of shares of any one or more other series of
          preferred stock ranking on such a parity and having like voting
          rights) as hereinafter set forth.  The right of holders of
          Series A Preferred Stock, voting separately as a class, to
          elect (either alone or together with the holders of shares of
          any one or more other series of preferred stock ranking on such
          a parity and having like voting rights) members of the Board of
          Directors as aforesaid shall continue until such time as all
          dividends accumulated on Series A Preferred Stock shall have
          been paid in full, at which time such right shall terminate,
          except as herein or by law expressly provided, subject to
          revesting in the event of each and every subsequent default of
          the character above mentioned.
          
              If the office of any director elected by the holders of
          Series A Preferred Stock, voting as a class, becomes vacant by
          reason of death, resignation, retirement, disqualification or
          removal from office or otherwise, the remaining director
          elected by the holders of Series A Preferred Stock, voting as 






          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         22
          
          
          a class, may choose a successor who shall hold office for the
          unexpired term in respect of which such vacancy occurred.  Upon
          any termination of the right of the holders of Series A
          Preferred Stock to vote for directors as herein provided, the
          term of office of all directors then in office elected by
          Series A Preferred Stock, voting as a class, shall terminate
          immediately.  Whenever the term of office of the directors
          elected by the holders of Series A Preferred Stock, voting as a
          class, shall so terminate and the special voting powers vested
          in the holders of Series A Preferred Stock shall have expired,
          the number of directors shall be such number as may be provided
          for in the By-Laws irrespective of any increase made pursuant
          to the provisions of this Section (9).
          
              So long as any shares of the Series A Preferred Stock
          remain outstanding, the consent of the holders of at least
          two-thirds of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock
          outstanding at the time given in person or by proxy, either in
          writing or at any special or annual meeting, shall be necessary
          to permit, effect or validate any one or more of the following:
          
              (a)  The authorization, creation or issuance, or any
          increase in the authorized or issued amount, of any class or
          series of stock ranking prior to Series A Preferred Stock as to
          dividends or the distribution of assets upon liquidation,
          dissolution or winding up, or
          
              (b)  The amendment, alteration or repeal, whether by
          merger, consolidation or otherwise, of any of the provisions of
          the Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Corporation
          which would materially and adversely affect any right,
          preference or voting power of Series A Preferred Stock or of
          the holders thereof; provided, however, that any increase in
          the amount of authorized preferred stock or the creation and
          issuance of other series of preferred stock, or any increase in
          the amount of authorized shares of such series or of any other
          series of preferred stock, in each case ranking on a parity
          with or junior to the Series A Preferred Stock with respect to
          the payment of dividends and the distribution of assets upon
          liquidation, dissolution or winding up, shall not be deemed to
          materially and adversely affect such rights, preferences or
          voting powers.
          
              The foregoing voting provisions shall not apply if, at or
          prior to the time when the act with respect to which such vote
          would otherwise be required shall be effected, all outstanding
          shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall have been redeemed or
          sufficient funds shall have been deposited 







          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                         23
          
          
          in trust to effect such redemption, scheduled to be consummated
          within three months after such time.
          
              (10) Record Holders.  The Corporation and the Transfer
          Agent may deem and treat the record holder of any shares of
          Series A Preferred Stock as the true and lawful owner thereof
          for all purposes, and neither the Corporation nor the Transfer
          Agent shall be affected by any notice to the contrary.
          
                   IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Corporation has caused this
          Certificate to be made under the seal of the Corporation and
          signed by Philippe P. Dauman, its Senior Vice President,
          General Counsel and Secretary, and attested by Katherine B.
          Rosenberg, its Assistant Secretary, this 21st day of October,
          1993.
          
                                             VIACOM INC.
          
          
                                             By                      
                                                 Philippe P. Dauman
                                               Senior Vice President,
                                                  General Counsel
                                                   and Secretary
          
          
          (Corporate Seal)
          
          Attest:
          
          
          
          By                       
             Katherine B. Rosenberg
              Assistant Secretary
          
          



          
          
                                      ANNEX II
          
                                Registration Rights
          
          
                   (a)  The Purchaser shall have the right at any time
          after the earlier of (i) the date of exercise of the
          Purchaser's put right under paragraph (9) of the agreement
          dated as of October 21, 1993 between the Purchaser and the
          Company (the "Agreement"), (ii) the acquisition by the Company
          or any of its Affiliates of Beneficial Ownership of a majority
          of the outstanding voting capital stock of PCI and (iii) the
          expiration of the Put/Call Period to make three requests of the
          Company in writing: with respect to the first such request to
          register under the 1933 Act at least $25 million in value
          (stated value in the case of the Preferred Stock and market
          value in the case of the Class B Common Stock) of the Preferred
          Stock or the Class B Common Stock (collectively, the
          "Securities") Beneficially Owned by the Purchaser (the shares
          subject to any such request hereunder being referred to as the
          "Subject Stock"), and with each subsequent such request being
          at least 6 months following such prior request which resulted
          in a registration statement with respect to the Subject Stock
          which was effective until the earlier of the completion of the
          offering of such Subject Stock or three months.  The Company
          shall use all reasonable efforts to cause the Subject Stock to
          be registered under the 1933 Act as soon as reasonably
          practicable after receipt of a request so as to permit promptly
          the sale thereof, and in connection therewith, the Company
          shall prepare and file, on such appropriate form as the Company
          in its discretion shall determine, a registration statement
          under the 1933 Act to effect such registration.  The Company
          shall use all reasonable efforts to list all Subject Stock
          covered by such registration statement on any national
          securities exchange on which Securities of the same class and,
          if applicable, series, covered by such registration statement
          or on which the underlying common stock of the same class and,
          if applicable, series, are then listed or, if such listing
          cannot be made, to list such Subject Stock on the National
          Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation System or
          National Market System.  The Purchaser hereby undertakes to
          provide all such information and materials and take all such
          action as may be required in order to permit the Company to
          comply with all applicable requirements of the Commission and
          to obtain any desired acceleration of the effective date of
          such registration statement.  Any registration statement filed
          at the Purchaser's request hereunder will not count as a
          requested registration unless effectiveness is maintained until
          the earlier of completion of the offering and three 
          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                          2
          
          
          
          
          months.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company (i) shall
          not be obligated to cause any special audit to be undertaken in
          connection with any such registration (provided that this
          provision shall not relieve the Company of its obligation to
          obtain any required consents with respect to financial
          statements in prior periods) and (ii) shall be entitled to
          postpone for a reasonable period (not to exceed 180 days) of
          time the filing of any registration statement otherwise
          required to be prepared and filed by the Company if the Company
          is, at such time, either (A) conducting or about to conduct an
          underwritten public offering of equity securities (or
          securities convertible into equity securities) or is subject to
          a contracted obligation not to engage in a public offering and
          is advised in writing by its managing underwriter or
          underwriters (with a copy to the Purchaser) that such offering
          would in its or their opinion be adversely affected by the
          registration so requested or (B) subject to an existing
          contractual obligation to its underwriters not to engage in a
          public offering.
          
                   At any time after January 1, 1995, if the Company
          proposes to file a registration statement under the Securities
          Act with respect to an offering of its equity securities (i)
          for its own account (other than a registration statement on
          Form S-4 or S-8 (or any substitute form that may be adopted by
          the Commission)) or (ii) for the account of any holders of its
          securities (including any pursuant to a demand registration),
          then the Company shall give written notice of such proposed
          filing to the Purchaser as soon as practicable (but in any
          event not less than 5 Business Days before the anticipated
          filing date), and such notice shall offer the Purchaser the
          opportunity to register such number of shares of Securities as
          the Purchaser requests. If the Purchaser wishes to register
          securities of the same class or series as the Company or such
          holder, such registration shall be on the same terms and
          conditions as the registration of the Company's or such
          holders' securities (a "Piggyback Registration"). 
          Notwithstanding anything contained herein, if the lead
          underwriter of an offering involving a Piggyback Registration
          delivers a written opinion to the Company that the success of
          such offering would be materially and adversely affected by
          inclusion of all the securities requested to be included, then
          the number of securities to be registered by each party
          requesting registration rights shall be reduced in proportion
          to the number of securities originally requested to be
          registered by each of them.  Nothing contained herein shall
          require the Company to reduce the number of shares proposed to
          be issued by the Company.
          
          



          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                          3
          
          
          
          
                   No securities may be registered on a registration
          statement requested by the Purchaser under this Agreement
          without the Purchaser's express written consent.
          
                   (b)  In connection with any offering of shares of
          Subject Stock registered pursuant to this Annex II, the Company
          (i) shall furnish to the Purchaser such number of copies of any
          prospectus (including any preliminary prospectus) as it may
          reasonably request in order to effect the offering and sale of
          the Subject Stock to be offered and sold, but only while the
          Company shall be required under the provisions hereof to cause
          the registration statement to remain current and (ii) take such
          action as shall be necessary to qualify the shares covered by
          such registration statement under such "blue sky" or other
          state securities laws for offer and sale as the Purchaser shall
          request; provided, however, that the Company shall not be
          obligated to qualify as a foreign corporation to do business
          under the laws of any jurisdiction in which it shall not then
          be qualified or to file any general consent to service of
          process in any jurisdiction in which such a consent has not
          been previously filed.  If applicable, the Company shall enter
          into an underwriting agreement with a managing underwriter or
          underwriters selected by it (reasonably satisfactory to the
          Purchaser) containing representations, warranties, indemnities
          and agreements then customarily included by an issuer in
          underwriting agreements with respect to secondary
          distributions; provided, however, that such underwriter or
          underwriters shall agree to use their best efforts to ensure
          that the offering results in a distribution of the Subject
          Stock sold in accordance with the terms of the agreement.  In
          connection with any offering of Subject Stock registered
          pursuant to this Annex II, the Company shall (x) furnish to the
          underwriter, at the Company's expense, unlegended certificates
          representing ownership of the Subject Stock being sold in such
          denominations as requested and (y) instruct any transfer agent
          and registrar of the Subject Stock to release any stop transfer
          orders with respect to such Subject Stock.  Upon any
          registration becoming effective pursuant to this Annex II, the
          Company shall use all reasonable efforts to keep such
          registration statement current for such period as shall be
          required for the disposition of all of said Subject Stock;
          provided, however, that such period need not exceed three
          months.
          
                   (c)  The Purchaser shall pay all underwriting
          discounts and commissions related to shares of Subject Stock
          being sold by the Purchaser.  The Company shall pay all other
          fees and expenses in connection with any registration
          statement, including, without limitation, all registration 




          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                          4
          
          
          
          
          and filing fees, all fees and expenses of complying with
          securities or "blue sky" laws, fees and disbursements of the
          Company's counsel, the counsel of the Purchaser, accountants
          (including the expenses of "cold comfort" letters required by
          or incident to such performance and compliance) and any fees
          and disbursements of underwriters customarily paid by issuers
          in secondary offerings.
          
                   (d)  In the case of any offering registered pursuant
          to this Annex II, the Company agrees to indemnify and hold the
          Purchaser, each underwriter of Securities under such
          registration and each person who controls any of the foregoing
          within the meaning of Section 15 of the 1933 Act and the
          directors and officers of the Purchaser, harmless against any
          and all losses, claims, damages, liabilities or action to which
          they or any of them may become subject under the 1933 Act or
          any other statute or common law or otherwise, and to reimburse
          them for any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred by
          them in connection with investigating any claims and defending
          any actions, insofar as any such losses, claims, damages,
          liabilities or actions shall arise out of or shall be based
          upon (i) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a
          material fact contained in the registration statement relating
          to the sale of such Subject Stock, or the omission or alleged
          omission to state therein a material fact required to be stated
          therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in light
          of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading
          or (ii) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a
          material fact contained in any preliminary prospectus (as
          amended or supplemented if the Company shall have filed with
          the Commission any amendment thereof or supplement thereto), if
          used prior to the effective date of such registration
          statement, or contained in the prospectus (as amended or
          supplemented if the Company shall have filed with the
          Commission any amendment thereof or supplement thereto), or the
          omission or alleged omission to state therein a material fact
          necessary in order to make the statements therein, in light of
          the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading;
          provided, however, that the indemnification agreement contained
          in this paragraph (d) shall not apply to such losses, claims,
          damages, liabilities or actions which shall arise from the sale
          of Subject Stock by the Purchaser if such losses, claims,
          damages, liabilities or actions shall arise out of or shall be
          based upon any such untrue statement or alleged untrue
          statement, or any such omission or alleged omission, if such
          statement or omission shall have been (x) made in reliance upon
          and in conformity with information furnished in writing to the
          Company by the Purchaser or any such underwriter specifically
          for use in connection with the 




          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                          5
          
          
          
          
          preparation of the registration statement or any preliminary
          prospectus or prospectus contained in the registration
          statement or any such amendment thereof or supplement thereto
          or (y) made in any preliminary prospectus, and the prospectus
          contained in the registration statement in the form filed by
          the Company with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) under
          the 1933 Act shall have corrected such statement or omission
          and a copy of such prospectus shall not have been sent or given
          to such person at or prior to the confirmation of such sale to
          him.
          
                   (e)  In the case of each offering registered pursuant
          to this Annex II, the Purchaser and each underwriter
          participating therein shall agree, in the same manner and to
          the same extent as set forth in paragraph (d) of this Annex II
          severally to indemnify and hold harmless the Company and each
          person, if any, who controls the Company within the meaning of
          Section 15 of the 1934 Act, and the directors and officers of
          the Company, and in the case of each such underwriter, the
          Purchaser, each person, if any, who controls the Purchaser
          within the meaning of the 1934 Act and the directors, officers
          and partners of the Purchaser, with respect to any statement in
          or omission from such registration statement or any preliminary
          prospectus (as amended or as supplemented, if amended or
          supplemented as aforesaid) or prospectus contained in such
          registration statement (as amended or as supplemented, if
          amended or supplemented as aforesaid), if such statement or
          omission shall have been made in reliance upon and in
          conformity with information furnished in writing to the Company
          by the Purchaser or such underwriter specifically for use in
          connection with the preparation of such registration statement
          or any preliminary prospectus or prospectus contained in such
          registration statement or any such amendment thereof or
          supplement thereto.
          
                   (f)  Each party indemnified under paragraph (d) or (e)
          of this Annex II shall, promptly after receipt of notice of the
          commencement of any action against such indemnified party in
          respect of which indemnity may be sought hereunder, notify the
          indemnifying party in writing of the commencement thereof.  The
          omission of any indemnified party to so notify an indemnifying
          party of any such action shall not relieve the indemnifying
          party from any liability in respect of such action which it may
          have to such indemnified party on account of the indemnity
          agreement contained in paragraph (d) or (e) of this Annex II,
          unless the indemnifying party was prejudiced by such omission,
          and in no event shall relieve the indemnifying party from any
          other liability which it may have to such indemnified party. 
          In case any such action 




          
          
          
 
          
          
          
          
          
                                          6
          
          
          
          
          shall be brought against any indemnified party and it shall
          notify an indemnifying party of the commencement thereof, the
          indemnifying party shall be entitled to participate therein
          and, to the extent that it may desire, jointly with any other
          indemnifying party similarly notified, to assume the defense
          thereof, and after notice from the indemnifying party to such
          indemnified party of its election so to assume the defense
          thereof, the indemnifying party shall not be liable to such
          indemnified party under paragraph (d) or (e) of this Annex II
          for any legal or other expenses subsequently incurred by such
          indemnified party in connection with the defense thereof, other
          than reasonable costs of investigation.
          
                   (g)  If the indemnification provided for under
          paragraph (d) or (e) shall for any reason be held by a court to
          be unavailable to an indemnified party under paragraph (d) or
          (e) hereof in respect of any loss, claim, damage or liability,
          or any action in respect thereof, then, in lieu of the amount
          paid or payable under paragraph (d) or (e) hereof, the
          indemnified party and the indemnifying party under paragraph
          (d) or (e) hereof shall contribute to the aggregate losses,
          claims, damages and liabilities (including legal or other
          expenses reasonably incurred in connection with investigating
          the same), (i) in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect
          the relative fault of the Company and the prospective seller of
          Securities covered by the registration statement which resulted
          in such loss, claim, damage or liability, or action in respect
          thereof, with respect to the statements or omissions which
          resulted in such loss, claim, damage or liability, or action in
          respect thereof, as well as any other relevant equitable
          considerations or (ii) if the allocation provided by clause (i)
          above is not permitted by applicable law, in such proportion as
          shall be appropriate to reflect the relative benefits received
          by the Company and such prospective seller from the offering of
          the securities covered by such registration statement.  No
          Person guilty of fraudulent misrepresentation (within the
          meaning of Section 11(f) of the 1933 Act) shall be entitled to
          contribution from any Person who was not guilty of such
          fraudulent misrepresentation.  In addition, no Person shall be
          obligated to contribute hereunder any amounts in payment for
          any settlement of any action or claim effected without such
          Person's consent, which consent shall not be unreasonably
          withheld.
          
                   (h)  Capitalized terms not defined in this Annex shall
          have the meanings set forth in the Agreement.
          
          


          
          
                                                               Exhibit A
          
          
          
          
          
          
                   1.   The execution and delivery of the Agreement by
          the Company and the performance of its obligations thereunder
          have been duly and validly authorized by all necessary
          corporate action on the part of the Company.
          
                   2.   The Agreement has been duly and validly executed
          and delivered by the Company and, assuming the due
          authorization, execution and delivery by the Purchaser,
          constitutes a legal, valid and binding obligation of the
          Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with its
          terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by
          bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, fraudulent conveyance
          or other similar laws affecting enforcement of creditors'
          rights generally and except as enforcement thereof is subject
          to general principles of equity (regardless of whether
          enforcement is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law).
          
                   3.   The Preferred Stock has been validly issued, is
          fully paid and nonassessable, has not been issued in violation
          of or subject to any preemptive rights and has the rights set
          forth in the Company's Restated Certificate of Incorporation,
          as amended through the date hereof.
          
                   4.   When each share of Common Stock deliverable upon
          conversion of the Preferred Stock has been delivered upon such
          conversion in accordance with the terms of the Company's
          Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as then amended, such
          shares of Common Stock will be validly issued, fully paid and
          nonassessable, will not have been issued in violation of or
          subject to any preemptive rights and will have the rights set
          forth in the Company's Restated Certificate of Incorporation,
          as then amended.
          
          
          
          
          

          
          
          
          
          
                                                              Exhibit B
          
          
          
          
          
          
                   1.   The execution and delivery of the Agreement by
          the Purchaser and the performance of its obligations thereunder
          have been duly and validly authorized by all necessary
          corporate action on the part of the Purchaser.
          
                   2.   The Agreement has been duly and validly executed
          and delivered by the Purchaser and, assuming the due
          authorization, execution and delivery by the Company,
          constitutes a legal, valid and binding obligation of the
          Purchaser, enforceable against the Purchaser in accordance with
          its terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by
          bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, fraudulent conveyance
          or other similar laws affecting enforcement of creditors'
          rights generally and except as enforcement thereof is subject
          to general principles of equity (regardless of whether
          enforcement is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law).
          
          



























          
          
          
                                                              Exhibit C
          
          
          
          
          
          
                   Assuming the due authorization, execution and delivery
          by the Company, the Agreement constitutes the valid and binding
          obligation of the Company, enforceable against the Company, in
          accordance with its terms, provided that (i) the enforceability
          of the Agreement may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency,
          reorganization, fraudulent conveyance, moratorium or other
          similar laws affecting enforcement of creditors' rights
          generally and by general principles of equity (regardless of
          whether such enforceability is considered in a proceeding in
          equity or at law); and (ii) we express no opinion as to the
          enforceability of any right to indemnity or contribution under
          the Agreement which are violative of the public policy
          underlying any law, rule or regulation (including any state and
          Federal securities law, rule or regulation).
          
          


                                                                  EXHIBIT 12(a)

                         VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

                      COMPUTATION OF RATIO OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES
                                (In thousands, except ratios)



                                             Year Ended December 31,
                                 ---------------------------------------------
                                  1993     1992       1991      1990      1989
                                  ----     ----       ----      ----      ----

Earnings (loss) before income
   taxes                       $303,665  $164,617   $66,274 ($16,046)  $266,058

Add:
  Distribution income of
     Affiliated Companies        13,441     9,447     5,546     2,800     4,500
  Interest expense, net of
      capitalized interest      150,738   195,223   252,921   243,283   258,032
  Capitalized interest            
      amortized                   2,094     2,376     2,326     2,249     2,349
   1/3 of rental expense         24,745    22,640    21,537    18,781    15,492
                               --------  --------   -------  --------  --------

Earnings                       $494,683  $394,303  $348,604  $251,067  $546,431
                               ========  ========  ========  ========  ========

Fixed charges:
   Interest costs on all
     indebtedness              $151,111  $195,725  $253,434  $244,123  $313,805
   1/3 of rental expense         24,745    22,640    21,537    18,781    15,492
                               --------  --------  --------  --------  --------

Total fixed charges            $175,856  $218,365  $274,971  $262,904  $329,297
                               ========  ========  ========  ========  ========

Ratio of earnings to
   fixed charges                   2.81      1.81      1.27  Note (a)      1.66
                              =========  ========  ========  ========  ========



(a) As a result of the interest expenses associated with the indebtedness
    of the Company outstanding under the Credit Agreement and under the
    1988 Existing Subordinated Debt, earnings of the Company were
    insufficient to cover fixed charges for the year ended December 31,
    1990.  The additional amount of earnings required to cover the fixed
    charges of the Company for the year ended December 31, 1990, would have
    been $11,837.





                                                                  EXHIBIT 12(b)

                                       VIACOM INC. AND
                         VIACOM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

                      COMPUTATION OF RATIO OF EARNINGS TO FIXED CHARGES
                                (In thousands, except ratios)



                                              Year Ended December 31,
                                  --------------------------------------------
                                  1993     1992       1991      1990      1989
                                  ----     ----       ----      ----      ----

Earnings (loss) before income
   taxes                       $301,816  $155,579    $8,247 ($70,363)  $144,913

Add:
  Distribution income of
     Affiliated Companies        13,441     9,447     5,546     2,800     4,500
  Interest expense, net of
      capitalized interest      154,137   195,223   298,078   295,305   313,079
  Capitalized interest            2,094     2,376     2,326     2,249     2,349
      amortized
   1/3 of rental expense         24,745    22,640    21,537    18,781    15,492
                               --------  --------  --------  --------  --------

Earnings                       $496,233  $385,265  $335,734 $ 248,772  $480,333
                               ========  ========  ======== =========  ========

Fixed charges:
   Interest costs on all
     indebtedness              $154,510  $195,725  $298,591  $296,145  $313,805
   1/3 of rental expense         24,745    22,640    21,537    18,781    15,492
                               --------  --------  --------  --------  --------

Total fixed charges            $179,255  $218,365  $320,128  $314,926  $329,297
                               ========  ========  ========  ========  ========

Ratio of earnings to
   fixed charges                   2.77      1.76      1.05    Note b      1.46
                               ========  ========  ========  ========  ========



(b) As a result of the interest expense associated with the Viacom Inc.'s
    consolidated indebtedness outstanding under the Credit Agreement, the
    1988 Existing Subordinated Debt and the Exchange Debentures, earnings
    of Viacom Inc. were insufficient to cover fixed charges for the year
    ended December 31, 1990.  The additional amount of earnings required to
    cover fixed charges of Viacom Inc. for the year ended December 31, 1990
    would have been $66,154.






Exhibit 21


                                  SUBSIDIARIES
                                  ------------

          Viacom Inc., a Delaware corporation, is approximately 76% owned by
National Amusements, Inc.  The major stockholder of National Amusements, Inc. is
Sumner Redstone.  Viacom International Inc., a Delaware corporation, is a
direct, wholly owned subsidiary of Viacom Inc.  Paramount Communications Inc. is
50.1% owned by Viacom Inc and such ownership was acquired on March 11, 1994.

          The subsidiaries of Viacom International Inc. are as follows:


                                                                  Percentage
          Name                                                     of Voting
          ----                                                     Securities
                                                 State or Other  Owned Directly
PROGRAM DISTRIBUTION AND PRODUCTION              Jurisdiction of       or
     SUBSIDIARIES:                                Incorporation    Indirectly
- -----------------------------------              --------------- --------------

Film Intex Corporation                              Delaware           100
Tele-Vu Ltee.                                       Canada             100
VE Productions Inc.                                 New York           100
Viacom Canada Limited                               Canada             100
Viacom Enterprises Canada Limited                   Canada             100
Viacom First Run Limited                            Delaware           100
  Our Home Productions Inc.                         Delaware           100
  TV Scoop Inc.                                     Delaware           100
  VE Development Company                            Delaware           100
  VE Drive Inc.                                     Delaware           100
  VE Television Inc.                                Delaware           100
  Viacom First Run Development Company Inc.         Delaware           100
   VJK Inc.                                         Delaware           100
Viacom International Limited                        United Kingdom     100
Viacom International Pty. Limited                   Australia          100
Viacom Japan Inc.                                   New York           100
Viacom Pacific Limited                              Vanuatu            100
Viacom Productions Inc.                             Delaware           100
  Jake and the Fatman Productions Inc.              Delaware           100
  Low Key Productions Inc.                          Delaware           100
  The Matlock Company                               Delaware           100
  They Productions Inc.                             Delaware           100
  My Shadow Productions Inc.                        Delaware           100
  PMV Productions Inc.                              Delaware           100
  VP Programs Inc.                                  California         100
Viacom S. A.                                        Switzerland        100
Viacom Video-Audio Comunicacoes
      Limitada                                      Brazil             100
VSC Productions Inc.                                New York           100



                                                                  Percentage
                                                                   of Voting
                                                                   Securities
                                                 State or Other  Owned Directly
                                                 Jurisdiction of       or
          Name                                    Incorporation    Indirectly
          ----                                   --------------- --------------

CABLE TELEVISION SUBSIDIARIES:
- ------------------------------

Cable TV of Marin, Inc.                             California         100
Clear View Cable Systems, Inc.                      California         100
Com-Cable TV, Inc.                                  Delaware           100
  H-C-G Cablevision Inc.                            California         100
  Viacom Cablevision Inc.                           California         100
Marin Cable Television, Inc.                        California         100
Television Signal Corporation                       California         100
Tele-Vue Systems, Inc.                              Washington         100
  Broadview Television Company                      Washington         100
  Cable TV Puget Sound, Inc.                        Washington         100
  Channel 3 Everett, Inc.                           Washington         100
  Community Telecable of Bellevue, Inc.             Washington         100
  Community Telecable of Seattle, Inc.              Washington         100
  Contra Costa Cable Company                        Washington         100
  Crockett Cable Systems, Inc.                      Washington         100
  Everett Cablevision, Inc.                         Washington         100
  Far-West Communications, Inc.                     Oregon             100
  United Community Antenna
      System, Inc.                                  Washington         100
    Vista Television Cable, Inc.                    Washington         100
  Viacom Bay Area Sports Inc.                       Delaware           100
Viacom Bay Interconnect Inc.                        California         100
Viacom Cablevision of Dayton Inc.                   Delaware           100
Viacom Cablevision of Northern
      California Inc.                               California         100
Viacom K-Band Inc.                                  Delaware           100
Viacom Shopping Inc.                                Delaware           100
Viacom Telecom Inc.                                 Delaware           100
VSC Cable Inc.                                      Delaware           100

BROADCASTING SUBSIDIARIES:
- --------------------------

Broadcast Leasing Inc.                              Delaware           100
KBSG Inc.                                           Delaware           100
KNDD Inc.                                           Delaware           100
KYSR Inc.                                           Delaware           100
Riverside Broadcasting Co., Inc.                    Delaware           100
Viacom Broadcasting of Missouri Inc.                Delaware           100
Viacom Broadcasting West Inc.                       Delaware           100
VSC Communications Inc.                             Delaware           100
WMZQ Inc.                                           Delaware           100
WNYT Inc.                                           Delaware           100
WVIT Inc.                                           Delaware           100



                                                                  Percentage
                                                                   of Voting
                                                                   Securities
                                                 State or Other  Owned Directly
                                                 Jurisdiction of       or
          Name                                    Incorporation    Indirectly
          ----                                   --------------- --------------

VIACOM NETWORKS GROUP:
- ----------------------

SHOWTIME NETWORKS INC.:
- -----------------------

Showtime Networks Inc.                              Delaware           100
  All Media Inc.                                    Delaware           100
  Interstitial Programs Inc.                        Delaware           100
  Part-Time Productions Inc.                        Delaware           100
  Satellite Holdings Inc.                           Delaware           100
  Showtime Networks Inc. (U.K.)                     Delaware           100
  Showtime Networks Satellite                       California         100
        Programming Company
  Showtime Satellite Networks Inc.                  Delaware           100
  SNI Development Corp.                             Delaware           100
  Toe-To-Toe Productions, Inc.                      Delaware           100
Viacom Pictures Inc.                                Delaware           100
  Viacom Pictures Development Company               Delaware           100
  Viacom Pictures Movie Music Inc.                  Delaware           100
  Viacom Pictures Overseas Inc.                     Delaware           100
  Viacom Pictures Songs Inc.                        Delaware           100
Viacom Satellite News Inc.                          Delaware           100

MTV NETWORKS:
- -------------

Games Productions Inc.                              Delaware           100
  Bardwire Inc.                                     Delaware           100
  Games Animations Inc.                             Delaware           100
  QWERTY Inc.                                       Delaware           100
  Uptown Productions Inc.                           Delaware           100
MTV Australia Inc.                                  Delaware           100
MTV Latino Inc.                                     Delaware           100
MTV Networks Company                                Delaware           100
MTV Networks Europe Inc.                            Delaware           100
MTV Songs Inc.                                      Delaware           100
MTVN Shopping Inc.                                  Delaware           100
Music By Nickelodeon Inc.                           Delaware           100
Music By Video Inc.                                 Delaware           100
Nickelodeon Huggings U.K. Limited                   United Kingdom     100
Nickelodeon Magazines Inc.                          Delaware           100
Reality Check Productions Inc.                      Delaware           100
  Outatown Productions Inc.                         Delaware           100
Remote Productions Inc.                             Delaware           100
Tunes By Nickelodeon Inc.                           Delaware           100
Viacom Camden Lock Inc.                             Delaware           100
Viacom HA! Holding Company                          Delaware           100
Viacom Networks Europe Inc.                         Delaware           100
Viacom VH-1 Holding Company                         Delaware           100



                                                                  Percentage
                                                                   of Voting
                                                                   Securities
                                                 State or Other  Owned Directly
                                                 Jurisdiction of       or
          Name                                    Incorporation    Indirectly
          ----                                   --------------- --------------

LIFETIME:
- ---------

LT Holdings Inc.                                    Delaware           100


OTHER:
- ------

Glendale Property Corp.                             Delaware           100
Viacom International Inc. Political
      Action Committee Corp.                        New York           100
Viacom MGS Services Inc.                            Delaware           100
Viacom Networks Inc.                                New York           100
Viacom Telecommunications (D.C.) Inc.               Delaware           100
Viacom Sub Inc.                                     Delaware           100
Viacom World Wide Limited                           New York           100
VNM Inc.                                            Delaware           100
VSC Compositions Inc.                               New York           100
VSC Music Inc.                                      New York           100


SUBSIDIARIES OF VIACOM INC. (indirect interest acquired on March 11, 1994)
- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

Paramount Communications Inc.

Consolidated Subsidiaries of Paramount Communications Inc.
  1020917 Ontario Inc.                              Ontario             100
  Actrax International Corporation                  Delaware            100
  Broadcast Holdings Ltd., L.P.                     Delaware            100
  Computer Curriculum Corporation                   Delaware            100
  CPW Holdings Inc.                                 Delaware            100
  CPW Investments Ltd., L.P.                        Delaware            100
  Eighth Century Corporation                        Delaware            100
  Famous Players Inc.                               Canada              100
  Festival Inc.                                     Delaware            100
  Gulf & Western International N.V.                 Netherlands         100
                                                    Antilles
  International Raw Materials Limited               Bahamas             100
  Kings Island Company                              Delaware            100
  Maarten Investerings Partnership                  New York            100
  Madison Square Garden Corporation                 Delaware            100
  Modern Curriculum Press, Inc.                     Ohio                100



                                                                  Percentage
                                                                   of Voting
                                                                   Securities
                                                 State or Other  Owned Directly
                                                 Jurisdiction of       or
          Name                                    Incorporation    Indirectly
          ----                                   --------------- --------------

SUBSIDIARIES OF VIACOM INC. (CONT'D)
- ------------------------------------

Consolidated Subsidiaries of Paramount Communications Inc. (Cont'd)

  Monetas N.V.                                      Netherlands         100
                                                    Antilles
  Newtel Inc.                                       Delaware            100
  NIEUW ORANJESTAD Partnership                      New York            100
  Nine W Inc.                                       Delaware            100
  Paramount Communications Acquisition Corporation  Delaware            100
  Paramount Communications B.V.                     Netherlands         100
  Paramount Communications (Canada) Limited         Ontario             100
  Paramount Communications Holding Company          Delaware            100
  Paramount Communications Realty Corporation       Delaware            100
  Paramount Home Video, Inc.                        Delaware            100
  Paramount Parks Inc.                              Delaware            100
  Paramount Pictures (Canada) Inc.                  Ontario             100
  Paramount Pictures Corporation                    Delaware            100
  Paramount Stations Group Inc.                     Virginia            100
  Paramount Stations Holding Company Inc.           Virginia            100
  Paramount Stations Group of Philadelphia Inc.     Virginia            100
  Paramount Television Service, Inc.                Delaware            100
  PCI Canada Inc.                                   Delaware            100
  PCI's Holdings Corporation                        Delaware            100
  Premier Advertiser Sales Inc.                     Delaware            100
  Prentice-Hall Canada Inc.                         Ontario             100
  Prentice-Hall, Inc.                               Delaware            100
  Prentice-Hall International, Inc.                 New York            100
  Silver Burdett Ginn Inc.                          Delaware            100
  Simon & Schuster, Inc.                            New York            100
  Theatre 59 Ltd.                                   Delaware            100

Unconsolidated Subsidiaries of Paramount Communications Inc.

  Canada's Wonderland, Inc.                         Ontario               20
  Cinema International Corporation N.V.             Netherlands           49
  Cinema International B.V.                         Netherlands           49
  Cinamerica Theatres, L.P.                         Delaware              50
  United Cinemas International Multiplex B.V.       Netherlands           49
  United International Pictures B.V.                Netherlands           33
  USA Networks                                      New York              50









Consent of Independent Accounts

We hereby consent to the incorporation by reference in the
Prospectus constituting part of the Registration Statement
on Form S-3 (No. 33-59356) of Viacom Inc. and Viacom
International Inc. and Form S-8 (No. 33-41934 and No.
33-56088) of Viacom Inc., of our reports dated February 4,
1994, except as to Note 2, which is as of March 11, 1994,
which appear on pages II-32 and F-2 of this Form 10-K.





PRICE WATERHOUSE

New York, New York
March 31, 1994
















                 CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT AUDITORS


We consent to the incorporation by reference in the Registration
Statement (Form S-3 Number 33-59356) of Viacom Inc. and Viacom
International Inc. and the Registration Statements (Form S-8
Numbers 33-41934 and 33-56088) of Viacom Inc. and in the related
Prospectuses of our reports dated August 27, 1993, except for
Notes A and I, as to which the date is September 10, 1993, with
respect to the consolidated financial statements and schedules of
Paramount Communications Inc. included in its Transition Report
(Form 10-K) for the six months ended April 30, 1993, as amended
September 28, 1993, as further amended September 30, 1993 and as
further amended March 21, 1994, which are incorporated by
reference in this Annual Report (Form 10-K).



                                        ERNST & YOUNG


New York, New York
March 31, 1994













                         VIACOM INC.

                      Power of Attorney

     KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS that the undersigned
director and/or officer of VIACOM INC., a Delaware
corporation (the "Company"), hereby constitutes and appoints
Philippe Dauman, Michael Fricklas and Nancy Rosenfeld his
true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power
of substitution and resubstitution, for him and in his name,
place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign the
Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year
ended December 31, 1993 (and any amendments thereto);
granting unto said attorney-in-fact and agent, full power
and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing
requisite and necessary to be done, as fully for all intents
and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby
ratifying and confirming all that the said attorney-in-fact
and agent, shall do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto signed my name this
29th day of March, 1994.



                                  /s/  Sumner M. Redstone
                                  -----------------------
                                    Sumner M. Redstone



                         VIACOM INC.

                      Power of Attorney

     KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS that the undersigned
director of VIACOM INC., a Delaware corporation (the
"Company"), hereby constitutes and appoints Philippe Dauman,
Michael Fricklas and Nancy Rosenfeld his true and lawful
attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution
and resubstitution, for him and in his name, place and
stead, in any and all capacities, to sign the Company's
Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended
December 31, 1993 (and any amendments thereto); granting
unto said attorney-in-fact and agent, full power and
authority to do and perform each and every act and thing
requisite and necessary to be done, as fully for all intents
and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby
ratifying and confirming all that the said attorney-in-fact
and agent, shall do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto signed my name this
25th day of February 1994.



                                  /s/  George S. Abrams
                                  ----------------------
                                    George S. Abrams



                         VIACOM INC.

                      Power of Attorney

     KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS that the undersigned
director of VIACOM INC., a Delaware corporation (the
"Company"), hereby constitutes and appoints Philippe Dauman,
Michael Fricklas and Nancy Rosenfeld his true and lawful
attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution
and resubstitution, for him and in his name, place and
stead, in any and all capacities, to sign the Company's
Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended
December 31, 1993 (and any amendments thereto); granting
unto said attorney-in-fact and agent, full power and
authority to do and perform each and every act and thing
requisite and necessary to be done, as fully for all intents
and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby
ratifying and confirming all that the said attorney-in-fact
and agent, shall do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto signed my name this
2nd day of March 1994.



                                  /s/  Ken Miller
                                  ----------------------
                                    Ken Miller



                         VIACOM INC.

                      Power of Attorney

     KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS that the undersigned
director of VIACOM INC., a Delaware corporation (the
"Company"), hereby constitutes and appoints Philippe Dauman,
Michael Fricklas and Nancy Rosenfeld his true and lawful
attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution
and resubstitution, for him and in his name, place and
stead, in any and all capacities, to sign the Company's
Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended
December 31, 1993 (and any amendments thereto); granting
unto said attorney-in-fact and agent, full power and
authority to do and perform each and every act and thing
requisite and necessary to be done, as fully for all intents
and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby
ratifying and confirming all that the said attorney-in-fact
and agent, shall do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto signed my name this
28th day of February 1994.



                                  /s/  Brent D. Redstone
                                  ----------------------
                                    Brent D. Redstone



                         VIACOM INC.

                      Power of Attorney

     KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS that the undersigned
director of VIACOM INC., a Delaware corporation (the
"Company"), hereby constitutes and appoints Philippe Dauman,
Michael Fricklas and Nancy Rosenfeld his true and lawful
attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution
and resubstitution, for him and in his name, place and
stead, in any and all capacities, to sign the Company's
Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended
December 31, 1993 (and any amendments thereto); granting
unto said attorney-in-fact and agent, full power and
authority to do and perform each and every act and thing
requisite and necessary to be done, as fully for all intents
and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby
ratifying and confirming all that the said attorney-in-fact
and agent, shall do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto signed my name this
2nd day of March 1994.


                                  /s/  William Schwartz
                                  ----------------------
                                    William Schwartz



                         VIACOM INC.

                      Power of Attorney

     KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS that the undersigned
director of VIACOM INC., a Delaware corporation (the
"Company"), hereby constitutes and appoints Philippe Dauman,
Michael Fricklas and Nancy Rosenfeld his true and lawful
attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution
and resubstitution, for him and in his name, place and
stead, in any and all capacities, to sign the Company's
Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended
December 31, 1993 (and any amendments thereto); granting
unto said attorney-in-fact and agent full power and
authority to do and perform each and every act and thing
requisite and necessary to be done, as fully for all intents
and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby
ratifying and confirming all that the said attorney-in-fact
and agent shall do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto signed my name this
4th day of March 1994.



                                  /s/  William C. Ferguson
                                  ------------------------
                                    William C. Ferguson



                         VIACOM INC.

                      Power of Attorney

     KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS that the undersigned
director of VIACOM INC., a Delaware corporation (the
"Company"), hereby constitutes and appoints Philippe Dauman,
Michael Fricklas and Nancy Rosenfeld his true and lawful
attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution
and resubstitution, for him and in his name, place and
stead, in any and all capacities, to sign the Company's
Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended
December 31, 1993 (and any amendments thereto); granting
unto said attorney-in-fact and agent full power and
authority to do and perform each and every act and thing
requisite and necessary to be done, as fully for all intents
and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby
ratifying and confirming all that the said attorney-in-fact
and agent shall do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto signed my name this
28th day of February 1994.



                                  /s/  Frederic V. Salerno
                                  ------------------------
                                    Frederic V. Salerno



                         VIACOM INC.

                      Power of Attorney

     KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS that the undersigned
director and/or officer of VIACOM INC., a Delaware
corporation (the "Company"), hereby constitutes and appoints
Philippe Dauman, Michael Fricklas and Nancy Rosenfeld his
true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power
of substitution and resubstitution, for him and in his name,
place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign the
Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year
ended December 31, 1993 (and any amendments thereto);
granting unto said attorney-in-fact and agent, full power
and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing
requisite and necessary to be done, as fully for all intents
and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby
ratifying and confirming all that the said attorney-in-fact
and agent, shall do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto signed my name this
1st day of March 1994.



                                  /s/  H. Wayne Huizenga
                                  ----------------------
                                    H. Wayne Huizenga











                              PART I

Item 1.  Business.

          The businesses of Paramount Communications Inc. are
entertainment and publishing.  Entertainment includes the
production, financing and distribution of motion picture,
television programming and prerecorded videocassettes and the
operation of motion picture theaters, independent television
stations, regional theme parks and Madison Square Garden.
Publishing includes the publication and distribution of hardcover
and paperback books for the general public, textbooks for
elementary schools, high schools and colleges, and the provision
of information services for business and professions.


                      Principal Activities*
                          Entertainment

          Theatrical Motion Pictures.  Paramount Pictures
produces and/or finances feature motion pictures for exhibition
in theaters and on television and for distribution by
videocassettes and video discs.  Motion pictures are produced by
Paramount Pictures, produced by independent producers and
financed in whole or in part by Paramount Pictures, or produced
by others and acquired by Paramount Pictures.  In the six-month
period ended April 30, 1993, Paramount Pictures released six
feature motion pictures.  Paramount Pictures distributes its
motion pictures for theatrical release outside the United States
and Canada through United International Pictures, a company owned
by Paramount Pictures, MCA Inc. and MGM.

          Most motion pictures are also licensed for exhibition
on television, with fees generally collected in installments.
License fees are recorded as revenue in the year that the films
are available for telecast and, therefore, Paramount Pictures'
operating results are subject to substantial fluctuation.  At
April 30, 1993, the unrecognized revenues attributable to
licensing of completed films from Paramount Pictures' license
agreements were $478 million.  Paramount Pictures has an
exclusive pay television license agreement with Home Box Office
to include new Paramount Pictures' motion pictures released
theatrically through December 1997.  Paramount Pictures also
licenses its motion pictures to home and hotel/motel
pay-per-view, airlines, schools and universities.  Paramount
Pictures also distributes its motion pictures for pay television
release outside the United States and Canada through United
International Pictures.  In 1993, Paramount acquired a joint
venture interest in HBO Pacific Partners, C.V. and granted to it



- --------------------

*    For a discussion of the Company's business segments and
     operating results see "Financial Reporting by Business
     Segments" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis" on
     pages F-5 through F-11 and F-26.



                                                                2
a license to carry Paramount Pictures' motion pictures on pay
television in Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines and other
territories through 1999.  Paramount Pictures has approximately
890 motion pictures in its library.

          Television Programs.  Paramount Pictures is engaged in
the production and distribution of series, mini-series, specials
and made-for-television movies for network television, first-run
syndication, pay and basic cable, videocassettes and video discs,
and live television programming.  The receipt and recognition of
revenues for license fees for completed television programming in
syndication is similar to that of feature films exhibited on
television and, consequently, operating results are subject to
substantial fluctuation.  At April 30, 1993, the unrecognized
revenues from such television license agreements were $260
million.  Certain programs are licensed in exchange for cash
and/or advertising time which Paramount Pictures retains and
sells through its wholly-owned affiliate Premier Advertiser
Sales.  Premier Advertiser Sales also sells advertising time in
programming distributed by third parties.  Paramount Pictures'
foreign television revenues include the licensing of series,
mini-series and specials made for U.S. television and theatrical
and made-for-television movies that are part of its television
library.  In addition, foreign television revenues also include
revenues derived from distribution of television product acquired
from independent producers.

          Home Video.  Paramount Pictures sells videocassettes
for the home video market, featuring its motion picture and
television program library, acquisitions from third parties and
programs made originally for the home video market.  It also
licenses this product for distribution on video disc.  Paramount
Pictures distributes its home video products outside the United
States and Canada through Cinema International B.V., a joint
venture with MCA.

          Theatrical Exhibition.  Famous Players operates 441
screens in 107 theaters throughout Canada.  Cinamerica, a joint
venture with Time Warner Inc., includes Mann and Festival
Theaters and operates 341 screens in 66 theaters in California,
Colorado, Arizona and Alaska.  United Cinemas International, a
joint venture with MCA, operates 234 screens in 25 theaters in
the United Kingdom and Ireland, 42 screens in 3 theaters in
Germany and 69 screens in 24 theaters in Spain.  United Cinemas
International plans to construct and operate additional theaters
in the United Kingdom, Germany, Austria and Spain.  It also
manages in seven countries, 32 screens in 18 theaters which are
owned by Cinema International Corporation, a joint venture with
MCA.

          Television Broadcasting and Cable Television Networks.
Paramount Stations Group owns and operates seven television
stations:  WTXF-TV, Philadelphia; KRRT(TV), San Antonio; WLFL-TV,
Raleigh/Durham; WDCA-TV, Washington, D.C.; KTXA(TV), Dallas;



                                                                3
KTXH(TV), Houston; and WKBD-TV, Detroit.  Paramount
Communications and MCA jointly own USA Networks, which operates
two national advertiser-supported basic cable television
networks, USA Network and the Sci-Fi Channel.  USA Network is one
of the largest of its kind in the United States, reaching 61
million households.

          Theme Parks.  Paramount Parks owns and operates five
regional theme parks:  Paramount's Carowinds, in Charlotte, North
Carolina; Paramount's Great America, in Santa Clara, California;
Paramount's Kings Dominion located near Richmond, Virginia;
Paramount's Kings Island located near Cincinnati, Ohio and
Canada's Wonderland located near Toronto ,Ontario.  In May l993,
Paramount Parks acquired the 80% interest in Canada's Wonderland
which it did not previously own.  The majority of the theme
parks' operating income is generated from May through September.

          Madison Square Garden. Madison Square Garden's
activities include the operation of the Madison Square Garden
Arena, which seats approximately 20,000 people, and The
Paramount, a theater which seats approximately 5,600 people, the
New York Knickerbockers Basketball Club of the National
Basketball Association and the New York Rangers Hockey Club of
the National Hockey League.  It also supplies and distributes
television programming for cable systems principally in New York,
New Jersey and Connecticut through the Madison Square Garden
Network.  Its programming includes its own sporting events and
rights to the New York Yankees baseball games through the year
2000.  In addition, Madison Square Garden produces, promotes
and/or presents live entertainment, which includes television
event production of the Miss Universe, Miss USA and Miss Teen USA
pageants and auto thrill shows through SRO Motorsports.

          Competition and Regulation.  Paramount Pictures
competes intensely with other major studios and independent film
producers in the production and distribution of motion pictures
and videocassettes.  Similarly, as a producer and distributor of
television programs, it competes with other studios and
independent producers in the licensing of television programs to
both networks and independent television stations.  Paramount
Pictures' competitive position primarily depends on the quality
of the product produced, public response and cost.  Theatrical
exhibitors compete for access to films and audiences.
Paramount's television stations compete in their respective
markets for viewers and advertisers with other independent and
network affiliated broadcast stations and with cable channels.
USA Networks vies with other cable networks and with independent
television stations and network affiliated broadcast stations to
attract viewers and advertisers.  Madison Square Garden's sports
and entertainment operations compete against other sporting and
entertainment events in their respective areas.  Paramount's
theme parks compete with other theme parks in their respective
geographic regions as well as with other forms of leisure
entertainment.



                                                                4
          Paramount Pictures is subject to a consent decree,
entered in 1948, which contains restrictions on certain motion
picture trade practices in the United States.  Television
broadcasting is subject to extensive regulation by the Federal
Communications Commission, which governs, among other things, the
issuance, transfer, term and renewal of broadcast licenses.
Network and syndication television revenues could be adversely
affected by changes in the regulatory restrictions imposed on the
networks by the FCC and certain consent decrees entered into by
the networks.  The FCC restrictions, which prohibited television
networks from acquiring financial or proprietary interests, other
than the right to network exhibition, in television programs
produced by program suppliers, were substantially relaxed by the
FCC in 1993.  The FCC has been asked to reconsider the issuance
of the revised rules.  In the meantime, the revised rules are in
effect.  The ability of the networks to acquire financial
interests and syndication rights in television programming
produced by non-network suppliers, however, continues to be
prohibited by the consent decrees.  The networks, supported by
the United States Department of Justice, are seeking in federal
district court to eliminate the financial interest and
syndication prohibitions in the consent decrees.  If the consent
decrees are modified as requested, the networks will be able to
negotiate with programmers to acquire financial interests and
syndication rights in television programs that air on the
networks.  Unless otherwise extended by the FCC, the FCC's
revised rules will expire two years after the district court
grants the networks' request to modify the consent decrees.

          Properties and Employees.  Paramount Pictures' studio
in Los Angeles, California, is used for production of most of its
television series and for production of some of its motion
pictures.  In addition, facilities at the studio are rented to
outside motion picture and television producers.  The 62-acre
studio contains 32 production sound stages.  The theater
operations, either directly or through joint ventures, own or
operate under lease the theaters described above under
"Theatrical Exhibition." Paramount Stations Group leases
approximately 127,000 square feet of office and studio space.
The theme park operations in the United States include 1,627
acres owned and 294 acres leased and in Canada include 200 acres
owned and 97 acres leased.  Madison Square Garden owns the
Madison Square Garden facility.  The Entertainment operations
(exclusive of joint ventures) employ approximately 3,800 persons
on a full-time basis.

                            Publishing

          Paramount Publishing includes well-known imprints such
as Simon & Schuster, Pocket Books, Prentice Hall, Silver Burdett
Ginn and Computer Curriculum Corporation, among others.  In
fiscal 1992, Paramount Publishing was organized into seven
groups: School, Higher Education, Supplementary Education,
Consumer, Business and Professional, Educational Technology and



                                                                5
International.  In fiscal 1993, Publishing's operations were
reorganized into six groups with School, Supplementary Education
and Educational Technology being substantially incorporated into
new Elementary and Secondary groups.

          Educational Publishing.  The Elementary, Secondary and
Higher Education groups (which include substantially all of the
former School, Supplementary Education and Educational Technology
groups) publish elementary, secondary and college textbooks and
related materials, computer-based educational products,
audiovisual products and vocational and technical materials under
such imprints as "Prentice Hall," "Silver Burdett Ginn," "Allyn &
Bacon," "Globe," "Modern Curriculum Press," "Coronet/MTI Film &
Video," "Fearon/Janus/Quercus," "Computer Curriculum
Corporation," "Simon & Schuster Workplace Resources," "Academic
Reference," "Regents/PH," "American Teaching Aids,"
"Judy/Instructo," "Ginn Press," "Alemany" and "Cambridge."

          Consumer Publishing.  The Consumer group publishes and
distributes hardcover, trade paperback and mass market books and
audiotapes.  It publishes its hard cover trade books principally
under the "Simon & Schuster," "Pocket Books," "Poseidon Press,"
"Little Simon," "Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers,"
"Green Tiger" and "Julian Messner" imprints; its trade paperback
books under the "Fireside" and "Touchstone" imprints; and its
mass market paperbacks under the "Pocket Books," "Pocket Star,"
"Archway," "Washington Square Press" and "Minstrel" imprints.
Audio cassettes are sold under the imprints "Audio Works" and
"Sound Ideas."  Books of other publishing companies, including
"Harlequin" and "Silhouette" romance novels, books published
under the imprints of "Baen," "Meadowbrook," "Picture Book
Studios" and "Rabbit Ears," and audio cassettes under the
"Nightingale Conant Audio" imprint are also distributed.

          The Consumer group also publishes or distributes
consumer information and special-interest books, including
"Prentice Hall" reference books; "Arco" college entrance and
civil service test preparation material; "J.K. Lasser" tax
guides; "Webster's New World" and "Harrap's" bilingual
dictionaries; travel books under the "Frommer's," "American
Express," "Baedeker," "Mobil" and "Real Guide" imprints;
cookbooks under the "Betty Crocker" imprint; gardening books
under the "Burpee" and "Horticulture" imprints; maps under the
"Gousha" imprint; and "Monarch Notes" study guides.

          Business, Technical and Professional.  The Business,
Technical and Professional group publishes books, newsletters and
software for a variety of professional groups, including lawyers,
accountants, tax professionals, business executives and the
medical community.  These materials are published under the
"Prentice Hall," "Bureau of Business Practice," "Parker,"
"Appleton & Lange" and "New York Institute of Finance" imprints.
It publishes Prentice Hall Computer Publishing computer reference
books under the "Que," "Brady," "Sams," "New Riders," "Alpha



                                                                6
Books" and "Hayden" imprints.  In June 1993, the Company entered
into an agreement with Information America, Inc. (IA) to sell
certain of the Company's businesses which provide information and
services to corporate attorneys and lending institutions,
professional tax preparation and practice management software to
accounting firms and law firms, and software to manage and
maintain trademark and patent registration.  After completion of
the transaction, the Company will own approximately 49% of the
common stock of IA, as well as debt, preferred stock, warrants
and options of IA.  The Company will continue to operate other
businesses which provide information to corporate attorneys and
business training programs to corporations.

          International.  The international operations include
publishing in Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, Brazil,
Mexico, Singapore, Japan and India primarily under the "Prentice
Hall" and "Simon & Schuster" imprints as well as distribution of
Publishing's products worldwide.

          Marketing and Competition.  Publishing rights derive
from authors and other publishers and are essential because they
are the principal source of Publishing's products.  Business
reputation, financial resources, editorial and marketing skills
and distribution capabilities are the principal factors involved
in the competition for purchasing these rights.  Sales are
affected principally by the public's reception and the
publisher's marketing capability.  Publishing distributes through
its own sales forces (including employees and independent
contractors), through wholesalers and retailers and by direct
mail.

          Competition in the elementary, secondary and higher
education textbook and the trade and paperback book fields is
intense, with a number of strong competitors.  In the field of
elementary and secondary school textbooks, 22 states and some
local jurisdictions limit the textbooks that may be bought by
school systems to those books that have been approved by adoption
or listing.  In the higher education textbook field, new books
compete with used books.  In addition, book piracy affects sales
in certain foreign markets.  A large portion of annual sales of
educational textbooks is made during the June to September
period.  In certain areas of publishing, books are usually sold
on a fully-returnable basis resulting in significant product
returns to publishers.  In the field of information services to
businesses and professionals, there am numerous organizations
that provide competitive materials and services.

          Properties and Employees.  Publishing's facilities
comprise approximately 5,910,000 square feet of space, of which
about 3,822,000 square feet are leased.  These facilities are
used for warehouse, distribution and administrative functions.
Publishing employs approximately 8,775 persons.



                                                                7
Item 2.  Properties.

          Paramount Communications and its subsidiaries lease
approximately 439,000 square feet at 15 Columbus Circle,
New York, New York, under a lease expiring in 1995.  The
remainder of the response to this item is incorporated in the
response to Item 1.

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings.

          Paramount Communications from time to time receives
claims from Federal and state environmental regulatory agencies
and other entities asserting that it is or may be liable for
environmental cleanup costs and related damages arising out of
certain operations conducted by its former mining and
manufacturing businesses.  On the basis of its experience and the
information currently available to it, Paramount Communications
does not believe that the claims it has received will have a
material adverse effect on its financial condition.  Paramount
Communications and various of its subsidiaries are parties to
certain other legal proceedings.  However, in the opinion of
counsel, these proceedings are not likely to result in judgments
that would have a material adverse effect on its financial
condition.



===============================================================================

                                 UNITED STATES
                       SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
                          Washington, D.C. 20549-1004
                            ----------------------

                                  FORM 10-K/A
                                AMENDMENT NO. 1
  (Mark One)
   / /  Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities
        Exchange Act of 1934
                                       OR
   /X/  Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities 
        Exchange Act of 1934

       For the transition period from November 1, 1992 to April 30, 1993*
                         Commission file number 1-5404

                         PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC.
             (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

                  Delaware                                74-1330475 
       (State or other jurisdiction of        (IRS Employer Identification No.)
        incorporation or organization)

 15 Columbus Circle, New York, New York                    10023-7780 
        (Address of principal executive offices)           (Zip Code)

       Registrant's telephone number, including area code 212-373-8000
                              ----------------------
         Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

                                                      Name of each exchange
             Title of each class                       on which registered
             -------------------                      ---------------------
   Common Stock, $1 par value                    )
   7% Subordinated Debentures, Series A due 2003 )
   7% Subordinated Debentures, Series B due 2003 )   New York Stock Exchange
   Common Stock Purchase Rights                  )
                            ----------------------
         Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

                                     None

    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports
required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of
1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing
requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes /X/   .   No  / /   .

    Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item
405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to
the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information
statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any
amendment to this Form 10-K. / /

    The aggregate market value of the registrant's voting stock held by
nonaffiliates of the registrant was approximately $6.1 billion at August 23,
1993.**

    At August 23, 1993, 118,417,196 shares of the registrant's Common Stock, $1
par value, were outstanding.

- ----------
  * Paramount Communications Inc. has changed its fiscal year end from October
    31 to April 30. This transition report is for the six months ended April
    30, 1993.
 ** Calculated by excluding all shares held by executive officers and directors
    of registrant without conceding that all such persons are "affiliates" of
    registrant for purposes of the Federal Securities laws.

===============================================================================




                        PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC.



The registrant hereby amends the following items, financial statements,
exhibits or other portions of its Transition Report on Form 10-K for the six
months ended April 30, 1993, as set forth in the pages attached hereto:

        Financial schedules for the six months ended April 30, 1993 and years
             ended October 31, 1992, 1991 and 1990.

        Exhibits.

ITEM 14.    EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES, AND REPORTS ON FORM 8-K.
PAGE ---- (a) 1. Financial Statements Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2. The following financial information is submitted herewith: Schedules for the six months ended or at April 30, 1993 and years ended or at October 31, 1992, 1991 and 1990: Report of Independent Auditors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Schedule I -- Marketable Securities --- Other Investments . . . 4 Schedule II -- Amounts Receivable from Related Parties and Underwriters, Promoters, and Employees Other Than Related Parties . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Schedule VII -- Guarantees of Securities of Other Issuers . . . . 13 Schedule VIII -- Valuation and Qualifying Accounts . . . . . . . . 14 Schedule X -- Supplementary Income Statement Information . . . 15 Schedules other than those listed above are omitted for the reason that they are not required or are not applicable, or the required information is included in the financial statements or in the notes to financial statements or is not significant. 3. Exhibits Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (b) Registrant filed no reports on Form 8-K during the period covered by this report.
SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this amendment to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. Date: September 28, 1993 By /s/: RONALD L. NELSON ------------------------------- Ronald L. Nelson Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer -1- FINANCIAL STATEMENTS INDEX PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. Report of Independent Auditors Selected Financial Data Consolidated Statement of Earnings Financial Reporting by Business Segments - Revenues and Operating Income (Loss) Management's Discussion and Analysis Consolidated Balance Sheet Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders' Equity Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements The above listed consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes were previously filed as part of this transition report on Form 10-K for the six months ended April 30, 1993. -2- REPORT OF INDEPENDENT AUDITORS Stockholders and Board of Directors Paramount Communications Inc. In connection with our audits of the consolidated financial statements of Paramount Communications Inc. as of April 30, 1993 and October 31, 1992 and 1991, and for the six-month period ended April 30, 1993 and for each of the three years in the period ended October 31, 1992, we have also audited the consolidated schedules included in this filing on Form 10-K/A as listed in the accompanying index. In our opinion, the consolidated schedules referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the information required to be stated therein. ERNST & YOUNG New York, New York August 27, 1993 -3- SCHEDULE I --- MARKETABLE SECURITIES --- OTHER INVESTMENTS PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. AT APRIL 30, 1993 (IN MILLIONS)
- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. B COL. C COL. D COL. E - ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- AMOUNT AT WHICH NUMBER OF EACH PORTFOLIO SHARES OR MARKET OF EQUITY SECURITY UNITS - PRINCIPAL VALUE OF ISSUES AND EACH AMOUNT OF EACH ISSUE OTHER SECURITY NAME OF ISSUER BONDS AND COST OF AT BALANCE ISSUE CARRIED IN AND TITLE OF EACH ISSUE NOTES EACH ISSUE SHEET DATE THE BALANCE SHEET - ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- United States Government and Agency Bonds, Notes and Bills . . . . . . . . . . $ 425.8 $ 433.8 $ 439.1 $ 433.8 Commercial Paper/Corporate Obligations. . . 45.1 45.8 46.6 45.8 Asset-Backed Securities . . . . . . . . . . 16.6 16.8 17.4 16.8 Mortgage-Backed Securities. . . . . . . . . 71.5 73.3 74.3 73.3 ------- ------- ------- ------- $ 559.0 $ 569.7 $ 577.4 $ 569.7 ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- -------
-4- SCHEDULE II --- AMOUNTS RECEIVABLE FROM RELATED PARTIES AND UNDERWRITERS, PROMOTERS, AND EMPLOYEES OTHER THAN RELATED PARTIES PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. SIX MONTHS ENDED APRIL 30, 1993 (DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. B COL. C COL. D - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- DEDUCTIONS ------------------------- BALANCE (1) (2) AT BEGINNING AMOUNTS AMOUNTS NAME OF DEBTOR OF PERIOD ADDITIONS COLLECTED WRITTEN-OFF - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- William Bernstein: 6% note payable . . . . . . . . . . $ 0.4 $ 0.4 Rolando Blackman: 10% note payable; due in monthly installments from September 15, 1994 to August 15, 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 0.2 David Checketts: note payable; principal to be repaid the earlier of February 28, 1995 or 180 days after termination; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . 0.5 Arthur Cohen: 6% note payable; principal to be repaid monthly with the balance due on demand or no later than October 31, 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1 Patrick Ewing: 10% note payable; due September 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 Robert Gutkowski: 6% note payable; due November 1, 1993; interest due on first business day of each month commencing February 1, 1993; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.4 Robert Klingensmith: 10% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . 0.3 0.3
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. E - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- BALANCE AT END OF PERIOD ------------------------------- (1) (2) NAME OF DEBTOR CURRENT NOT CURRENT - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- William Bernstein: 6% note payable . . . . . . . . . . Rolando Blackman: 10% note payable; due in monthly installments from September 15, 1994 to August 15, 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 0.2 David Checketts: note payable; principal to be repaid the earlier of February 28, 1995 or 180 days after termination; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . 0.5 Arthur Cohen: 6% note payable; principal to be repaid monthly with the balance due on demand or no later than October 31, 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 0.1 Patrick Ewing: 10% note payable; due September 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 Robert Gutkowski: 6% note payable; due November 1, 1993; interest due on first business day of each month commencing February 1, 1993; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.4 Robert Klingensmith: 10% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . .
-5- SCHEDULE II - AMOUNTS RECEIVABLE FROM RELATED PARTIES AND UNDERWRITERS, PROMOTERS, AND EMPLOYEES OTHER THAN RELATED PARTIES PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. SIX MONTHS ENDED APRIL 30, 1993 (DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. B COL. C COL. D - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- DEDUCTIONS -------------------------- BALANCE (1) (2) AT BEGINNING AMOUNTS AMOUNTS NAME OF DEBTOR OF PERIOD ADDITIONS COLLECTED WRITTEN-OFF - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Earl Lestz: 8% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation . . . . . . . . . . 0.5 0.1 Barry London: 6% note payable . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1 0.1 Anthony Mason: 10% note payable; due in 48 semi- monthly installments beginning July 15, 1993 . . . . 0.1 Patrick Purcell: 7% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate. . . . . . . . . . 0.6 0.1 Patrick Riley: Relocation bridge loan; due no later than August 31, 1993; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate. . . . . . . . . 1.0 Note payable; due no later than December 31, 1996; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 Neil Smith: note payable; principal to be repaid the earlier of May 31, 1997 or 180 days after termination; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.4 ----- ----- ----- $ 9.1 $ 0.6 $ 0.9 ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- -----
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. E - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- BALANCE AT END OF PERIOD ------------------------------ (1) (2) NAME OF DEBTOR CURRENT NOT CURRENT - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Earl Lestz: 8% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation . . . . . . . . . . . 0.4 Barry London: 6% note payable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anthony Mason: 10% note payable; due in 48 semi- monthly installments beginning July 15, 1993. . . . . . 0.1 Patrick Purcell: 7% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate. . . . . . . . . . . 0.1 0.6 Patrick Riley: Relocation bridge loan; due no later than August 31, 1993; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate. . . . . . . . . . 1.0 Note payable; due no later than December 31, 1996; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 Neil Smith: note payable; principal to be repaid the earlier of May 31, 1997 or 180 days after termination; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.4 ----- ----- $ 1.6 $ 7.2 ----- ----- ----- -----
-6- SCHEDULE II --- AMOUNTS RECEIVABLE FROM RELATED PARTIES AND UNDERWRITERS, PROMOTERS, AND EMPLOYEES OTHER THAN RELATED PARTIES PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. YEAR ENDED OCTOBER 31, 1992 (DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)
- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ COL. A COL. B COL. C COL. D - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DEDUCTIONS ---------------------- BALANCE (1) (2) AT BEGINNING AMOUNTS AMOUNTS NAME OF DEBTOR OF PERIOD ADDITIONS COLLECTED WRITTEN-OFF - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Rolando Blackman: 10% note payable; due in monthly installments from September 15, 1994 to August 15, 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 0.2 David Checketts: note payable; principal to be repaid the earlier of February 28, 1995 or 180 days after termination; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . 0.5 Arthur Cohen: 6% note payable; principal to be repaid monthly with the balance due on demand or no later than October 31, 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1 Alan Cole-Ford: 6.8% note payable; due October 15, 1996; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . $ 0.1 $ 0.1 (A) Patrick Ewing: 10% note payable; due September 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 Robert Gutkowski: 6% note payable; due November 1, 1993; interest due on first business day of each month commencing February 1, 1993; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.4 Robert Klingensmith: 10% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . 0.8 0.1 0.6
- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ COL. A COL. E - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ BALANCE AT END OF PERIOD ----------------------------- (1) (2) NAME OF DEBTOR CURRENT NOT CURRENT - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Rolando Blackman: 10% note payable; due in monthly installments from September 15, 1994 to August 15, 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $0.2 David Checketts: note payable; principal to be repaid the earlier of February 28, 1995 or 180 days after termination; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . 0.5 Arthur Cohen: 6% note payable; principal to be repaid monthly with the balance due on demand or no later than October 31, 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $0.1 Alan Cole-Ford: 6.8% note payable; due October 15, 1996; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . Patrick Ewing: 10% note payable; due September 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 Robert Gutkowski: 6% note payable; due November 1, 1993; interest due on first business day of each month commencing February 1, 1993; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.4 Robert Klingensmith: 10% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . 0.1 0.2
- ------------------ Note A --- Reclassified since individual is no longer an employee. -7- SCHEDULE II --- AMOUNTS RECEIVABLE FROM RELATED PARTIES AND UNDERWRITERS, PROMOTERS, AND EMPLOYEES OTHER THAN RELATED PARTIES PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. YEAR ENDED OCTOBER 31, 1992 (DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)
- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. B COL. C COL. D - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- DEDUCTIONS -------------------------- BALANCE (1) (2) AT BEGINNING AMOUNTS AMOUNTS NAME OF DEBTOR OF PERIOD ADDITIONS COLLECTED WRITTEN-OFF - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Earl Lestz: 8% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation . . . . . . . . . . 0.5 Barry London: 7% note payable; due October 1992 . . . . 3.0 3.0 Anthony Mason: 10% note payable; due in 48 semi- monthly installments beginning July 15, 1993 . . . . . 0.1 Patrick Purcell: 7% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . 0.6 Patrick Riley: Relocation bridge loan; due no later than August 31, 1993; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . 1.0 Note payable; due no later than December 31, 1996; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 Neil Smith: note payable; principal to be repaid the earlier of May 31, 1997 or 180 days after termination; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.4 ----- ------ ----- $ 8.0 $ 4.8 $ 3.7 ----- ------ ----- ----- ------ -----
- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. E - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- BALANCE AT END OF PERIOD ------------------------ (1) (2) NAME OF DEBTOR CURRENT NOT CURRENT - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Earl Lestz: 8% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation . . . . . . . . . . 0.5 Barry London: 7% note payable; due October 1992 . . . . Anthony Mason: 10% note payable; due in 48 semi- monthly installments beginning July 15, 1993 . . . . . 0.1 Patrick Purcell: 7% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . 0.1 0.5 Patrick Riley: Relocation bridge loan; due no later than August 31, 1993; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . 1.0 Note payable; due no later than December 31, 1996; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 Neil Smith: note payable; principal to be repaid the earlier of May 31, 1997 or 180 days after termination; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.4 ----- ----- $ 1.3 $ 7.8 ----- ----- ----- -----
-8- SCHEDULE II --- AMOUNTS RECEIVABLE FROM RELATED PARTIES AND UNDERWRITERS, PROMOTERS, AND EMPLOYEES OTHER THAN RELATED PARTIES PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. YEAR ENDED OCTOBER 31, 1991 (DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)
- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. B COL. C COL. D - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- DEDUCTIONS -------------------------------- BALANCE (1) (2) AT BEGINNING AMOUNTS AMOUNTS NAME OF DEBTOR OF PERIOD ADDITIONS COLLECTED WRITTEN-OFF - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- James Boyd: 16% note payable; relocation bridge loan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $0.2 $0.2 Alan Cole-Ford: 6.8% note payable; due October 15, 1996; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . $ 0.1 Richard Evans: 7% note payable; secured by residential real estate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.2 0.2 Patrick Ewing: 10% note payable; due September 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.0 2.0 Robert Klingensmith: 10% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . 0.8 0.1 0.1 Earl Lestz: 8% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation. . . . . . . . . . . 0.5 Frank Mancuso: 6% note payable; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 2.0
- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. E - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- BALANCE AT END OF PERIOD ------------------------------ (1) (2) NAME OF DEBTOR CURRENT NOT CURRENT - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- James Boyd: 16% note payable; relocation bridge loan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alan Cole-Ford: 6.8% note payable; due October 15, 1996; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . $0.1 Richard Evans: 7% note payable; secured by residential real estate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Patrick Ewing: 10% note payable; due September 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 Robert Klingensmith: 10% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . $0.1 0.7 Earl Lestz: 8% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation. . . . . . . . . . 0.1 0.4 Frank Mancuso: 6% note payable; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . .
-9- SCHEDULE II --- AMOUNTS RECEIVABLE FROM RELATED PARTIES AND UNDERWRITERS, PROMOTERS, AND EMPLOYEES OTHER THAN RELATED PARTIES PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. YEAR ENDED OCTOBER 31, 1991 (DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)
- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. B COL. C COL. D - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- DEDUCTIONS -------------------------- BALANCE (1) (2) AT BEGINNING AMOUNTS AMOUNTS NAME OF DEBTOR OF PERIOD ADDITIONS COLLECTED WRITTEN-OFF - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Patrick Purcell: 7% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate. . . . . . . . . . . 0.7 0.1 0.2 Patrick Riley: Relocation bridge loan; due no later than August 31, 1992; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . 1.0 Note payable; due no later than December 31, 1996; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 ----- ------ ----- $ 9.4 $ 3.3 $ 4.7 ----- ------ ----- ----- ------ -----
- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. E - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- BALANCE AT END OF PERIOD ---------------------------- (1) (2) NAME OF DEBTOR CURRENT NOT CURRENT - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Patrick Purcell: 7% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1 0.5 Patrick Riley: Relocation bridge loan; due no later than August 31, 1992; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . 1.0 Note payable; due no later than December 31, 1996; interest rate set quarterly based on the 90 day commercial paper composite rate; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 ----- ----- $ 1.3 $ 6.7 ----- ----- ----- -----
-10- SCHEDULE II --- AMOUNTS RECEIVABLE FROM RELATED PARTIES AND UNDERWRITERS, PROMOTERS, AND EMPLOYEES OTHER THAN RELATED PARTIES PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. YEAR ENDED OCTOBER 31, 1990 (DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. B COL. C COL. D - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- DEDUCTIONS ----------------------------------- BALANCE (1) (2) AT BEGINNING AMOUNTS AMOUNTS NAME OF DEBTOR OF PERIOD ADDITIONS COLLECTED WRITTEN-OFF - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- James Boyd: 16% note payable; relocation bridge loan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 0.2 Richard Evans: 7% note payable; due December 1990; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 0.2 Patrick Ewing: 10% note payable; $2.0 million due June 1991, $3.0 million due September 1991 or, subject to certain conditions, September 1995 . . . . 5.0 Sidney Ganis: 8.5% note payable; secured by second mortgage on residence . . . . . . . 1.0 0.1 $ 1.1 (A) Robert Klingensmith: 10% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . 0.8 Earl Lestz: 8% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation . . . . . . . . . . 0.5 Frank Mancuso: 6% note payable; principal to be paid from proceeds on sale of former residence with balance to be paid within one year of termination of employment or within 60 days if employed elsewhere; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 0.1 0.1
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. E - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- BALANCE AT END OF PERIOD ------------------------------ (1) (2) NAME OF DEBTOR CURRENT NOT CURRENT - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- James Boyd: 16% note payable; relocation bridge loan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 0.2 Richard Evans: 7% note payable; due December 1990; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.2 Patrick Ewing: 10% note payable; $2.0 million due June 1991, $3.0 million due September 1991 or, subject to certain conditions, September 1995 . . . 5.0 Sidney Ganis: 8.5% note payable; secured by second mortgage on residence . . . . . . Robert Klingensmith: 10% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . 0.1 $0.7 Earl Lestz: 8% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation . . . . . . . . . 0.1 0.4 Frank Mancuso: 6% note payable; principal to be paid from proceeds on sale of former residence with balance to be paid within one year of termination of employment or within 60 days if employed elsewhere; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . 2.0
- ----------------- Note A --- Reclassified since individual is no longer an employee. -11- SCHEDULE II --- AMOUNTS RECEIVABLE FROM RELATED PARTIES AND UNDERWRITERS, PROMOTERS, AND EMPLOYEES OTHER THAN RELATED PARTIES PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. YEAR ENDED OCTOBER 31, 1990 (DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. B COL. C COL. D - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- DEDUCTIONS ---------------------------------- BALANCE (1) (2) AT BEGINNING AMOUNTS AMOUNTS NAME OF DEBTOR OF PERIOD ADDITIONS COLLECTED WRITTEN-OFF - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Patrick Purcell: 7% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . . . 0.9 0.2 Lucille Salhany-Polcari: Non-interest bearing loan payable in full within 60 days of termination. . . . . 0.1 0.1 Ronald Suchodolski: relocation bridge loan. . . . . . . 0.1 0.1 ----- ------ ----- $ 9.3 $ 1.7 $ 1.6 ----- ------ ----- ----- ------ -----
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COL. A COL. E - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- BALANCE AT END OF PERIOD ------------------------------- (1) (2) NAME OF DEBTOR CURRENT NOT CURRENT - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Patrick Purcell: 7% note payable; principal to be repaid out of future compensation; secured by residential real estate . . . . . . . . 0.1 0.6 Lucille Salhany-Polcari: Non-interest bearing loan payable in full within 60 days of termination. . . Ronald Suchodolski: relocation bridge loan. . . . . ----- ----- $ 5.7 $ 3.7 ----- ----- ----- -----
-12- SCHEDULE VII --- GUARANTEES OF SECURITIES OF OTHER ISSUERS PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. AT APRIL 30, 1993 (IN MILLIONS)
- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ COL. A COL. B COL. C COL. F - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ TITLE OF TOTAL ISSUE OF AMOUNT NAME OF ISSUER OF SECURITIES EACH CLASS GUARANTEED NATURE GUARANTEED BY PERSON FOR OF SECURITIES AND OF WHICH STATEMENT IS FILED GUARANTEED OUTSTANDING GUARANTEE - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ CBF Fabrics, Inc. Industrial Revenue Bond $ 2.7 Principal and interest Kayser-Roth Corporation Secured Notes 1.0 Principal and interest Simmons Manufacturing Industrial Revenue Bond 9.7 Principal and interest Company Inc. Ontario Limited Revolving Credit 2.4 Principal and interest Redevelopment Agency of Senior Secured Refunding Notes 39.0 Principal and interest the City of Santa Clara, California United Cinemas International Revolving Credit 87.7 Principal and interest Cinema International Corporation, N.V. Revolving Credit 12.4 Principal and interest ------- $ 154.9 ------- -------
- --------------------- NOTE: Information for Columns D, E, and G is not applicable at April 30, 1993. -13- SCHEDULE VIII --- VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. SIX MONTHS ENDED APRIL 30, 1993 AND THREE YEARS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 1992 (IN MILLIONS)
- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ COL. A COL. B COL. C COL. D COL. E - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ADDITIONS ---------------------------- (2) (1) CHARGED TO BALANCE CHARGED TO OTHER BALANCE AT BEGINNING COSTS AND ACCOUNTS-- DEDUCTIONS-- AT END OF DESCRIPTION OF PERIOD EXPENSES DESCRIBE DESCRIBE PERIOD - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Allowance for doubtful accounts deducted from trade receivables on the balance sheet: Six months ended April 30, 1993 . . . . . . . . $ 65.5 $ 8.0 $ 2.1(A) $11.5(B) $64.1 ------ ----- ----- ----- ----- ------ ----- ----- ----- ----- Year ended October 31, 1992 . . . . . . . . . . $ 59.6 $16.6 $ 8.9(A) $19.6(B) $65.5 ------ ----- ----- ----- ----- ------ ----- ----- ----- ----- Year ended October 31, 1991 . . . . . . . . . . $ 59.8 $19.4 $ 4.0(A) $23.6(B) $59.6 ------ ----- ----- ----- ----- ------ ----- ----- ----- ----- Year ended October 31, 1990 . . . . . . . . . . $ 56.3 $10.4 $ 8.2(A) $15.1(B) $59.8 ------ ----- ----- ----- ----- ------ ----- ----- ----- -----
- --------------------- Note A---Represents balance sheet reclassification related to certain entertainment receivables. Note B---Primarily write-off of uncollectible accounts net of collections of accounts previously written-off. -14- SCHEDULE X --- SUPPLEMENTARY INCOME STATEMENT INFORMATION PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. SIX MONTHS ENDED APRIL 30, 1993 AND THREE YEARS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 1992 (DOLLARS IN MILLIONS)
- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ COL. A COL. B - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ITEM CHARGED TO COSTS AND EXPENSES - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Six Months Ended April 30 Year Ended October 31 -------------- ------------------------------ 1993 1992 1991 1990 ---- ---- ---- ---- Maintenance and repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $21.1 $40.6 $33.1 $29.9 Taxes, other than payroll and income taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.9 46.8 48.3 40.7 Royalties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77.4 171.5 152.0 136.5 Advertising costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250.9 563.3 514.0 495.0
- ---------------- Amounts for depreciation and amortization of preoperating costs and similar deferrals are not presented as such amounts do not exceed 1% of revenues. -15- EXHIBITS INDEX PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. (3)(a) - Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Amendments thereto (Incorporated by ref- erence to Exhibit (4)(i)(A) of Paramount Communications' post-effective amendment No. 3 to the registration statement on Form S-3 No. 2-83427). * (3)(b) - Amended and restated By-laws. (4)(a) - Instruments with respect to issues of long-term debt have not been filed as exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K as the authorized principal amount on any one of such issues does not exceed 10% of the total assets of Paramount Communications and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis. Paramount Communications agrees to furnish a copy of each such instrument to the Commission upon request. (4)(b) - Shareholder rights agreement dated as of September 7, 1988, as amended, between Paramount Communications Inc. and Chemical Bank, as Rights Agent (Incorporated by reference to Paramount Communications' registration statement on Form 8-A dated September 14, 1988 and to Amendment No. 1 to Form 8-A on Form 8 dated June 8, 1989). (10)(ii)(A)(1) - Agreement, dated as of September 9, 1992, between Paramount Communications and Stanley R. Jaffe (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(2) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 1992). (10)(ii)(A)(2) - Agreement, dated as of March 17, 1991, between Paramount Pictures Corporation and Stanley R. Jaffe (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(8) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1991). +(10)(iii)(A)(1) - Amended and restated agreement, dated as of October 1, 1985 and restated as of June 23, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Martin S. Davis (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(2) - Agreement, dated as of March 18, 1991, between Paramount Communications and Stanley R. Jaffe (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 1991). -16- PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. +(10)(iii)(A)(3) - Amendment, dated as of September 9, 1992, to the Agreement, dated as of March 18, 1991, between Paramount Communications and Stanley R. Jaffe (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(4) - Amended and restated agreement, dated as of November 17, 1987 and restated as of June 23, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Ronald L. Nelson (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(2) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended January 31, 1990). +(10)(iii)(A)(5) - Amendment, dated as of December 21, 1992, to the amended and restated agreement, dated as of November 17, 1987 and restated as of June 23, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Ronald L. Nelson (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(5) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(6) - Agreement, dated as of January 12, 1993, between Paramount Communications and Ronald L. Nelson (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended January 31, 1993). +(10)(iii)(A)(7) - Amended and restated agreement, dated as of October 1, 1985 and restated as of June 23, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Donald Oresman (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended January 31, 1990). +(10)(iii)(A)(8) - Agreement, dated as of September 10, 1992, between Paramount Communications and Earl H. Doppelt (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(7) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(9) - Agreement, dated as of September 10, 1992, between Paramount Communications and Rudolph L. Hertlein (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(8) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(10) - Agreement, dated as of June 2, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Lawrence E. Levinson (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 1989). -17- PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. +(10)(iii)(A)(11) - Agreement, dated as of June 2, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Eugene I. Meyers (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(2) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(12) - Agreement, dated as of February 25, 1992, between Paramount Communications and Jerry Sherman (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended January 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(13) - Agreement, dated April 5, 1993, between Paramount Communications and Robert Greenberg (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 1993). +(10)(iii)(A)(14) - 1992 Stock Option Plan (the "1992 Plan") (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit I of Paramount Communications' Proxy Statement dated January 27, 1992 for the 1992 Annual Meeting of Stockholders). +(10)(iii)(A)(15) - 1989 Stock Option Plan, as amended (the "1989 Plan") (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(2) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(15)(a) - Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1989 Plan--Incentive Stock Option (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(a) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(15)(b) - Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1989 Plan--Nonqualified Stock Option (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(b) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(16) - 1984 Stock Option Plan, as amended (the "1984 Plan") (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(16)(a) - Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1984 Plan--Incentive Stock Option (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(a) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the three months ended October 31, 1985). -18- PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. +(10)(iii)(A)(16)(b) - Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1984 Plan--Incentive Stock Option with a Stock Appreciation Right (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(b) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the three months ended October 31, 1985). +(10)(iii)(A)(16)(c) - Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1984 Plan--Nonqualified Stock Option (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(c) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the three months ended October 31, 1985). +(10)(iii)(A)(16)(d) - Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1984 Plan--Nonqualified Stock Option with a Stock Appreciation Right (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(d) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the three months ended October 31, 1985). +(10)(iii)(A)(17) - 1973 Key Employees Stock Purchase Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(c)(i) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 1981). +(10)(iii)(A)(18) - Amended and Restated Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(19) - Deferred Compensation Plan for Board of Directors (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(6) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 1984). +(10)(iii)(A)(20) - Long-Term Performance Plan, as amended (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(6) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(21) - Corporate Annual Performance Plan, as amended (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(7) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(22) - Retirement Plan for non-employee directors (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended January 31, 1990). +(10)(iii)(A)(23) - Non-qualified retirement plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 1991). -19- PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. * (11) --Computation of Earnings (Loss) per Share. * (22) --List of Subsidiaries. * (24) --Consent of Ernst & Young. * (25) --Powers of Attorney. - --------------- + This exhibit constitutes a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement. * These exhibits were previously filed as part of this transition report on Form 10-K for the six months ended April 30, 1993. -20- EXHIBITS INDEX PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. (3)(a) - Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Amendments thereto (Incorporated by ref- erence to Exhibit (4)(i)(A) of Paramount Communications' post-effective amendment No. 3 to the registration statement on Form S-3 No. 2-83427). * (3)(b) - Amended and restated By-laws. (4)(a) - Instruments with respect to issues of long-term debt have not been filed as exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K as the authorized principal amount on any one of such issues does not exceed 10% of the total assets of Paramount Communications and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis. Paramount Communications agrees to furnish a copy of each such instrument to the Commission upon request. (4)(b) - Shareholder rights agreement dated as of September 7, 1988, as amended, between Paramount Communications Inc. and Chemical Bank, as Rights Agent (Incorporated by reference to Paramount Communications' registration statement on Form 8-A dated September 14, 1988 and to Amendment No. 1 to Form 8-A on Form 8 dated June 8, 1989). **10(i)(a) - Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of September 12, 1993 between Viacom Inc. and Paramount Communications Inc. **10(i)(b) - Stock Option Agreement dated as of September 12, 1993 between Viacom Inc. and Paramount Communications Inc. **10(i)(c) - Voting Agreement dated as of September 12, 1993 between National Amusements, Inc. and Paramount Communications Inc. (10)(ii)(A)(1) - Agreement, dated as of September 9, 1992, between Paramount Communications and Stanley R. Jaffe (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(2) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 1992). (10)(ii)(A)(2) - Agreement, dated as of March 17, 1991, between Paramount Pictures Corporation and Stanley R. Jaffe (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(8) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1991). +(10)(iii)(A)(1) - Amended and restated agreement, dated as of October 1, 1985 and restated as of June 23, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Martin S. Davis (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(2) - Agreement, dated as of March 18, 1991, between Paramount Communications and Stanley R. Jaffe (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 1991). -16- PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. * (11) --Computation of Earnings (Loss) per Share. * (22) --List of Subsidiaries. * (24) --Consent of Ernst & Young. * (25) --Powers of Attorney. - --------------- + This exhibit constitutes a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement. * These exhibits were previously filed as part of this transition report on Form 10-K for the six months ended April 30, 1993. ** Filed herewith. -20- ============================================================================= UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Washington, D.C. 20549-1004 ------------------ FORM 10-K/A AMENDMENT NO. 2 (Mark One) / / Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 OR /X/ Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 For the transition period from November 1, 1992 to April 30, 1993* Commission file number 1-5404 PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) Delaware 74-1330475 (State or other jurisdiction of (IRS Employer Identification No.) incorporation or organization) 15 Columbus Circle, New York, New York 10023-7780 (Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code) Registrant's telephone number, including area code 212-373-8000 ----------------- Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Name of each exchange Title of each class on which registered - ------------------- --------------------- Common Stock, $1 par value ) 7% Subordinated Debentures, Series A due 2003 ) New York Stock Exchange 7% Subordinated Debentures, Series B due 2003 ) Common Stock Purchase Rights )
----------------- Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes /X/ No / / Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. / / The aggregate market value of the registrant's voting stock held by nonaffiliates of the registrant was approximately $6.1 billion at August 23, 1993.** At August 23, 1993, 118,417,196 shares of the registrant's Common Stock, $1 par value, were outstanding. - --------------------- * Paramount Communications Inc. has changed its fiscal year end from October 31 to April 30. This transition report is for the six months ended April 30, 1993. ** Calculated by excluding all shares held by executive officers and directors of registrant without conceding that all such persons are "affiliates" of registrant for purposes of the Federal securities laws. ============================================================================= 1 PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. The registrant hereby amends the following items, financial statements, exhibits or other portions of its Transition Report on Form 10-K for the six months ended April 30, 1993, as set forth in the pages attached hereto: ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA. ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS. ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA. The information required by Item 6 is found on page F-3; Item 7 is found on pages F-6 through F-11 and Item 8 is found on pages F-4 through F-27, exclusive of pages F-6 through F-11. ITEM 14. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES, AND REPORTS ON FORM 8-K. (a) 1. Financial Statements--See index to financial statements on Page F-1. 2. Financial Statement Schedules Index: Report of Independent Auditors Schedule I -- Marketable Securities--Other Investments Schedule II -- Amounts Receivable from Related Parties and Underwriters, Promoters, and Employees Other Than Related Parties Schedule VII -- Guarantees of Securities of Other Issuers Schedule VIII -- Valuation and Qualifying Accounts Schedule X -- Supplementary Income Statement Information Schedules other than those listed above are omitted for the reason that they are not required or are not applicable, or the required information is included in the financial statements or in the notes to financial statements or is not significant. The above listed financial statement schedules were previously filed as part of this Transition Report on Form 10-K for the six months ended April 30, 1993, as amended. 3. Exhibits-- (3)(a) --Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Amendments thereto (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (4)(i)(A) of Paramount Communications' post-effective amendment No. 3 to the registration statement on Form S-3 No. 2-83427). *(3)(b) --Amended and restated By-laws. 2 (4)(a) --Instruments with respect to issues of long-term debt have not been filed as exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K as the authorized principal amount on any one of such issues does not exceed 10% of the total assets of Paramount Communications and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis. Paramount Communications agrees to furnish a copy of each such instrument to the Commission upon request. (4)(b) --Shareholder rights agreement dated as of September 7, 1988, as amended, between Paramount Communications Inc. and Chemical Bank, as Rights Agent (Incorporated by reference to Paramount Communications' registration statement on Form 8-A dated September 14, 1988 and to Amendment No. 1 to Form 8-A on Form 8 dated June 8, 1989). *(10)(i)(a) --Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of September 12, 1993 between Viacom Inc. and Paramount Communications Inc. *(10)(i)(b) --Stock Option Agreement dated as of September 12, 1993 between Viacom Inc. and Paramount Communications Inc. *(10)(i)(c) --Voting Agreement dated as of September 12, 1993 between National Amusements, Inc. and Paramount Communications Inc. (10)(ii)(A)(1) --Agreement, dated as of September 9, 1992, between Paramount Communications and Stanley R. Jaffe (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(2) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 1992). (10)(ii)(A)(2) --Agreement, dated as of March 17, 1991, between Paramount Pictures Corporation and Stanley R. Jaffe (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(8) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1991). +(10)(iii)(A)(1) --Amended and restated agreement, dated as of October 1, 1985 and restated as of June 23, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Martin S. Davis (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(2) --Agreement, dated as of March 18, 1991, between Paramount Communications and Stanley R. Jaffe (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 1991).
3 +(10)(iii)(A)(3) --Amendment, dated as of September 9, 1992, to the Agreement, dated as of March 18, 1991, between Paramount Communications and Stanley R. Jaffe (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(4) --Amended and restated agreement, dated as of November 17, 1987 and restated as of June 23, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Ronald L. Nelson (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(2) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended January 31, 1990). +(10)(iii)(A)(5) --Amendment, dated as of December 21, 1992, to the amended and restated agreement, dated as of November 17, 1987 and restated as of June 23, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Ronald L. Nelson (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(5) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(6) --Agreement, dated as of January 12, 1993, between Paramount Communications and Ronald L. Nelson (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended January 31, 1993). +(10)(iii)(A)(7) --Amended and restated agreement, dated as of October 1, 1985 and restated as of June 23, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Donald Oresman (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended January 31, 1990). +(10)(iii)(A)(8) --Agreement, dated as of September 10, 1992, between Paramount Communications and Earl H. Doppelt (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(7) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(9) --Agreement, dated as of September 10, 1992, between Paramount Communications and Rudolph L. Hertlein (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(8) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(10) --Agreement, dated as of June 2, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Lawrence E. Levinson (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 1989).
4 +(10)(iii)(A)(11) --Agreement, dated as of June 2, 1989, between Paramount Communications and Eugene I. Meyers (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(2) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(12) --Agreement, dated as of February 25, 1992, between Paramount Communications and Jerry Sherman (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(ii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended January 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(13) --Agreement, dated April 5, 1993, between Paramount Communications and Robert Greenberg (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 1993). +(10)(iii)(A)(14) --1992 Stock Option Plan (the "1992 Plan") (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit I of Paramount Communications' Proxy Statement dated January 27, 1992 for the 1992 Annual Meeting of Stockholders). +(10)(iii)(A)(15) --1989 Stock Option Plan, as amended (the "1989 Plan") (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(2) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(15)(a) --Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1989 Plan--Incentive Stock Option (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(a) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(15)(b) --Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1989 Plan--Nonqualified Stock Option (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(b) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(16) --1984 Stock Option Plan, as amended (the "1984 Plan") (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(16)(a) --Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1984 Plan--Incentive Stock Option (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(a) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the three months ended October 31, 1985).
5 +(10)(iii)(A)(16)(b) --Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1984 Plan--Incentive Stock Option with a Stock Appreciation Right (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(b) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the three months ended October 31, 1985). +(10)(iii)(A)(16)(c) --Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1984 Plan--Nonqualified Stock Option (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(c) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the three months ended October 31, 1985). +(10)(iii)(A)(16)(d) --Form of Stock Option Agreement pursuant to the 1984 Plan--Nonqualified Stock Option with a Stock Appreciation Right (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1)(d) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the three months ended October 31, 1985). +(10)(iii)(A)(17) --1973 Key Employees Stock Purchase Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(c)(i) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 1981). +(10)(iii)(A)(18) --Amended and Restated Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended July 31, 1992). +(10)(iii)(A)(19) --Deferred Compensation Plan for Board of Directors (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(6) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 1984). +(10)(iii)(A)(20) --Long-Term Performance Plan, as amended (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(6) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(21) --Corporate Annual Performance Plan, as amended (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(7) of Paramount Communications' Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 1989). +(10)(iii)(A)(22) --Retirement Plan for non-employee directors (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended January 31, 1990). +(10)(iii)(A)(23) --Non-qualified retirement plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit (10)(iii)(A)(1) of Paramount Communications' Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 30, 1991).
6 **(11) --Computation of Earnings (Loss) per Share. *(22) --List of Subsidiaries. **(24) --Consent of Ernst & Young. *(25) --Powers of Attorney.
(b) Registrant filed no reports on Form 8-K during the period covered by this report. - ------------ * These exhibits were previously filed as part of this Transition Report on Form 10-K for the six months ended April 30, 1993, as amended. ** Filed herewith. + This exhibit constitutes a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement. SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this amendment to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. PARAMOUNT COMMUNICATIONS INC. Date: September 30, 1993 By /s/: RONALD L. NELSON ------------------------------ Ronald L. Nelson Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer F-1 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS REPORT OF INDEPENDENT AUDITORS F-2 SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA F-3 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EARNINGS F-4 FINANCIAL REPORTING BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS - REVENUES AND OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) F-5 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS F-6 CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET F-12 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY F-13 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS F-14 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS F-15
F-2 REPORT OF INDEPENDENT AUDITORS Stockholders and Board of Directors Paramount Communications Inc. We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Paramount Communications Inc. as of April 30, 1993 and October 31, 1992 and 1991, and the related consolidated statements of earnings, changes in stockholders' equity, and cash flows for the six-month period ended April 30, 1993 and for each of the three years in the period ended October 31, 1992. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Paramount Communications Inc. at April 30, 1993 and October 31, 1992 and 1991, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for the six-month period ended April 30, 1993 and for each of the three years in the period ended October 31, 1992 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. As discussed in Notes A and J, in the six-month period ended April 30, 1993, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 106, "Employers' Accounting for Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions." As discussed in Notes A and I, effective May 1, 1993, the Company adopted SFAS No. 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes." Ernst & Young New York, New York August 27, 1993, except for Notes A and I, as to which the date is September 10, 1993 F-3 SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA The table below summarizes recent financial information for Paramount Communications. For further information, refer to the audited financial statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere herein.
Six Months Ended or at April 30 Year Ended or at October 31 ---------------------- --------------------------------------------------------- 1993 1992 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 --------- --------- --------- --------- --------- --------- --------- (Unaudited) (Dollar amounts in millions, except per share) Revenues $ 1,898.1 $ 1,998.5 $ 4,264.9 $ 3,895.4 $ 3,869.0 $ 3,391.6 $ 3,055.9 Earnings (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes (16.8) 68.7 397.3 179.7 381.0 19.1 268.7 Earnings (loss) from continuing operations before extraordinary item and cumulative effect of accounting changes (9.1) 48.7 274.2 127.6 264.4 17.3 152.8 Discontinued operations 1,453.9 231.9 Extraordinary item (8.8) Cumulative effect of accounting changes (66.9) (56.5) Net earnings (loss) (76.0) 48.7 265.4 127.6 264.4 1,414.7 384.7 Earnings (loss) per share Earnings (loss) from continuing operations before extraordinary item and cumulative effect of accounting changes (.08) .41 2.31 1.08 2.20 .14 1.27 Discontinued operations 12.12 1.94 Extraordinary item (.08) Cumulative effect of accounting changes (.57) (.48) Net earnings (loss) (.65) .41 2.23 1.08 2.20 11.78 3.21 Cash dividends declared per common share .40 .375 .775 .70 .70 .70 .675 Working capital 1,461.6 1,864.8 2,141.8 2,119.0 2,787.3 1,066.4 Total assets 6,874.8 7,057.0 6,654.7 6,541.0 7,060.0 5,378.1 Current maturities of long-term debt 109.8 10.0 198.3 21.7 20.6 117.2 Long-term debt, net of current maturities 707.3 812.1 519.9 712.1 723.8 1,390.3 Stockholders' equity 3,902.1 4,015.5 3,854.8 3,783.8 3,666.8 2,266.2 Book value per common share 33.01 34.19 32.73 32.24 30.56 19.50 Capital expenditures (including capitalized leases) 55.9 120.0 172.9 187.9 94.2 64.8 Number of common stockholders 26,000 26,000 29,000 30,000 30,000 31,000
Reference is made to Note A to the consolidated financial statements for a description of the accounting changes. F-4 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EARNINGS
Six Months Ended April 30 Year Ended October 31 -------------------------- --------------------------------- 1993 1992 1992 1991 1990 ----------- --------- --------- --------- --------- (Unaudited) (In millions, except per share) REVENUES $ 1,898.1 $ 1,998.5 $ 4,264.9 $ 3,895.4 $ 3,869.0 Cost of goods sold 1,286.8 1,383.1 2,739.8 2,638.7 2,542.6 Selling, general and administrative expenses 621.4 537.6 1,129.0 1,098.9 1,022.2 ----------- --------- --------- --------- --------- 1,908.2 1,920.7 3,868.8 3,737.6 3,564.8 ----------- --------- --------- --------- --------- OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) (10.1) 77.8 396.1 157.8 304.2 Other income (expense) - Note C (3.7) (6.6) (6.6) 0.1 (2.0) Interest and other investment income (expense) - net - Note K Interest expense (47.9) (59.8) (113.8) (112.0) (123.9) Interest and other investment income 44.9 57.3 121.6 133.8 202.7 ----------- --------- --------- --------- --------- (3.0) (2.5) 7.8 21.8 78.8 ----------- --------- --------- --------- --------- EARNINGS (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES (16.8) 68.7 397.3 179.7 381.0 Provision (benefit) for income taxes - Notes A and I (7.7) 20.0 123.1 52.1 116.6 ----------- --------- --------- --------- --------- EARNINGS (LOSS) BEFORE EXTRAORDINARY ITEM AND CUMULATIVE EFFECT OF ACCOUNTING CHANGE (9.1) 48.7 274.2 127.6 264.4 Extraordinary item - Note D (8.8) Cumulative effect of accounting change - Note A (66.9) ----------- --------- --------- --------- --------- NET EARNINGS (LOSS) $ (76.0) $ 48.7 $ 265.4 $ 127.6 $ 264.4 =========== ========= ========= ========= ========= Average common and common equivalent shares outstanding - Note A 118.8 119.0 119.2 118.5 120.1 Earnings (loss) per share - Note A Earnings (loss) before extraordinary item and cumulative effect of accounting change $ (.08) $ .41 $ 2.31 $ 1.08 $ 2.20 Net earnings (loss) (.65) .41 2.23 1.08 2.20
See notes to consolidated financial statements. F-5 FINANCIAL REPORTING BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS A summary description of the Company's business segments is as follows. See Note M for additional disclosures related to business segments. ENTERTAINMENT Produces, finances and distributes motion pictures, television programming and prerecorded videocassettes and operates motion picture theaters, independent television stations, sports and entertainment facilities and regional theme parks. PUBLISHING Publishes and distributes hardcover and paperback books, educational textbooks and materials, and provides information services for business and professions. REVENUES AND OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)
Revenues ------------------------------------------------------------------- Six Months Ended April 30 Year Ended October 31 ------------------------- --------------------------------------- 1993 1992 1992 1991 1990 ---------- --------- ----------- ----------- ---------- (Unaudited) (In millions) Business Segments Entertainment $ 1,280.8 $ 1,408.3 $ 2,657.4 $ 2,380.2 $ 2,446.7 Publishing 617.3 590.2 1,607.5 1,515.2 1,422.3 ---------- --------- ----------- ----------- ---------- Total $ 1,898.1 $ 1,998.5 $ 4,264.9 $ 3,895.4 $ 3,869.0 ========== ========= =========== =========== ==========
Operating Income (Loss) ------------------------------------------------------------------- Six Months Ended April 30 Year Ended October 31 ------------------------- --------------------------------------- 1993 1992 1992 1991 1990 ---------- --------- ----------- ----------- ---------- (Unaudited) (In millions) Business Segments Entertainment $ 121.9 $ 164.9 $ 279.6 $ 66.2 $ 212.5 Publishing (90.9) (55.0) 182.0 156.2 155.5 ---------- --------- ----------- ----------- ---------- Total 31.0 109.9 461.6 222.4 368.0 Corporate Expenses (41.1) (32.1) (65.5) (64.6) (63.8) ---------- --------- ----------- ----------- ---------- $ (10.1) $ 77.8 $ 396.1 $ 157.8 $ 304.2 ========== ========= =========== =========== ==========
During the six months ended April 30, 1993, the Company recorded a $35-million and a $5-million charge, respectively, against Publishing's operating loss and Corporate Expenses and during the year ended October 31, 1991, recorded a $52-million charge against Entertainment's operating income. For further details related to these charges see Management's Discussion and Analysis. Revenues by business segment include revenues that are directly associated with a particular segment. Revenues between business segments (amounts are insignificant), which are accounted for on substantially the same basis as revenues from unaffiliated customers, have been eliminated. No single customer accounts for 10% or more of consolidated revenues. Export sales to unaffiliated customers were $290.7, $336.4 (unaudited), $606.8, $690.7 and $609.2 million, respectively, for the six months ended April 30, 1993 and 1992 and the years ended October 31, 1992, 1991 and 1990. These sales were principally made in Europe, Asia and Canada. F-6 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Entertainment Six Months 1993 versus 1992 Operating income decreased for the six months ended April 30, 1993, compared with the prior-year period. Theatrical results declined in the current-year period primarily because of the release of fewer profitable pictures. Theatrical results for the six months ended April 30, 1993, included higher feature write-downs, primarily related to the releases of Leap of Faith, Jennifer Eight and The Temp, which more than offset contributions from the international box office performances of Patriot Games and Boomerang. Theatrical results also decreased in the current period due to the absence of recognition of a one-time payment received in the prior-year period in connection with the signing of a long-term film processing agreement, and from higher scenario reserves. Home video operations registered lower profits in the current-year period, despite strong contributions from domestic and foreign videocassette sales of Patriot Games and Boomerang, and the continued international success of Ghost. Pay cable results decreased for the current six-month period because strong contributions from the availability of The Addams Family and Wayne's World were more than offset by the absence of recognition of additional license fees recorded in the prior-year six-month period for films made available in prior periods. Operating income from network features rose because of the availability of more profitable titles. Income from domestic and international features syndication increased in the current-year period because of higher revenues along with a more profitable mix of titles. Television programming operations increased significantly in the current-year period. Profits from network series rose because of higher revenues for Cheers and the domestic licensing of Wings to USA Network. Income from first-run syndication increased; higher profits from Star Trek: The Next Generation and Entertainment Tonight, along with contributions from Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Hard Copy, were partially offset by lower income from The Arsenio Hall Show. In addition, the current-year period reflects higher income from library products, principally Star Trek, as well as from television movies-of-the-week. Paramount Stations Group registered higher profits, principally due to higher revenues. At USA Networks (jointly owned with MCA Inc.), operating income declined primarily because of start-up costs incurred for the Sci-Fi Channel. Theatrical exhibition profits increased in the current-year period. International theater operations recorded higher profits primarily because of increased attendance levels, principally from operations in Europe. Operating income at Famous Players, the Company's Canadian chain, declined in the current six-month period. At Cinamerica, the Company's 50%-owned domestic theater operation (jointly owned with Time Warner Inc.), operating income for the six months equaled the prior year. Operating income for Madison Square Garden decreased in the current-year period primarily due to lower results from the Rangers, where higher team compensation, the absence of playoff income and the absence of league expansion revenues recorded in the prior-year period, more than offset higher income from regular season ticket sales. Results at MSG Network declined because of higher programming and operating expenses. These results were partially offset by higher income from the Knickerbockers and lower operating expenses. Results for the current period include modest seasonal losses from Paramount Parks, the Company's theme park operations, which were acquired in the fourth quarter of fiscal 1992. Paramount Parks' operating season began in late March 1993. Fiscal 1992 versus Fiscal 1991 Operating income increased in fiscal 1992 compared with fiscal 1991. Results for the prior year included a $52-million charge, the majority of which was related to a provision for write-downs of certain motion picture and television development commitments and entertainment reorganization costs. Theatrical results for the current year increased significantly from those achieved in the prior year, primarily attributable to lower feature write-downs, the strong domestic box office performance of Wayne's World, The Addams Family, Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country and Patriot Games, as well as the success of The Naked Gun 2 1/2: The Smell of Fear in foreign markets. Fiscal 1992 theatrical results also benefited from lower scenario reserves as well as a payment received in connection with the signing of a long-term film processing agreement. Home video operations registered higher profits in the current year, benefiting from the release of Wayne's World and The Addams Family in the domestic videocassette market, sales of Ghost in the international videocassette market and The Naked Gun 2 1/2: The Smell of Fear in the domestic and foreign markets. Pay cable profitability increased significantly in F-7 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS fiscal 1992 principally because of the recognition of additional license fees for films made available in prior periods. Operating income from network features increased slightly in the current year, led by the availability of Indiana Jones and The Last Crusade. Domestic and international features syndication posted increased profits over the prior year because of higher revenues on titles available for showing. Television programming operations were up sharply in fiscal 1992 from the prior year. In first-run syndication, higher profits from Star Trek: The Next Generation and Entertainment Tonight as well as contributions from Hard Copy and The Maury Povich Show were partially offset by lower income from The Arsenio Hall Show. Network series results declined reflecting lower Cheers syndication renewal sales and increased investments in new programming. Television product also benefited from increased syndication and licensing revenues from library products, principally Star Trek. Paramount Stations Group registered lower profits, primarily stemming from higher programming costs occasioned by the use of more conservative film amortization assumptions, which were partially offset by increased revenues. Profits were higher at USA Networks because of higher advertising and affiliate revenues at USA Network, which were partially offset by start-up costs incurred for the Sci-Fi Channel. Theatrical exhibition profits declined primarily because of lower results at Cinamerica stemming principally from lower attendance levels. Additionally, results at Famous Players declined slightly. These results were partially offset by increased profits at international theater operations which benefited from continued circuit expansion, higher average admission and concession prices and increased attendance levels. Madison Square Garden registered operating income in fiscal 1992 compared with an operating loss in fiscal 1991. Results at MSG Network benefited from increased affiliate and advertising sales, which were partially offset by increases in programming and production costs. Results for the Knickerbockers were up primarily because of higher ticket sales, increased licensing and promotional revenues and higher income from playoff games, which were partially offset by higher operating expenses. The Rangers registered lower profits; increased team compensation and higher operating expenses more than offset higher income from ticket sales and playoff games and increased expansion revenues. Madison Square Garden's results for fiscal 1992 include higher suite license and concession income, improved results from SRO/Pace, income from The Democratic National Convention and events at The Paramount, along with lower operating expenses. Results for the current year reflect contributions from Kings Entertainment Company and Kings Island Company, later renamed Paramount Parks, which were acquired in August and October 1992, respectively. Fiscal 1991 versus Fiscal 1990 Operating income decreased in fiscal 1991 compared with fiscal 1990. Results for fiscal 1991 included the $52-million charge described above. Theatrical results for fiscal 1991 decreased from those achieved in the prior year because of a less profitable product flow combined with an increase in feature write-downs, primarily related to the release of Flight of the Intruder, Frankie and Johnny, Almost An Angel, The Butcher's Wife and The Godfather Part III. However, theatrical results benefited from the international box office performance and continued domestic success of Ghost, the release of The Naked Gun 2 1/2: The Smell of Fear in domestic and foreign theatrical markets and lower scenario reserves. Home video operations registered higher profits, benefiting from strong videocassette sales of Ghost, The Hunt for Red October and Another 48 HRS. in both domestic and foreign markets. Pay cable profits decreased because of a less profitable mix of available titles. Profits from domestic and international features syndication declined because of lower revenues and lower average profit rates on titles available for showing. Profits from the sale of features to network television declined. Results also include expenses related to a direct satellite pay-per-view service, in which the Company had an investment in fiscal 1991. Income from television product declined principally because of lower syndication sales of library products. Strong gains from the renewal of Cheers in syndication markets were partially offset by lower income from Dear John and MacGyver. In first-run syndication, Entertainment Tonight and Star Trek: The Next Generation posted higher profits while income from The Arsenio Hall Show was lower. F-8 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS Fiscal 1991 results reflect the consolidation of a full twelve months of operations versus six months in the prior year of the Paramount Stations Group (formerly TVX Broadcast Group Inc.), which was carried on an equity basis prior to May 1990. Profits at USA Network rose because of higher advertising and affiliate revenues and settlement of outstanding litigation. Theatrical exhibition operations registered lower earnings. Results at Famous Players declined primarily because of lower attendance levels and average admission prices partially offset by lower film rental costs. International theater operations posted lower results because of the absence of gains recorded in the prior year on the sale of other theater interests as well as operating losses in the current year attributable to the start-up of operations in Germany. However, these operations benefited from the continued expansion of operations in the United Kingdom. Cinamerica recorded increased profits because of higher average admission and concession prices, lower film rental and operating costs and a gain on the sale of theaters. Madison Square Garden experienced an operating loss in fiscal 1991 compared with operating income in fiscal 1990. Affiliate and advertising sales rose at MSG Network, but were more than offset by higher programming and operating costs. The Knickerbockers registered lower profits; increased team compensation, the absence of league expansion revenues recorded in the prior year, higher operating expenses and lower playoff income were partially offset by increased broadcast revenues and ticket sales. The Rangers posted improved profits. League expansion revenues and higher ticket sales were partially offset by increased team compensation, higher operating expenses and lower playoff income. Madison Square Garden's results include higher suite license income, but were negatively impacted by lower results from SRO/Pace, pre-opening advertising and promotional expenses for the renovated Madison Square Garden facility and higher operating expenses. Publishing Six Months 1993 versus 1992 Publishing operations, which traditionally record profits in the quarters ended July 31 and October 31, posted higher operating losses for the six months ended April 30, 1993, compared with the prior-year period. The current-year period includes a $35-million charge, related to the write-down of certain real estate sites, expected to be sold, to fair value and relocation costs for several operating sites. Consumer publishing posted significantly higher operating results in the current year period. Stronger frontlist and backlist sales of hardcover titles and increased international sales along with increased frontlist paperback sales, were partially offset by lower sales of children's books and increased product support and development expenses. In addition, the current six-month period was impacted by lower backlist sales of certain reference books and increased operating expenses. Operating income in the business, technical and professional group approximated the comparable year-earlier period. Increased sales of computer titles, multimedia programs and medical publications were partially offset by lower tax software and professional service revenues and increased product support and development and operating expenses. Seasonal operating losses at elementary education were higher in the current-year period. Lower sales of prior years' programs and fewer new product releases combined with increased product support expenses due to the acceleration of promotional spending and higher operating expenses, were partially offset by increased sales of computer learning stations. Additionally, product development expenses in elementary education were lower in the current six months. Secondary education operating losses increased in the current-year period; higher sales from social studies programs were more than offset by higher product support expenses attributable to increased state adoption opportunities and decreased sales in mathematics, science and language arts programs. Higher education's operating income decreased slightly in the six-month period. Increased sales of vocational books from the success of new editions and frontlist sales of college texts were more than offset by increased product support and development expenses. Results of international operations declined slightly in the current six-month period; increased sales at all units were more than offset in the current six months by higher expenses. Additionally, publishing operations benefited from lower corporate administrative expenses. Fiscal 1992 versus Fiscal 1991 Operating income increased in fiscal 1992 compared with fiscal 1991. Consumer publishing posted increased operating income primarily because of a stronger publishing program of F-9 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS paperback books which resulted in higher sales of initial releases and reorders, combined with stronger frontlist and reorder sales and a greater number of bestsellers for hardcover titles and higher sales of certain reference titles. Business, technical and professional group operating income increased significantly in the current year. The improved results are primarily attributable to contributions from recently acquired Prentice Hall Computer Publishing. Operating income declined at elementary education as decreased sales of textbooks, principally due to fewer adoption opportunities, reduced funding at the local and state levels and lower sales of prior years' programs, as well as reduced sales from educational film and video products, were partially offset by sales increases on volume growth of learning stations and increased frontlist sales of workbooks and kits. In addition, fiscal 1992 benefited from lower product support and development and operating expenses, despite expansion costs incurred in anticipation of planned growth at Computer Curriculum Corporation. Secondary education operating income increased in the current year because of lower expenses across all categories, partially offset by decreased sales principally due to fewer adoption opportunities. Profits at higher education rose in the current year; strong sales gains from college books, reflecting the effect of volume improvements, and vocational publications were partially offset by higher product support and development expenses. Results of international operations improved in the current year primarily because of sales gains from acquired Prentice Hall Computer Publishing titles as well as volume improvements of locally produced products, partially offset by increased product support and development and operating expenses incurred to service and promote the new products. Additionally, publishing operations reflect higher corporate administrative expenses. Fiscal 1991 versus Fiscal 1990 Operating income increased slightly in fiscal 1991 compared with fiscal 1990. Consumer publishing registered lower profits. Higher sales of paperback reorders and initial releases and a strong frontlist performance of hardcover titles were more than offset by a corresponding increase in revenue-related expenses, primarily operating and product development expenses and lower distribution fees. Results for the business, technical and professional group declined. Lower software license and service fees and lower sales resulting from the timing of the release of 1991 annual editions, combined with higher operating and product development expenses were partially offset by lower product support expenses primarily at professional publishing and increased subscription sales at Bureau of Business Practice. Elementary education group operating income declined; strong sales of current-year programs, primarily math, science, social studies and reading along with the inclusion of a full twelve months of operations versus eight months in the prior year from Computer Curriculum Corporation, which was acquired in March 1990, were more than offset by increased product support and development and operating expenses, due in part to expansion costs at Computer Curriculum Corporation incurred in anticipation of planned growth, along with lower profits from the group's educational film and video operations. Operating income in secondary education declined slightly as higher expenses across all categories more than offset sales gains in language arts and social studies due to increased state adoptions. Higher education posted improved profits on sales gains stemming principally from college books and vocational publications. Profits from international operations decreased slightly; higher educational sales, primarily from the United Kingdom, Asia, Australia and Mexico were more than offset by higher product support and development expenses and lower Canadian trade sales. Additionally, publishing operations reflect lower corporate administrative expenses. Interest and Other Investment Income (Expense) - Net Net interest and other investment expense increased slightly in the current six months ended April 30, 1993, compared with the same prior-year period. The current six-month period benefited from lower interest expense primarily because lower average effective interest rates on the Company's debt more than offset the effect of higher average debt outstanding. Interest and other investment income declined in the current six-month period due to lower average cash equivalents and short-term investments. The lower average cash equivalents and short-term investments were primarily a F-10 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS result of acquisitions, the repurchase of shares of the Company's Common Stock and the funding of the working capital requirements of the Company. In addition to the results of the operating units, earnings reflect lower net interest and other investment income for the year ended October 31, 1992 compared with 1991, and 1991 compared with 1990. These decreases stem from lower average cash equivalents, short-term investments and interest rates. The lower average cash equivalents and short-term investments were primarily a result of expenditures for acquisitions, the repurchase of shares of the Company's Common Stock and the funding of the working capital requirements of the Company, and in 1991, because of a March 1990 income tax payment related to the October 1989 sale of Associates First Capital Corporation, the Company's former consumer/commercial finance business, and a reduction of outstanding debt. Other The pre-tax loss of $16.8 million in the six months ended April 30, 1993 gives rise to an income tax benefit at an effective rate of 45.8%. For the comparable prior year period, the effective rate for income taxes on pre-tax earnings of $68.7 million was 29.1%. The increase in the effective rate is the result of less income subject to tax at lower foreign rates, increases in income subject to state and local income taxes and the adoption of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes." Corporate expenses include a $5-million charge in the current six-month period in connection with the Company's planned relocation of its corporate headquarters. LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES The Company depended primarily on internal cash flow and external borrowings to finance its operations during the six months ended April 30, 1993, and expects to continue to do so. In May 1993, the Company purchased the remaining 80% it did not own of Canada's Wonderland, Inc., a Canadian theme park, for approximately $52 million. The Company subsequently liquidated Canada's Wonderland debt obligations of approximately $31 million. In June 1993, the Company agreed to sell Prentice Hall Legal and Financial Services, Prentice Hall Legal Practice Management and Prentice Hall Professional Software, three of its Publishing software and information services units, to Information America, Inc. (IA) for common stock, debt, preferred stock, common stock warrants and options. The transaction is subject to approval by IA's shareholders. In September 1993, the Company purchased television station WKBD-TV in Detroit from Cox Enterprises Inc. for approximately $105 million. In May 1993, the Company called for redemption on July 1, 1993, $100 million of 8 1/2% senior notes due 1996. In July 1993, the Company completed a public offering of $150 million of 5 7/8% senior notes due 2000 and $150 million of 7 1/2% senior debentures due 2023. A portion of the net proceeds was used to refinance the previously mentioned redemption of the Company's 8 1/2% senior notes. The remainder of such proceeds were used to fund the acquisitions of television station WKBD-TV in Detroit and the remaining 80% interest in Canada's Wonderland theme park. During the current six-month period, the Company purchased 0.6 million shares of its Common Stock under a 10-million share repurchase program announced in May 1988, leaving 2.6 million remaining shares authorized under the program. Total debt as a percentage of total capitalization was 17% at April 30, 1993 and October 31, 1992. In the past, the Company has been able to increase its borrowings as required and expects to be able to continue to do so. Capital expenditures amounted to $56, $69, $120, $168 and $187 million for the six months ended April 30, 1993 and 1992 and the years ended October 31, 1992, 1991 and 1990, respectively. F-11 MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS Accounting Changes Effective November 1, 1992, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 106, "Employers' Accounting for Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions." This statement requires that the projected future cost of providing postretirement benefits, such as health care and life insurance, be recognized as an expense as employees render service instead of when the benefits are paid. The Company's previous practice was to recognize the cost of such postretirement benefits when paid. The Company has elected to record the cumulative effect of the accounting change as a charge against income as of November 1, 1992, resulting in a one-time charge of $66.9 million, net of income taxes of $34.5 million, or $.57 per share. For further detail, see Notes A and J to the consolidated financial statements. In February 1992, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued SFAS No. 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes." Effective May 1, 1993, the Company adopted the provisions of this standard by restating its prior period financial statements beginning November 1, 1988. The effect of adopting SFAS No. 109 was to decrease the loss before cumulative effect of accounting change and net loss by $1.8 million ($.01 per share) for the six months ended April 30, 1993; increase earnings before extraordinary item and net earnings by $4.0 million ($.04 per share) for the year ended October 31, 1992; and, increase net earnings by $5.4 million ($.05 per share), $5.3 million ($.04 per share) and $2.0 million ($.02 per share) for the years ended October 31, 1991 and 1990 and the six months ended April 30, 1992, respectively. The cumulative effect of adopting SFAS No. 109 as of October 31, 1989, decreased the beginning balance of 1990's retained earnings by $50.7 million. Under SFAS No. 109, the liability method is used in accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. Prior to the adoption of SFAS No. 109, income tax expense was determined using the deferred method. Deferred tax expense was based on items of income and expense that were reported in different years in the financial statements and tax returns and were measured at the tax rate in effect in the year the differences originated. For further detail, see Notes A and I to the consolidated financial statements. Effects of Accounting for Postemployment Benefits In November 1992, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued SFAS No. 112, "Employers' Accounting for Postemployment Benefits," which is effective for the Company in the year ending April 30, 1995. Under this statement, the cost of benefits provided to employees after employment but before retirement is to be recognized in the financial statements on an accrual basis during the service period of the employee. It is expected that implementation of this statement will not have a material impact on the financial position of the Company. Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities In May 1993, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued SFAS No. 115, "Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities," which is effective for the Company in the year ending April 30, 1995. This statement sets forth the accounting for certain investments in debt and equity securities based upon management's ability and intent, at the time of purchase, to trade, hold to maturity or make available for sale such investments. The effect of this statement at the time of adoption will depend upon the Company's intent with respect to such investments. F-12 CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
April 30 October 31 ---------- ---------------- 1993 1992 1991 ---------- --------- --------- (In millions) ASSETS Current Assets Cash and cash equivalents - Notes A and L $ 372.6 $ 324.3 $ 555.3 Short-term investments - Notes A and L 569.7 912.0 1,020.7 Trade receivables - net - Note K 829.6 972.9 904.1 Inventories - Notes A and E 617.3 580.2 590.4 Prepaid income taxes 131.7 139.7 115.4 Prepaid expenses and other - Note K 400.2 342.7 407.9 ---------- --------- --------- Total Current Assets 2,921.1 3,271.8 3,593.8 Property, Plant and Equipment - Note A Land 210.8 210.4 130.8 Buildings 591.4 590.6 537.3 Machinery, equipment and other 606.9 573.8 358.2 ---------- --------- --------- 1,409.1 1,374.8 1,026.3 Less allowance for depreciation 336.1 315.5 268.2 ---------- --------- --------- 1,073.0 1,059.3 758.1 Other Assets Investment in affiliated companies - Notes A and F 243.9 228.9 204.4 Noncurrent receivables and inventories - Notes A and E 689.8 604.7 483.0 Intangible assets - net - Note A 1,517.5 1,528.1 1,239.3 Deferred costs and other - Note A 429.5 364.2 376.1 ---------- --------- --------- 2,880.7 2,725.9 2,302.8 ---------- --------- --------- $ 6,874.8 $ 7,057.0 $ 6,654.7 ========== ========= ========= LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY Current Liabilities Current maturities of long-term debt $ 109.8 $ 10.0 $ 198.3 Trade accounts payable 194.7 143.7 119.8 Income taxes payable 26.6 139.2 131.4 Accrued expenses and other - Notes K and L 1,128.4 1,114.1 1,002.5 ---------- --------- --------- Total Current Liabilities 1,459.5 1,407.0 1,452.0 Deferred Liabilities - Note K 805.9 822.4 828.0 Long-Term Debt, net of current maturities - Notes A, G and L 707.3 812.1 519.9 Stockholders' Equity - Note H Common Stock, recorded at $1.00 par value; 600,000,000 shares authorized; shares outstanding, 118,199,396 at April 30, 1993 (excluding 29,665,980 shares held in treasury), 117,459,926 at October 31, 1992 (excluding 30,405,450 shares held in treasury) and 117,757,018 at October 31, 1991 (excluding 30,108,358 shares held in treasury) 118.2 117.5 117.8 Paid-in surplus 712.8 665.7 629.5 Retained earnings - Notes A, F and I 3,082.5 3,228.6 3,096.4 Cumulative translation adjustments (11.4) 3.7 11.1 ---------- --------- --------- 3,902.1 4,015.5 3,854.8 ---------- --------- --------- $ 6,874.8 $ 7,057.0 $ 6,654.7 ========== ========= =========
See notes to consolidated financial statements. F-13 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Three Years and Six Months Ended April 30, 1993 ------------------------------------------------------------------ Cumulative Total Common Paid-in Retained Translation Stockholders' Stock Surplus Earnings Adjustments Equity ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- (In millions) BALANCE AT OCTOBER 31, 1989, net of treasury - as reported $ 120.0 $ 539.0 $ 3,054.7 $ 3.8 $ 3,717.5 Cumulative effect of accounting change - Note A (50.7) (50.7) ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- BALANCE AT OCTOBER 31, 1989, net of treasury - as adjusted 120.0 539.0 3,004.0 3.8 3,666.8 Common Stock issued Exercise of stock options and grants to employees 0.4 37.6 38.0 Dividend reinvestment and stock purchase plan 0.1 3.1 3.2 Acquisition of stock for the treasury (3.1) (14.6) (110.0) (127.7) Common Stock dividends ($.70 per share) (83.4) (83.4) Translation adjustments 11.7 11.7 Tax benefit from exercise of stock options 10.8 10.8 Net earnings for the year 264.4 264.4 ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- BALANCE AT OCTOBER 31, 1990, net of treasury 117.4 575.9 3,075.0 15.5 3,783.8 Common Stock issued Exercise of stock options and grants to employees 1.0 51.8 52.8 Dividend reinvestment and stock purchase plan 0.1 3.3 3.4 Acquisition of stock for the treasury (0.7) (3.7) (23.8) (28.2) Common Stock dividends ($.70 per share) (82.4) (82.4) Translation adjustments (4.4) (4.4) Tax benefit from exercise of stock options 2.2 2.2 Net earnings for the year 127.6 127.6 ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- BALANCE AT OCTOBER 31, 1991, net of treasury 117.8 629.5 3,096.4 11.1 3,854.8 Common Stock issued Exercise of stock options and grants to employees 0.7 38.1 38.8 Dividend reinvestment and stock purchase plan 0.1 3.6 3.7 Acquisition of stock for the treasury (1.1) (6.4) (41.7) (49.2) Common Stock dividends ($.775 per share) (91.5) (91.5) Translation adjustments (7.4) (7.4) Tax benefit from exercise of stock options 0.9 0.9 Net earnings for the year 265.4 265.4 ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- BALANCE AT OCTOBER 31, 1992, net of treasury 117.5 665.7 3,228.6 3.7 4,015.5 Common Stock issued Exercise of stock options and grants to employees 1.3 41.6 42.9 Dividend reinvestment and stock purchase plan 1.9 1.9 Acquisition of stock for the treasury (0.6) (3.5) (22.9) (27.0) Common Stock dividends ($.40 per share) (47.2) (47.2) Translation adjustments (15.1) (15.1) Tax benefit from exercise of stock options 7.1 7.1 Net loss for the six months ended April 30, 1993 (76.0) (76.0) ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- BALANCE AT APRIL 30, 1993, net of treasury $ 118.2 $ 712.8 $ 3,082.5 $ (11.4) $ 3,902.1 =========== ========== =========== =========== ===========
See notes to consolidated financial statements. F-14 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
Six Months Ended April 30 Year Ended October 31 ------------------- --------------------------------- 1993 1992 1992 1991 1990 -------- -------- --------- --------- --------- (Unaudited) (In millions) CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES Earnings (loss) before extraordinary item and cumulative effect of accounting change $ (9.1) $ 48.7 $ 274.2 $ 127.6 $ 264.4 Non-cash expenses Depreciation 37.1 35.2 71.7 59.1 45.8 Deferred income taxes 28.9 1.0 (3.2) (37.5) 23.1 Amortization of intangible assets 4.3 4.0 44.4 39.2 33.6 Amortization of pre-publication costs 24.0 23.5 87.0 88.0 67.2 Provision for real estate write-down and relocation 40.0 -------- -------- --------- --------- --------- GROSS CASH FLOWS PROVIDED FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES 125.2 112.4 474.1 276.4 434.1 Undistributed net earnings of unconsolidated affiliates (11.3) (14.1) (19.7) (15.7) (31.2) Theatrical and television inventories and broadcast rights Gross additions (526.8) (472.0) (909.6) (953.6) (863.7) Amortization 387.0 413.7 834.7 945.2 836.3 Decrease (increase) in network features and syndication licenses 4.2 (66.5) (78.2) (47.1) (117.5) Increase in pre-publication costs (39.6) (44.9) (87.7) (77.8) (110.1) Decrease (increase) in trade receivables 194.6 162.7 (8.4) (44.6) 1.0 Decrease (increase) in inventories (other than theatrical and television) (23.5) (11.9) 19.4 19.2 (15.0) Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses (67.6) 31.2 (13.4) (45.0) (21.8) Increase (decrease) in trade accounts payable 51.0 (3.4) 8.5 (24.3) 24.9 Increase (decrease) in income taxes payable (112.6) (41.7) 12.4 (29.8) 32.7 Increase (decrease) in accrued expenses and other (50.7) (19.6) 34.4 (10.3) (76.4) Other - Net (91.1) (66.4) (48.4) 91.7 93.9 -------- -------- --------- --------- --------- NET CASH FLOWS PROVIDED FROM (USED FOR) OPERATING ACTIVITIES (161.2) (20.5) 218.1 84.3 187.2 CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTMENT AND OTHER ACTIVITIES Expenditures for property, plant and equipment (excluding capitalized leases) (55.9) (68.8) (120.0) (167.5) (186.7) Proceeds on disposal of property, plant and equipment 1.1 5.2 11.8 2.2 2.6 Purchase price of acquired businesses (net of acquired cash) (0.1) (161.5) (585.1) (86.9) (220.9) Decrease (increase) in investment in affiliated companies (3.7) 13.3 10.8 8.3 Taxes related to gain on sale of business (667.4) Decrease (increase) in short-term and other investments 317.1 114.3 209.0 (467.1) (476.8) Decrease (increase) in investments maturing after one year 25.6 49.1 161.9 (211.0) Decrease in notes receivable 1.3 4.7 8.9 17.3 515.8 -------- -------- --------- --------- --------- NET CASH FLOWS PROVIDED FROM (USED FOR) INVESTMENT AND OTHER ACTIVITIES 259.8 (67.2) (415.5) (531.8) (1,244.4) CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES Proceeds of long-term debt 245.7 492.4 Payments of long-term debt (5.9) (214.5) (395.7) (26.9) (138.1) Loss on early extinguishment of debt (13.4) Issuance of Common Stock (excluding grants to employees) 29.8 9.8 23.8 14.5 13.4 Acquisition of stock for the treasury (27.0) (0.7) (49.2) (15.2) (142.3) Dividends (47.2) (44.2) (91.5) (82.4) (83.4) -------- -------- --------- --------- --------- NET CASH FLOWS USED FOR FINANCING ACTIVITIES (50.3) (3.9) (33.6) (110.0) (350.4) -------- -------- --------- --------- --------- INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS 48.3 (91.6) (231.0) (557.5) (1,407.6) CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF YEAR 324.3 555.3 555.3 1,112.8 2,520.4 -------- -------- --------- --------- --------- CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD $ 372.6 $ 463.7 $ 324.3 $ 555.3 $ 1,112.8 ======== ======== ========= ========= =========
See notes to consolidated financial statements. F-15 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Note A - Significant Accounting Policies Principles of Consolidation The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Paramount Communications Inc. (Company) and its majority-owned affiliates. The Company's investments in its 20-50% owned investees are carried on the equity basis. The income taxes of the investees are included in the provision for income taxes. Certain amounts in the consolidated financial statements for periods prior to April 30, 1993 have been reclassified to conform to current presentation for comparative purposes. Accounting Changes Effective November 1, 1992, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 106, "Employers' Accounting for Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions." This statement requires that the projected future cost of providing postretirement benefits, such as health care and life insurance, be recognized as an expense as employees render service instead of when the benefits are paid. The Company's previous practice was to recognize the cost of such postretirement benefits when paid. The Company has elected to record the cumulative effect of the accounting change as a charge against income as of November 1, 1992, resulting in a one-time charge of $66.9 million, net of income taxes of $34.5 million, or $.57 per share. The incremental effect of this accounting change on each of the quarters in the six months ended April 30, 1993 was to increase net periodic postretirement benefit cost by approximately $2.6 million on a pre-tax basis. In February 1992, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued SFAS No. 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes." Effective May 1, 1993, the Company adopted the provisions of this standard by restating its prior period financial statements beginning November 1, 1988. The effect of adopting SFAS No. 109 was to decrease the loss before cumulative effect of accounting change and net loss by $1.8 million ($.01 per share) for the six months ended April 30, 1993; increase earnings before extraordinary item and net earnings by $4.0 million ($.04 per share) for the year ended October 31, 1992; and, increase net earnings by $5.4 million ($.05 per share), $5.3 million ($.04 per share) and $2.0 million ($.02 per share - unaudited) for the years ended October 31, 1991 and 1990 and the six months ended April 30, 1992, respectively. The cumulative effect of adopting SFAS No. 109 as of October 31, 1989, decreased the beginning balance of 1990's retained earnings by $50.7 million. Under SFAS No. 109, the liability method is used in accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. Prior to the adoption of SFAS No. 109, income tax expense was determined using the deferred method. Deferred tax expense was based on items of income and expense that were reported in different years in the financial statements and tax returns and were measured at the tax rate in effect in the year the differences originated. Change in Fiscal Year End In June 1993, the Board of Directors approved a change in the Company's fiscal year end to April 30 from October 31. Cash and Cash Equivalents Cash equivalents consist of highly liquid instruments with original maturities of three months or less. Short-Term Investments Short-term investments consist of instruments with original maturities in excess of three months and are carried at cost, which approximates market. Inventories Inventories are generally determined using the lower of cost (first-in, first-out or average cost method) or net realizable value. Theatrical and Television Inventories, Revenues and Costs Feature films are produced or acquired for distribution, normally, first in the theatrical market followed by videocassettes, pay cable, network television and syndicated television. On average, the length of the revenue cycle for feature films approximates four years. Theatrical revenues from domestic and foreign markets are recognized as films are exhibited, revenues from the sale of videocassettes are recognized upon delivery of the merchandise and revenues from all television sources are recognized upon availability of the film for telecast. F-16 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Television series initially produced for the networks and first-run syndication are generally licensed to domestic and foreign markets concurrently. The more successful series are later syndicated in domestic markets and in certain foreign markets. The length of the revenue cycle for television series will vary depending on the number of seasons a series remains in active production. Revenues arising from television license agreements are recognized in the year that the films or television series are available for telecast. Inventories related to theatrical and television product (which include direct production costs, production overhead, capitalized interest, and acquisition costs) are stated at the lower of cost less amortization or net realizable value. Inventories are amortized and participations and residuals are accrued on an individual product basis in the proportion that current revenues bear to the estimated remaining total lifetime revenues. Domestic syndication and basic cable revenue estimates are not included in the estimated lifetime revenues of network series until such sales are probable. Estimates of total lifetime revenues and expenses are periodically reviewed. The costs of feature and television films are classified as current assets to the extent such costs are expected to be recovered through the respective primary markets. Other costs relating to film production are classified as noncurrent. The Company estimates that approximately 94% of unamortized film costs at April 30, 1993 will be amortized within the next three years. Publishing Revenue Recognition The Company's publishing segment follows standard industry practice of recognizing revenue when merchandise is shipped and billed. Broadcast Rights Broadcast rights are recorded when the license period begins and the program becomes available for use, and are stated at the lower of cost less amortization or net realizable value. Broadcast rights for feature films and syndicated programs are amortized using the straight-line method based on program usage. Sports rights are generally charged to expense when the event is telecast. Contract payments are generally made in installments over a term somewhat shorter than the contract. Property, Plant and Equipment Property, plant and equipment are carried at cost. Provision for depreciation on substantially all depreciable assets is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Intangible Assets Intangible assets primarily represent the excess of cost of purchased businesses over the value of their net underlying assets (goodwill) and are being amortized annually by the straight-line method over appropriate periods not exceeding forty years. Intangible assets are net of accumulated amortization of $233.9, $230.1 and $186.0 million at April 30, 1993 and October 31, 1992 and 1991, respectively. Deferred Costs and Other Deferred costs and other includes certain pre-publication costs being amortized annually by the straight-line method or an accelerated basis over appropriate periods, the majority of which is four years. Unamortized Debt Discount Debt discount is amortized over the term of the related debt using the interest method. Income Taxes Provision for income taxes includes deferred taxes which represent future tax effects of items reported for income tax purposes in periods different than for financial purposes. Deferred Off-Season Theme Park Expenses Certain expenses incurred in the off-season to prepare the theme parks for the operating season are deferred and amortized over the subsequent operating season, which generally begins in March and finishes in October. Earnings (Loss) Per Share Earnings (loss) per share amounts are based on the weighted average common and dilutive common equivalent (stock options) shares outstanding during the respective periods. Earnings (loss) per share are computed by dividing the average common and, where dilutive, common equivalent shares outstanding into the earnings (loss) applicable to such shares. Note B - Acquisition and Disposition of Businesses Acquisitions In August and October 1992, the Company acquired Kings Entertainment Company and Kings Island Company, respectively, later renamed Paramount Parks, which own and operate regional theme parks, for a total of approximately $400 million. F-17 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS In November 1991, the Company acquired Macmillan Computer Publishing, later renamed Prentice Hall Computer Publishing, a leading publisher of personal computer and related technical books, for approximately $158 million. The acquisitions are being accounted for as purchases and the financial statements include the results of their operations from the dates of acquisition. The following table summarizes, on a pro forma basis, the combined results of operations as though Kings Entertainment Company, Kings Island Company and Macmillan Computer Publishing had been acquired on November 1, 1990. It includes estimated amounts for a reduction of interest income due to the use of short-term investments for the acquisitions, amortization of estimated intangible assets, additional depreciation expense and an adjustment for income taxes, at the statutory rate. These pro forma results do not necessarily reflect the actual results of operations as they would have been had the acquisitions taken place on that date, nor are they necessarily indicative of future results.
Year Ended October 31 ---------------------------- 1992 1991 --------- --------- (In millions, except per share) (Unaudited) Revenues $ 4,464.1 $ 4,203.5 Earnings before extraordinary item 277.7 133.2 Net earnings 268.9 133.2 Earnings per share Earnings before extraordinary item 2.34 1.13 Net earnings 2.26 1.13
In March 1990, the Company acquired Computer Curriculum Corporation, which develops and markets computer-based learning systems, for approximately $75 million. In December 1989, the Company acquired a preferred and common stock equity interest in Paramount Stations Group (PSG), formerly TVX Broadcast Group Inc., which owns and operates independent television stations, for approximately $110 million. The Company also acquired PSG debt obligations for approximately $34 million. In April 1990, the Company was granted the right by the Federal Communications Commission to assume control of PSG. The Company did so by converting preferred stock into common stock and, consequently, began reflecting its operations on a consolidated basis. In July and October 1990, the Company purchased additional shares of PSG stock for $3.5 million and $4.3 million, respectively. In February 1991, the Company, through a merger, acquired the remaining outstanding shares of PSG for approximately $62 million. In May 1993, the Company purchased the remaining 80% it did not own of Canada's Wonderland, Inc., a Canadian theme park, for approximately $52 million. In June 1993, the Company announced it signed a definitive agreement to purchase television station WKBD-TV in Detroit from Cox Enterprises Inc. for approximately $105 million; this acquisition was completed in September 1993. Dispositions In June 1993, the Company agreed to sell Prentice Hall Legal and Financial Services, Prentice Hall Legal Practice Management and Prentice Hall Professional Software, three of its Publishing software and information services units, to Information America, Inc. (IA) for common stock, debt, preferred stock, common stock warrants and options. The transaction is subject to approval by IA's shareholders. At closing, the Company will own an approximately 49% common stock interest in IA. During the six months ended April 30, 1993 and 1992 and the years ended October 31, 1992, 1991 and 1990, the Company also acquired or sold certain other businesses. The contributions of these businesses in the aggregate were not significant to the Company's results of operations for the periods presented, nor are they expected to have a material effect on the Company's results on a continuing basis. Note C - Other Income (Expense) Other income (expense) includes foreign exchange gains (losses), minority interest and other. Note D - Extraordinary Item In September 1992, the Company redeemed $175 million of 9 3/4% senior debentures due 2016 for $1,061.25 per $1,000 principal amount. The premium paid by the Company and the write-off of related unamortized discount and issuance costs resulted in a loss of $8.8 million, net of an income tax benefit of $4.6 million. F-18 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Note E - Inventories Inventories as described in Note A are stated as follows (in millions):
April 30 October 31 --------- ---------------------- 1993 1992 1991 --------- --------- --------- CURRENT Finished goods $ 248.3 $ 230.1 $ 229.8 Work in process 12.8 10.6 20.3 Materials and supplies 29.5 26.4 20.8 --------- --------- --------- 290.6 267.1 270.9 Theatrical and television productions Released 176.9 169.1 161.2 Completed, not released 32.7 35.7 43.3 In process and other 61.8 75.9 84.4 --------- --------- --------- 271.4 280.7 288.9 Broadcast rights 55.3 32.4 30.6 --------- --------- --------- 617.3 580.2 590.4 NONCURRENT Theatrical and television productions Released 155.3 103.9 71.1 In process and other 247.0 174.8 119.2 --------- --------- --------- 402.3 278.7 190.3 Broadcast rights 107.0 104.4 111.5 --------- --------- --------- 509.3 383.1 301.8 --------- --------- --------- $ 1,126.6 $ 963.3 $ 892.2 ========= ========= =========
Note F - Investment in Affiliated Companies Investments in affiliated companies primarily include the Company's interest in USA Networks, national advertiser-supported basic cable television networks (50% owned); Cinamerica, a domestic motion picture theater operation (50% owned); United Cinemas International Multiplex B.V., engaged in theatrical exhibition of motion pictures in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Germany and Spain (49% owned); Cinema International Corporation N.V., which owns motion picture screens in seven countries (49% owned); and as of August 1992, Canada's Wonderland, Inc., a Canadian theme park (20% owned). Summarized financial information for the above companies is as follows (in millions):
Six Months Ended Year Ended or at April 30 or at October 31 ------------------------- ---------------------------------------- 1993 1992 1992 1991 1990 ---------- --------- ---------- ---------- ---------- (Unaudited) Revenues $ 372.6 $ 354.7 $ 783.2 $ 683.0 $ 548.3 Gross profit 129.0 139.8 321.6 226.3 208.3 Net earnings 36.2 49.3 83.2 74.4 52.1 Current assets $ 326.7 $ 337.8 $ 227.8 Noncurrent assets 855.8 934.2 741.2 Current liabilities 223.7 248.8 167.6 Noncurrent liabilities 493.4 595.4 430.4
Included in the operating income of the Company's Entertainment operations are equity in earnings for the above affiliated companies of $24.0, $34.1 (unaudited), $58.7, $47.6 and $43.7 million, respectively, for the six months ended April 30, 1993 and 1992 and the years ended October 31, 1992, 1991 and 1990. Dividends received from these affiliated companies were $7.8, $10.5 (unaudited), $22.0, $32.5 and $10.8 million, respectively, for the six months ended April 30, 1993 and 1992 and the years ended October 31, 1992, 1991 and 1990. Included in consolidated retained earnings at April 30, 1993 is $161.7 million of undistributed earnings of affiliates. F-19 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Note G - Long-Term Debt Long-term debt includes (in millions):
April 30 October 31 ------ -------------- 1993 1992 1991 ------ ------ ------ 8 1/2% senior notes due 1996 (prepaid July 1993) $ 99.8 $ 99.8 $ 99.7 7 1/2% senior notes due 2002 246.3 246.0 8 1/4% senior debentures due 2022 246.8 246.7 11 5/8% senior notes due 1992 125.0 9.55% note payable to an institutional investor due 1999 (prepaid 1992) 62.6 9 3/4% senior debentures due 2016 (prepaid 1992) 173.6 12 3/8% subordinated notes due 1995 (prepaid 1992) 19.5 7% subordinated debentures due 2003, net of unamortized discount of $53.7 at April 30, 1993, $55.1 at October 31, 1992 and $57.8 at October 31, 1991 (effective average interest rate of 11%) 177.7 176.3 173.6 Other notes and debentures due 1993 to 1996 (effective average interest rate of 8.22%) 12.2 12.2 17.4 Obligations under capital leases 34.3 41.1 46.8 ------- ------- ------- 817.1 822.1 718.2 Less current maturities 109.8 10.0 198.3 ------- ------- ------- $707.3 $812.1 $519.9 ======= ======= =======
Maturities of long-term debt (including the present value of obligations under capital leases as set forth in Note J) during the five years ending April 30, 1998 are (in millions): 1994 $109.8 1995 10.7 1996 20.1 1997 3.1 1998 0.4
The Company has complied with restrictions and limitations required under terms of various loan agreements. In July 1993, the Company completed a public offering of $150 million of 5 7/8% senior notes due 2000 and $150 million of 7 1/2% senior debentures due 2023. Note H - Capital Stock The authorized capital stock of the Company includes 75,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, all of which are undesignated. Each share of Common Stock outstanding has a related Common Stock purchase right which will become exercisable after a specified period of time only if a person or group acquires beneficial ownership of 15% or more of the outstanding Common Stock of the Company or announces or commences a tender or exchange offer that would result in the offeror acquiring 30% or more of the Company's Common Stock. Once exercisable, each right would entitle its registered holder to purchase one share of the Company's Common Stock at a price of $200 per share, subject to adjustment to prevent dilution. Upon the occurrence of certain events or transactions specified in the rights agreement, the rights holder is entitled to receive for $200 per right a number of shares of the Company's or an acquiring company's common stock having a market value equal to twice the right's exercise price. The rights may be redeemed by the Company for $.01 per right prior to the tenth day after a person or group acquires 15% or more of the outstanding Common Stock of the Company. The rights expire on September 30, 1998, unless redeemed earlier by the Company. Common Stock outstanding at April 30, 1993, does not include 2,127,817 shares reserved under the 1984 Stock Option Plan; 4,469,718 shares reserved under the 1989 Stock Option Plan; 5,750,000 shares reserved under the 1992 Stock Option Plan; and 3,130,018 shares reserved under the Long-Term Performance Plan. The Company's 1973 Key Employees Stock Purchase Plan and 1984, 1989 and 1992 Stock Option Plans provide for the issuance of options to key employees to purchase Common Stock of the Company at a price not less than fair market value on the date of grant. Options may not be granted under these plans that expire more than ten years from the date of grant. The Company may establish installment exercise terms for a stock option so that the option becomes fully exercisable in a series of cumulative portions. The Company may also accelerate the period for the exercise of any stock option or portion thereof. Each option granted under the Company's 1984, 1989 and 1992 Stock Option Plans contains a Limited Right which entitles the holder thereof, only upon the occurrence of certain specified events constituting a change in control of the Company and only after the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company so determines, to receive cash in lieu of exercising the option. F-20 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Transactions involving outstanding stock options under these plans were:
Number of Common Shares Option Price -------------------------------------- --------------------------- 1973 Plan 1984 Plan 1989 Plan Per Share Aggregate --------- --------- --------- --------------- --------- (In millions) Outstanding at October 31, 1989 100,000 4,585,753 498,700 $ 7.75-- $55.63 $172.1 Granted 1,275,155 34.63-- 55.00 66.1 Issued (309,887) 15.38-- 39.56 (10.1) Rescinded (32,675) (56,550) 31.69-- 55.00 (4.4) ------- --------- -------- ------- ----- ------ Outstanding at October 31, 1990 100,000 4,243,191 1,717,305 7.75-- 55.63 223.7 Granted 2,967,650 36.94-- 42.13 119.9 Issued (30,000) (750,710) 11.80-- 43.13 (24.1) Rescinded (320,700) (487,970) 31.69-- 55.00 (36.1) ------- --------- --------- ------- ----- ------ Outstanding at October 31, 1991 70,000 3,171,781 4,196,985 7.75-- 55.63 283.4 Granted